12. Σ

 

ß ӣ ֮ ™ ߮ Ӵ ֙ Σִ ¯ֵ֤֓ , ָ ߸ֵ֓ ָ ִ ã֮ ã֮ ָ ˬ ֵ ֓߮ ֪ ֪ פ ܵ 177 ߸ֵ֓ ֳ ߵ ִ ִ ˬ ֪ ܵ 221 וִ֮ 17 ִ ֲ ִ Ӆ ֮ ߸ֵ ֮ Ɵ ã֟ ׬ӿ ִ օ ִֵ ֳ Ɵִ ֮֬ ֵ ִ - ׸ ֵ ֟ ֵ: ֆ ֟׻ ֯ βֻ֟ ִֵ ֻ ֙ ֻ ֜, ӟ ֕ ׮ֵӴ ֚ ֚ ֮ פִָ ִ֕ ׾ֵֻ֪Ӵ ־ã֟ ֮֜ ־ԣ ־ã Ӆ ãִ ß ӣ ׸ֵ ֟ ִֵ ׸ֵ ד֟ Οߟ Ɵִ ܵ֟: ӓ ָ և ֟ ---֬, Դ֬, , ָ™ ֳӿօ

־߸þִ ִִֵ ԟ ֕ ֳ և ƕָ ֬ ӟִ Γ׻֟ ֬ ƻ֟ þ֟ӡ ӣ ֵ ֟օ ӟ   ֬ þֹ ֵֻ֟ ֵ ׿ֻֻ ֙Ӵ Ƹ ״ֻ֟ וָ֮֯ ߮ ׾ֿ֟֋ ï™ ִִ֗ ֟ --

1. ãִ֮ , ֕-֕, ָ-ֻ,

2. , ãָ֮֯ , ִ-ִ, -ֿ, ֮-֮

3. Ӗֆ ָ ֮֓ ׻ ִ : , ָ:-ֻ,

 

Ƹ--

߻ֆօ , ֲӬ׌ִ ֆ߻֋ ߆ ִֿפ ( ֻ )

߻ ! , ֲӬ ִ ֕ߵ ֵ

ָ ָ Դ֬ ָ ƻև ִ ֬ ֬ ֵ ֟ , , ӳ־֟: ֬ ֬ ִ Γ׻֟ ߅ ִ ֓߮ ֮ Դ֬ ִָߵ -ӣӴ ֵ ֟ , ׻ֵ . ߮ ִ ãָ֮֯ ־ԡ ֵ ֟ , ãָ֮֯ ֣ ָ ׾ , ԟ , ׬ ָ ״ ן׸ ֵ֮ ֟

 

Ƹ :-

և ֵ ߸ ׮ָ ӟ

 ִ ߸ ׾ָ ֆ הӤꕕ ִ ( ָ֓ )

 

פ ֮ Ʈ֮ ־߸ ֮ ֿ ֻօ ָ ߸ ֬ ׾ָ ִ ה Ӆ

㮮ָ ׸ ִ״ ( ָ֓ )

ִֿ֮ 段ָ ׸ִ ִ ( ֬ ׮־ )

֬ ξעֵ Դ֬ߴ ߸ ߸ և

֓߮ ԟ ֣ ֯ Τ ִ Ӯ þֹ ֵֻ֟ ֙Ӵ ״ֻ֟ , ָ þ֟ӡ Ɵ  פִָ ӣӴ ֵ ֟ ξָ֮֓פ ֵ֓ ӣ ִ Ӆ פִָ ׮ֵ ܵ ֓߮ ן ׾ֿ֟ֆ ׻ֵ ׮֤Կ Ʈ ׸֕ ֵ ֻ ֵֻ֟ ֋, ß ӣ ܵ֟:

׾ֿ֟֋ ִ ד֟ , ߮ ָ ãָ֮֯ , ָ ׻ ִ֮֓ ׾ֿ֟֋ ֲ ִ֬ ãָ֮֯ , ãָ֮֯ , ãָ֮֯ ׻֮ Οֵ, ãָ֮֯ , ---

:- ; ־ן-פ ; ִ-Ӭ; -׸, ׸, ׸; פ

Ƹ --

  Ӭפ 㓓פ -Ƥ

Ӭִ ߾ ֤֓ ξ֓. 2, 87.

  ֧ן ָ ן ׾֤-֤

֤ ־ ־ כן ξ֓. 1, 62.

ԟ ֟ ֵ㌟ Ӭ֟ ֣ ָƟ ㌟ ߾ Ӭִ , ׮ֵֿ ֮

ןֵ Ɵ ( ֻ ־֮ ) Ӵ š , ֬ ־ ־ ֮֟

ָ™ ֓߮ ָ™ ו þֺ ֿ֣֯֟, Ӭ, ֈ פ ־Ӵ ֵ ֟ ֙Ӵ ε ֡ ֟֓ߟ ߴ ֟ ָ™ߴ , ׾֮֫ ֟ ֵ ׮ֵӮ ָ™ ֈ֓׸, ִָև, Ӥߓ׸, Ɠ׸ פ ־ Ӳָ ִ µ, , , פ ָ™ ָ ׮ֵӮ ָ ָ Դ֬ ξעֵ ָ֯ ֮ ֯ , ָ ӣ ָ™ ƻ֟ ָ™ߴ ֿ֯֟ Ӭ פ ׾ֻ פ , ׫ִ 㯟 ãָ֮֯ ן ֵ , ߴ ָ™ ׾ֿ , ֬־֟ ֻ þָ ֟ , ӟ ׸ןԟ օ ָ ׸ןԟ ׸ןԟ , ε ׻ ֵ֮ ֟ ָ™ߴ ׾ֿ֟ֆ ן׸ Σִ֮ ֕֟ ---

 

֮ן-և; ִ-; 柾-; פ

Ƹ֣ --

 

 ־ֵָ ֻ ״։ ָ ֵ

 ׾ָ  ׮ִֵ-ֵ׸ ֋ -և

( ֈ. . 31, 38, . 132. )

ԟ ֲ ָ ָ ִָ ָ ֕ ֮-֮-׸ ֮ ָ ִ ξ

δ׾ ™ ֳӿ ֲ ׮ִ ; ױ ֟Դ֮ Ʈ, ָ֟, ָ֚ פ ֆ ָ ָ֯ ׮ֵ ֵ: ֳӿ  ׬ָ ו֮֟ Ɵ ߟ ִֿ ֵ ִ ߮ և פִָ Ɵ ׾֮֫ ֟ ו֮֟ ֋ ֲ ׾֟ ֳӿ ֮օ , ֬ ֳӿ, ֳӿ, ָ™ ֳӿ פ  ֵԯ֤ ׾֪֯ן ןԻִ֟ ֬ ֳӿ ֵ ֟ ׾ֿ ן ן ו ֳӿ ָ™ ״֟ ֳӿ , ו Ӯ ָ ֳӿ , , ִֵ ֳ־֟: ׸ ֻ֓ ߅ ¯֤ ֯, ֵָ׸, Ƹ׸, ֣ ׾ֵ ӛ׸, ׾ֵ֢, ָ׸, ־ִֵ֤֬, 㛤, ־ ֳο ִ Ӯ פ , ãןֻ֯ þֳ׾ ׸֟Ԯ ׾ ִ֗ ׾ָ ִ֗֟ ָ ִ֮֮֕ ִ סֵ ֕ ִß ָ ָ ֕־־ָ ִֻ

Ӗ ε ָ֮ ׳֮ և Ƹ֣, ָ ֮֓, ָ֮ , , ִ-; -; ֵ, ֟, õ-; -, ע, , פ

 εִ, ״-; ׮- ; -, פ

ִ ֵ ֵ ֤Ծ ֮ ִ ֵ ֟, ӟ Ʈ, ָ֟, ָ֚ פ ֬׮ ֆӴ Γ׻֟ -ִ ԟ Ӥ ֲ ֛ ׾ֿ֟ , և פ Ʈߴ ֵ

ֳӿ Ƹ--

ָ ֢ ִֵ֢

 ִ ׾ וֵ ӟև

־ִֵ֤֬ 4

ԟ ֮µ֟ ָ ִ ֬߮ ߾ ! ִ ӟ

׾ֿ ן׸ þָ ӕִ֮Ӭ ׾ֻ֟֋ ֳ Ӵ ִֹ֮ և ֟ , þָӴ , ־ ã֮ ָ δֿ: , , ־ , , ֣ ֤; ֬־֟ ӕ֮Ӵ ָ ׸֟Ԯ , ӵ㌟ ӕ֮ ӵ㌟ ׫ֺ ׸֟Ԯ, ӓִָ :, פ ֲ ãָ֮֯ ƻ֮ ãִ þָ þָƟ ãִ ׸֟Ԯօ ׸֟Ԯ ו֮֟ ֮ ֮ ו֮֟ ԓ߮ ֮ ׬ ִ֡ ֵ ֟ Ӆ ֳӿ ִ ׸֟Ԯ ֮ ָ ߴָ֯ ѓ ֵ ױ ִ ׸֟Ԯ ֻօ

ֲ Ӵ ß ӣ ã֮ ԟ: ׮Ե ִֵ ֵ, , ִß ־ֻ ֮֬ ָ־֟ ן 1465 ֡Ӵ ִ֯ ß ӣ Σִ 65 ֡Ӵ֡ , ֋ և־ ӿ ֣ ־ֻ ֵ֬־ֻ ״ֻ ߸ ֮ ֻ ֻ־ ӿ օ ֳֻ ֡ ֓߮ ן ӓ־ ߜ ןֵӯָ ָ ֵ ן ״ֻ֮ ㆾָ ״ֻ օ ãִ ӣ ׾ִֵ ׮ֵֿ ֛ ך ֵ , ׾ֿ֟: ֲ ׾ֵ֯Ե ָ ֻ״֟ ֣ׯ ӣ ֵ֮פ ׾֬ ׻ֵ Ɵ֯ ο ׾֮֫ ֮ ԟ þֺ ֻ֮֟ ד֟ օ

1. ß ӣִ ׸ןԟ ֵ ֟ , , Ӵ --פ-ן; ֤-֟:; ߤ-ߟָ; פ-ן, פ ֣ֆӴ --־֤-־ԟ; ߤ-ߟ; פ-ߵ, פ ִ ---ָ֤-ָ֟:; -; פ-ן֟; דן֤-דןִ֟; ך-ãִ֟; ꤴ-ִ, פ

ã֮ӯָ ֵ ֟ , ֣--Ӵ--և-ן; ֈ-֟:; ߵֵָ-ߟָ; ֵ-ן; פ ֣ֆӴ--:; ֵև-ן; פ ִ--ִև-ִן; ֈ׾-֟׾Ԭ; ־֑և-־ԑן; פ

ε Ӵ ׬: ן ãָ֮֯ פ ֵ ֟ , ( Ӵ ן ־ֵ ָ ε ) ֣ֆӴ-ֵפ-ֵן; ה֤-ה; פ-֮ן; ׻ӯפ-׻ִן; פ-֟; ֧פ-֧ן; פ-ן; פ ִ-߸, ߸פ-ε֟; ־פ-֯ן; פ-֟; פ-֮ן; ֹפ-ιֵן; ֤פ-֤ן; ׾ֹ֤-׾ֹ֟; פ

ӵ þָ֡ Ʈ Ƹ ״ֻ֟ ֣ -֣ֆӴ -, ƾև-־ן; -ֵן; ֌և-ܵן; ִև-δן; և-޵֟, פ ִ-և-ן; -Եן; פ

2. εֆ ׻ Ƹ ָ ״ֻ֟ ---־֟օ -- -ִ-׬ִօ -֤-֟օ -։, ˚, , ։, דן։, פ

3. ֬־֟ ãִ֮ ֤ Ƹ ״ֻ֟ ֣--Ӵ-- ִ֣ - ֤-, ִ-֢-; Ӭ-֮; ֲ-ֲ㟾; -ֿ; -ֵ; פ

֬־֟ ֵ ֟ ֣--Ӵ --ӯָև-ִָ׵; פ-׮; ִև-ִ׵; և-׵ ֣ֆӴ-ןֵָ֟-ߣ; ֵָ-; ֵև-ן; ӓ֋-ӓ; ִև-ִ; Ƶָ-׬ָ ִ--; ׸ִ-׸; פִ-ן; ֵָ-; ָ֛-ָּ, פ

4. ֬־֟ , , , , , Ƹ ־ԡ ֵ ֟ , ִ Ƹ ״ֻ֟ Ӆ ֣------֕---ֵ; ӕ-ӵ; -; -; פ -׾֟ߤ-֟ߟօ -֟-ã, ֤-֤; פ-פ; ֤-֤; , ָ, פ

5. ãִ֮ ֵ: ֵ ֟ , ӟ ãִ֮ ãִ֮ ֵ ֟ ֣-- : -ִ; ׬-׬; ( . 131 ) ִ-ִ ( . 169) ; ָ֬ ( . 41) ; פ׾֬-ן׾֬; ( . 18) ָ֬ ( . 19 )

6. Ӗֆ ӓִ-֮֓ ִ Ӵ ֣ֆӴ ֣ ִ ֵ֟ ֵ ֟ ֣-Ӵ-ִֵ-׮ִֵ֟˅ ֣ֆӴ--֟˅ ִ-ô֟˅ ִ -֤, ֤֜, ֻ֤, ׾פ֤, ֤, ֻ֤, פ

Ӗֆ ִ֯-֮֓ ִ ״ ״ ֵ ֟ Ӆ ֣-Ӵ-״ ( 36, 43, 129, 148, 149 ) פ ״ ( 63, 127 ) ֣ֆӴ-״, ״, ֌״, ֤״, פ ִ - ֟״, և״, ״, פ

֣ֆӴ ָ ֮֓ ׾ֳ֌ և ֟ ־ֹ ( 135 ) ( 146 ) ï™: ֳӿ ξע 738 Ɵִ ֵ ֮ Ɵ֯

7. ֬־֟ ӕ֮ פ ӵ þָ ־ ן ֵ ֟ -ןֵָ֟-ߣ; ֵ֟-֤֣; -꤮; ֵ-֟; ֕; ׾ִֵ-׾ִ:, ָ-ָ; פ

ן׸ ֣ ד֟ ֣ ß׻֟ ןֵӴ ן և և ֮֓ ׮ִֵ1 (1 ן: ( 8, 1, 180, ) -ד֤ ־ן, ׯֵև 180 ) ֣ ֡ ε2 (2 . ֬; ξָ֮֓ ״, . 115 ) ׾ָ֓ ׮ִֵ ׻ֵ þָ ֣ ן ֮ ß ӣִ ε֟ ֵ ֣ׯ ε ƴָ ֤™ ߅ ( ֋ ָ ֚ӿ֮ ׮ִֵ .13 )

ֿ֟ 㯟־ ãִ֮ ן և ֟ -ֻ-ֻ:; -; ׾-׾֬, פ ֕־ ׾֮ ִ߯ ׮ִֵ ן և ֟

    8. ׾ָ ׾ֿ Ƹ ָ ֵ ֟ ---Ӵ---և-ԟߵ

(163) ֵ- (5); ֈ- (39); -׬ (59); ׬, -׬ (115,131); ׻ֵ-׸ (56); ֟-ã (132); - (39); ֕־-ֵԵ (115); - (49); ӟָ-ָ֮ (96); 긇-ָ, ָ (25); ֣ֆӴ--- ֵ- (50); ֻ-ָ (160); ֻ-ָ (151); -֖ (52); - (92); -ï֬ (121); פ-þꤕ (139)

 

֣ֆӴ ֋ ֲ ָ -ֵ-߾֬ (88); 㴴ӟ-δ֟ (63); -㬤 (207); ִ-ָ֬ ( 7 ); ꕕ-߹; (201); -֡, ֵԤ (90).

ֲ--׻ֵև-֯ן (220); ֛׾ֵ-ֹ (221); ֌ (221); ל-֟ (68) ; ׾ֵ-֟ߟ (68)

Ƹӯָ ƴ , ֣ֆ ׾ִֵ ׮Ե ֬ Դ֬ , , ִ ׮־ֵ , ׾ ã֮ ָ , ãָ֮֯ ֵ ֟, ָ ֮֓ ״ֻ֟օ

ãָ֮֯ , εֆ ֮֓ ֟Դ֮ ִֻ פ , ׻ εֆ ִ ָ֤֮ ׾ֳ׌ ֣ ׬ָ ׾ֳ׌ ״, ãָ֮֯, , ֣ ãָ֮֯ ֤, ֣ ֳ־, ֲ Ӆ ֣ , ε Ӵ , ׻ ε ִ , ָ™ Ӆ ָ , ֣ֆ ֳߴ ֵ ֟ Ӆ Ӵ ׾ָ ׾ֿ Ƹ ֵ ֟ Դ֬ Ӆ : , ֣ֆ , ָ֯ Դ֬ γ־ , ֣ ָ֯ ָ™ ָ ֛ ׯֿ פ ֿ״ ׾֮֫Ӯ ִ פ

Ӵ Դ֬ ׾ָ 㻵 Ӵ ֡ ε ן ֟ ֮֓ ֮֓ ֓߮ ε Ƹ

֣֋ ֓߮ Ɵ ׳֮ ׳֮ ӣ ׳֮ ׳֮ ֻ ֮ Ӆ ֋ ִ ָ™֮߯ ִ֡ Οߟ ו֮֟ ׬ ֮ ֮ ִ ֮߯ ׬ ו֮֟ ԓ߮ ֮ ָ™֮߯օ ָ™ γ־ Ɵִ ߔ ߔ ׬׬ ֛ ֵ Ƹ ׻ֵ ß ӣ ֣ . 203 וֵ ָ և ֟ -

 פ Ӥפ פ -ֵ-

פ ׸־פ ָ פ ֵ

֣֮ 괴ָ֙ ( ߾ӛ 512 ) ָ ׻ֵ ---

 և Ӥ և -ֵ-

 և ׸־և ָ ֋ ֵ

֣ֆ 괴ָ֙ ָ ָ™ -׸֟Ԯ ֵ ֟ ֵ ֟ ӣִ ָ™֮߯ 괴ָ֙ ֮߯ ãָ ֣, ֣ 207 ִև . . 516 ִפ ׯ ֵ ֟ ֣ 210 - , 괴ָ֙ 196 - ãֻӯָ 괴ָ֙ ֓߮ ֚ ֟ ֵ Οߟ Ƹ ï™ ӣ ֓߮ ӣ ֮ ß׻֟ Οߟ Ƹ ï™ ֲ֟ ֓߮ ӣ ֮ ß׻֟ ןֵ ־֮֬ ָ ֵ ֣™ Ƹ ֮ ã֟ ֲ֟ ׾ִֵ ׮ֵֿ֟: Ʈ ד֟

֪ , ־ָָ ׾ֵ ָ Կ γ׾֟ ׮ ִ ֣ã֮ 㻵 ֟ ֮ߵ -ӣ ñ ӛ ֮ֆ פִָ Ɵִ ߟ ӣ ׿֟ וִ ן ֪ ֵ ֟ ֪ ֛ ׿֟ ֻ : Ɵ ִ֮ ֟ ֋ þָֹ֯ ׬׬ ֿ ֻ֮ ε֟ ֋օ

ָ ӣ ׾ִֵ ƴ ׾ֿ ׻֟ ֻ ֮ ד֟ ֵԯ ִ֗֟ ӣ ֮ , ׸וԟ ֵֿá ӣ ƴ ֮ ֚-ӿ֮ ׮ִֵӴ ֵ ß ӣִ ׸ӟ: ֲ ָ ֵ ׮ֹ׌ ׸Ʈ֤֮ ׸ӟ: פ և ׮ִֵָ֮ ƴ ׾ָ֓ߵ ֟ օ ֟ ֮ ԟ ֮֓ ֮ δֿ: Ԯ Ԯ: Ӆ פ ׸ + Ʈ Ծ֓ ֵ֮ ֵ ׸Ʈ ו ֮֓ ֮֓ ׸Ʈ ׸Ʈָ: Ƶ 㟯עִ ׸Ʈ֮֟ ֵ : Ԯ Ԯ: ֲ օ ƴ֮ ß ӣִ ׸Ʈ פ , ο ׾ָ֓ߵ ִ ׸Ʈ: ֮ Ƶ Ӆ פ ƴ Ʈ ֟ ֮ ׸ ֲ ׮ ֑־ ִ ֲָ ׬ָ ֻ־ ִ֮֓ ׸Ʈ: ֳ ן ָ ӳ־ ָ֮ ֲ ԟ ӟ, ׸ӟ, ӟ ָ ִ ֵ ׾־֮ ֟ ׾֮ ֲ ꮦ 1 ( 1 Keith : History of Sans. Lit., p. 24. ) ߔ ִ ֵ 㟯ן ִ ֮ ãִ ׸Ʈ: ֲ ָ֮ ִ ֮ ׾ָ֓ Ƶ