1. ־ֻפ ֮֬ ִֿ ֮ ן

 

֟ ־ֻפ ֮֬ ӣ ִֿ ֮ ָ ִָ ָ֚֚֯֫ Γָ ׾ָ֓ ӛߟ ꛸ֻ֕ ִִֵ ֵ֯ ִ ָӳ ӟ ֮ ֵ ӯפ ׻ֵ ֮ ֟ ֙ Ɵ Ɵ ִև ֮־߸, ָָ þ. Ӥ . . ִ ֮ ? ֕ ֮ ߻ ׾. . 1940 ( ֮ 1883 . ) ֟ ꚕ ӑ ׾֦ ֡ ֵ Ӯ ִֵ ןִֆ ־ֻפ ֮֬ ή ןֵ Ԯ ꚕ ֮ ו֮֟ 滵 ןִֆ ֵ, ׬ ןֵ ԟ օ ִԸ ™ ֟ ןֵ ֛֡ Ӆ Ӯ ִֵ ָּ ֣ ӓ ֮ פֵ ֟ 攟֔ ӣ ֜ ִ֗ ? ӓӮ ָ פ ƴ Ԯ ֮ ֮ ֮ ֱ ֮֟ Ӆ , ׾֦ ( ־־) ׸ á , ֜ ֮֟ | ꚕ ӳ߸ ׾ָ֓ ֛ ֵ ִֵ ׬ , ӟ ִ֮ ֮֬ ӣ ָ ד֮ ã֮ և

 

֡ ꚕ߮ ֮ ָ Ƶ ״֡, ֯׮־ ߸֮֓ ֮֓ ֡ ׻ ִ ־ֻפ ӣ ָ ד֮ ֙ , ֣ þֵ ӣ Ԯ ױ ָ ֵ ֮ ߅ Ӥ ֮ ߸֓Ӥ߮ ָ , ԟ ׾. . 1941 ( ֮ 1884 ) þֵ ׾צ ֡ ߅ ֮ ֣ ־ֲ ޛ ׸ á ֵ ׸߮ ֣ ã֟ ֮֕ ־ֻ ֮֬ ָֻ֓ ֜ ֵ, ו ֲ ן֮֯ ㋅ ߸֓Ӥ ִ֮ ֮֬ ӣ ן׻֯ ֮ ־֮ և Ӯ ׸ á ן׻ׯ ֵ ֮ ִ֣ օ ߸֓Ӥ ִև ֵ Ӥ ״ֻ ӣ ן׻ׯ ֮ ׾ָ֓ ֌ օ ӟ ָ ֣ Ӥ ֮ ֮ ־׵ ֵӴ ӣ ֵ ԟ ן׻ׯ ֮ ֟ ִ֮ ևԅ

 

ߓִ ִ׮־ ߵ㌟ ֓Ӥ , ߵ㌟ . ֻ֤֕ ָ ֣ ׾֦ ֡ ֵ ִֵ Ӯ ֮֬ ӣ Ԯ ӓ ׸ á ֣ ֟ ׮׿֟ ή ן׻ׯֵ ֵօ ָ֤ ֵ֮ ָӳ ֵօ ֡  ִֵ ֓Ӥ ֯ ִև ֵ Ӯ ߸֓Ӥ Ӥ ֮ ֵ ֮ , ו Ӯ ꤮ օ ߴ֮ ӑև ֻֻ֮֕ ָ־֟߾ֻ ֟ ֲ ׯ֟ þ. ӑև ӿ߻ֻ֕ . 1947 ( ֮ 1890) ֳ ׾֦ ֡ ֵ ֲ ׸ á ָ ֵ֮ ָӳ ֵ օ ӟ ֳ ߮ δ ן׻֯ ֿ֟ ֵ ֮ ֛ ֵ, , ꚕ ן׻ׯ ִ ׻ֵ Ɵ ֟ ׾֦ ָּ ӓ ™

 

׾ֵ . 1952 ( ֮ 1895) Ӥ ߸֓Ӥ ߓ : ֡־־ָ , ו þֹ ߸֓Ӥ߮ ן׻ׯ ֮ ֓ ׻ֵ ֮ ߛ ֵօ Ӯ ֮ ֡ ֲ ֵ ֵ ֮֮ ׻ֵ ߻ ׮ֻ֮ ָӳ פօ ֟: ߟָ ƕָ ָ ֮ þָ և ! ֲ ߸֓Ӥ߮ Ӥ ֯ ֵ ִ ׸ á ֓ ( 125 ) ֵ ָ߯ ן׻֯ ֟ ֌ ևԅ ֵ֟ ׻ֵ ״ָ׮־ ֕֯ן á ׮ֵ㌟ פ ֵ á ׾֦ ֻ ㌻ 7 ־ָ ӣ ן׻ׯ ֵ ָӳ ֵօ ߮ פ ֿ֟ ㌻ 10 ׸ á߮ ߸֓Ӥ ָ֡֫ ד֟ ֵ֬־ֻ ֮ ֡ ԟ ֳ 1500 ֯ ֿ֟ ׸ á þã ֵ ֟: þԾ ㋅

 

׸ á ֿ֟ ֕֯ן á߮ ןֻ֮ ֵ ֻ ֳ Դ ־ֻ ֵ֬־ֻ ן׻ׯ ָ ׻ׯִ ָ ׾֦ ޛ ָ֕ , ӟ֯ ֵ֬ ֣ ɵ Ӧָ ӣ ֛֮ ׻ׯִ ן׻֯ և ִֵ ߸֓Ӥ : ׾֦ ӓ Ӯ ֙ ָ ӣָ֕ ֬־ֻ ן׻ׯ ֵ ӣ ֣ ֹ֚֚֯ ֵ֤ ׻ֵ ןֵ ׳֮ ׳֮ ã֮Ӵ ־Ӆ ӟ ָ֟֯ ָּ ӓֻ ֕ ㋅ ֣ׯ ֬־ֻ ֛ ן׻֯ כ ״ָ֕֕ ָ ֮ ־ã ևԅ ֵ ֮ 1918 ֵօ ֿ֟ ߸֓Ӥ ε֟ ֬־ֻ ָ ן׻ׯ . ֣֕ áָ߫ ֳ ָ Դ ԅ ָ ӣ ן׻֯ ֵ ֮ 1896 1922 ԟ 26 ֻ, ֮ ִִֵ ֛֮ ׻ׯ . ָ֕ , . ӟ֯ , . ɵ ֣ . ״ָ֕ ָ; ֣ ָ ׻ׯ . ׸ á, . ֕֯ן ֵ֬ . ֣֕ á ָ և ֵԴ ֳ ƕָ ֵ ֓

 

־ֻ ֵ֬־ֻ ן ֿ Ƹ ׮֮ ן

־ֻ ֵ֬־ֻ ָ ן׻ׯ ִֵ ֕֯ן ֵ֮֬ 㯟ָן ֛֮ ן׻ׯ ֮ ׻ֵօ ֵԴ ׾ֿ ֣ ׾֤ ֟ ߲և , ו֮ βֻ ӣ ֚֚֯ Γָ ֮ 1915 ן׻ׯֵ ֕֯ן ֵ֬ ߸֓Ӥ ֯ ӓ ־ָ ֮ ֮ ׻ֵ օ ꚕ߮ ֮ ֮ þָ , ֣ ֮ ׮š ״֡ Ӥ ׻ פ ןֵ ֮ Ӆ ָ ֮ ֟ ׾֦ Ƹ ןֵ ֮ ׻ֵ ײ֦ ӓ ָּ ֲ֮֓֨ ֋ ןֵ Γָ ־֮ ֟ Ӯ ןֵ ֮ ֮ ן ™ ד֟ ִ֗օ ֲ ֕֯ן ֵ֬ ןֵ ָ֯ , ֻ ִ֤ ֮ ֣ד֟ ָ ןֵ ֮ פߴ ׾ִָ֮֕ פօ

 

֕֯ן ֵ֮֬ ֻ֕ ֮ פ þֵ ֛֮ ןֵ ָ ׻֯ ӟ ߴָ ָ ߑ ָ  ֛օ ֿ֟ ֟ ߴָ ֮ ֵօ ָ ֵ֬֕ ױ ָ֯ ֮ 1923 ָ߸֮ ֵօ ֻ֕߮ ӣ ָ ן׻ׯ ޛ ׾ֵ֕֓Ӧ . ߟִָ á ָ ևԅ ֵ ֮ 1916 1923 ӯ֮ օ ֮ 1924 ָ֯㸾ֻӮ ׾֦ . ֣֕ á ֛ ָ ׻ׯֵ ״ֻ֮ ׻ֵօ

 

ָ֯ ֛֮ ן ָ ׻ׯ ִֵ . ߟִָ á߮ ֯ ֮ ׻ֵ , ֻ Ϊ㴮ָ , ָ֯, ֮ ֟ ָ ֟ ו ִֵ . ׾ֵ֕֓Ӧ . ߟִָ á ֛֮ ָ ן׻ׯ ִֵ . ׾ֵ֕֓Ӧ ֜ ֟ . ߟִָ á ׾֬ ֻ ׻ֵ ֕ ָկָ ָߴ ׻֟ ֟ ָ ָ Ӯ ߔ áָ ן ־֮֬ ׻ ֻ֕ , ӟ ָ ֮ ׻ֵ, ָկָ ߔ ߟִָ á߮ ã֮ӯָ ־ֻ ֵ֬־ֻ ׻ׯӵ ߅ ֣ ָ և ןֵ ָ־֟, ָ, ָӕ, פ, ִև, ֯, ָ, ָֻ֯֙, , ־֮, ־ָ, ִ긴 ׾ִָ֮֕ Ӆ

 

. ֕֯ן ֵ֬ ֣ . ߟִָ á߮ ו ־֮ ֵ ֻ ן ָ ֵ ָ , ӟ ֮ ֮֬ ӣ ㌟ ׾֫ ו֖ ָ ֮ ָ ִ ֮ ׾ ׮ִ ֪ ֤ ֟ ---

 

ԕֿ׬״֤ ׾ ׯ֟־֮ ߸ֳ:

֮㸳敕֟: ָs ֮֕ ָ

 

֮֬ ӣ ןֵ ן ׻ֵ ƴ֮ ο־ֻ ׿֟ ו֮ ֮־Ӯ ֮֟ ָ ֮ ߅ ƴ ָ ָ֬ Ԍ ן ß ִ֣ , ƴ ֮֕ ֳָ ֮֟

 

־ֻפ ֮֬ ӣ ן - ָӴ֮ ο־ֻ ָ ֻ֮ ֮֕ ִ־ֻ -

1 ߴ֮ ־֕ ִָ֕ , ֯

2 ߴ֮ ֻ Ϊ㴮ָ , ָ֯

3 ߴ֮ . ִ֣֕ , ִև

4 ߴ֮ . ֣֕ á, ӡ, ߸ ֮֬ ־֮, ׾֦

5 ߴ֮ . ߟֻ֤֯

6 ߴ֮ . ֮߮֕ ֿ֮֬á, ָӕ

7 ߴ֮ ӑև ֻֻ֮֕ ӿ߻ֻ֕, ָ־֟

8 ߴ֮ . ֌ֻֻ֮֕ á,

9 ߴ֮ . ִ֤֯ á, . . ֻֻ֮ פ. ָþ֟ ־֮, ִև

10 ߴ֮ . . ־ֻߕ á, ֳ֮֬־֮, ָ

11 ߴ֮ . ֮֓ ֵ֟ߣ, ָ֢֟ ֻ֚, ָ

12 ߴ֮ ߸Ӥ ꤸ Ӭ, ֙

13 ߴ֮ ־֤֮֕ ־, ִև

14 ߴ֮ ֮֓ ֤֮ ֯כ, 渟

15 ߴ֮ ִֻ֕ ֛֟,

16 ߴ֮ Ӭ ֓Ӥ ֻ֓Ӥ, ߻, ôֲ֤֮

17 ߴ֮ ֲ ִ֤֟֯, ִ֤ ߸, ӕ