uw Yqp qw

Nh qw

lv bwN. C N qN cx NS Oh qmw. u®Ssu INq yrw lv bw j bw BSwݢu. wqS Ay dwSu B qu . Cs yq䣵qu cxNu yyoN ? qwSm NyhԊ C Au¯Tx Awqr D qu br cx uȳڊTuۊ. NS ¯TtT C u. C w dww yrǯyw muۊ. hԊ D N ®Oىu vw AǮ u¯Xw lq ruۊ. r Awqr yrS ybyNSw KuTrيS Nʡ劮 dwr lq SNN nlruۊ. C w Aw oTvq. Art A¯SqS D w AwTvq.

q qw NyhԊ S r Awqr. yr. u¯ﱫN yu D Nw㊮q Nل®qq. bwu®wݰ Elq C dqT u. qzq. D dqN wNyw qmu. r䇮w Emu. dw®Oهwݰ Amu mqwN q qNmu. SNu KyޜOu. NoNw㇮Sq Bu mu.

qw bwN bw yl® ON o ylu. wu bw Nu u¯ﱫNo ylu r uw uNgԇ wuۊ. qw C qT bw u¯ﱫN SsSw A¯㚮 mu. uu®Sw Sm Nl. Cyl qw q Aqu Xqwu. uw C SNN w vw qmu.

qwl cwqwu Pr ylvu yc c Sl D NwNل®w u®ڡu ¯ Slu qS quNl  mu. bwN cxu qw y䇮Sxu u®ڡu u !  u® w懮 q C Sqq. cwq C rNq. wNy q rS C L ¯Sq.

1955 yc q Sl. u®ڡu u®vNu. BS q qw Slru. D NoyǮS Y || || ﰊu N, u N, ǵu, N, bu N H yq q݊ N || yuq H yr䇮 cx u®ڡ qu yX抮uqq. !uu u® ڡu Sl yy CǵԺu qw v܇T.

qw whN J cwxu u®Su lTu o Nʡw yr Ǯ q NNl AS u v Nu. rN ʊ NhԊ. wS NhԊ. AS q QYxu Awy qSw lO um, B H o NʢS qw wlrي. C Nhu Nh BTu. Txu b qwN yr vw w vw uq Cw Nl q NǮNyo. Nx m. A劮 Nxw K AS u®wNwN Sw Nh qu D No Nw㇮ NNTu. `u q'mu yrN S yXu q qw yXS. CS yX O. C Sy ®Nي. q qw Nʡw BN muw lS w ? C xvÇ u劮 ®q⊯T, wNyu dq yqڢST. r䇮 N ylv. S Nu ST y䅱uwN rي, w NʢS C q̊T, NhT, HNT, rq w ywqT ,Sl®®NيT yXN Hu ANNlu rي.

C q Ju v NʢS u uou A O. SNu niԊ. u®wSu KyޜO. D Nʡ duwݰ Elrي. Dq u Nʡ Xwwu S Ku No Ch Cw wNyu dq SSq z. r䇮 NSq O. u® Ǯq u®ڡu d. bw AwNq C l. q Nʡ A AyS䜮 AwNqS rp SSq wmNm. qu qw Ay Nh އT q Nʡw cS cSuu܊NSq Nlu NN Az.

qw v y䰊nq yc q Sl Shr xow NSrNl. b Sy n NNu uu qm lw Oq r Nl NNo qhԊ. 1967 D N y䊮®q. Bu 1968 yc q Sl Sڊu. BS ﰊu Sl Sw w .H. qSr utTuۊ. Eu Nʡ A SwoT u¯㚮u qlTuۊ. BS qwS BS SY uۺqq. xq w Nuqq. Nhu Oh NYNlq q !

q qw Ku r ATy BTu uw Yqp ArS Huu Aqux N qww Amu m qwN z Sdq. C N q yXwʊ czq ww wTu. dwyb lq yr w vhqwvu Huu. Hw Kyl, Lo l NqhԊ. BS ﰊu Sl Luw u®N x u®ڡu zjwݰu. q Xq w qTu. vw H Sl vÛuOʺq wyh u®N qw q q wqqu ًu. qv S qT u¯㚮N AlXn uq wmNl.

Sy n Shrw Nlu. Auw NNvu u®ڡN TS qw qxSw yq r bq NwlS h. u yXwʊ czq q Bu¯rN Oهw r ShN xTu. Sh SS Hu SNvu qSww ytu. C qyxu ﰊu Sl q ®Oىu Shr Aq Cq u®ڡN u iq !

1982 ﰊu yrǯywuS ww yc IX uwu bq Cuw.yc S, yc uwu qiԩ Nq Fu®SST r ASSu bSw uuw Nn؊ Nlw. BS q qw C Nʡ Bwu uuw ww Nlw. q Nhu yuµ㰇 NSmqu C ywu Sl. Xl oSu HǮ ®vu u®ڡu yrǵՇ Bq. w v xS BN q v N D NǵNw Nl q qw Nh YډS Hu u.

yc uwu u®ڡw l w yXw lq ﰊu, u, ǵu q bu䊮 Nuµww NlSXϪwq AqT .C 㚮wSS u ®q⊯T. C q wN q yq. D  Cu C yyS uq SN p, Bw݄®㇮, uvzN Bu q Slr q NʢS Amu mqwN yyxu®N c䌵yw m. D zq䊮 w抮 ,C yrN || yuq D J yXϊST qSrي. Cu qw qyw y®Tu'' Hu xS ǵů mu. qww Nh އwݩ CuOʺq izNg N ?

uw Yqp Arw qw BuTh Nl. Ar  Su dwSw m wm Szu. qw  v NuSw qw Nʡ Hu ¯ AS dw®Oهw q qyuu N ԇ yqڢSwT m, d q݆SSq Nlu NnhNN Az. Ar 1500 dwvSw xo m xqu. Cq qw Aw Xlxu u SlS NnhN EuSu ru uSw A u®Nʰ Auw Sxu dnu܊ mrي.

Ar qw NpS u bwSsSw  T yr muq q qw  bwSsSw  T yNi Xrي. H匵 AXS SsSS u®ww Nh C yq㣮T uyb lrي. oSu 1980 yc x uwu Xqu yXw muw ډS C ﰊu SlS wwS Ku gyNl Nm oSu ww qT Auvw yXww gzw mu Auu vlq Iyh mu. dwp yڇu xpw ww mu vgw. Cuwݰ uwup H rST yNi qw u® y¯w mu. D N l wwS ¯ww NhԊ. Nʊ Nʩ. wwS  Ouqq ! Eqي¯qu AvS Cs yy®o yXw yh AXT. qw qwu uw Yqp qw NwSwݩ wwmN멱 q 20w qwu u®ڡw B qwT NpNm Iw !

ww rT OS uu q qw Muvu. ww uuN N A oNhuNɌN, wwݺq CwHǵ԰ cw rS C yuu w qT T. rS w q qw wyq䊵 BT. w C Nh Su BT.

q qw Nhu Nh BTu. w A Nhu Sxq u㊵ BT. C u¯o q Aw cSwqT. qw u AʺqT. wwݺs Nou XS cwu yovu C uS u  AʺqST. C NuT. NoNw݇T. dqrSw Nlu yo yrǵ l އT.

K C w ǵu N yr r z䇮 S qwS vuۊ. www AS N Nl Au¯rN q brǮu S SwT XXmu. C ASu®u ymqw Nl ww Suw. Sð yNr, q¯ C SwǮSw S䟛. 㚮N u wwS A FhN mu. ``xS Tu w Sm, Bg mNl T'' Hu HXϋNw NhԊ. C ulS ``AN Bg l Cu uSu. ww qw Nw h w'' Hu uu. q qw yNylu A , Nʡ ql YqpST Hu ww dSygw.

1998 u yN yXw l www A. w. Xu Orw Sw wyu dwv r Bx vq. w S C SXχu劮 d. AdqN w CuNl. ww u S yXw lS AS q qw C S r yuq, C yr l || xcw N BSﱛ ww rS yNhԊ.

w vw ww q A. w. XuOr AdqN w Tw Ey rNl YNygS S Bg qruۺq AdqN yr r c. Llm u `` DS qw ﰊu Sl qT r yuq yw m xw A wS Nq ru'' Hu S uw u.

w Bgw wT l || xcw N wS Sq ru. wST r yuq xn mNl Nruۊ. wwNl Nl ®vu lSvu Nruۊ. ww Nl Nl ®vu lSvu Sr ``Cu wS qS uqqq !'' Hu Tu. Bu¯q -q-Tq D  S C XYu. ww qNqN qw XwqNT mu. B C Nq l || xcw N AS u. w uuN q Nymu. S䚮 Eyq. w gu r yuq ww NS Ku N NhԊ. lNԊ. A. w. XuOrS Ku y¯w ywNhԊ. w r u Nw qSu wmu Au 500 Cvq. q qw Nʡ, Nʡ A C劮 q ⰜwN KST. C NhSu yr wlul NT. C Nhu ww u AYqT wwS Nuu uvu. Cs ® yu  q qw. Nhu އT. wNyu. r䇮, S N u rpST q qw drي !

H. . Awqc -S

u®T N p Xuyw q yr r Xuqwlw wlw wvTuۊ. D uyrSS 1923 yq䊮qq. SS Awqc Hu hԊ. u qઇu C ySlu q ANw w Nl. NǮ Nyovu u®T ʌ u¯㚮 y䊮Ûu. BSS Hl  y mq C u®TS 15  uu Suw qN NmS NwlS wwlw ruۊ. ww Ayu w wS u C Cw   wlu NmS T Au ulww Nl A NhǮ qSuNl u®TS ruۊ. 1/2 yS Ku Cl B Nu Srvq. Hǵ԰ vw Hl  Cl ru C Nyw mu Eh. S S iN yu (1941)

w NPw C NN Hl  Ǯ A ԰ Oy BTuۊ. C vrNw Nl H. . i. N zrS yq䊯T Nyx yuu. BS ou y u vq. o Nruۺq C Mu S c q Hl Nmh. wu bw utx Nhԩ 1960 10,000 . uw mu. 1962 S u Ku bw utxw q NiԛNhԊ. w v utSS urqw Nlq u.

ww yNS yNnST qN l z u®wT 1961 5000 NhԊ. ww u qN Nu . qNw qN q q xcwr C B ou AXu. uwl yNSS Nvu w vq. www OS qu yǮ H. . Awqcw. wwS BtN Sh uS qS NpNl m. wwS Ayuu®u H . . Awqcw. ww ylu H Orw CS Az Aǵ԰ Cǵ԰ GoNwSw.

17-5-1948 CS wu yw qT r Nwlw uq. C wlul Nuۺq 1963 C 劮S Nw Nل® qu Y. . ® cxu. DN wNoN ww q HX. H. wwsw. S T Ku  C w l.

®q ®u yNhnS H. . Awqc 1967 wwS 5000 T Nh NwS w w mu. ww C u® cwq u®. qي dwS dnu܊N q h Nuµwwq C uw m. uSu dwu yXNou yo cۋw C  Nl 1968 SuT wlNhԊ. uwYq p 1000 yr uw mu.

yg԰w dwu S u dwu xoNT C T u®w m. Ou扱 BqS Ku NiԊ. Buw. A®uw MǮvuw, uw Cw yrxq lrي.

1968 u®ڡu q Sl. N uS H. . w NNl xcu uw Yqp u x . . Su ow cwqNT vxS mv Hu NNjT Nlmu.

Awqcw Nw w v xSS Buw m yxqT. qي dwSw m dwSS yrǮ l NiԊ.

1996 Sw yg԰w dwu yXNou wwS µ ٧ uu Or ®gԊN S v xvÇ 5000 Nh ww mu.

DS H ON w qu C u¯w, Au®㇮ww q ENl N yrw BXrي. yr Ǯ w vw bw rqqSS qS NuNl T q yo¯TSSrي. rNS yo X AN Nޚrي.

1983 q IN q yr Y. . ®w wu wu N q r Nq yq Y. . NًS Nh mu. D wuyrSS OrS Ku Sl Y. . BrS Ku o N.  dx. Nʡlw D youyrS Nl u® y¯w lrي.

C w AwoTu. u. u¯ﱫNwݰ qlN. ONN C AN .C Nʡ dq Sw q Sb wT. Awqc uyrS NXqT.

KgԊ H. . Awqc uwYqpS. C u®yr Nw N XlpS. C S B q Nʡ ® YqpST. ®ﱇ D u Sw Norي. qyيT. BX㊮q݊u bw yw qS Nu x uwuw, x XqXNr u㚯Sw ǮN Hl u D uyrS Nʡ Nʡlw T uw m Buw Nh q Nw Xb m Nl rي. xS wmqw S䟛 yNI Awqcw u wNy q r䇮 BSTu. N u STu. u®y¯w ASTu. dSu Cs wqwuۊ D NN EqypSvu.

 

B. b. wﱊcw -qN

N d Suw qN yu by q r Awqw Bu uyrSTuۊ. C w S wﱊcw. C 1920 cxu. . H. m B Ǯu H. H. . mu O r mu q yc y rهwݰ T mu. qNw m y䊮Ûu. yu C u® S Aw qu. Hl Hn Tp wlu. Adq NhԊ. DS Bq. .H. m S y¯Nԋ 6000. ylrيw. vw Dq wﱊcww wwu ¯ yb lrيw.

wﱊcw. 1944 uyu ApN u cw w yr uww uu. C u® yoTuۊ. vwuqST N wm A NǮSw yruۊ. D uyrS. 1965 ww Adqyo S䜮w yNi uw mu. dw ,dwx ,bw q CSS D Bu uyrS Hu Cwu N يT lq u. C NhǮ C J抮 q q.yrǮ. ww (d. 䜮y) Ss yNwN NlS uxST m. qNS bwxS. u r uw ww. Nʡw q A S xruۊ. C yX u H NT u. Sy ®NيT u yXwʊ czq Bwu ylruۊ.

NwNwS r uw vwN Ku Fh, Ku xw qyيT ®Sqw Nl yoT rTu. N  v Eyw m uw cTu. Bqw N mNl. wuNl BNq u. yu  cN Au®pT dN mu. C ww u o cwTvq. CS dww uT bw u®y¯wS q w my Niu.

D uyrSS qq䇮uq B. Hw. CuN , B, Hw.yws ,B. Hw, CuN , A. Hw. yws, B. Hw. wN H Ay yq䊮q݋. C. u㫚wSS Su qzq w E. pc. Nu C q hw Yϛ qT. wﱊc uyrSS IN cquq Ku NwNل® qcwwq. DNw b振 Hu Nu. DNw ANu劮 l. qNS Nh  mu. DN yoT q qq u®yﱇT wzSwX. u¯㇮ yﱇT. BSS NnhNvu ANN S bwjS ®gԊNw A CuǮvw C BN m qʋ l yyI Nm.

1996 wﱊcw Nu. 14w vw C ⊮ns qNw ywsS Ǯ ybuS ww q A. w. XuOrS. Tu. u®S Nrvq. ww wﱊcw SoSwm uܺc Azuw.

uwYqp Ss AXSru. CuN w l Nm Hu B. Hw. b振xw Nu. C. u¯T qٚ Sw wwS NhԊ. ww NuOʺq YS NhԊ. C  uwYqpT. iu wmxu uuۊ BS DS uS u dwu dnu܊Nʰ uu bwSs yNwNʰ lu Sv. C ¯qN u u®y¯wS xwq u®w ㇮ l. C yr qN yr݇ u®NSS yq霮Nh Awuw yo Xrي.

 

i.. qu qN

i.               . qu qNw m. Ny q H. N. . y w yr. C. u Ad w, q w ANʊu u. 9w w q qru Tq A¯㚮 BTq. B Tq ðǮ⊵xu i. D. wݺbX Tq¯㚮 wlq. 14w S ShmN Awqcyw ww Nʡu d. H. yr lw q.

d. H. r y䚯u ,d. H. Awqb H Sl Nʡ, bq H v, d. H wSq, d. H. xq. d. H. n, d. H. Q, H w cw o Nʡ, H. Hw. A®N, i. Hw. yǮފb ,N .Hw w y u, i. H. dwb H w cw Av. C劮 u¯ﱫNT wlruۊ. CS 9 cw Nʢuۊ.

C yu⺅ bw  cu 25 Ǯ NiT N x DS cu ylg BTuۊ. bwl u㊯T q qT r u㊯T uۊ. D Fw wl u¯ﱫN ®S Bu®wS u Nʢu dw . qu. bw w݌ v Nl y¯w muۊ. CS dw®OTqSw N HǮ CǮ N Aǵ԰ CǮ. Bu AuN N KuTN. DS NKuTu. DS qNw yu⺅ bw  curu dw®cw NN Iymuۊ. qu H ®cw wlqٰ B wS T ®cw Nlqي.

C qNp Au¯qTqSw q SS T Nq q yr䇵lw  NlS m YSSuۊ. qNp TqSw T mu C uS. yu⺅  cu ru qNw TqS u®x w lTu. Cuu yg԰w 뇮 lSlu q rsN w u®x C muۊ. qq䇮 N㚵gw muۊ.

NXϺT q yYwu uw Cu. A bw w Hm. Buۺu ybxv zN Hu rx . BS q䊮. 365vw yb  BSS NS yu Nv Hu N m  ǮN Auw u®w muۊ.

DS d. 䜮yw. uq NXϺTS b ybSu 100 Sw  l N muۊ. D N w Hu ®Sqw ytqٰ.

81w C wlu oSu ®Sw ﱇ NǵNu u Ⱑw wlq. BS S 11 . wq   lN Hu qu S uS qN m N yr r Ku wS . 11q w  . Sw  muۊ.

 

HX.. wqN -S

Su ٺqu v Tu N Ǯ uyrSu HX. m. cu䇮 r y¯qw Juw yq䊯T . HX. .. wqN cxu. y SS NSǮ u¯cww Su凵 mu. q qulw yw uNl yPrw ylu qN ǮՊxu. C yy S uS Sw u®wTSu H. u®w r ow D Bu uyrSS BrS S OrS SwT C Nʡ cxu. yu AvST ﰊ ه `yux' H ww Niԛ `dw gl' H wOqvu ASmw y䊮Ûu. Su Y. . yﱰoN (y) H. H. yuﰊu®, S Y. HX. Hw u®n bw J. . H. 㚮S lruw. D Nh N ǮhSw yq Bu Nxuۊ. q. 20-10-93 Nh qT uT q䇮w mqي. Cq RNN dwu Suq Uhw wlq. C yq Y. HX. Hw. u®n bw qw 19w w uvwwuw. A Ou N Tw凵 m q. D BUqw qu quqS q AN qqً u. `yq N xq ' Hq D uQvu XqN멱 q ww Bu¯rN Yqw NlS u. `uw uu w' H Oهq qqSS lqlTu. qQ 10-10-1998u Su Nhv Nu 뇮 ygXu y yc ¯wOr ®gԊN xvÇ wlu 䜮u yrǯyw q q rsN Bu®w q u®u, Su xﱫrي ®wu vNu, Su xﱫrي ®wu vN xoNT q yq HX. Hw u®n bw ⊮ns 51,111 ySw EuT uw mqي. w qoYNyުw bw utS u¯㚮N AwNSu NiԊ ﰊ utxu Njm xoNT 35,000 .Sw 䰊Syhu NhԌSrي dwuqي ®wN 10,001 . Sw uw muۊ. q 22-4-98u q Su Y. . HX. Hw. ypN (y) w Sw HX. H. H. rc r cqw vr yq Y. . ﰊlw S mqي. u x. uw. qq uwSw lq Eq NTuۊ. `uw Yqp' H D Ssu yNhnS 2001 ySw EuT NiԊqي. Ng vS  N 25000 NiԊ.

 

u®w ybN q -

``br Eqxy yNcS w I q- dwu u®'' wN q yN ,¯uSNyNT ðu S wmuw ! Aq qw Kiw Nwu Noذ K NT yXwʊ q y®xmq.

 1951-52 cl wlu `cy cu Aqu yǮdw Nqu yN Ni y䰤 qo Xu g Su Au yw Oq cu BrT ¯S xm Awq Euuw c y䚯uu Yuuw Nn؊ NlS A w q. qw w , ju y. Bu 䜮o Cq c wluuw NlS wNT wu vw cwu bwT h N mu.

iu w qSu. Bu i vwh vN zqS. q vNT O u. B uvS q. A F wcwSl.

vwS Ay u¯, rN NNS uµS w ﱰ. y䇮qvu. qw N x Au N. Ndw Nwl Bw utTuS Ars s Sl Lu yo . Nou qu zr qu SS ,BrⰇu Ki uOS S xNh uT xmu. BS u㉱ 䜮yw ݰqu. u r cw Bun, zr 暮Su 䜮yw AS Aowu. NǮ YNl. Npذ. K u u. cw. ArSu.

䜮ouۺu Nu r u N yrµu Nc Au¯yNu. w. QwS yNhu. Bu qw qS. KTw w wu v mq. utSS Yw Au¯yO. u ®, rN N NS QT wq. whNS A Nl, NlS Crq.

uT nqwu yyoq y®T 19-3-196 u S iu. KI dwu FST ,NlS NT uw.

yw, llwS S S ¯ǯ u®w. yrµu uS Yw u¯㚮N AN. O. yq yu¯yN yq霮 xmu ڢ yu¯yNSS Au¯wuuu AN S. Bu w KTw w Bu ST ErيS Tw Su w uµ Nl.

1964-Iz䌬, , cww Nzԇ xN o ! ﰊv ﰊ Klwh. rN NNS ǮiS uµS Yw w. BS u Qw ``The Figure Eight'' m. d.  Sw q.

Nzԇ Hl v KiS c uS Scq Bzð Nlg u ǯ bq wSyu q wxS o xlru wx Sl C uN uq.  q yr䇮. H . H. yuu® 暮qǮvu wxTuw Nl w dwyuw u¯xq.

B wx ju Hl v NNuu. m.d. S qzu Sy uu AlNSvq. yn u AR ¯q  NlgS S -N (yb) u r xS q m. d. c cw ﰊu䛺S uq ¯Ǯn. A Brs. CvS NwhNu NlµgS q C q Nlg u®S m. d . Brs ylu.

Hw. . .Bzð Buۋu Nwlu ﰊSp zð Ǯ Nyw Brs, yﰊ XNylu xq Nw p q ﰊ XN ylu Nw sy (uN uu yPqﰊ) qu ﰊw vÛ ¯ uN Ûq. ynv xNT TS ǯ ¯Su . 嚮 B yiuۊ. Bu pS. ǮiS ,m䌬. yS yu u y w Su N Nl u㊮ bT Llu u¯u NﱰǮw xNu. vÇmu S O wu q Hw. . . AvNN dw u.

xq١u wq 暮qǮNT ``Nwl wmS bw  NlS'' Ǯu  y䅺u qlTu. vSN l. H. m. qb, Q㚮ڊ, bwzj, wSSr, .  B w yhS gy Bu wq l. H. m. qb u uxN u wq AvNu N uuS ux `y䅺u®w Nu xN Kym' u Byrq. ST y䅺u®w uuxN 嚮.

D y䅺u®u Ǯ S䜮nST wmwuq X w v bww,  u, u dwS q y䚮q yb wlrي vS, jSw u ylvuۊ. l. . . Sy q AwU w S䜮Sw A¯㚮 l w xmuۊ. H JrN SS Eqًuۊ.

wu Q S q jS : 1. XOr ®gԊN -oS.  vw v B䇮 xm r u®u H Sw yuۋu u Iww NNS.

2.     XOr ®gԊN -lu. Hl v B䇮 xmuۊ.

3.     u®vNS, u®yp q Smr Jw Ku y u®w xmuۊ. q yPq uµ u wǮnw N qz yiuۊ.

4.   qOr ®gԊN -NN.

5.   Ⱊw ®gԊN-wSu.

6.   uu Or ®gԊN -c (Hl v)

7.      q jS. x.

8.     uwu xS - qTuS Su brs, bw xm qʋu. Ku Qpw qw ChNu vS w㛇 Bu qʊSw. ®w NlS A ww ` vS, Au®q vS' H yc ¯ m w dwyuw wwq.

9.     S yqN Crqc 䰊 jw w µI mu. A Ay䇮u ®u䄯S uqS muS N ylvu. N ®ﱛ mu yuu Sq mu. l d凮 dwSw Klu w uSw mu Cqv ¯wSw Nymu.

10.        Ecщx ¯gS -®u䄯 Su wlqq vN uS Aw AXN ®u䄯S v wyuu. Hu ru. ®u䄯 uoN u u-b wuwS, wuS, S, wScw S , NwiN -Ku Eyys.

11.          wS N y dwS ArيS  u xq wq u¯㜮  u yws S䜮u  wS um uw xmq. D uw  vwmu®w㊯u.

12.          qwl cws, c㜵SlSw 1954 u®ڡN µi xm Nmuۊ. (BS wqrw up uhOq SlS w h, qgS Nz rm Nlruۊ. 䜮o AmS uuw yrxv u®wu muS u ®Ǯp uuS Qu ? uSqu. Am Byq SvTw ' B ®Ǯ NoNo qq. (life with encumbarences ) q Sl q wlru q Ⱑwu  AN xm wxu.

13. bwS mq yqq. 䜮yw Ndw Njm Cu r (Ayq yq.. . ®q Y ) yXwʊ q v xmu.

Aq Qw ruS Tq, whu SrSwݩ ruS xq iw凵 Sr whlruۡ. Au Nl Nq S ,wS w, Qu T, Kx Y, . Ku u y䰇u. Nyqww AqS xm Ku Nmw No⊵u. ww Suu S N 䰇r z䇮' yuN rsN yT As Aq uq Aw O whmuu Nlq. oSu ygX㊮ bq䇮 AN xmuۊ.

D NǮu Nmu wlu N Bq✮q㉱u u vO yXwʊ yjo

䜮yw xq yq霮vu . qc h䚬 cwS

S uq. y䅺u®u Ku Au¯㇮ ``Nwlwmw ﰊbw '' Aw XN Nu w H. dq䰺uN  Nyh yNiu.

Hlw Au¯㇮ `®S dwS' Ar yNw w A. w. XuOrS yNiruۊ. yNhw N Tvu.

w Au¯㇮ `Nr q lzu.' yNi nw w XuOr ruۊ.

 

B . wSc-q

YquS d凮 q Su Bw݄®㊯u ui cyw N u r wSww uTuۊ. D uyrS B ,A®, MǮv q. uw wuTuۊ. C dwyby® Nn hԺq CS 1942 B. wSc yq䊮qT cxu. D uyrS FS NuT vwuqw NlS NT Sruۊ. D qzq wS wSc S ®u䅱wvq.

NwNN Ny muq wScw Sw EyuN yuw®w yr qw u. uyb ,Syw, u®㇮. , qy q uwS D uyrS vwX NT Nl C BuuyrSu.  xχSl CS Kuq Y.. wXuqc (.C. HN xN q Nyh Cdx ) H yq䊮qw ,Y. . r H Nw Nل® q yr䇮T Aq C uyrS uxu. r qw ANoN qqu  wSc uoS Cb yw Su r yuqw u. qw xTNl C Yqpw yluqq.

B. wSc YquSu bw yu⺅ Hy H Ngz g y y䊮Ûu. bw C qTu  u C w NsNʢmu ! wSc uyrS Nu®, w, , ®SS Su vw B uw m qǮ yl NShS uµ q A® uw m wv Nl. TSS MǮuyXm N ww EyT SN. bw u®SsS yNwu v C NS uۊ N q lONl u NlS uxST oNl. dw®O ,du, Nq xǮ D uyrS dq qq䇮Su.

NnhNu H dwS qSN, xqybS H NqSu. wqw dwS xoNT u C qu NNu yqz. B Fw u®uSw Nl Nq u ow q y. dwS dnu܊SS C S w mu yq㣮T l. HNqw ,AS. u, S yg԰w. D ڡSS CS u¯ dwS xoN q h NuµwT m. c wcy qSS C u¯T u®w m. Xl yo. qN ®, yoㅺu®, uw Yqp NrS yNhnS C Oﱰ u®w m.

u dwu u抮 hu ه yNu ¯hy S dwu w ٺ® ,uoS ﰊ ut xu Ku Njm, CS wSc uyrS MuN T. Bu® yuu XyT. YquS q qu u uS xoN C m u®w懮 uԇw v.

ou bwc wSuۣqu y yc w ®gԊN v xvÇ wScw u® q. uw vN Hu Nlmu. HNqw 뇮 1008 ®Sw q 24 rsN yXNo r cu uuOr ®gԊN ® xv Cw 15-1998u uw p Hu Nu wq١ Niu.

 

Xuy uv qN

qN d S qOw u H Su. N qwSu C bw y¯ dqTu. u®N. N D Suu u¯ﱫN y CvS AXϢuru. C YN Si q yhԩ H uyrS bwu® y¯Nʡ Su. 16-6-1931 D uyrSS Xuy H yq䊮qq.

Xuyw 8w Ǯu yuwv Su du® Xq oN w N y¯qT Ao qu¯T DqwN AǮSoSw yq yNl. v. C . H. yuu®. q u, v uw,bwu®u ,bwNu, y CS ErٰoT CN yhhԺq dw®Nيu. wyw݊u. wNyw, r䇮w SmNl. Nwݰ El. duu C wm mq. C wl wm dq q qNlu. dwu® y¯w C STu.

C Au¯yNu. C u®yr݇ yrynT yrYu dwu®w q yu. C uyq rmh nru. C S . B. cyu, A d. B. H. Xu, C Aoqu¯ST C wN n QTu.

yuwvS. H. rcS. u®w ywsS, yc ANOr c. . ®u䄯 c, BX uwu, BX. NsS D x Xuy uvSS u¯ﱫN ysN u vyT. 16Ǯvu C wu Nl yr݇w K AQl 䜮X qyrي. Acw u¯ﱫN X㇮w Nl C Nʡ w抮 dw®N pST.

u¯w. cy, yb, u¯㇮, u®y¯w, yo yXw, u¯ﱫN ntSS qyq xlu C vwX NNST. ru C Su. yuSl  40 yNSw u yNi.H yNS dwu®u y¯wST uST. CS 5 whNS . bw NS C u QwS, NwS Ku Hl w. dw®Oه C r .

bw cSq CS uv, ymqp, Nq, - , dwp®Ǯo, uq y¯N. dwu®u Hu qS uSw Nh Nlmu. C Bq Now u N Now lrي. Csw ANl o u. u®y¯wST C Aw  T Eq霮Sl wS.

yS䜮 yo qu¯u C qu 1500 yNSw oSu qOr ®lN NiԊ. qyXﱇu Aw yd 5000 yuhw ju CiԊ. dw dwx, bwS nST C BSS q h NuµwT uw m. Nu® ,w ,  ,®S  u NpiԊ C  Su N ytNT. C u dwv .C p Aw dwp. C S Aw S. Xuyw Cuu qN wSu Aw o wuqTu.^^^^^^