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Sub-Categories  of ARDHANEMI PURANA

CHAPTER-1

CHAPTER-2
CHAPTER-3
CHAPTER-4

ARDHANEMI PURANA

(KATHASARA, VASTUVIMARSE)

Dr.T.V.Venkatachala Sastry

NǮw S, S

N wXuw whO yrµ TTvq Hu Aw N yqu yw qw Nu qv ru ruTu.

u qw Sw݌ yNl yu wu. qw uS hT, q Auw Nu Byh uS Auw Nq Cu BqwS, B Ayu u Eʇq O N Cw N, qN B, Aqw OYqu:

lu h Nn NS NmSll iqy N
mu y muyly y qy
qluy ﱰ ﱚSrي uwUu
mu wwS ww wwwuqh ®h ||

Bqw BSw uw Nqw N, Aw Nymu. wvu qw u۰w N S xzu:

cwws xqXuu u®pyr wlwl qۺ
u®w N榿ى cww 挵⇵ u x u
ww XhwS xwS Su ǬqvǮu®溚w N
ww xw PrwRvXNu N u ||

u Nww qw ǮwwT Nu, u NqlTu. Nwu ``uw Ǯ, N XyXS Eyu㇮ Hwq u㇮w vÚqlTu.

D Uhu swu Awqu¯wwu qw K u Nh y䚯w N qvuw. yuwyu Klwu D s xcu w Iq, Cqw uq, ®quNwTu. H, No, hS, Hq H wypSw wT ylu uu Srي vN;ATq qw Tu Bq c ylruwq ,Cq NlS N AwNT AwYquSw Nޛ Nu w݆vuw, D u Hl qS vuq A . s wuwA D Nuyuvu zuTq :

wlS ﱰu
m  N
m
m qcuwﱰS ||

D yuu vw ¯ST v yǮo ynNu. cu®XNrwݰ Bq NoN , `` l XO䇮yl | lNS m NySumS lNSlmN Hu uN qwm uwu uqww Nuwq. ``Qw Su ®S | NSu NǮwSu S | N Hwq Yq yr cu®xS Bu Bq qw XqSw uN Aiu . ``Air uN yhԺq Bq, Aǵ԰ w sw u N O u®暮q. umwq Kw wNl LmT cu®xS Ǯ ru DS NSh cu®xS 懮u®u qw yǮw u uw wwy q. AwS Nu. Au sww mu quxS qw Sw mu cw NluT UǮnw mu . N B UǮnw Kz uxu `XhԊS y xu. H XSylu. qw sww mu quT yuwyN ylvS qu.

s Ow Qu `` NwvS Bl S cu® XNr xw u mu qwS Nw w N ? Hu SSu. Hl Nl l u y NwS u Hu wmu Bu Nw yǮu A AxS C ,sw  Aw qw Hu r:Cvu N Au  Oq NrهvS u w NvOu. N D u®u `uN Nuwuu Hu yoﰊww wwvuw.

Cu u B wݡuNl T ,bqS qSwu sww vÛNl T , uwS Nw qz , NqNwT qw uuw wuw ¯S xS uSr Nu xzqTu. `` x qSwy sxyw S Hu Bqw uxS  Nw Bqyq㇮ S®OS Ku qNu Hu qhq. D N cu®w SwN uS Bq uww HNwq xݛu, Yuw mNq ru. uwu qw ǮxS B wn qNu Hu cT XNrS wݜ muw. Nw vhT D wnS yqwu cwvu Au w qw SS Kzޛu. CAwmu q Suu:

yXN䜮S oN
Swݺ NY yyuiw X
huuw
uwSpqw ||

N S®Oهw xǮyhuvu Nmu qu, qw u yݛu XNrS ww N Nru lu Hu Cuvuۺq
u . cu®wu O Bq D S ي qv ;Cw cyqw BTN Hu T Fu Aw BNrl Auw݋q `` NS yuxqu| NT qwu z將N Hu Nl, NUiqUiqUiq Hu qwݪ凵 ¯u. uuw D S yݚ, cu® cww Nq Nu. cu®−lu µr u®u凮 N qSN wxTu. wOu iu lu qw ¯N AwAT q yrO䇵 Bm q Tq c BTu. N A yqu ¯Yqow B xN Kyq , dN يN Kyq Yr䚮 NwTuw Hu Cuu ®T ru. BN xynq S BN Kzޛu yiS uq uq ,A B Nw u®lwu ES䚵wxS Bqw yryu i uqu iu NoT, yiS xySl wwv qhwu S uuS B yiS uq BNu hwu vqlqu. Au qw lN ,AuOʺq XT qw qT yur yr AS N qwS uw Bu, Auۋu Bq `` xu xww NSlw HwTwݺg qc ®q霮OlS yTSww, Av Hu ǮT r qw S d,cw BqxS Nh umu. `` Su Nxh iu luS El ql Nh Nu. BNu ``Bhylu  S̺lq uOu HuNl ElSvS hu.

Cu® qw UǮnq NxS qw Yu wlw m Nq ru N, qwS `` qwz䇮wy qu wlw uSu Hu. u Nw Oqu q銮v Nu® lrq, C qww wvS mu quw ST Aq qwz䇮 Hu uw. cu®xS D gԇ Ny Asq. BS SYru :

Syx
quS NouwwT
uuThu q
m wlu yh S ||

Hxq qwc quS xul Aq yN zu Hu `` w w lS Hu Aq EuT Yu. Au S Yu۰ qyމq XNr uyu Klqww qwS Kzޛu۰ ql Nw Xp uvS u qT uh `` uy, wy Nq qvu qw ymNlw. Apu rNl w Apwݰ hԊq , ww iu wc ݚwݰ ES䚵ww cw Nh Nw cwuqwu ES䚵wwwݰ vÛu qw uu . Cuu cT ES䚵ww u uww S c ArNNw qw ulyww S S Ou۰ qwS xSw,h (7−5 .) qyS huw. ArNN yr®i, SN wmu Hwu bwu®u rS Awu. C Au Nww Nqu uw IN ¯TSNTq ? Cs yw , uq Nw cT B EyNw ⋚q C Bqw ` Nou y¯ Hu NT uw.

BwqNqyq٪u cy
q xX䇮q x rٰ 
qwrNuq sw XOy䚯uu
vðw cuquvxq Ǯquu ||

Hu ANmu q. ``www ww c¯yٺS H w xw N Hu NNl.A Aw Amu ul q S cwǮ . XNu. cwu y C Xtuۊ Cu Cq NxS qw݇ w u Nu ®u c®ww m uww A劮q mu. Aq u ANهTu qwqT( qwYNywS) uOw BqxS uw mNh yr݇ ﱇTuuw cN Cu AOw qǮT uuw! uw, uO qu Huw Aw Kzuw hw Nl?

u−uO SuvS wXuw qw Nu Bw B暮w NwSuw ; A Sw®u oww ym yuNT KuTuw.

y暮w NoyǮwu NǮw cwwN qu Ku Yq xu owvS B®Smu. Auu vw u®㜮u q . NNu u cyuw h qy釮Tu ArNNr XSS Hu u®yw yu. cu yqSw Aw® ¯uu D O DS Tuw?

u NNN ylq yN Nn qy N
銵 yqN yOuolTuu yۄ
Nuru wS TmTmcq䄵Tl  
YuyN yNT XSSl޺uw xu ||

N NXu u Yqu D qy釮qyw qyN lu S qq. Al OX NXqq xOX Slw AlTqq. qT N ArOه qSw u Amuw.

yu ynS uw Nw Aw u wlvu D u®w EyTNl , Nw yr dc Aqww Ay lu Eu۰ Au qw GqrTu uO `Bwuw lShNl BqwuS u wuNBÛu.

¯ w m
uO wuu v
uwlqvw
q u® ux wSqlֺ u ||
qٌ v zm
ru x qSliu
uruS S
rيwu uO ||

Nي SN S Nwqمu? ArNxS wY wN C qq; w O Ǯu OT Yq. Xrw Bq ﱰ,BN N勇w q Oq lq q Bmuw .D q , B vwuwS qu o Sq Sq. x dc NXǵ԰ q qwS BNS yqʊT yoﱚuu uw. `` unNru NHw Sq Hu NhN xݟquuw Bmuwu.

BN qu Gq u cx劮 uO qwxu wqيN Nw Nw uT q Nqu BN Xq mu. `` Cu qzuu xw www Nlu, wSu Hu Xmu ``ChSu ygԇ NXq iu w Nw Hl Nlw Bm qq , B Gqw Hl T dc uhԡ. x uu,

dc uu®
ux xw Slw qu
uOS yhuqw
uNullq Nu o || Hu hw. Cw dc yS Iw qǮvu ? BN OS y䡮 u Nuqq. BN  muu x , `` H yNSq ̢S qu ; S u w xS u ; Cw ﱉulu xw wwSwS Swuu ou Hu hw. qh o vSr o wh dNq dc qpu. NlSS Npذ NS BS qw Slw Slq Bq. AS.

wu rǯuN rTq. BN Sy䰊qu X BN yqwN qq Nw uqw y¯ Au S qwmq ArNNw wwu uTl N−dc w yNu® EO u S Bq , NǮw A®uu ¯ Rq uq C BSNTvq Aq ǯuN UhwS S cSqlTu.

DS dc `xySu q lOu, Z u qyXN HXq١u HuS Nh `` y⊮u OYwq lqꌵ Cq. `` Nwuq Nw qq KSS Aruۡ. qw mu yqNw Nr; xTNq C . u IN wuD r IN uw Aww Acu ww IN NuwBw IN S Ǯhw C ww yNqN Hu Shԡ. NxS BN A,qw Nl Sq. A Su uSl No x CN Iw No ? Hu yݛu . yr݇ Ǯu Aw Au AS Xs. BN S Nl Nwwq Iww Blu q xuۡ ; A ``Cu xwS wmN q Hu qmu. yr KqهN
wluuw qwuw q Hu Aw rq bo≱u u. u AS NǮq. D bn y䇮 cu ! N uu ``Nul NNvN wv yvN Nuwu yy, Iw A Xuwu Om yhu? `` quw SǮՊ rʋu, A w N CSSvu Ǯ Hu Aw uw Hr Bm , lrw D ǯu Bz Bw c `` c, Q wyr, u®wyr, S, u CN AcN Huw ru  Aw. ``Cuw u NlN ? Nm S uT H劮 劮 wSS Hu Bmu o q gSu ``Hu AS wN mu Au Aw AvðwS. Nl Eyuw Yru . `` Nwﱩu Nquyu ; CuN Nn®qy uOw Nw Hu A Nju Ey D xw yyou ow nNnw wrNu uT ru ðǮow Auw qzޚ w cwN usww Nul BYu xuvS u (A暮 3 yu 23−24) `` NnUhw NUhwٰ HTuT ðǮo BYuwq !

S NxS uǮԇcw uS , vu®xu `BSuSu Hvqq Auw N qǮ Nu N `` xru®qo Hq , Nyhwvu ®wT uwS T qw Yqu mNw Bqw vh `` uOS ww w q u, N w u; AS qǮSuN Avuۊ ,D uwuw y䇵cw? ®Tx lu EqN SuS Tu w wT u. uOu  Nʡw lu w q Aw ww wS NNm Hu bzuw.

D q QmqT u®qwu q N Auw ``yQ ǮO® H Su rw uTuw. u DS NxS TS Nw B䇮u vuw Aw Auۋu CuN Aw `` wu wvu KzS Nh N. `` yru qTw w vw w勛Nqي, luN NNqي . Au Nw S `` Hu Nq wS Hwsg ? Hu wmvuw.

D Uhu Nw Ǯu NS q cSy vu Hu qqu. yqOS yrهwNq qw cSy ǯuSw vT Hr Bmu uO ymS N q xhԛhԺq qqu. `` Yru OuS | qr Nu NS yS Hu m `` A yy ! Yru Cqw ? Hu NhOmuw. `` qw quwݰ wS wmuw qm Nʡw NuN ESNw Hu `` yvSl rSuu yqN ? Hu yݛuw Bqw yqww `` N qw qiه qw rwyq Hu `` Nu Nww qw HwuTuNl S䚮Syq Hu ,qT p؛uw. Nw Uwu۰u uO S¯Yݰ NpNuw xu ! Aw w ``Ou NǮuu Hu N EYqT Nʡ lqS Hu uq! Au xS uT uOS w wuu NxS rq. `` Aل®qw ðqw Bu Nw uOw mNl ; rNSu BNx݋ qwS q BNS Aq Bu Nw uOw mNl ; rNSu BNx݋ qwS q BNS Aq Au yXNw wﱛ, BN luwݰ q NlNmuwq. Iw lS, Iw ® !

Nw yr dc Sm S Hu  Cw Nu Ixu? Bu u wSuw yu uO wS vq. uO q ANʡw Bq nu®u XN T, Sw rNuwu勛u . Nw Nqٌ Cuǵ԰. iu ,Nʩ Aq ux Nq C , CyS Owq Nw T Bw xǮʊnu AS gԇS S KSuOu; u dN Sw Nl N S NvOu.u S Hwuw q Au u ! Buw ?w  mu yy S uN X q NS AlSw S Svqه ? `` x qw qlug Hu N qluNl NxS N Su r, ArNN r Au u ® iq. T xϺqvuwq !

Nw lr NxSw Nm ? Aw T Aq١. iu Nʡ r − Hu uOS qlTu. q Nʡ xcu Nʡu ru uO q Nhyhԡ. BN gԇ Nhyhԡ. BN gԇ Nh Iwu N q NT Yr䛊uw Lvuu wS rr :

ANu
N q١q١
yu dTu xl
ۡmu Nlu v ۡ ||

Hu B®T, u Suu B w Nhu wq uNl Tu. qwu Aw®N cu qSN C凮u. `` q NwulrNu S rNu  yۦu Nu yySu Hq . . . Hu BN SluN qlTuu N ow, Bu, AwsS Hh Hwq ArNN x gxS , qw NǮw BN qmNu Bq y Yu wlq. N, uO qw uQw r Hu yyT qmNl Hwu  uǯԺqSw y wS iԛuw. ``N nS抬 q Nʛu N yT Nu rlyu. . . qT wSSr S D uǯԺq rw hyT, SuvN NS Hwr. ArNي xcSrw BNS ru۩u, `` Cwwuh, Xouyy, x, NNsw, ucъ u®u® xwSuy Sw; CuNʰN xℵS Hu ®Ǯmu. C凮 ǮoSw SxuS, NS NǮw yqw ym q EqNqq qqu.

Aq, uOS rXwvu uPT݇  uw uqT, wvq. q Nv q. uOS, ``NS ﱦl qv ( : ``NS ﱦ l qv − yy¯.3−27) S®YS mu. Nw yqww Y r A vSlu N يT, Bu XqʊNT pu, vw N yuS Nlv(7−38−41). C yuu q. 7−37w Ku yu ASqN NTvq. 7−41w qq − u N Oq NrSS wuvu uO NlSSwݚuuw C u - xu Sðw NNqu Hw݄N!

S vq. NǮ cwwu q cqS vq. C凮 ``NǮw NǮw uO yluwuw N ``A yvx, v  Ǯ, Nً y, Ncѡ vzN. . . ylq yluu NǮw o ߋq u®ǯԺqw w uw. NoyǮwu NǮ NxS ASu S  w  cxuxu N ST xzuw.

D S NǮww Nw uǮvu yl u u wlu y䇮qS xyn Cw ugȶu.  xS Bu C凮 xyn whNu uu S Nnu xw Ni x嚮qu.  NǮS مq; lS NlﱺYw NvSSw mu. Cs wlr NǮww TNl Aw N hq. NǮw u qY, qo Sl¯u®N, xww ONl u H Ny. ` qlS q N늯T N뜵bч T A T ﱰzuq. `yǵqw yoy䰊n u  x,rq ; SN zxu Aw ESǮ vu `` SO YNh w uqT T Nru Nwu ymS qu Nl r䚮v N `hu wq ﱡﱡw D Auqw wm y,mNxS vu.

u`` vyNNNq ǯowy Ǯ®u Suwu Nyq Nvw u u SwvS ui u. Auw N ST p؛uw. yuu B ww Nl `` A U yy Hu A EuSSmNu, B  y ySq cww yN Au u A q ``xu y wSiw  wlq ®T wllu. y CST AS uiq.

Ǯ Ku uqwu rي Aw h AuǮq . Au A youqwuq Nmqq. bw wwsyoS D `` youqS q D S u®S BSS Nlvu. (wm Noyw w,ws yo : `` qqouqy¯v `` 6−70 q youqyhn 6−71 . C ) D u SNu wu q u C wu Ayq㣮T yފ S ٺqu uu xu xyn vu. C Nl qSTN S xNw Sﱰo qoN Awu; ST u Hu uu N,lu SlNw NluS Hu . iu o Hu uq  BN䰻yh iu Sw vT u S wuxS, uqwu۰ Awmu ǯu , SyNrS cu qSw Nu  uq o SwɟuN ylu SlwAwS䟛u Hu qq u−u mu Xqʊ 抮u D ¯Sxݪ Au SST Eu܋u :

..uu uqwuuw yN yS wSS qٺ vS qyu Nl q ybmu wiԅu Nwu Su ®Sl ̊vzwqw qiSwy wuwuw q qvwS yiuu yo̚ zmu u uqTqu

OqN uqSN y y Sl mNlw y
lrSr yqu −yoxuwݰw Nu u
rNʺ qS yl Nl,lyފ Kq
q yơu N N whԌ NiԌ ||

wYw Nowxuquu xw, yoyuyoxHu Sl Nu qy xw yoݺ xw Nw ylr wq yu yhԺ Nh yN S Nl NluU xwx xS vhu uqq T rTu N늮凵 ǮSyٺ Su wrهOʺuq z N Nwr qu xw wrهO qNrwSl wo݂ wTuu T Nw Hu ﱰ Nmu Nxlm wu S yyuNl Nluuu uq u Swx S NuNl u NN Nqꇮ Nmuwq Nmu Nw ySu SlS Nhywu N qwSd uq Nu Sq q u wuwwuv NlS pN Nq NuNl wu wu Cqul xw uqu ylh yT uS Nhxqٌ O uO u qvO q qur...... ( 7−49 −51 .)

whNN Su uu C cu , yqYqu qSN, uSo womS, wmShS C KuOʺq Ku Xuu.

iu o Hu ru  N Slu Aw qwS  Sqw, Auuwvq HuNl B o SS Swݰr wuw. A Su u u  cw whN wYNl u®yqN h
T, A u®w uqu.

wuSNu NǮw q S Nsw vw UhSw u N mu , Sz BNS bqX wmu, BN SS zqmu, S NlSw Niu Cqv S SﱰoqoN c mq Sv Sv Nݰw Hwq S NǮw mYu S BSS m NS Sruq . ATw pNu ycuh S Nqowu NǮww puiԩh u qT bS lruۡq B bSl :

b ww b ®w® b wwÊ b
bwOo b cww b cSvNǮ b
b w lv  zm u X
uww qiԩ qwu qSqm u ymu || (7−59)

NǮ Sz q凮 qiԩ凮 wsw S uw. NǮ Nytu Hu N cv `` N w۩ oغۺq N zu Hvuw. u rw NǮ Kuw. D Uhu Cq u® Nw Aw uuNwSu. `` ySʺ uu, F Cu .. ..Hu qT Em uqS, uqيw.. .. Hu qT h D AyNwS q , dcS S NxS SwS u . B NwSu u, u x u®u, Iw Hq Hu Nu ur u q s CwɜS qw N xuw? ow wrNww NNl yݛu Bqw `` OS rNu w NoxxO uOSw Nl ruw Hu ru NxS S SOuqq. `` Acww o, vêRq , qyu®w N H凮u qyug ? Hu Nl Au Bq qw凵 T Nl :

ASul 
qu Nyi cSu
uS uqS
 qzޚyug ||

Dq Hs Nhq Hu Su vu u®. yy yw qww whrيuN q Tu BqxS `` y®uo uq NpNl w rwݪ w N Hu Ayn mu. Cq wXqS L uq y䚮O Nw y®qNuvS vNl Hu. ¯qu uu Nw vS uu®ww ANwT yhuw BqxS y,l qSw Nu qq uuw C wwu.

S Nxu Acyيu uq q NXnS Cu. yNr u uq yqx NǮ wuSNu uw ®Sbwvu ruNl , NǮww N匵u S Ǯu u. BN yqSl Yqu :

Yy wS wNwNyuS xgl
ݥuSyuy q qwSS yu
qSSo̡S lSo̡ q曥S y饨
S u  yqx SzS Sv ||

u `` xxz Hqu u S quww uw Hu AwswݰrNq B SwrNlq Au xqr NǮw, ` wdwwqy xcwow,BNw Nm  S Nm dSw Nwqيw q BN ww NvOuw.

Xl yNr Cwݺu uq NS BN qu INOTu NǮww Aw qiԩ NTS No NO NuT XO u. Bu NS NN u TlSwq mu NǮ B y䇮qw y®Su. D u®u `` Alu Nlc qlN Nl Snm NS S zmv,O u HuT NiԊ uǯq yXqquq bwyu bwyu uTq qu.

w y䇮q NǮ u ASlS wlq. Sw u xlcl w Nrq, o wozxu Srq; BS qw S rq. D UhuCu uq u  m yuq w Hu Sm BN u® AS NǮw  wTq. mS N qlNl Swxݛ NǮw B Smw S wS AX D H A㚮Sq T Kuۆhw.

vw v uǯu zw NǮww Ur u uqu. B Sl Nw Nw NXόu vqu NǮw Au wrهlq Nu Nruw. Au rq NǮ Nu wrS NruS Shu Shw whԺq Cqٺq ; Au BS Nu® `` Nlu OYwq Cqٺq C凮 bwyv ASw w SxN.

NǮw YqSw N vw N NuyuS Niuw. Cu uq NXw N shw qu Hwuw SxN. qiԇ  nSBww m bq bq S劵S `` unSlq Nh yq Cu NǮww ANS qq Eu܋u :

N y uNu
ww y uNu N N
u y  uNu l u N Nu xw Sw ||

``AS yiԇS uuw Hu Sz NʚSoN NǮww Nhruꊮ; u  Nl N¯N Nhruۡ. S K muS Niu K hOʢu qu Emuwqq .Bw wqSl YNl Hwq `` Su®wXNwruxS KN N? Hu N y. Bu Su®wu܊ou ou y䚮S u Ui y䚮Suۋu C B y䚮O uu wYqS Hw݅u.

qS NN rه ST NǮww Nl u. B S NǮww wl CO wmuS Nw Hl qSw Oqٚuw Awq NǮ AwOqٚuw. D Yqo Su.

Al So⥿Sl u S̢ S
m l NO NlN wSq١뇮 S
m m ﱰ u Tg԰ Nʡ
l ۇw yw qSw NN || (7−84)

Cu Cw Ku qu vu . B vw Suu NǮxu q NʢSu Nhw Sz uS wu Sru.`` qq Nʡ Alu wrه Shl uS q uru AS u Iw qw u¯w u?``Iw l Nu Aww ANS q wxݺu u® . OYϩu Eqw? wwSu Sr٩.T xS quq m , Nu lu XY Hu! B rS C qw Iw 劮? uNu uu B Sw Nh qlu u. CS xw Sw Nl wl Hu N mu AiNl u. NǮw Aw Ahm Cw qw Lluwq xq `` x NS w SEym A Nuu A hwq !

C uwu YqS Su. qu Cbwqou; u Ǯ−¯Sq qoHwu Iw . cSwscu N NACu Huxݪ wwN.

q uq Nh qT K uq qEA Nw q N Nq Nq.NǮ cS̪ Cw wuۊ u u qyu Hu wuw N S劵vS NǮww uN wN Nu. A u N SNw Nu Bu Auuw? Sw SSu Hu q, Nl w Nʺu mu qu − Cq Sw u Aw xqu Nq.

Hhw uq . DS Nw y䇮qT Nqه BNw qu NǮw  q. Nqه yw N cT Yr䚮 Hwu ``wNru H owu rqu. SN ou X B Nqه S Su۪ S Cuq ! zqyrS yow yqهq Cu Ǯu® Su® qiA mu Nu Yqou bwyuu ypNu, q AwNAS q Nqw Y qu. `` Hou Nهq `` 䜮w Nu Nqهq Nyއ wo NY y Nuq `` Eq NpSywuq `` A u gԺq S v EOu®u Asz يuu.

NǮw gSw NlNuw cw Syw N N m qw u B Nqه Nu Ouw. BS NǮw N Nu Evu S `` Nىu NmN NmN ruq `` Bqq ! Aq D  ﰊrS cw Tw  Nl,qq. wuSNu xYqo , S Sr yqw, NǮw S ow−C q⚮cq qSu Sq; wXuw Nbw, Sﱰoyu yX CuhT yNhTq Nlq.

NǮw NS , N Xo

Nw y®u uqS y䇮qS Kuu y®SqlTuq`` SlSyw SNN y x Y ʇ㌵u NS Niqq : N D NSu www ބ¯Su iS C wlu :
HﱺX qO XuSS hm XϪ
HԢxuv SSwuµw N
 vUqu¯S鋇 µµw NX
yq uNvu Ni N N SyN || (8−3)

D yuu NSuw uµwuw O䇵q pu `` HﱺX NS Nh SvS ,XqNS u Flu h NS lS NXϩ SSw uµw  N , Nw w N S NS S− S wuSNN qN uǯԺq Nwu N wXu AǮ暮w BÛuw. D yuw Cu vw yuw cSws cu D Xs暮u ...... N vy H yuuvS (y. 22) NqN wlu.

B暮uB¯u NSu ow u Ku wlu. Yq B®SNuۊ Nqw rqu Hu qyީ. NǮUrS Nm u uqS `` µqw youq w N lu q u , yw y䇮qNʚcu. `` y x y y㩱uym  w w Cw yhwhN Hu Nl L N y NNhv N y wNʊq `` Cw l  Auq wS Au®wTuw. Cw YuNl , B y抮xS xS ﱰuwTqw. C Hu A Yru ,. `` w S w u , u®wu®w S Cw qNl; C Cw wlo Hu NǮ qSuN u u¯w wmNl , ¯ lw SSwu N ¯w Nu. BN  cmq . mu SS凵 lu mSw NǮw lllq Sh lu, XX muwq! Buw? Au NSu T Xuu Nw NluﱺX, lu Lu m, Su cm ! S劵 NShԊ. NǮw AS u SuSv SSw S劮w NuNl ﱰyu Su®wTS V u. Auu AQlu l yS yN S , NǮ B Twݰ Oqr nw KuTuw. Bu®w N S p؛uw :

Yy qSﱰhq XnSǯSv ﱰh ı
 ıw xıc zw Nw
r Nlru N  Nl OlNq
r Oruwu N㡵 Su®wv䰺u || (8−11)

S A NǮ Su®wSw Oq Hruwǵ԰ S SS HlS h CSu XlhN NǮ uuq Cuwq .

D w yuw ` cSwscu D yuuvS wl u :

uS SǮ N q ylh
Yywq Sy Szqr S Su®wvu O
µxı ԉ uu
l NTzw SNN Nlur xu Nu ( 4−89)

wXuxS Su®wv䇵ruuw HǮ p؛u Nl Cw 2−3 yuSw CuNT vuw. hru Bw  w Oq Hru S Hu Ku (y. 14) u, Cwݰu S w Su Hu uq yqvu  h (y. 15) Hu uw.

uqS Nlu  Nq Hwq Nw wݰ Nu. DS I vwS N Cu Tq . AS Bh Iw S S Nʡ S NʚyhԊ. A ¯SN NǮ yǵqwu; wu u uuu. wl l BlS bq vq. Cu NxS rq . qwS u  Au Hu Bw qpݛu uqS uSu uqS S Qw݊u AyxqT , Cu qS u S Hu K u.

DS N 圵u wqu Bq S Yru :
 ySlS
Nu Nuul v
u wu N
N NlNAyuug ||

Cu u Nw Yq S q , Aw EuS Xq, Aw uqOهT dqw Tu Noq.

AǮ uww N q䜮www vÚ N y䇮qw mu ``u yrNqʊq yrO䇮 qw ! vÇw vÇw w Ou Hu NlSpu NmN H HXϊ Awvq AǮuw T, zSw N NǮw  wTu Al Nuqٺq uxS Sq HuT C Nu S ow (8−18) r y䅺u® u SNw p u u®u (5−87) vuw Sx u NǮ B S Sw qw qu rqٌ Au No u SSi uNl vqq. Bu Hǯu Au S qw SyN qw ! Auw N媩 Aq Avw AǮ qTq. !

Su®wu܊o AǮuw®S Bu  NǮw Nqq. u uOS q Sww wl YA SR H wy wvu wuw qiS ®vu u; Qu wݰ Noq NǮww Nl AzNl Awvu. uS BN Cw NlSvuۋu ,  qq . Nu, Nً uuSu AN S pu  wYuy uSwm pNu qmSw qm Aqwh BN Su NǮww EyXu. S儯NS. SzS兜T qʋu. Cu wzq. wqS wl Xuwq NǮ SyNvS qw S STu wq. Cq wuSyw Syu܇vS, u uw KlSl T NǮ D lѩ  u qSwݩ AS KuuT quw. N wXu D xw vUu Ku Suu ( 8-22 ) xzuw Bu NǮww Nq , Bq cN  Hu C IN Nvw ru. Cu vNyuS . Sz uOS yqNT NǮw Sw p؛u (8-23) :

Nlzu NNw yޢulu yqxN z
ul qy q yzulu rه , O
l q N Nlzulu Su¯S
ٰlu uOuSxql qṵzS ||

D ywO AwTq; u vUSuvu wu Ixȶ Bu NS NǮw Oqwu S Buۋu Cuw w N넵N. Au Sz Su®wT Euۊow Eu۰ `` x Suuw Aow Au O rv OqTu HuT uu STu. S uO qw Sw O S ⇮yh `` wu N xuywul xl Hu Ey޺ x qzTu STu. S wz xqvu NǮww wmNl u uʇ u®S vTuS Ns rٺu Uh qlSqu.

ήu®wSN Nn®qu Ku Xq㩇u Huw Ku uu A凮 u抮u ynuvu YwS WXy, yXcwA S  AyS Evu. yuχSu. NxS DS vhT ¯q Xq㩇N u A T抮S v B AyS qٺqw rq muw. Au A yyǮw yo y䰊nu Emuu EqqS Hu qw Aw vðwl Nw Aqw Au®XNrT yt氊cwݡw Hu xqmu. Nw `` CuxS ww Hu wS Iqxq qw Sw NluT UǮn muw. Au CuN cw yrO䇵u :

yul yl wuS
u y y N氚Sw
 y u u
 vh q uyފ || (8−31)

CǮ q A ` x⊮w Nw ǮNxNSNSc w ym Hu OYNl hu. Cs w݌ NǮ B UǮnw N S u wluNl:
Ix ySw
() wu Sc Qu y
Swwwq
Wwwqwu zmu lS || (8−32)

S xu®uw , wS ySu S ywq Sn wwS wluw. Nw `` Hw yS S u®uu wq Swuqw Hu NXq㩇u u ww w uu㊯T Nw AS mNlw. qvSS N uSl H劮 SuSlu ,qvS  T yXwʊq cz `` Iwu u N N Hu. NǮ B
yw u u Iuw, N uu uǯqSu D u®w xzuw. B  Ny®Nuq qovu Nmq Suu®c NǮw Auw bd w  u u HSq HTuS , Au AqxS qow Sq Nw ww q. E wc N x uqq. Au NǮww ww Nl ESwq uq. Au  NǮXϺuxS Ny N Hu qq Ûuw. wݰuw yX cww ,Tuw. B u®xS 䜯l¯l mu Klqq. NN NlNvq Hu NǮ wS㉱vu xqw; Nw Iw lN DS ? h Sru NǮww S mNl xw N Yu; w SS S wSlw  q wN D vS N Huw. Su Aw qw Hwu Aw B. NǮw A , AONs Cw ru iS Aw SSo NlTvq. w qu u yuyuu Iu, xww Bwqw Hu NǮxS B iԛuw NǮwu BTuS qw quT qNh wS quw. vw qٺq NǮw Nuwu qٺq. wwv N l ǯT݇ l , N wSw x暮u Su w B l qNqNw Nvu EOrvqq B N yw c®n? A S  r; D lwS QXl uۊ Sl Aww mu BSrqٰ? (C wSwu w N wwvru ) Nw b䇮u®wݰ SNʺu wS Sb挵wݰ N Nwݰ ru qS uqSwݰ Nʅ . uu Ǯ Ku Ǯ? qw ES Ǯw uN, wlo Hu N D u N qiu Sw D抮 qw ®ǮowT mNlh Cu Hu D抯ww N Tlru.

Cs ArO w,Xuw Nq w Av NǮ wSuw Olw Sq N `` A y¯p N N ...... N yǮw OqNlw. `` yN Nuq cSw S Hu wXu r . Aw ow NǮ Ǯ ATwu u u . Oq Sy N Nh NxST NǮ؜lOuw. Nvw lw qu qNmuw; F qSwݰ Nwu ru muw. SyXlp dq Sq qp S qw ASyµw lw Xu. Nw q H vw S NǮww AyuNT nuhw. y®nvu NǮw uS muw. NǮ Auw SScw muS Au mq mq. Au ShwruS Au S SwST N rq . B q w Nu w Nu w NǮw SyN N㩱 Nh NwS N qw SNN uw. BS AxS S AN N vq :

Awxu¯w qb
 Nlw yqٌN cSr
cxy NwS
NN N y䊯Nwq xwݺ || (8− 51 )

Cuw NuS NǮxS yqwvS uuu yq uT NwSw rNu S wluu Nw uqSu uq.  xSwݰ Ku x m qN N NǮ Nuw.

Cq NxSu NǮ Aiu w w Nl Hu vTvq. Aw `` ylu yu quw. w l wuwuw `` S qwu NxS Cww NuS . N婱儯u Sw S婲 u Huwu Eg ? HuNl qS q rSw mNl.

vw qٺq NzlScu ww qٺq . ``S u,  uµSw Su Xw SSw m qw TN Hu rS NxS S mu. Au xXuS qN NlxX rS A A u:

cS qS
Swwurlwcqwb
vSu ®y
yS qٺu vv uy ||

u ﱩw 勺  劬 l Su
uuۺrwNʪOꚮ u®q l
iu OYyu Q̅ y QS ٰl
u xww Nv N ySw NqN N || ( 8 55)

Hq 䰇ʊu ! N Nl Cu q Hu xωuwq. B y䚮N Nu S Aw ANw NxS NxNlw. qw BNwT NzlScu AS̢Nw ESmuw. D ESln `` N N cS yu Nw ATS uS S Eq򰣵 qu. NxS wu ǯu Xuuqq. `` u®uww w Nxw Nuyw Hu ql y Xo ww NN멱 cww Nuw, Xo  uS Nzl Scu ` yqw xǯvS xzuw. D xynu Nh¯w uww Nzl ScT qw 劮rيu wS rqu Xow  S Tu D yNsy whNu uㇵcwS YqT vNu XqNuTu. D u®u Suu N qS ` u®uwwu IN uw ru. yuu N MYq Niu Hw݄N.

Nw qww Nu Aw O `` w xw xww ySyul uTu yyl wuw Sww yN N Hu muw. Aw S qruۺq Xow S Nwu NIuwT xqw. ®bЩw mNl `Iwyn Huw. N S Bbzu :

XϺh w xwݡ
Xϋ wuqw T
uXϢ vÊwS
uXS lr  Xo ||

XoxS D rxu Ny q Nu®w Bq sT NxS S xvuw :

py xx q
oNh Ol OuOʰ
XowN u
Ypul NǮw www ||
u wSuNSwlT NgԺuNNw x
yvlluN vS®vlw yuOww
y Nu y̡ yxNʺu S y
w XwSwS qNu Nb ||
¯yl ciԇ,
Swuu u yquw
WwlS ywwS
UO qScSbqٰ ||

Aul uy䇮wu u䰜wwNu qNuu qSuwS ; w uONʇwNlu u OSۚw.

CǮ uu , DS NǮ wT wnu H劮w Aw gԉu qw qSvuۊ, qw Aww Aw OqN녜uu Eq霮u qmuw.

Xo Aq Sq٩ Cq N Sqيww NNl w vw SSN APlw cS Ayn muw. B u 劮S uq. Hwuw N ul ul qS Xqʊvu (8−63,64) p؛uw. Cs ow wXuw uu w Hwu wS rvu. Au vw Xw q u TS u. Tu `` Slw S u®Nwݰ wSNwq ǮQwy N APlu cS  u NѢqwu  d Ey XqNu۩. xX Nww xyv wSNww u Iw MYqu ? Nw bq wqي ywSSqw އTxq ASwcw u Nmq Hu u B Yqx Nwlw Xywݰu ulws lNvS Cuۊwl ; NǮ−Xo劮 SSw wl  Npw CuwvS ul ux N l wuw uwwu 抮NTu.

Xow Ǯ S su ow ®q NlS Nu Eu ¯S Su wXwTu.

`` AwS wNSNʺ O̺lqy vUNgwݺu muqyq Hl qlq q Tuh wq Xw ....

S SSu¯S ﰇqu ST AOه BNrw Nnu Nix嚮qu. Cq w mu Jqu u Cq BwS Aw q, N uu Cq 劮 Si u; u `` Nmq Nmy cuSq APlw Nq. Sw r u®T NS xq; qSu Scw xq, Bu Nw Xru u u q yqNT XqSvu NmNl, uۊSu yNu uܚwu܊T xq.

u NsS Su Sr ,Uiu; whOq S vu. CuN AwSwT uq S XqT Nl v. B ¯SSw u wlu

N K ymww Nu O Iw ﱚSiuwq. Aw `S BS Hu wuSNN hwq. whOq C凮 d Hwu ®T D S Xwu rqu. uwNl A ymw `` xw SwSul NSul ypSwT ywyw 㚮w w () l u Xo w u yN wuNʡ Nn y  HuT N wu ru. Su NǮw wu Xow ? Cu,u bm? Nww  wݜrq ; Buu Cs y䇮qSw xbщu wlqٌ Cuw.

`N Nu Hu r rNSw Nh Aw YNl q `` N, Bqwuw Hu Nu uSS wN `` A ww S D u r rNSw ChNl Nh yqx N wS, cw wN (Bu¯?) Cw xS䟛u ? x Xw CTq Ǯw? Hu yݛu. A圵 `` xcv Nyw Nqًx N ? Sw  S¯㚮 muu? qNwqNw Nuxw Ny? Nw S xw lOఇ cw N㰡 Iw l KuSl yT Hu uµT Tuq uul `` A yuw Hu u NǮxS `` Ay  mu  uTu. Cuw Xzޚqw. Bu u T Xw ,ww r B  rN. AǮ mu xw   Hl XNSq Hu . NǮ Nl `` ANg S NSl Nu Hu T, B ymw Aq N Cq bq Syw Ǯvu uS r qS v , N ylu u®S uSTw y䇮o uw.

NǮ ꊵq SyN qwT y䇮o lruS Ku Uhw wlq. Nxu EyNqwT Aw Aywq u uww ASw Ǯ u® ,u® Ku Squ ڡu NǮw u SS Aww A g KS S nu N儵N Hu X Omu Aw xuq NǮw S劮 AS u mw vu mw qw lSSh S gSw wm mxvS NǮ qw cS qSu qS El mg Nluu Nu AuN B cN `` cS cNʪuq wN D gSw N Elqw C Aw l Elqي; Hl Nl l El T Hu Tuw.

u NǮxS cNxS XNO Squ. cN `` D o Slu uSlgSw ElNu u Aow Noغg? B wSnqw S El uµ l B uµuۊ AwN q uru? Hu  Hu NǮ `` yyX C l Huw Kqهvu Aqw N gԇw uNl CxS Tq. Cw Cw Ehuw u uNl , B CxS u NSw Emo Hu Nޛ `` C iul Nuwn Hu Bnh .ANǮ `x Nlul Nun Hu Aw u w  yrnw Ou BS cNw `` A qS凮q mu , Cqy qSww凮 NwwnS nhy H,uNl, w yl q Hu mSw NǮw u Dlm `` iu Tqٰw Hu uuw. BS NǮؚoS wN mu S :

Cu qS N
u quSwl N v
Ouw SS
quluwxy wl wm ywS ||

AScNw Ns Tq. SS A凮 mSw YNh NǮ DS u®q Tu.

D yh cNuyuwu y䚮S u wmSN, uSovu Tu. vwu ySyu NﱰlScu Nu Eqي¯S. NǮw yu抮u rي ru S NǮw NSu uT xru NzlSc Aw  wT q. D u NǮw qSu T u yq㊮NOS DS KSm u Hwq Au u¯ q. Au Oهw w yuS sT N puw ww D yuAxݪ Eu܋u :

ASNʇu SSw
qSuNʇvSxN vð
OSu u¯p  Su  N uScu || ( 8−84)

u NǮ−NzlSc PR Yq qquu. Bw N䇮 ,  (xyn Dqw X D u ǮT v) NǮ؊ Bw Hu S cw AqN q yrO䇵 NǮ Bwxvu y C uT pqT. Nvx Juw uu EuNu Bw wTq ,ðNT N ` IS NU SS S Nuw qw qmuyu wYSN Hu x霮N q BT wuu, NǮ Bw uvS qw w ymh wlq Au NS AI `` nulu iwq woY w Auw wwu®T Nm zmu C ®qu Suu vu. NǮ Bww NwS SUuꮱ:

Kruli yrul z yul y N
rulr Orul Oru Nw Nw NO Nr N
Sr S Nw۰wX  SvuY 
wr z qwS rل® yۊu||

Aq `` Nw N⥺Sq qw N qwS UqNS.. .. .. Nzlw Nzlw m N®w `` 固S SۺqS SSl B /Bww Cw dvvq vw HuNl Sq HuNl T Su wl Auw qu Ouw. Au `` S®y SlSvu xw S u A uۊ? H zkN ONl Suw.

uۺqxqy vuv ur ®
qu qwu qlxuw uTuwݰS
S S y Su NǯT݇ Nhy
N q u㊮ Nu NxyN ||

D uqqy N S uvu uu¯ ®l uu Hu Nqm Aww u HulS AuA NN mu rq. AS NǮ xu `` ANg qvw BwuluSuru D Xo NvSy 勺uvlm yqN yquy Hu Ay muw . 劮 Q YNuq Nw SlS q.

N DS yr®hw Nw UhN uw. NXw uw. Xo S A wTu ; Hrq٪vYvX NlN x Soo 

̪SS N xw yw rq rq y
n̰xS ySouu nSuw q
挵 uu qهwq Xowgȶu || (8−90)

CuN Nu SS wN, Ai r uN yg Hum, hN cÛu u ow NwS ®q uw w Noq.

Njw c®bީwvu XowvS qlNl vNwݰ KNʪO C uq! BS ᇮ㜮S凮 Nvq. wyµ Nq. هu qlTu S :

qS N ZhXhw 劮 q̡ N N U
Uw sygw UwSS N NS
mN zmz  ww
l yzuv uu ||

D هuwE Cw qrw r N p
NwTuw. As ow u KuuT qlSqu. K
APlvu u TO S A yurS ® u®q ;
uu S xoq. uu Tu xOu NǮ ou
QT wT A Axwݰru Bvwq Xoww Nru. B
Xowu NǮw q qlS qw ԇ yoN ﱰrيu wm
Aw wlw uN wmu BS Bqw OS `` w Oq S
Xow Sw Am BS .. .. Hu qT N
pS Xow Oه Aquuu Ay䇮Squ . NǮ qw D
u w uq DS u , Su uO wm, `` Aw zwyuwu w u µS xq wO wST D NSw wlqي ; ww wlqي XwT wl wl wqwuw IN wv HuT Ku b N EST XwwvS u , B Oهw yNiuS, B w wvS q u . NǮ Aww u S Aw lru . Ouw NɛNu qS qu , NǮw NqًS h SN KSu.

N Cuw wm `` yvSTu w Nʢq qw qlw Ayޢ uuw; NǮw  wTuwu``ATw Slww Azu S Sıqu ES O NTuqu.

Kluu Շ zmu N q NlN O 
lSlS lNʋ Nw w Nu
mu Kq qlO qiԛ Nqًp N
lOu ޥu y  Oه ||

wXu N NǮ−Xo劬 A uu懮uw T p qwS B nw Nw quw ; bqS B nwS ®q muw. w AS Uiԛ NlS ww S BNﱛ wSq Xoww NǮ BNﱛuwu N ST uw. `` wo wS Hwݡ Buq Hw Hއ HuNl `` Cwݰ w Hu A q Xwww `` ®qNʺ wNʺ qu Nuw Nw w NT Nq muw. D Uhu ԇw TS Nw N NǮw  wTuw. Bu NǮw Xo Nw Kuu N muNl, Swmw S Cw qq mO luw. B Yqu :

Hl N Nm
 Swmywx
q qiu
wS qN̡ qiy ||

ǬN 劮Su yǯ޺cmuq X q; dNu LN Yq S Su N Yq CyދSl C bmowwmCq 劵 BSl NǮw  wTu NhNhN xXN ruqq.  qOuۺq u劮 S wSwSS S NǮwTTw ruw. A uwu Eu S vNvOS Xz凮u. Aw ®culu XwSrS O qq A qS AiurNu , NǮ XNuTTg凵 Hwq quw. Au q  u 劮w Bw iuq , Al zmul zmul SS yww iuq H wSwSS qS .. .. NǮ cÛ qvOuw. Nw yu XqS DS NǮw  Nu vq. Bu Cuw x Cu u u q N q ww wT̛u. wqيSl u u܊S oq. NǮ Cuw Npغu wlu uw. Nu® AywSu Aw q. Aw ww Alvu ®NNwT Nw  qw wT ww oNyw NvOuq Aww NvOuw. `` wPv N̡ qm z h NNwwьXw ,vh Buw? ۰lu NNu Nwu ,uu PhNv N qN Nrهw mu Nw NǮw  uw ! Bqw B Nqww wm NǮxS Bϊ Bq Bu Ao HlS Nrٟmu Nw qw qSwq muw. BS Nw r :

NlNluSwu
ulS qlu Nxu,N
umS SxNu
ql S Nu yy rv || (8−118 )
N Nu®溚wu SS q yrO䇵u
rSw ucww
urSu q lyNw
yr cwX
uqN u lwqy || (8− 119)

S 凮T u 劮w u Nww NǮw Ku N㡵 NxNq CNʩ yǮԇq. NNu溚N qu Nuw Olwm xqc, ﰊwo.

NǮw AON ow bwyu uµnu Nmu, Ǯy uµnu Nmu ¯Sq ǮyoS qu uԇ A EqhT Nlvu. u®hw `cSwsc u uu®SvS wmu, Auu S u®u N wXu qw Nr¯SSw vq qqu. wXu bwNBT D S Ǯuԇw q ®T D ¯SSw xu Ar NqNT UT Cuu u Aw Nyrµ EqȳǮԚwS , wyQw y䚮Su q , NXouwu D Nr¯S SoSu xχ; yYw Nwl Nu N ®q NYqS u mq.

Au®w yo (wws yo)
q

yǮʊoS:

 B BwcS NnhN NNxv , , 19*14.
. .H. o؇ u®w q v , 1961.
. , H. NNp , NnhN u㩇 u¯l, 1968.

S :

AwqSX, Hw
wXu , yX yN   u㩇 1959.
NNp . H.
wXu, NwhN u㩇 u¯l 1969
wXu yo , S Nwl q Xq y䚯S bw¯r S
u㩇 , S, yh 3,1976, y. 436−41
wXu you NǮ, NwhN ¯r ,u¯l, 2-2 dw, S
29-9.
cSl u

wws yo (r y䅺u®) u v , 1966 N−N
, y. XXXii−XiV C.)
uNX S
wXuw N yuS, y䅱u NwhN , 44−1 y. 123−28.
wX , m H.
Au®wﱇ Ku yu−iyp y䅱u NwhN 49−1, y. 153−155 ;zkNS,
QwS, m, .N. r ,  1971 , y. 926−28.
wSc y
. wws yo (,, q, wXu ; JHX yNw,
S −9,1981. y. 87−142
wXu S wws yoS, ` Su
wws you u®N− S , wr
wXuw wqw NrS, `N®u
wo, z.

wws yo, Xy NS, wxS qXq . 4 S
u㩇 S 1975, y 131.35
y, d,
wXuw wqu Nw , qwl , vy Ǯ YN, 1964 ,
y. 65
Sws  , Hw
wws you yǮʊo, Xw 3−2− 1985
Nh, d
wXu , Nwl q yrrN 44−1, 1959.
wXu u®h Ku Au®㇮w S Nwl qXq , .
3, S . ., S, 1976 y. 472 79
NgX i,

Au®wﱰyou N yjS X ` s , Ayn yNw, 12979 y. 109−27 ; 1999, y N , SvðwS , S 560009 y. 115−31

Au®w yo u ryv (3−38/39) yj q As . 1. y N S− 9 1999, y. 132− 34.

Nwl wws yoS qxN Au®㇮w y䚯S ,  ux  − 570006 1973.

wws yo Nwl Au®㇮w ڇ Nwl q Xq 4− Nwl Au®㇮w , , ux − 570006, 1977, y. 1003−31
q,
Au®wyou ﱰ `wXu JHX yNw, S − 560009
1981, y. 161−65.