1. ־ֻפ ֮֬  ִֿ ֮ ן

 

֟ ־ֻפ ֮֬ ӣ ִֿ ֮ ָ ִָ ָ֚֚֯֫ Γָ ׾ָ֓ ӛߟ ֻ֕ ִִֵ ֵ֯ ִ ָӳ ӟ ֮ ֵ ӯפ ׻ֵ ֮ ֟ ֙ Ɵ Ɵ ִև ֮־߸, ָָ þ. Ӥ . . ִ ֮ ? ֕ ֮ ߻ ׾. . 1940 ( 1883 . ) ֟ ӑ ׾֦ ֡ ֵ Ӯ ִֵ ןִֆ ־ֻפ ֮֬ ή ןֵ Ԯ ֮ ו֮֟ 滵 ןִֆ ֵ, ׬ ןֵ ԟ ִԸ ™ ֟ ה ןֵ ֛֡ Ӯ ִֵ ָּ ֣ ӓ ֮ פֵ ֟ ӣ ֜ ִ֗ ? ӓ ָ פ ƴ Ԯ ֮ ֮ ֮ ֱ ֖֮ , ׾֦ ( ־ֲ) ׸ á , ֜ ֮֟ | ӳ߸ ׾ָ֓ ֛ ֵ ִֵ ׬ , ӟ ִ֮ ֮֬ ӣ ָ ד֮ ֖֮

֡ ꚕ߮ ֮ ָ Ƶ ״֡, ֯׮־ ߸֮֓ ֮֓ ֡ ׻ ִ ־ֻפ ӣ ָ ד֮ ֙ , ֣ þֵ ӣ Ԯ ױ ָ ֵ ֮ Ӥ ֮ ߸֓Ӥ߮ ָ , ԟ ׾. . 1941 ( ֮ 1884 ) þֵ ׾צ ֡ ֮ ֣ ־ֲ ޛ ׸ á ֵ ׸߮ ֣ ã֟ ֮֕ ־ֻ ֮֬ ָֻ֓ ֜ ֵ, ו ֲ ן֮֯ ߸֓Ӥ ִ֮ ֮֬ ӣ ן׻֯ ֮ ־֮ և Ӯ ׸ á ן׻ׯ ֵ ֮ ִ֣ ߸֓Ӥ ִև ֵ Ӥ ״ֻ ӣ ן׻ׯ ֮ ׾ָ֓ ֌ ӟ ֣ Ӥ ֮ ֮ ־׵ ֵԴ ӣ ֵ Ԗ ן׻ׯ ֮ ֟ ִ֮ ևԅ

ߓִ ִ׮־ ߵ㌟ ֓Ӥ , ߵ㌟ . ֤֕ ָ ֣ ׾֦ ֡ ֵ ִֵ Ӯ ֮֬ ӣ Ԯ ӓ ׸ á ֣ ֟ ׮׿֟ ή ן׻ׯֵ ֵօ ֤ ֵ֮ ָӳ ֵօ ֡ ִֵ ֓Ӥ ֯ ִև ֵ Ӯ ߸֓Ӥ Ӥ ֮ ֵ ֮ , ו Ӯ ߴ֮ ӑև ֻֻ֮֕ ָ־֟߾ֻ ֖ ֲ ׯ֟ þ. ӑև ӿ߻ֻ֕ . 1947 ( ֮ 1890) ֳ ׾֦ ֡ ֵ ֲ ׸ á ָ ֵ֮ ָӳ ֵ օ ӟ ֳ ߮ δ ן׻֯ ֿ֟ ֵ ֮ ֛ ֵ, , ן׻ׯ ִ ׻ֵ Ɵ ֟ ׾֦ ָּ ӓ ֮

׾ֵ . 1952 ( ֮ 1985) Ӥ ߸֓Ӥ ߓ : ֡־־ָ , ו þֹ ߸֓Ӥ߮ ן׻ׯ ֮ ֓ ׻ֵ ֮ ߛ ֵօ Ӯ ֮ ֡ ֲ ֵ ֵ ֮֮ ׻ֵ ׮֮ ָӳ פօ ֟: ߟָ ƕָ ׬ Ӯ þזֵ և ! ֲ ߸֓Ӥ߮ Ӥ ֯ ֵ ִ ׸ á ֓ ( 125 ) ֵ ָ֮֯ ן׻֯ ֟ ֌ և ֵ֟ ׻ֵ ״ָ׮־ ֕֯ן á ׮ֵ㌟ פ ֵ á ׾֦ 7 ־ָ ӣ ן׻ׯ ֵ ָӳ ֵօ ߮ פ ֿ֟ 10 ׸ á߮ ߸֓Ӥ ָ֡֫ ד֟ ֵ֬־ֻ ֮ ֡ ԟ ֳ 1500 ֿ֟ ׸ á þã ֵ ֟: þԾ

׸ á ֿ֟ ֕֯ן á߮ ןֻ֮ ֵ ֻ ֳ Դ ־ֻ ֵ֬־ֻ ן׻ׯ ָ ׻ׯִ ָ ׾֦ ޛ ָ֕ , ӟ֯ ֵ֬ ֣ ɵ Ӧָ ӣ ֮ ׻ׯִ ז׻֯ և ִֵ ߸֓Ӥ : ׾֦ ѓ Ӯ ֙ ָ ӣָ֕ ֬־ֻ ן׻ׯ ֵ ӣ ֣ ֹ֚֚֯ ֵ֤ ׻ֵ ןֵ ׳֮ ׳֮ ã֮Ӵ ־Ӆ ӟ ָ֟֯ ָּ ӓֻ ֕ ֣ׯ ֬־ֻ ז׻֯ כ ״ָ֕֕ ָ ֮ ־ã ևԅ ֵ ֮ 1918 ֵօ ֿ֟ ߸֓Ӥ ε֟ ֬־ֻ ָ ן׻ׯ . ֣֕ áָ߫ ֳ ָ Դ ӣ ז׻֯ ֵ ֮ 1896 1922 ԟ 26 ֻ, ֮ ִִֵ ֮ ׻ׯ . ָ֕ , . ӟ֯ , . ɵ ֣ . ״ָ֕ ָ; ֣ ָ ׻ׯ . ׸ á, . ֕֯ן ֵ֬ . ֣֕ á ָ և ֵԴ ֳ ƕָ ֵ ֓

־ֻ ֵ֬־ֻ ן ֿ ֮ ן 

־ֻ ֵ֬־ֻ ָ ן׻ׯ ִֵ ֕֯ן ֵ֮֬ 㯟ָן ן׻ׯ ֻ ֮ ׻ֵօ ֵԴ ׾ֿ ֣ ׾֤ ֖ ߲և , ו֮ βֻ ӣ ֚֚֯ Γָ ֮ 1915 ן׻ׯֵ ֕֯ן ֵ֬ ߸֓Ӥ ֯ ѓ ִׯԖ ֮ ֮ ׻ֵ ָ ꚕ߮ ֮ ֮ þָ , ֣ ֮ ׮š ״֡ Ӥ ׻ פ ןֵ ֮ ָ ֮ ֟ ׾֦ Ƹ ןֵ Γָ ־֮ ֟ Ӯ ןֵ ֮ ֮ ן ™ ד֟ ִ֗օ ֲ ֕֯ן ֵ֬ ןֵ ָ֯ , ֻ ִ֤ ֮ ֣ד֟ ןֵ ֮ פߴ ׾ִָ֮֕ פօ

֕֯ן ֵ֮֬ ֻ֕ ֮ פ þֵ ֮ ןֵ ָ ׻֯ ӟ ߴָ ָ ߑ ָ ֛օ ֿ֟ ֟ ߴָ ֮ ֵօ ָ ֵ֬֕ ױ ָ֯ ֮ 1923 ָ߸֮ ֵօ ֻ֕߮ ӣ ָ ן׻ׯ ޛ ׾ֵ֕֓Ӧ . ߟִָ á ָ և ֵ ֮ 1916 1923 ӯ֮ ֮ 1924 ָ֯㸾ֻӮ ׾֦ . ֣֕ á ָ ׻ׯֵ ״ֻ֮ ׻ֵօ

ָ֯ ֮ ן ָ ׻ׯ ִֵ . ߟִָ á߮ ֮ ׻ֵ ֯־ , ֻ Ϊ㴮ָ , ָ֯, ֮ ֟ ָ ֟ ו ִֵ . ׾ֵ֕֓Ӧ . ߟִָ á ֮ ָ ן׻ׯ ִֵ . ׾ֵ֕֓Ӧ ֜ ֟ . ߟִָ á ׾֬ ֻ ׻ֵ ֕ ֛կ ָߴ ׻֟ ֟ ָ ָ֬ ָ Ӯ ֤ á-ן ־֮֬ ׻ ֻ֕ , ӟ ָ ֮ ׻ֵ, ָկָ ֤ ߟִָ á߮ ã֮ӯ ־ֻ ֵ֬־ֻ ׻ׯӵ ߅ ֣ ָ և ןֵ ָ־֟, ָ, ָӕ, פ, ִև, ֯, ָ, ָֻ֯֙, , ־֮, ־ָ, ִ긴 ׾ִָ֮֕

. ֕֯ן ֵ֬ ֣ . ߟִָ á߮ ו ־֮ ֵ ֻ ן ָ ֵ ָ , ӟ ֮ ֮֬ ӣ ׾֫ ו֖ ָ ֮ ִ ֮ ׾ ׮ִ ֪ ֤ ֟ ---

ԕֿ׬״֤ ׾ ׯ֟־֮ ߸ֳ:

֮㸳敕֟: ָs ֮֕ ־ԯָ ;

֮֬ ӣ ןֵ ן ׻ֵ ƴ֮ ο־ֻ ׿֟ ו֮ ֮־Ӯ ֮֟ ָ ֮ ƴ ָ ָ֬ Ԍ ן ß ִ֣ , ƴ ֮֕ ֳָ ֮֟

־ֻפ ֮֬ ӣ ן - ָӴ֮ ο־ֻ ָ ֻ֮ ֮֕ ִ־ֻ -

1 ֮ ־֕ ִָ֕ , ֯

2 ֮ ֻ Ϊ㴮ָ , ָ֯

3 ֮ . ִ֣֕ , ִև

4 ֮ . ֣֕ á, ӡ, ߸ ֮֬ ־֮, ׾֦

5 ֮ . ߟֻ֤֯

6 ֮ . ֮߮֕ ֿ֮֬á, ָӕ

7 ֮ ӑև ֻֻ֮֕ ӿ߻ֻ֕, ָ־֟

8 ֮ . ֌ֻֻ֮֕ á,

9 ֮ . ִ֤֯ á, . . ֻֻ֮ פ. ָþ֟ ־֮, ִև

10 ߴ֮ . . ־ֻߕ á, ֳ֮֬־֮, ָ

11 ߴ֮ . ֮֓ ֵ֟ߣ, ָ֢֟ ֻ֚, ָ

12 ߴ֮ ߸Ӥ Ӭ, ֙

13 ߴ֮ ־֤֮֕ ־, ִև

14 ߴ֮ ֮֓ ֤֮ ֯כ,

15 ߴ֮ ִֻ֕ ֛֟,

16 ߴ֮ Ӭ ֓ ֻ֓Ӥ, ߻, ôֲ֤֮

17 ߴ֮ ֲ ִ֤֟֯, ִ֤ ߸, ӕ