WORD MEANING
   
Anutseka: Not being proud of one's own achievement or attainments.
   
Anuvichi-bhashana: Speaking in accordance with scriptural injunctions.
   
Anuvratas: Minor vows pertaining only to laypeople
   
Anuyoga: Exposition; a group of postcanonical texts
   
Anvaya: Concomitance in agreement
   
Anvayadharma: Quality
   
Anyatarasiddha: Unproved for either of the two
   
Anyathanupapatti: Logical impossibility in the absence of the other
   
Anyatva anupreksha: Sepatateness. Otherness. The world, my relations and friends, my body, and mind, they are all distinct and separate from my real self.
   
Apadhyana: Thinking ill of others.
   
Apara (Samgrahanaya): Non-ultimate (generic)
   
Aparamarthika: Empirical
   
Aparigraha: Nonpossession
   
Aparinamin: Unchanging
   
Aparyapti: Undevelopable; Incapable of developing the body fully.
   
Aparyavasita (Srutajnana): Having no end
   
Apavartana: Energy that hastens the time and decreases the intensity of karmic fruition
   
Apaya: Perceptual judgment
   
Apayavicaya: Contemplation on the means by which beings can be saved
   
Apo-kayika: Water-bodies
   
Apradhanacarya: Nominal acarya
   
Apramanatva: Invalidity
   
Apramatta-virata: Restraint not vitiated by carelessness, the seventh gunasthana
   
Apramatva: Non-organ of knowledge
   
Aprapyakaritva: The quality of acting from distance
   
Apratipatina: Non-extinguishing
   
Apratita: Neither known
   
Apratya Vekshita: Putting down a thing without seeing.
   
Apratyakhyana-kriya: not renouncing what ought to be renounced.
   
Apratyakhyanavarana: Obstructors of partial renunciation
   
Apratyakhyanavaraniya: Partial vow-preventing passions including anger, pride, deceit and greed.
   
Aprayojaka: Immaterial
   
Apta: Authentic
   
Apta-vacana: Statement of an authentic personality
   
Apurva-karana: The process by which the soul attains to an unprecedented degree of purity
   
Arahamta: Prakrit for arhat
   
Arambha: Commencement of a thing - compare attempt in Criminal Law.
   
Arambha-tyaga: Abandonment of merely worldly engagements and occupations.
   
Arambhatyaga-pratima: The eighth stage in which a layman withdraws from all professional commitments
   
Arambhaya-himsa: Violence occurring either accidentally or through the performance of an acceptable occupation
   
Arapa: Hot light; radiant heat; possessed of a brilliant body, which is hot to others but not to the possessor, as the gross radiant earth bodied beings in the sun.
   
Arati: Displeasure in regard to sense activities dissatisfaction.
  The lamp-waving ceremony
   
Arcana: Worship
   
Ardha naracha samhanana: Semi-unbreakable joints and bones.
   
Ardha-phalaka: Loincloth worn by Svetambara monks
   
Ardha-pudgala-paravartana-kala: The amount of time required for a soul to take in and use up half of the available karmic matter in the universe
   
Arghya: Respectful offering
   
Arham: Identical to arhat
   
Arhat: Worthy to worship; an epithet of one who has attained kevalajnana; a synonym for kevalin
   
Arhat Kevali: Omniscient Lord
   
Arhat-Bhakti: Devotion to Arhats or Omniscient Lords.
   
Arihamta: A variant for arahamta
   
Arpitanaya: Implied point of view
   
Arpitanayabhasa: False implied point of view
   
Artha: Meaning of a word
   
Artha (Kaladigata): Object
   
Artha-kriya: Exercise of casual efficiency
   
Artha-kriyasamartha: Capable of performing any action
   
Artha-naya: Point of view of meaning
   
Artha-nayabhasa: False point of view of meaning
   
Artha-paryaya: Mode of the object
   
Artha-prapakatva: Conveyance of the sense
   
Artha-pratipadaka: Support of truth
   
Artha-samvedana: Manifested in the statement
   
Arthavagraha (Matijnana): Object-awareness
   
Arupi-ajiva: The four insentient, formless dravyas
   
Aryika: Nuns of the Digambara sect
   
Asad guna udbhavana: proclaiming in oneself the good qualities which one does not possess.
   
Asamgrahika (Naigamanaya): Non-generic
   
Asamjni: Unable to reason about spiritual matters
   
Asamkhyata: Innumerable
   
Asamprapta sripatika samhanana: Loosely jointed bones.
   
Asamyama: Nonrestraint
   
Asankyatanu-Vargana: Innumerable-atoms-molecule
   
Asarira: Free from embodiment; a siddha
   
Asat-khyati: Knowledge of a non-existent thing
   
Asata-vedaniya: Pain-feeling; that which brings pain. The inflow of pain-bringing-feeling
   
Asata, Asatavedaniya: Experience of pain
   
Asatana: Disrespect
   
Asatavedaniya: Unpleasant-feeling
   
Asatpratipaksatva: Non-conclusive
   
Asatva: Non-existence
   
Asatya: Lying
   
Asatya mana: False mind
   
Asatya-Vachana: FALSE
   
Ascarya: Extraordinary event
   
Asharana anupreksha: Unprotectiveness; helplessness. The soul is unprotected from the fruition of karmas. Death, pain, pleasure, success, failure are the necessary results of our acts in this or past lives.
   
Ashrava: Inflow
  The attraction of good or bad matter by the soul in virtue of its mental, vocal, or bodily activity.
   
Ashrava anupreksa: Inflow. The inflow of karma is the cause of my mudane existence and it is the product of passions, etc.
   
Ashubha: Ugly (body).
   
Ashubha-nama: A Bad-body-making karma
   
Ashuchi anupreksha: Impurity. The body is impure and dirty.
   
Asi: Sword; government
   
Asiddha (Hetvabhasa): Non-existence
   
Asiddhata: Unproved state
   
Asiddhatva: Non-existent
   
Asiddhi: Whose existence cannot be proved
   
Aspasta: Indistinct
   
Asrava: Karmic influx
  activities inviting the karmic matter into the soul.
   
Asraya: Substratum
   
Astanga: Eight limbs (of samyak-darsana)
   
Asteya: Not stealing
   
Asthira: (unsteady circulation of blood, etc.).
   
Asti-kaya: Having extension
   
Astikya: Affirmation
   
Astitva: Existence
   
Asubha-karma: Unwholesome karma
   
Asva: Horse
   
Aticara: Infractions committed by accident
   
Atidesavakya: Analogical sentence
   
Atisaya-ksetra: Places where miraculous events associated with great monks have occurred
   
   
Atithi-samvibhaga: Sharing with (ascetic) guests
  Taking a vow to take one's food only after feeding the ascetivs with a part of it.
   
Ativyapti: Undesirable extension
   
Atma ninda: denouncing one's self
   
Atma prashansa: Praising oneself
   
Atman: Soul; self
   
Atmanubhava: Abiding in one's own nature
   
Atmarthatva: Meant for the self
   
Atmarupa (Kaladigata): Form
   
Atmasad-guna uchchhadana: not proclaiming one's own good qualities.
   
Attara guna: A kind of production of the dependance relating to the non-soul, i.e., production of books, pictures, statues, etc.
   
   
Audarika: Physical
  The physical body of all men and animals.
   
Audarika mishra: Physical with karmic.
   
Audarikasarira: Gross-body of Lord
   
Aupapadika: Born spontaneously
   
Aupasamika: Subsidence
   
Aushbha: Awkward.
   
Avadhi (Jnana): Clairvoyance
   
Avadhi-darshanavarana: Visual-conation-obscuring.
   
Avadhi-jnanavarana: Visual-knowledge-obscuring
   
Avadhidarsana: The indistinct type of awareness preceding avadhijnana
   
Avadhijnana: Supermundane knowledge such as clairvoyance
   
Avagaha: Penetrability
   
Avagraha (Matijnana): Determinate perception
   
Avaharana: Distinguishing
   
Avaktavya: Indescribable
  Inexpressible
   
Avamaudarya: Eating only a very small portion of food
   
Avamodarya: Eating less than one's fill, or less than one has appetite for--external austerity.
   
   
Avantara samanya: General substance
   
Avapodvapa: Elimination and addition
   
Avarana: The veil
   
Avarana ksaya: Destruction of veil
   
Avaraniya: Obscuring
   
Avarnavada: Causes the right-belief-deluding karmic matter(Darshana).
   
Avasarpini: Descending round
  Regressive half-cycle
   
Avashyaka-parihari: Not neglecting one's six important daily duties
   
Avastu-nirbhasa: Dealing with no object
   
Avasyaka: Essential duty
   
Avaya (Matijnana): Perceptual judgment
   
Avayava: Part
   
Avicyuti: Absence of lapse
   
Avidya: Ignorance
   
Avinayeshu: Those who are uncivil or ill-behaved. ??????
   
Avipaka-nirjara: Inducing a karma to leave the soul by means of a contrary karma, or by means of ascetic practices.
   
Avirata: Vowlessness, non-renunciation. Vowlessness.
   
Avirati: Nonrestraint
   
Aviruddhanupalabdhi (Hetu): Non-availability of non-contradictory
   
Aviruddhopalabdhi (Hetu): Availability of non-contradictory
   
Avisamvadakatva: Non-discrepancy
   
Avisvagbhava: All-pervasiveness
   
Aviveka: Lack of discrimination
   
Avrta: Obscured
   
Avyakta: Indeterminate
   
Avyaktaksara: Indistinct sound
   
Ayaga-pata: Votive slabs
   
Ayariya: Prakrit for acarya
   
Ayashah kirti: Notoriety; bringing bad name, even if one does good actions.
   
Ayoga-kevalin: The fourteenth gunasthana, attained by the kevalin when, in the instant before death, all his activities cease
   
Ayu: Age-karma
  age.
   
Ayu-karma: Karma that determines the span of a given lifetime