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Sub-Categories  of ARDHANEMI PURANA

CHAPTER-1

CHAPTER-2
CHAPTER-3
CHAPTER-4

ARDHANEMI PURANA

(KATHASARA, VASTUVIMARSE)

Dr.T.V.Venkatachala Sastry

1
wws Nsq

ȳq, yNqq Nwl wXqS

wws rsNw bwu®u rsN 㜮u Cyqٰlwwu rsNw. Dqw XqS vÛu ȳq yNq q Nwl ¯ǯqS Ssw QT w SyST Smu. B w u wws Xq (yo)S,  yoS, rǮ NyǮ Xq (yo)S As yoS q NwuT NǮXq ylyo CqvS. CS uw Szw SsS u wws ®S xzqT SsS BqxS yQqu. Hlw Szw SsS , u uu㊯u u NsS yQu wNs SoT Au Nl vqu. w Szw SsS wNs Ku yoQlT As EyyoT EYqul xzqTqu. NwuT , ww SzwS, Hu  N vÇT APwyPwS凮 bwSSsS凮 wNs y䚮TNT, yT vqu.

(A)ȳq wws Xq (yo)S
(1) X㊮ Nqu `wws Xq (1053) Ǯ®ws wwsS Aw扱ruu Cuu v暮u¯w NTu.
(2) Euy® ` wws Xq (13 w qw ) .

(3) Orc Eyu¯㇮w Yu `wws Xq (1438) : Cu 12 B暮S wwsw yXNoS vyNo yuN pqT.
(4) Soc Nqu `wws Xq (1611) : Nr Suuu, 13B暮SǮ يTu.

NS Nuv S ǮT rvu Cw N wXrS D yNT :

(1) ǵow `wws Xq : N Cwu Ss `Ny yNu Cu EQu. (2) µcSw `wws Xq (3) rNXw `wws Xq (4) ww `wws Xq (5) Abq Nqu `wws Xq (6) 䜮 wuqw `wws yo Cu 16 Au¯㇮S. D Ssu  NS NsSwݰNl wwsw Xq䇮w yT xzu wwsw YqSr uu 6 ®S Nswǵ԰ C u. wwsw y®wSu Ns C uSu Nwl wws yoS Nsrw uTu. (7) Siw wxoN : D N ySh Nu Zlw Swuu , Ku SgN Nq w S Shxu Cwݺu `SgNu Nq wNw S Shxu ( D C 12−13 w . u) wwu qqu. wxo N u 15 SS. Cu wwsw cwwvu uSl yXNoyzه S Ǯxynu. rsNw 9 ®S xynu. (8)Nw wuq N Cu U uquq N.

Nuw Uuqu yr yuu Nw yuN NqNu  yuSw u D Nrw Niu. dr wwsww NwwT l Iww y䇮q mu. S sw qmNl Huw C wcT pu (9) Xu `wµ wN : Ǯ®ws wwsS Aw扱q Cuw vuu, Cuu v暮u¯w NTu.

(B) yNq wws Xq (yo) S
(1) u¯ Xu ` ww XE (1123) `®¯w q Au rه  u¯N ON NsS D Ns ¯ST Yw ww yluNmu. (2) ®u Nqu ww XE(1159 ) : Cu Ay® ¯ǵu , q yuu r wNsw qu. Cu rsNw dqSTq wws dr y®Swݰ ST Nr uu®u q pu. wq XNr Ns NrS Nl vu. (3) qy®Nqu `wws Xq As `AǮw Xq : 6 Au¯㇮S. (4) Quw nn XE ( 1453 yu Yquu) wwsw yXNoSwݰ ǮT Nru. 4 vS 83 NlNS C. (5) wws cwǵN dwy® Ay® ¯ǵ Xw.

C凵 uu wws ®q H k ¯ǵ o Nu DXS uq yNhTu.( Ex xi cw , 4, 1969 ). cwyuTqu

D Nr Nq N T rv Cu 70 yuSu wws u®®vu u Sl 9 ®S qٺw AryT C u.

(C) ȳq  yoS
(1) ywh Uu dwwX㊮ Yu  yo (783 ), D S SsS q cwz䰇uu. Cu Nq dwwX㊮ `yyo (. 850 ) NqSu wUu dwwX㋺u w݊u.C SnSp AqwX㊮ wqqu NnhNu Nlu q T, Ǯu u®wyu wT, A凵  you XwS Nޛuu qqu. D u®wy Ntlu DTw l®n Hu Ku Ay䇮u. Cu TwSN S u No uqm dww q ` yow Y TuuT r uiN Hu rTu ; u®wyu凮 ywsvu Xw B®T, uiNu rwsvu yoSmq.

D yo EyT ȳq yNq yoS AryYwu. Cu vS yuu Nr . vw N wXqSS Cu uuq ru. bwyuu  NS A NsS wwsw Ns C yދSmu. wwsww KNl uw yq yq䊮 Ncu¯u㊮ H N u. yl N uS brS. D yQ OSw NuTNl APwyPwS qSS C T rNm.

bwyou 8 oS Nu 18 ASS uµYqT Hlylv dww `yo Ku yoN . Cu yoN Cu Ku bwS, rNyǮ S䜮, bwu®y¯ǯN rsN yXNo v C凮 NP . 1200 Q Zu AwǮy; N SS oqS Eh.

vN yuu ¯q ¯SqS NsS bwyuu Tuuw ruOʊ quw ȳq Ssu D  C凵 bwyuu wyPw yqٺq SwT. N yl wu NsTq uw yoS, Nǯ؅u ﰊuqu, yuw O S NsS T yT u wNOهu wwsw XqS yu¯w qTuqTu. Bu Bqw yXNou®u S ugT; Bqw S㜵qux NTu. CuvS NoyXu u抯rw ow Sqq owS u qyow uԉu wwqNT. Nwl wws XqS wT D ȳq ` yo yuw Aw Nsxyn mu qqu.

(2) dwuw `  yo (1494) 39 SS. (3) qOr Nqu `yo (1496) : 44 vS. D Hl NrSu NS Nuvu S ǮT rvu ȳq  yoS Cw N C. Aw D u u :

(1) u®Or `yo (2) ǵow `yo (3) ®Ǯow `yo (4)qOr `yo (5) cSw `yo

(6) NOr `yo (7) AbqNqNu `yo (8) AbqNqu ` y䅺u®.

(D)yNq  yoS

(1) XqQ 懮®w `hn XE (. 678 u 783 S ) Cu Ay®¯ǵu. Nq XqQ 懮® Bu Nw N vS Xw Cw S r®w 懮®xuq. iS cOr Hw Nl Cuۺq qu Nr 112 vS 1937 NlNS 18000 NP㇮ C.

Kh tS 4 NlS ®cwSm. uNlu NǮyuvS qٺqNsS wcw qٺq Tu. NNlu N yl qٺq ylcu S xzqTu. uNlu uowS Yq EcTu, N Ns w `¯q `yoSu N N q㚮Sw mNmu u® .

(2) u® Yqu `yo (. 10−11w qw ) : yNS ȳq `u®w Xqu (853) Nq AS N w C ERu SwTu. D AS `NnhN®u Nqu wS rvu. u®w Nr `you 122 vS. Nr ¯ǵ Ay®. Nr Nuµ u® EcT xzqTu.

(3) Or `yo (1443) Cu bTxyu AS Nqwwu, SSSqcwu vEl¯w y䰊nq Yqq. Cu 13 vS 267 NlNS C. 4w vÉu Nyo uSqu. Dqw Cwݺu Xw `ylyo.

(E) ȳq rǮ NyǮXq (yo) S As yoS
(1) NY®gԊNw ` yo (9 w qwN u).
(2) wvx ` yo (9 w qwN u ). D NrS wu EQ Xlw ` Xl yo (978) vu ru.

(3) `Ss S䜮 N y抮 As N y Nquu. yyoNq dww EqيyoNq So®u䊮 S Xl yo Nwl yoNq Xlw EQSu D N S Bqw Nr S NS ruv. `Ss S䜮 Ku SuNsTqٺu dwwX `yyou XwS Au qNTqu So®u䊮 rxu ru. Nwl Xl you D Nr N ¯SS A EuȳqTu B ¯SS
Hl N ENTuu ǮT wS ru vu. DS ®u D Nr Huu uuu, So®u䊮 wwsyuu w r Su.

(4 ) `yo ( yyo Eqيyo ) (838, 898) : wUu ﰊw Ǯ dww C NqS . So®u䋺uu Eqيyo¯Su 70, 71 q 72 w yS wws Xq xzqTu. D yo vSyuu cwz䇮NrTu.

`yyo Bvws rںNw Xq䇮wݰSmu. `Eqيyo Eu rsN XqSw KSmu  ANu  rsN XqSw xzNT uuu C yT xzqSu u®Tu. CuN ` wﱚ Xq qT. So®u䊮 wXq Ǯ qS Hu Nou Au Nsu¯wu BS Nsw BS A ; Au ONiԊ yqN Nsyuu yyuqu㊮u yNqNS S Xl wXu D N Nwl wXqN NrSS So®u䊮 wNsyu Tq qu Xlw NrS Eqيyo Adq Bvu rsN XqS ¯SN  BNTuu Bqw yuu Nrw Suu Awvwu rqu. wXu کT So®u䊮 Nrw Awuw.

(5) ǵow rǮ yo (1047) Suu dwu Yqq. Cu 2000 NS.

(6) Xuw rǮ NyǮ Xq ( 1089− 1173) : Cu Nq Scrw u Nyw Bwu N Xu. Nr q yuN u : D yuu NrS Cu yrxvNuu. Cu Kh 11 ySu, 10 NsvÇu: Ku yǮ y C 8 w yu Ǯ wws Xq. Bu viT wwsxTq NǮw qٺqxynS X ANw N KuTuw . Ssu 8 w yu ysu¯㇮u wﱇ ®Nsw Tq٩ q wﱇ qٺqw w HuSu wu¯㇮u凵 2,3q 4 w Au¯㇮S uw uSw NsSw uT xzu. 5 u 8 w Au¯㇮u zه NǮXq vu. 12 Au¯㇮Sw KNl wXq䇮 Bqw y® Nsw , Aw YNy uw  q X qٺqS NǮ u q wwsw cw qٺq, Nuµ, uN yw, NǮu qٺqS yl X q uyv懮, NǮyq yuw Xq, cu®uµ SXuyPw, Eǯo, wwsw S q Nbwyz, ScN uu Xq, uNuw, NǮw r, uw SSw wws q yl yxo C Nu xzqT.

wT Nwl ¯ǵ yYq wXqSS q ASS Su uu ȳq wXq S SS wu w㚮 NszSw Xuw Nr w NouTu.

AbqNSu Cq yoS (7) Xux Nqu `U yo (8) c䚵w Nqu `rǮ NyǮ Xq Su Nr S Cw Nu.

(F) yNq rǮƯNyǮ Xq ( yo) S As yoS
(1)`XEyw y X (869) Nw Cu Nq SuyuqNu D yo. yuㄯSu ¯qSu SsS N Nsy䚮SS BSS vuh . u¯wu whN Huu ȳq whN Ssu Ku ¯ST AlNTu. Nr Kh yuyo 10 800 .

D Nr bwSu Su凮 q 54 EQT 54 v yǮ Xq䇵 يT xzqTu. wwsw Ns NǮ u NsS D Nr 49, 50 q 51 w yǮ XqST NǮ يT xzqTu, Su¯Sulw C yu P 305.

Nw you凮 yǮ XqS N q ul. Cw N N N S TǮ YN Cu OS NsS xruµST BSS xzqT. wNs N u®S Nw Nr . EunS, yu XqS q NǵذyPwu ¯SS.

q yuu D Nr Nl Xuw NrvS qu ; N q㚮S wT Noq. K yǮw C rsN u ulSm  yǮ XqST ®diuu SSuS vSuS Cu ®diԩ Aqq ﱰyu®u q NsSw v . wNslw NǮ u NsS ru N BTu.

(2)` ri y SnN (yǮ) (959−65) Cuu Ay® ¯ǵ Nr. NrNq yǮuq . Dq ǮNhu m NǮw (939−68 ) r ®qw N B䇮ylvuw. Dqw y䰊nq D Nr Yqq. ®qw S www B䇮u凮 NNuw. ǮNh cu¯x wPh wǮԄ®Ǯu  Bq Huwu wS ru.

you 3 QlS, 102 vS. 81 u 92 w vÇTw N¯S wXq䇮w Nru . Nr Cuu Q ي Bu ¯S. dww So®u䊮 yow Bu¯ThNl NrXwu Buۋu Nr vSyuN u. Nwl wXqS A¯㚮u C凮 wXq䇮 ¯Sw uu y䇵cwu.

(3)`XEyw y X H AbqNNu Nrw Bww yNqu Yuw. B Zuwu. 103 AvNS, , 10,500 NS CS 8735 SsS 100 Cq qS q. 54 yǮ XqS bqS 9 v yru XqSw u 63 v NyǮSu Ey ¯Su u.

(G) D  yqN ynqSq yo ¯S Bu wXqS Au , NyPwu NsSwݡ ylXqS凮 yPwu NsSw yuXq NǮXq uXqS凮 wwsw Ns qN you vqu. Au bwS SsS y䚮TNT wXq vuh. r yor ǯN¯Ǯ uqʺu®, yswS, ®u䄯Nq Nޚq D uu Cs BSSsS

(G) Nwl wws yoS

So (1) w ` (. 900) yyySu yu N Dq. SSu Hyw ( 886−913) Nu duwu rTu. Aqw BqwTuۊ Cu. Dqw NrS Hl `uN q ` Hl DS ®. `uN Ssu N yuS DYw Oٚu¯o Aw vuwuw `N㚯S ur.

yN `yws you (1222) Ku yuvu (157) Ncw `puyou (. 1260) Ku y䇵Svu (128−3) Sow wA Yu Ǯ rvu. uN Cu uwuu Nwl wws yo. wSu㊯u o SsS凮 Ncw uwu N NwSsS凮  wwsywSS vÛuu NiS QYqT Sruu , BNxuwu  yuS SoNq u y䇵SunS Nl NǮ P㇮劮u. Aw ym qS qN u®wS. uN `puyu Du yu H INq y䇵S `u xu AǮ ¯STu.

Ss Eyu q D  yuu wNsw KANmuuw ru N.

(2)Xlw `rǮ o yo As `Xl yo (978) D N ySS Bvyqu SSm  cT qNmw Bru Cm  ( 961− 73) Cw S wm X (978−77) q Cw q NʚSS (977−84) C  u¯Sp wyr vS, r D yuSuۺq ruqu. wm Xw r䇮Tuu xχ. N S AdqwX㊮; Cw݅ S wXuX. S dwuo. yk Nq

Xl you Buq ¯SS NiԊ ryy bwu®u Cru uԉu q Swuu. Au Ny uu EQS bwquԉu S Swuu. D Nr Suuu. Ku Bu Nwl yoTu. Cl Cu ǮS. D NrS dww So®u䊮 yo . Au yyw Bvyo q N SsSw Xl wm u®qu. D Nr qN wu qN يu wwsw Ns vu. Cu So®uw Eqyou ` wﱚXq yu Awu BTuۊ , A NyS `Ss S䜮u AwuS Cu ruN ANu.

3)Noyw (. 1170) ` wws yo Noy㊮ Ny P c cvqw (. 1140−75 ) BN Nuu N. D u r ow N B䇮uq. ow qu ®Ǯn uu yq韚T N D NrXwS Nޛuw. N S NoOr.

Noyw `wws yo Ku ul XNr 14 B暮Su, CS 2242 yuS. D Nr yqNT ST YqTu DS urي wXqS quwuTu. N ywhUu dww `  yo q Xl yoSw wm AwmuN Bu¯S. Cuu  yo q Eqيyo yuSl C qSlq BTu. yy¯q q SuuS NT vN ¯qNs yuw N NrS Nmmuw. S u® NsSw NrXw mu vw wXqNS uT yoﱛu. owS y Nlu يu Nsw T xzu N NswN, MYqbwS XwT Nlv. Noy yr¯ywwu Nvuۊ u  Bu NswN .  Ǯ Bu AON, uSu wﰇu, BNǮNu whOq, w㚮u凮 凮 yr uSo−CSu Nwl qu K Ǯ NTuw.

4)wXuw (. 1190) wws yo As As `Au®w yo `r H SNu NqT yuwT wXu N Cwݺu Nr ` wws yo Dq hu 1 w Ȱu® (1188−99) XvNu cuyrS B䇮u NT `r w, 顮u ﰊ塮 uw(1173−1220) yu¯wwu b yuw®w B䇮 wws yow Yuw. D yuw®w X wSu AǯT wS rv.

DS ur ` wwsyo ASuu. 8 w B暮u S Nuµ S q Ns xzqTu Eu ¯S Nlv . S N㊮Xw wl xqS Now r. S q Aw vuwu XwSu D Nr AST Euqu ¯ ANSqu.

QT Eqيyo Nsyuw N Awuw. Bu yuu bl h EyPwSw u Nlu qquw. Noyw `w ws yow Sxq qqu.whOq u, ®q QSw h yr¯yw CS wXu Aqq wXqN SowTuw.

(5) u®w (. 1200) `®u : D N dwu®w H Nru yuwTuw. ®u qq Nwl wXqS p wu N Nuw.

®u XyNr 14 B暮SS Nr w Ku qwu D NrS dwwX㊮ `yow Noy wXu䊮 wws yoSw BNST wmNm u®qu. Bu Yw N Noyw Nrlw qqu. Ss 抮yu凮 Ssyou凮 A wT Kuwݺu q. u®w swu Nuuu AwN EyPwS uT xzqT . Xuq q yu݊ Nsu®Sxݪ Eun Yu.

(6)w `wws yo (1254) N u− YNʊ S. S UXu ; u®Xu qȶuXNr Cw݅ S NqwN N B䇮uq. Bqw凵 y䇮 r䇮Tuۊ Cu. Bu D wN Hu Cw rv. Cw  Sw Nu NiS uq.

Nr 16 B暮S Ns yoSu ; iS Noyw Awu NsSN Awu. wwsw Kq ®S xyn C Noqu. D u Noy, wXu q u® Cu Nsw uw w wTN ; Noyw wwsyo q wXuw ` Au®wyoS Awn NrXwTq r ANu. ANS凮 owS凮 BO X. Tu Nl AwN NlS Ns ST Llqu. uT Ns¯SSw AuǮ AlNT y䇮rݛu Nl Noqu.

(7)Sw wdw Sr (1508) S XS wyw Y cuw DTw o qOS u N圮 wlw yruwu ru. N S yµu. S yc yr NrS NNl wvN , u®NS Cw xz wyru ®Tuۊ B w H凮 Huw SqٜXϩ u®T.

D N w NrS `wdw Sr yuu. Cu Sq Zuwu. 35 v , 5035 yuS. Sw XwS Cu ulu. Noyw `wws yow Awq qu. yyu㊯u Cq NS y¯ Eh. Cu you Ns Equ NsSN, ZuS q XwT Nlq.

(8)w ( 1550 ) ` wws Xq ( = ¯q ) : `qN N㺩NSsu NqT yuwT N Ku wws yoNq BTuw. Dqw B䇮uq q NNo uw Bru  wyu D u S Bqw uwu uw y䰊nq ` wwsXq Yqq. Bqw yǮN XT Yw SrS A凵 ; 1560 iu Su 55 w w wvu Au rru. N S qOr.

`wws Xq ¯x Ǯhvu ; Kul vS u®N , yvx yhvS NuyuS C. 16 yS. Kh 66 vS; 3900 yuS C凮 Ns DS Nwl wXqN AwNl v NsSN AwSouu. wXu Noy q u® Ǯ S w NsSS C凮 Ns wlvu. ww NsSu ǮN mu. wXu Noy㊮ NrSw wm u®qu. N㚮 ¯qu y¯ N ǮS Eh N AwN NlS Nsw XwT uۊ AǯuoS N KSTu Noqu. Ns Tq, ¯ǵ N AuN AwSoT qTu.

(9)䜮nN `dc¯q (. 1800) : Xuo−yb Hu uyrS S. qwN Cw ڡ yN qS®uS ﱰyu S. qq Xuws ; Aoغv X,uws q 䜮 ; q yu.

dw¯q bwyuwT ¯q Nsw KNmu. ¯qNs wXq䇮 Ku ¯S. Kh 83 vS 4628 yuS Cq ¯xǮhv Nr YqTu. Sw ` wdw Srw NrXwS Bu¯Th Nmq qqu. Cu ul®yhԊ , Noyw NsS Sw Nr NT 䜮nNxu Awiuu r BuSqu. N㚮w y¯w 䜮nNw ®T Sru.

Cuu N o yh EyQw r NrS C. NoOr (1439) `Nw Ns SqSs, 䜮nNwu Bu `wsNd C you yuw NsSw yqNT Nq SsST.

2
wwsw Ns q

wwsw Ns Cq rsN NsS S y® Nswvu yXNnowSu Smu . CS BNǮn y䇵cwS A凮 S C凮 ` yo S w SsS  NS qٺqS wwsw Ns qٺqSlw nuNl vuۊ Bqw NsS qN yq A Cu۰ Cu. wwsw Ns S ¯q ¯SqS NsSlw Nl vu Au BNǮnw Yϛ Ku ǮSrTu. A Bqw dqNsSu qw yNqw quNi. Cw wwsw y®NswS q yXNoS owSwݰ NrwT mNl YqT N wXqS −NS qٺqS wT yTu, NrwNxS Yw
yQ vuh. Bu Bqw Ns yǮu NsSw SXvuۋu , A yoSuw Uywu wNrST yoﱛ. Nwlu wXqS yoS NrSw q. HuuT, w bwyoqu AN qN ي BNǮnS cT uNm.

wNs ypN uԉu BNǮNu y®qٺqSu ®u yXNoSu Nmu c BTu. D Ǯu Cq rsN NsSlw wrsNw Nsw uS C凮 Ns抮w ww Nsu®S XwT ⊮ wﰇ ¯wS EqǮw w wyNT YNu u®u. Bu. T wwsw xcdqu Ǯw Hr qu Sru, Bqw SN Nouu Nsu®.

wNwu wNw qwS  SqT Bu Iyl wlruS As q xݟquS, ypu NoT B Aw u®. A yu®u bwu®u ®qu qq. Au wǮqS vÛuuw. Au NdSS vÛu Hwu B u®u AX暮. B qqw 暮w wwsw Suu® q uST xuqu. NN µcwN ypuµ BSuw yr®i bwu® vquw Au Cr qu. wwsw ypuyqNwT dwu㜮u SowTuw.

D u®u wwsQvu yoNq dww Am qSw wlu.

So oqnuNwwywrxS
SN qsz uµ wcSr yq xUoq wn ||
oPǮ ndqOq NqSsǮz x®w
APÜqvÙqwP y䜮r w qw ||
®wvysyw yNzqw yq uq
Sw ysNw y䜮qw Nsq yw cq ||
XoNhNl®®ug uu®q yu¯wyw
uSw S yw 懮 xqq y䜮r ||
ǮQy®Ny䚮u ys IǮ SUuµu®
Aw® yw yu ylNxzlwu®v ||
yc yurXq Nq uµRNq
uqu®y® uµ u® Nhy® r yq ||
(55−89−98)

w wu wu x Bu, Aqq xyvSu D vwSSw Nu Cw wǮ㊮ vÚqي . wǮ㊮ xǮʊnw Iwwݰo? nSu Orw S As vS  qw N匵uT uw Hu q Nu Aw㊮wݩ. As ScqSu ® Nlw uuS SlS Su, dN qu ucqS  Nl AS wYNSuN? B ! D NS  XXuu u q Nw i, g  u®ypSw rSu w S Nqي ; Cu AXϋ Ǯ. u Cuu ǮQyu y® uu. Bu u D ypuµ uQN ulqu. u cu yuw Bu lu ypuµw Cuu yyu® xq y®T Nhy®u bvu®y¯...

wws qySw x Nu uQd qyw Nn݊ Nl dww݋ Nl dww݋ w quu uw qySwN Ku r uuuw݅u wXq䇮 wwsww uSu dr uw Xq䇮 Bqw qyr u® uRSw݅u. D Novu dr wݰ QǮThNl NrXwl y䇮qS Nl bwqu wlvu Nlqu.

wNs qٺqSlw −NS NsqٺqS Nl vuu Ns BNǮn TTu. NycSxu ynrS yǮu wwsw uwT piԊuu, Bqw NsS Awuu  Uiu. rsN p Bvws, yws q ﰊ cqS AǮwﱇw QwwT Spuu Bqw Ns bwqu yc z䇮 BT yoﱛu. vS q q yuS NS BX㊮ yYwNvu Bqw EuqOqN qw Nh yT NrXwlq vu bwqu Bqw Nsw EcT TuqTu.

 yo NqSu dww q Nr B®¯Su凵 D NsS S y䇮هw Niuۊ :

u ®Pq Q®q
ysyo㩺 yq N y
AǮwws Xqwc檰Nq
yo Q Py w ||
(1−50, 51)

` yo u ®Pq P®q ysyoy®N yq Nw Aqq Ǯ AǮ wwsw Xqvu Ec檰Nq w BuuTu.

 you凵 Ssqu yuN y®r D rTu :

wdwuw D Xqw Y cw Y ; µ qS w ... ucwh AwS EyNSu qS Su Cuw Px . dwu ®Sww ow l D EyS uS u. ryuuu. ® d C ®Oىu yww Luqي AS A y䇮qvu Cǯsvۇ yǯs® BSu.....