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Sub-Categories  of ARVANTIGE

CHAPTER-1

CHAPTER-2
CHAPTER-3
CHAPTER-4

               

yyc cSů NT

٧ XOr ®gԊN ygX oeS

qoS 573135

18-5-1999

® oeN

bwu®u  q q qqw Q y䰊nT N Y

qu Suw ¯r c⇮N q® Nuu.

uo ¯qu yQ ¯ǵu Nwlu凮 Hl  ǮS

AYw A Aqu Nl qu. uOw H S, bwu

H PS dwu ypqT, oew BXu Eyuh

uu®u oS yNhT. Nwl wmS, ¯ǵS, qN bw

yr¯q Ǯu NlSw xmu֊. CuS uS

wlq v Nu Au㇮ww Au you

uNvu.

D Eu۰vu y䊮®T bw Au㇮w ڇ ru

AiS H qȶN uq yrN u®wSS ﱰOETu

NTu. D yrN brqyq q㚮u H u溚 OEQwSw

yNi N vNT Hu oeqٰ. ®u® ®q,

u¬q dww.

٧ XOr ®gԊN ygX

bwj, oS.

yuO

 

NwhNu u®®u, u®q y䇮qSS Bu®qq yNhS

yrNSS Nq. y®u® NwhN, yǮq yrN, NwhN ¯r, u®w-

uOEu N y䇮qu yl® yrNSw oeoeu. CvS oeuT

NyqT bw Au®㇮w ڇru, AiS, H

qȶNw y䊮Ûu۰. ¯qu yYw q y¯ u®S

Kuu bwu®u yu qu u® yqSw, ww BSw

Nq Au®㇮ww yq韚u Cu yu¯w B. oeSu q

ǮnSǵ԰ Cu q. Croe, w Au®㇮w,  , , Tq,

YqNOE, r Au®㇮w, bwyu, w-S oe yN qS

NSl N uw y®qS yNhnSS D yrN ANu.

oSu yyc cSů NT ٧ XOr

®gԊN ygX S D yrN ASqw wSl yo

yqoew qqw xm oeuqي. D yrN u®N

BlT Nu oeuۊ; A uq y AwNp. yc

®gԊNS ®Oه wwSw r oeǮxqu.

Cu u YN. qȶNT oe D yrN Sohw

E u u溚u BSNu N. wmw S q oe

u®w q AyNiq A OEQwSw NNT Nqٰw.

u®w OEQwSS N ¯ww NlOESu. D yrN w㚮

q 抮y Nq AmN넵Nu oeSw Srqٰ.

oey wSc

20-05-99

 

wں® q Cq SoeS

y|| H.m.i

bw q rSw hԊ, wں® NwhN NOES

bwr Ǯ NlS. D NOEyNw SrS, yqNT Au®㇮w

lu bw NOE uՉu EyN, Ax BTu.

bw q r N Qy䰊n rsNw ou

yNwwu Ǯ. ou yrNr yu v xo

NOE u®T u q. v Kh Xw Oouu.

wٺ® yqN UhNT v HuSl劮qu. NOE

uՉu, Cu v Hu COEN xw yuq

qv. Cu JYN. EuoenS uo Nwl dOE凮 180 vS

 20-24 vS Hu wٺ®Sw xuۊ. EuS

Hu wٺ®S .

bw yYw SsS rsNw o hyu w vNS

w wٺ®Suw EOEROETu. CS Hqي, y, o

ANS Nq NǮ S Nlq. Eqي ¯qu劮 yYw

bw vS Cs wٺ®S NqwS oeXT Nl v. Bu uo

¯qu, Au NwhNu Cu XwS Bχ oeiԚǮԊiS

BSu®T u v. ǮNh Nu B®Sl, XN oe顮

Nu u, cwS A Nu qw qqqvw qzq.

 

wT wٺ®u Hqي rsNw Nr oew݊lyh

HqيT Cqu oeOETu. Cu Bu¯u OE,  Xw

B rsN Soeu HqيN oevNl wٺ® XwSmu.

yor uOEu yYw SsS q Cu KhԚ抮yw S

S䟛 oeoeu:

. . . . . rsN o hyN w vNS w

SS u®u w wٺ®S zqTqu. C BNu S

q w Sy u抮S uc-yqNS C Kuu Ngu

qvqu. Cu w NlS NT , , o, N

C OlwSS oeS Cxq wQlS Cqu wٺ®

NT YN-YNuSq oeS0s  SOENu zjS OEu,

 QlS ¯dqTq. Cu w vNSS X, U0g, Sb,

qoe q u®cS Úq. Cu Qu wvNS ANN,

vyǮ, vu®x, X, Bw, ¯0l, u0u, Zr S H0h

yroeS0u Nmu w dwyrSq. yru wٺ®u

w vNS w-wʊq Kh oevw zNSq. y vOw

wٺ®u zNS wuqي, wu, wvr, wvUǯu,

uovOw c, cq, cq, Aydqu, y vOw

oeuwu, oewu, yru, y®Nu B zNSw

oeOETu. C XNu NgSu, qoS0u Nmu,

cOlS ST vuS q ywS0u qTq.

 

Cs wٺ®u uw qvu u uT u¯N u܇

EqwSq"0u pOETu.

INOE UhNvu uT Nq٩h wٺ®S XwSw u-

uu AwN NOE qcӊ q Bχw, XSw Nymuۊ.

CS zj¯S XqTu, Bvǯwu Nqw Eqي, cw,

®q, BSwyi, Nyq, Aq, yuS NqwSq. EuoenS

- NNu Sm w抮 v Huw wٺ®u Bvǯww

Sxoeu.  5 Am Hqي Xqzju u®¯Su T

wٺ®w x嚮OETu. ٺ®u B®u ¯S XNNuu N

oeuq Hh, oew݊l, oevw NwSw yluNq w Ju

ANoS N Iqu. Kuu ANo T qS

oeS Zu yiNSq (Yq) Kuu Aq T u®

ANu yiNS, pS, S, qvq. ٺ®u

qvS, BN, yuyiNSu Au OESu XXzju

Nqwqu. Au OE Cwݺu Xq y®Nu Au OE wvOS

qu hyu w vOS Qm NqS®T xr w

dwSq. wT D hyu qv ul Hl -

 Aq١ YN Qqu. C wٺ®S ފXwS Nl

w oST.

wٺ®S  yu yYw bw NuST oS,

oec, NN, lu, S, Sy, oel, ®hʡ uOEu

NlS oeYw P㇮ Nlq. NwhNu劮 wٺ®S Aqq

 

Hqيu oeS NOEyo wٺ®u NNu Sm w抮

v HuSl wٺ®. NNu µ u yl㊯w O..

1522 Cuw xuw. Cu Hqي 52.3 AmS. NOE

uԉu, ®㚹uu uԉu Cuw ﱰ ٺ®S

Cu oeOESru. Cm uwu Nwl dOE凮 D ٺ®uq Ǯ

AÊYw qu u Cu - . H. q oeu,

NS̪w Nq٩h D wٺ® NOE Ǯ OEou xuwTu, D

ٺ®u w q, woe Bu Nqwu Cu ckw

Tu Au®. qq٪w uulw Cu oevNu

BNǮNTu. . . Hu l || H.B.  A XSw N

ymuۊ. BuSm yws v, Sw N rws

v HuSl劮 wٺ®S O. 15w qwu

XwSTu  40 AmSǮ HqيT. CS OE br AwN

r YqSw Nrيu SwoeTu. ʇ Awqws v

wٺ® O 1542 XwTu Cu OE xOEcw wqu

xuw uT mOETu. Cu Avǯwu OE E

NqwS dwS, y, , yp uOEuSw Nooeu. bqS

u u-uq oe YqSw mu, bw q u

u®S w懮N Tu. N q SS劮 wٺ®S

D ¯Su Aqq yYw wٺ®ST. Au Nw wٺ®u

Xw ކwTu, Au OE ypuoeu, wǮw Q

YqNu u Nqww wloeu. uo Nwl dOE凮劮 Cxq

 

wٺ®S O.. 1537 xoSl r抮 v wٺ®,

O.. . 14 w qwN u lv lS v wٺ®, O..

12w qwN u OEyu v wٺ®Sw ǮT

EOERoeuTu.

O. . 1462 Syއ w pu wSu,

lv oev HuSl  50 Am Hqيu

uu wٺ®w xuۊ. qw Ǯu NqwSu

®qu Cu ww Squ. Cu qv¯Su w vOS,

XXzjN oevNlq, NS̪w凵 xu y UgS

Bχwݺh lq.

uu vS u wٺ®w x嚮 yu®r AǯT

Nlv. HOE尊u ZhNOEu Nl Soe v

ysT wٺ® Nlqu. ǮNh AUǮ wyqS

Nvu bwu®N uq Ǯ B䇮, yqoeSuT bw 

w㚮u NǮ uOEnS wlu. B Nvu v u

wٺ®w x嚮 yur B®Sl, u 13w qwu

yuT u, 17w qwuS uuq.

qNu xoSl O.. 9-10 w qwN u ywsw

v Hu wٺ®u, NOE uԉu Cuw SxoeuTu.

Cu OE w NlS Ql̚w ®T rsN E w

Nruۊ. oSu SS, oe顮 NN u N wٺ®S.

XuT SS NN u O. . 9w qwu ywsw vu,

 

Au HuSl wٺ®u. Cu wNl XX oeS OE,

yur, Nǯmx, oew SoeSw Nruۊ. Cuw 

YNu Kl Nu y뇮w y muwu

ruqu. O. . 1159 xoSl wٺ®u C凮 ®l

v HuSlu wru. wSS qOw yXNh

v Huw wٺ®u, Cuw yuNxu xu Ǯ.

oemw oe뇮 O. . 1196 rws v Hu  20 Am

Hqيu wٺ®u Cuw NlyuNxu xOETu. u¯l

dOE凮 yS (抮) XN, ǮNh Sl iw wTu,

bwu®u yu¯w Nu wTq. C 772 vSu v

wS Bχwݺh lqu. C凮 yYw Q v HlSl

wٺ®u. Cu Nqw Tu, Ǯ ANS SXv.

OE oeqT NYxu INoe wٺ®w q Ay

yuru cwS Nu qwmw u vq. CuN

vÛlq Ayyu Hl EuoenS C凮 wS Nl

q. O.. 1484 oel밇 T Klw qw cu¯x

Xuwsw vuw m, NXOET NYw wٺ®uw

xuq A凮 wu pOETu. Cwݺu w SyS

vÛu. O.. 1560 A凮 cwu uw BN Ao

iԇww A凮 wdwu u uu NYw wٺ®w

muwq oeOETu. D Hl EuoenSw hԊ, H凮 NYw

wٺ®w mu EuoenS wS Nl v. Syއ

 

wdwuۊ, Au NYw wٺ® DS wǮTu. Bu

uvu oel뇮 T Aw lu wٺ®u u®¯Sw

u¯l u㩇u Nwl uw Nuu OETu. Cu OE

Tw u w Cu. D wٺ® zj¯S yqهT, Auw

DS u®ڡu cǯ ٚSoeu S䟚OETu. XqT

zj  7-8 AmSǮ HqيTu. (Yq) D wٺ®u qv

¯S Huu ru v.

oe⚮ٺ®S

wٺ®u w㚮uq, oe⚮ٺ® Nl NwhNu Nl

qu. Cuw wٺ®u qٺu yµu®u oeoeu. D ٺ®u

qv qu hyu dwSS uOET, Pw ®T oew

Soequ. Cuw oe oeuNu Soeu HuSl

x嚮qي. qwmw NN, o, u®ڡS Sg抮w Soeu

HuSl oe⚮ٺ®S. NNu oe⚮ٺ®w µu A

O.. 1436 zu, ow oe⚮ٺ®w O.. 1603

rndw zuw. u®ڡu oe⚮ٺ®w DTw u®vNST

m. ﰊu oeSl 1982 oe HuSl

yrǯzuۊ. D  oe⚮ٺ®S qqqv劮 oeuw

w㚮S Ku ST. v愯oe oew Pw ®T Nq Ku

N b䇮u®w qٺu N oec y®w mvuw. D

ٺ®S OEȶ E Nqw, YqyiN, pS NqwS wٺ®u

wݰ oeq. u®ڡu oe⚮ٺ®u XNOEȶ Kh w

 

EYqSw Nruۊ. Ǯ®uw XN, Xuwsw

bOEx, wwsw Nǯmx, ywsw yur. D

w抮 Pw ®T Nru, yuN ǮǮo,

Bu®Sw u®uۊ. Cu D ٺu ǮTu. ow oe⚮ٺ®u

qv Pw ®T Nq oe⇮w Soeu bqS, E OEȶ

OE Nu OE Nq oew Soew NqOETu.

oSu qSu oeu ٺ® q NS oeu ٺ® S

Hl ٺ®S. qSu oeu ٺ® NOE uԉu

Swoeuu. D ٺ® Q Ku Aqw XNw

hyuTu. Aqw N¯S q٩ qvu. Aqw ¯SN w

vS SlSu, Ku v Yrq T XNS yu抮u.

XNw oezju OE Iu D ٺ® lu  N¯SuǮ

XNwT Eu ¯S ulT Cu. XNw ¯Su cµ

qu u Yq yiNS. w ބ¯Sh ul ¯SuuN

q٩ oe 뇮 Yqw AuT NOETu Ǯ yoTu.

Cu w w Xlw wcw OE u®mu

Ǯw ruu D ٺ® 10 w qwuۺu xuOETu.

NS oeu ٺ® Cwݺu r Ǯvu Nmu. Cu

Hl X, Ku qNu y®NSu Nm w ANoS

xoSmu. Cu zju Hh vNS Kuu Bw

Yqu(AǮvScS) A zj q ٺ®w oeqxqq ¯Squ.

Cu OEȶ¯S Yrq AǮNw yiSuT uT Noqu. Nlu

 

OES NT N yu®u, N, qm, N®, Clb q X

y®NSu Nmu, Cu OE Pw ®T Nq oeu u.

D Nu w w SSoew O..974 Nyu OEQw

qvu o oevuw rqu.

yX oe⚮ٺ®S

yXoe⚮ٺ®S qwmw Hm. Cl cwS Nu

NlSS. wwS ruq D r w㚮 oe⚮ٺ®S NwhNu

NlS Nlv. uw ٺ® Sw N rɊ

v Hl¯Su, Cwݺu ®hʡu chywNw v Hl¯Su

xOETu. Sw N ٺ® ul u. ٺ®u OE

Qu r oeuw Smu Au oew Soeu.  w

Am Hqيu XqNu Avǯwu OE, 20 Am Hqيu Ju ٺS.

D ٺS OE oew Smw xOETu. uu ٺ®

wٺ®uq NOEqN Nqwu Nmu, Au Qu OE oew

Soe q Amuۊ . HuSl yu抮u. qԪw w

Xٺ®S, Smw oeq xr (Yq). ٺ®u vS OE

Xq NlwNu ,Ku OEuq Aqw Qu,

N oeuq, OuSq. qv ¯Su YN hyw oeqxqq

qqu. bw vTq D SmS Qhyu w㚮w zuۊ.

y u抮u Hl yu NqwS. u抮u Hl yu

rه OE, Au Nu Yqw muۊ. Qu  AqS

yqNu mw r, Tu Nyqu (Xc) Au XYNl

 

SmS nw xlqu. ®hʡu yXy oew Sm, r

XwTu CuǮ NOEqNT.

xv ٺ® q ﰊSS

bw xS OEQwyNT uoeqS muS A ⊮NT

xu ٺ®SS xv ٺ®Su oe. Nu xv y®Nw oeO

yur Cu. Eqي ¯qu rsN q xS ⊮NT

ySw x yur Cu. Eqي ¯qu rsN q

xS ⊮NT ySw x yu®r uNl u uo

¯qu, Au NwhNu Cs y XwS CuS OS v.

SOE h ANw Nu u® 515 yS

dnڇuu Ku v rqu. A ur O.. 2w

qwN u Ku yu OE Ⱚz wu. S NN

u O.y. 150N u yu ®oeqw uru.

OEQww ﰊou ySpiԊuu xvÚ⊮NSw

ﰊ⊮NSu ¯OESru. l®hNu Ku wu ﰊXw݊cw

OEQww NuS ﰊ qwuwu B w pqu.

Eq iԇ ﰊww  O..12w qwN u xv⊮N

lv Aw v KSlu. Au Bqw OEQwN Nq

®T, SSu OEQww NrԊ Sw  ANoS

Nruۊ. Cs ⊮NS oeYw P㇮ Squ xv ٺ®S

P㇮ Nmu oeoeu. Syއ wS N

ywsw v Hu  10-12 Am Hqيu uu xv

 

ٺ®u. ٺ® XNNTu Au OE OE wvOw w抮

xS dww xvÇ OEQw qw Nruuw, A

uwں®T Nruw qOETu. Au NSl NǮu

Ql̚w ®T dww E Yqu. (Yq)XNQu Kul wu B

xS oew Or, qOr, qOrSu YOETu. Cs

N ٺ®S , Nh, NySu, q٢, HS Nl vu.

xv ٺ®Sq, ﰊSS Nl v yu Nl q.

uu mu u®w ⊮NT Cs ٺ®w x嚮OETrq. oew

qN O q抮 v HuSl Ku, oeS ¯Su

Ku, Kh Hl ﰊS®S. Cu  12 Am Hqيu Ey, yi,

X, ¯SS ǮT Nlq. yiԇ ¯S AǮNwu劮u,

XNNuu, N oeuq YNuSq uvu. qv

Ǯww Qu r Nrيu Cu ǮTu. ٺ®S w

vNS OEȶ uu xSw Yruۊ. bqS oe¯q,

o, yo OENN vÛu oe y䚮SSw Nruۊ. Cu

 wu z Bu¯u OE Cu N O.. 10-11w

qww݅oeu. Cu r T ٺ®u lNu oeu

v ¯Suu.  10 Am Hqي D ٺ® ﰊSu

HOE ASw KSmu. D uԉu oSu劮 qSu

oeu ٺ®w Nl ﰊSSu Sr NSqu.

Cq S

 

bw r BvÚ Cq S D NS  N

S Au®㇮w ST.

yXy q wuqS

wv抮 yr, yq, oeNh

oe, qy, wS S

uv uqS; qʺu, r

Oo yrS; Sou®yu, xSyu

yXy q wuqS

yru bwv wSu As rsN hyu

Su®Ni APq dwSq. AS OEoeu y®Nu

yXyS As wuqS Yqw Nv yr

Nlqu. bw yuu yc㊯u Aoeq, u, BX,

Eyu¯㇮, u®Sw yXySu Nqي.CS bqS

dwu®, dwS, dwXq, dwXq㩇S yquSu ¯,

OE oeu yXyS bqS , CS Kh wuqSu

Nqي. bw q vw xqu cy, ٰq,u yb ,uuwvS

wuqS oew EXϋqي. wuqS  Cv u®S,

AOʇ Kq ycSxh wuqSw uxqي.

wuqS w㚮u(Yq) Aoeq (rsN) yr

u®uu, EuS Au q Cq. D Aoeq yrS Eu

u,BX, Eyu㇮, uS yrSS oeX q㚮S

SXv.Aoeq oeS Eu yԺNw As yu⚮w ®T

 

uwيT Nrqي. OEy®N C OEoeu y®Nu u C

Aoeq OESu uyڇ yrqu. INu AoeqTq

uۊ w Ewquu.C rsNq NNSw wmu.

qT HhSoSu ®qTuu D r Aoeq

rTq Ǯ, yc BTuu ¯qي. C Bqw

qwTuu OENN u®yu l AN. Aoeqw

Aڇ Bqw vyqwTuu OENN u®yuw

l.

D uԉu AoeqxS oeNT Ewq ww xlOETu.

vS uyՇ  oeXT iNvu, AqOEu

mqي (Yq). cwS NN u lv r®w rN

Xlp v w Bqw u֊ Nhu APq uۊ S.

Cu r ǮNh, oe顮 NN u Au oeS S

Sv (un؇N v) uۺqu Cguۊ. bw uu

ENT yXoe qS, yXr, rSz, oev XqSw

y, q Ǯ xUu Bvyr Bu BXw BX

y u Nqي. Cu r Xqu ySw yjw-yj

l TS Eyu¯㇮ yՇl,  oeyw u

Bu¯qxqwT xǮxS u®yՇu Nqي.

wuqS y®Nu C wxuwuq C yrNrSq.

OEݰhN D Ju cw S oeYw q㚮S SXv u,

Nw  w况S zZqu.

 

dwu®wXN uyuOEqq. N ww

u®XNw qOE OE oeqٺq qqي. AwN ASu Nmu

Cu Bu®. XNrSS EyS XN䊮qNʭD u®XNN

Aqu. "XN䊮q µSu S qSw xS䟚 w抮 Qu

Nqu, u®XN Su AqS qxSoeu O Qyuu

NqTu. rsNS N bwqrهu N o hyu

yNhS S Yoe݇ D u®XN. A HOE u®yuNʺu

oe lqي, AOE D uXN oeSrيqu. o

hyu w oeu抮S Kuuq w wٺ®Sqǵ԰! D

wٺ®S u xq qw pOhu OE w u®XNw

oerيqw. " oeyou Ku u®u rsN drي

o hyu uw zju AǮS uS

oerيqu, qOE OE u®XNw mu xrqيu,

DXN oe BS0u NNm, w0q

oequ.EOEPOETu. bw yy 22w rsNw w Nl

u®XNw oerيq Yr䚮qي. Bu D oe؇xTq

w݊u ¯NSqu. oeﰊ ﱇ 2500 Ǯu

xooeq 1975 ¯quuq wlu w u®XNS

uuOE Xu. CS Ku u®XN oSu

cwTu. u®XN oeu NlS Q-rS wOEqu,

S dwS Squ bw rqu EOEROETu.

ST vS u®XN qq Sw wloeuTu.

 

wuqS yr, zju OE u®XN xqq qqي. O..

12w qwN u u®XNw oeq w NYw yru

lv hu vu. OEu qqT xu  B

Am Hqيu u®XNw oeq w Soe rsoe뇮 S v

Hl¯Suu. D v  Soe rws ﱇuۋu, D w

oe xTq wwu qqu. D r Ayu Soe

NlS Nl v. HOEl yYwu u®XNS Nlv.

Eqي yuu oeu yqu X SyهSu O.. 2w

qwN u, uXNw mu NYw p yrS. Scrw

qc yqu OE 12w qwN u vu

u®XNw oeq xqq Yr䚮OETu. u, Joe, HOE尊S劮

yYw bw SoeS uXNw oeqxq oe YqS.

dwSu bw u As. wuqS y®Nu Cuw

㚮zju Nqw N qqي. SsSw 㚮zju h

Au®㇮w l yu u vuu, D N mS

vN. dwXqu dwu As lqي. XqS

bqT dwSu Asmu oeX NSoeu. ou

Huw w®ﱇ, AN, yXu, XyN, B S w XqSu

yru Xqw B䉱u w vNS Hh yroeSu

Nmu w w dwyrS Cqu oeOETu. D Aw XYᚮq

l!! OEOE bw A '®Sr P ycz q'w Bu " . .

. u NS NS bw yySqu Auwݰ B rsNw

 

AN u oeOESqu. N bwu uu  S

bӇ Nl BuTu. Cu Novu S NSl yrSw

yw l yy y䊮®TNu oeqي. u NS

rw zuNʺu u wOE S̪S CgS uOEu Su

vNw xu. CuN Yr As Xwu Nqي . GǮ®

uw xou q Aw ȳrSu Aw Swu ®qw Aw

xowu NOEyqu OE Ku Xqw oe-xǮu-

Bqww xuq EOEQS Sq. wuqS UhNu Xqw

NrNT Aoeqw yr yu qq, vS Cuw

qq XqR S N quۊ. lv v

XqR u. O.. 9-10 w qwN u oeiԇSm

Xuws v OE uu Cs yruw

wloeuTu. Aoeqw Soe B As Xq㩇wݰ

vu Nqي. Cuw Nl NrNT wuqS yr

qqي.

wv抮 vy q  yq

vS yb l S wv抮 vy q w

yrNrSq. rOEN ycz uOEu yYw SsS ENSq

wv抮 vyu  Tu:

"u®OENu u®u Ku Acw ي cvy u. D

vyvu Hhw vy wv抮 vyTu . Nu D vyu

Kuu vOw 13q Kh 52 yqSu, AS OE Kuuq

 

52 ANr Xq㩇SSq. CS wq u 108

dwSu, Ǯu Bǯl, NrN, y¯o S NyǮﱉu

oepS yrvw uvuqS wu wv抮 vyN u

A劮 dwS uw m ®Oىu wq, TqvSu ydqي.

Cu yrNrw Y yd yu u vu. NYw wv抮

vyu XwS wT yru v凮 Nlq.

uQ (yws) yqu ﱰyu 32 dwvSu Nmu

wv抮 vyu Xww muۊ. lv r®w rN

Xlp v w Aqw O .. 15w qwN u Aqq

uu NYw wv抮 vyu. Cuw wT qu Hw

m uwhԺq lv bwju劮 Ku q w

qu. CǮHqيu wv抮 vyu yrNr H凮

Nlv (Yq)

oSu qw vu Cuw Ǯu®ww qNu

oe顮i, wﱚiԇ qu YN, rN O..

1117 Niԛuۊ. Cu qw oeS Nqw uu cw

qw vu Nqي. N u溚 Cuw  As

yqu qyT S䟛uru. Cu OE 93 dw Suu

Cuw wv抮 vyu oeoeu.

w Nw q Au 抮yu S Nl yYw

SsS uq. D  yqu OE ylNOEu

rsNw cwu OE uuw dwNww D OE OE N닛

 

AǵNw wlqw. D  cvy q uoe qS

uuuu ¯qي. Au®XuNu ylNOEu, y-

y 1000 cw Eu, Eqي-uo 50 cw AS, Hh

cw Hqي Cu, Cu u®u Ku oewqu. Hl

S̪w ®u䚮wSq. AǵNu Nu dwuww oewu OE

N닛, u® Cuw uo zju OE Dwuw EqԊzju

OE xq AǵN lqي. D w yrNrS Nl bw

vS Nlq.

oe-qy -wS S

bw yuu oeqw rsNwu qwsw w oe,

oe As oeu. oe S, bw Cw S ®ﱧqu

®Oىu. vN Nw u v XqQ oew 抮yu D

rsNw oe⇮w SXqw. (Yq). CTq w 抮yu oew

SoeS bw yuu Nlq. qwl oeS Cq NlS

Cw Sb oe, qSu oe, hu oe, Nloe Slu oe S AwN

oeSu Nqي. bw SsS Cw o qu

oeu, Cw SoeN Xuww OEz XuwowTqي.

NOEw, oeoewwu pqwTu֊, qSoewwT NpNmuw.

AǮԄoe, XqQwu oeuۊ v®c, INNwTuw. q

bw, Cww uuwu Nqي.

DSSOE q oe Soeu Huw oe⚮ٺ®u OE

oew Soequ. C Bqww q䊮Nwu Srqي. Bu

 

dwvu oe¯Su qyw w yqNTu A µww

qywu BvÚqي. 抮u Ǯu D µ qyw

vN yy ﰊ®uw yryuq Nl qw. Aǵ԰ A, bw

qyw r owS ﰊ®uw oeNw

KSmu. Syއ O.. 10-15w qwN u  w

Am Hqيu qyw Soeu. O.. 12w qwN u qyw

Ku Soe lv Aw v ¯Su. D Hl

SoeS wSTu lOEw u®. NS l, r, QhS

qu BuS. q䊮n wOE oexS, qyxS C

uu NwS No ǮTqwmw Nl oeS Eqي Nwl

dOE凮 Kul NlS qywu N wu Nu OE

Nq oew Soeu Auwݰ oe⣵qywu Nqي. Cǵ԰ A

q wSww wS oewu Nu Sq, qyw ڡu劮

wSyrSw wS oewu oe yur A Nlqu.

Cw qwmw ybS  As oew q

NuTuw. Dq vN yy XqQ oew. q

wu Bl CxS yQ wu. A wS, wvSo,

Nٰ, qy bqS Cww BvÚqي. Cw wSwq qw

uq. ST , wSoew Nwu oeiNmu. Hhw qwu

o wu oew quS Nu Xw uqu.

Ni Xw݇㊮ ylwu, NiXw݇㊮ Ho AwS oeS

u NOE  ®qu wNl uw lqي. ®q

 

CS 뇮 Nu, Qlu¯T, qOEOE Nlmu

cu®wq Npqu. D oeww q oewu Aslqي.

Cw wuq, OEON BS-oeSS bqS u®hNqw. D

wOE bw yuu yXq oew Soew S

oeuTu.

q rsNw w uqu oe⇮w XqQ wTu N

oewwTuw. CxS Hh NSu u® Bu®Sw mvqw.

oe Soeu Huw oe⚮ٺ®u  oew Soe Pw

®T劮qu. Cw cwq OhuT Ku N u

y®w (oec y®) Cwݺu N b䇮u®w mvqw. C

Bqw q䊮NwTuw.

qq u w㚮u Nl qٺu r oew Nu OE

Nru, Nu Nw ®T qw Sw Hr mvqu. Au

NS oe Yqqu. Cw cu®wru Ku N Qlw,

qٺu N oec y®w mvqw. D r 

unqي Nwl dOES oeYw P㇮ Nlqu. Cw N劮

Ql qu Nqu, oec y® qw Oه As y®Oه

yrNTu. qOE OE Oh oeS NlS Cq. Cs S

oeXT OEu muSTu, wNw Awqws v KSl

Slu O.. 12w qwN u Soeu. A凮 squ

u®u uwN CiԊqي. O.. 16w qwu oeuOr

N Cww Sb oewu Nu ruw. qo, oeNw

 

Nw, ®qSoe , p n , Xmw qq SN wﱚw,

oeh bS qw ¯S Npw, qiԩ w w, Tl,

, u¯w oeSw Nylw, S wuw N, oyu

oew(yS U) wHu Cw ¯ Yqw xmuۊ.

Sm oSlu oeS Sw N yXٺ®u OE

oe顮 NN u Cs Soeu. Ed oerيu xlSw rwsw

v Sl oew Smu, A劮 KhSwݰ Eu

oewu Nqي. bw, bwq劮 D oexS yb嚮

yu oe Nvu wluNl v. NN q u oe

y®w, u¯ww CxSzu N q EyTqي. oe Bʇ

Fhu u®u Fw ي brµuw q CxS u

AǵN, Hncww mqي. oel, BuSm Hqيu hu

OE Cs oe u. BuSm oe N O.. 1646

Cmµw NNu oe NǵNw wluS 

Sw,  Hxw AǵN, Hncww muT Xu

Xuw oeqw.

Cwݺu r oew  v KSl劮qu. NYxu HN

oeۊ Cs Soeu w㚮u Aw Nu OE Nq

cu®wq Nl qw . N Ql q oecy® qu.

Nw NS oe OEZw q Cv.

O. . 7-8w qwN qwN u oew yYw Eu

oecu yur u SuS OE NqOETu. Oʰu Ngԇ

 

Cuw wloeuTu. Cq NlSCs S oeYw P㇮ Nl

v.

Ni-Xw݇S Nuwݰ uw xmu oew qwmw

Slu劮 oew yryu N u溚 ¯qي. oe

Yq oew Nlu COEN xw C. D uԉu

q Nuwu oe As  q bw wTu

qbwyu OENN ylSmN. q Nw劮 wuq,

qwuq, Hqيu hu lw, Nu

cu®wq Nlw. D owS bw xS XwT

Aw扱qu.

wS

wS bwv BouS qyw wu qq yu

Nl qu. yws wuqSu u®nu q yur

wSswS BTuۊ. ywsw qOE OE wSw Yqq,

ywsw qOE OE wSw oelw qqي. ywsxS

Njw AwN r EySw xlruS u®nu-yur

BSﱛ D EySw oelw A xq ywsxS n

xlruuw Yr䚮qي.

bwq wSww BvÛ qw¯Sw ylq, bw Nl

wSxS oeN oeqNqي. wSyX wz bw

yXquw C ⋚oeu. qwmw wl bwr oe

yur u®w q NS wS q wT wSxS

 

yb BTu. yXxu u lu AǮwSuq

Yqqu.

wSww BvÚ yu ySroeN Nvu

mÇuw XqN qNiuۊ. D uՉu wSw br,

u® yuw ﱰu uq, ¯qu HOE u®w wSww Ku

Ku ru Nq bwq Nl wSww Nu. u®

ȳr AǮu凵 wSsww u. GSuu yu¯w uq wSw

¯quǵ԰ IN Cdy, T䰚, B qu ȳr wSxS

wu.