Au¯㇮ : 

 


l. Eyuµ㇮u bwN u NlS

1. yNq Au®Sv Ǯu yPq yu¯yNT

2. yYw A bwSsS yuNT, u®w QNT

3. 󰇮 q Aq󰇮 hu yǮq Ⱙw SS u㊯T, Ǯ Eyw㚮NT q Au®㣮T.

3. l. Eyuµ㇮u bwN u NlS

1. yNq Au®Sv Ǯu yu¯yNT :

D u l. Eyuµ㇮ dw q A u®w S کT Au ywhu yu ruNl , Cw D S  SrSw يT ruNl, A Nu q A hԜu NrS qw uym, yT AS yw lu EYq.

l. Eyuµ㇮ yNq Au®Svð Ǯu yu¯yNT, (1930-1962) bw BS q BSq SsS Sl® 㚮S mu. CS ǮgQlS SsS, NuNuX yXwv SsS, hN X, NgX u®w SsS qu ¯SSw qN hu yj ǮS , q ǮSoN AS yX mNhԊ. qNqي hu ASw BT A®㛚 y䰊zu.  utSS yj Nh, w u溚w, yNq Au®Sv Ǯu yu¯yNw xﱫu. A XT Ǯ, NwhN, , yqS u㩇 q NcS y q SS Nw uu. l. H. H. UhS C ASSo㊵u u. l. H. . u l. . H. NNp y.B. . vq; l. . N. Qlm quw r.

Cwݺu qu, l. Eyuµ㇮ AwN u㩇S bw As bw uS qwu Bu Ku w NޛNhԊ. d u㩇, NwhN u㩇,  u㩇, yn u㩇, Pm u㩇 C yQu u. uu bw yNq Nw Ku ASTq-u y ASTuۺq. u q yNqu cqS Ku AvNq w ylqu u. D yqwS l. Eyuµ㇮  SSu Sr NhԊu ruu. Au¯yw N Ku yQ Su, AR ¯qu hu yǮq-Ⱙw-SS bwN qq Aq uONl mu y䇮q As Cwݺu S. B®u AR ¯r yXu yǮrwS, Au Aq󰇮 AvwuS, uu®-bwu® H ci Pq. Auw ym, yNq q bwu® Hu lq. D yqwS l. Eyuµ q l. bw y䇮q yQ Nou Squ. qqދnT, CrٰXS yws u® (n), H. m. ¯r u u® (Auu), bw-¯r (l-cw), yNq bw ¯r (S) uu S q Ui yǮq-SS bw N qq ww Nޛ Ni.

2. yYw A SsS yuNT :

l. Eyuµ㇮u bwuS u NlS Cwݺu Q A mu yYw A bw SsS yuw q u®w yo Qw Nu qT yrqTu. D Nu EXSoh q AuN NS qN NqS u, A vU y䇮q-yS Cuu y䊮®u A u SSu uq u®w ʊ, yuw N  CqvS uTNm Huw w r. D Srw l. Eyuµ㇮ BSS ⋛Nmuۊ.

XT bwXu xﱫqu q yyǮu yNq-q-¯ǵS qw, Yw l. z. H. u㋺u ylu. yYw bw SsS ylzS yj Y Oه, w㇮uu yjxo N, qyo u®w qv H qqw l. . H. joNu S䟛u. Ku Ǯu u®wwS As Ku Ssu yuwwS NS HrNlS One thing at a time and that too to its completion Ku NN Ku N, Au yyoSS H qw l. Nu ruNl. yYw ylzS u® w㚮S Nw q bw u®u yy yo bw C qyo u®w q yuw xv H Aw®u qw x dwcd Au AqNl. Au q u®w-yuwS yq u®w ynw, q S wuu y . Sq Uw u溚u Aq, qqT AmNl. Au vq, yvq NrS D H AS mv Hu NT.

DSS w l. Eyuµ㇮u yNhu yYw u®㇮Su SsS (XT AS bw uS vq) P q A u®w QS P㇮w q AS zهw کT ﱰuTu .

DS A Cs SsSw w SyST Smu.

I

yXq NrNwy䰣

Ǯg QlS cvy ycz

yXw yq yN

r yor

II

qsN S Xq

Bqww yn㚮 NsN

wr q w㇮q

u®qN y¯Xuw NsN

bwo EyNu®㇮w

III

D N

N

u®qPw

IV

N Eǯxuܺ

Xl Bwuu

Sc

CS IV w Sy XNhT u® xy (Secular) yNq qN vÛu. Yw P㇮ u yviu. 11 qu SsS yysT OS qu SsST. Au u® ٪RqS ®lS NSqٌu qu, yyNT yv, u溚 q dbӚS cSrw u u uu CuS l. . H. AS A D S uwu : Dr. upadhye rescued them from the long oblivion of ancient Manuscript Libraries.

D S SsS Ǯ z ASu®Tu.

1.    bw qqbw q u®.

i S  qq X

ii yo-y X

iii qN

iv Au¯q

2.    bw xr

3.    bw ԇ n

4.    bw Aw¯ (Mysticism)

5.    bw N

6.    bw NswN q

7.    bw y䜮w

¯ǵ q Ey¯ǵS uԉu wmuS, D NrS NTw ¯ǵ-Ey¯ǵSw KSm :

1.yNq

i bw x

ii bw

iii Au® Sv

iv

v Ay®

vi yY

2. ȳq

3. Nwl.

Ss yuw qu bw As bw uS l. Eyuµ㇮ Ǯ NlS NS Npu SsS Pq Hu ww ﱰ y®r :

1.    yXw

2.    yq yN

3.    r yor

4.    qs N

5.    D N

6.    N

7.    u®qPw

Cw KuuT D NrS q q ǮSw ruN :

1. yXw (O. . y : 100 u O. . 200 ); Cu BX NuNuu Yqu vS AvNq BS Ss. Cu bw x ¯ǵu, l. Eyuµ㇮ Cu yjw w㇮u xoow ymqyoT muۊ. Cu QT bwu®u qqbw, x u®u BuSw yrxvÚqu. A AS qw Yuۊ. CuN u vU q uqou 125 yhS y䚯w, SsNqw N w (Cu DS Bu® yuuu; BS Nwl wmw ¯STq), bw x JrN w݌ quSw NNǮT XY AS  N Xuۊ. HN quۺu A C xvu yYw Su® u®u Aq q Au 抮y. D S 1936 AiN i u®w Q yrN yNhu Ay䇮w wwzS qu qySu :

Dr. Upadhyes most interesting contribution here is perhaps his conclusion that the similarities of jainism, Buddhism and Sankhya Philolsophy point to the existance of great indigenous religion which flourished before the advnent of Aryans:to the mingling of thestrams of the Aryan and indigenous religion at the close of Brahmana period, we owe on one hand the Atmavidya of the Upanisads and the tenets of Jainism and Buddhism on the other.

C Nl l. Eyuµ㇮ Aqq NqN u NlS Hu y䇮: A Nh rw: bw-u u®S q Quwu Nl S, B ¯qN yu凵 Cu Ku w xN Su®-u®u N, 䜮oS Nu Nw qu B q D xN u®u yS wN, EyxǮqS Bqu q bw q u u®S qqS GpT.

Kiw uu D y䚯w Hu Cm bw u®u y Cr BTu. D Ss l. Eyuµ㇮S m. g yuw uONiq. D Ssu Au®㇮w, ǮT BX NuNu BTw Nwl wu i u Sr wwS, Kundakundacarya The Literary Doyen of Karnataka- NwhNu rN AvyǮu NuNuX H u®w y䅺u®w Noq. D y䅺u® Glory of India u®w yrN yNhTu.

1935 Xu bw  () u yNh 600 yhS D Eusu yrS Nu 30 ǮSu u®T. CrٰXS (1990) D  Ssu yj, v AwuuvS, NuNu ¯r (v) u yNih, Au yrS EYqT Xi.

2. yqyN : Tuuw Ay® ¯ǵ Yu D S
s u®y SN (O. . ,
500-600) u q yrS Bu¯u  ypN yjw ywY, Ssu S Au®㇮wulw u溚S, w LuSS KuTu l. Eyuµ㇮ D N yluTu. 124 yhS q vU y䚯w A Ssu, yjw q, Ay® ¯ǵS bwXu u NlS uuSw XwT Yuۊ. bw Aw¯ qu凮 Ku AwU qw w NS Ciuۊ. AwN u溚 yS yq䊯Tuۊ. lN u㩇u l. H. N. l. yuNS vuۊ. Yon have omitted no relevant points from your discussion and your edition of this difficult text is all that one can desire. I have nothing but great admiration for the paticnce, industry and learning displayed by this work.

x x XX yN Aw iԩ q Nkou D yjw yNiq y K u溚 H Srw vu. . . . D Nr Y q x wul®, y q uqS S q Uw q wwS qٰw Hxv.

3. r yor : O. . . 300 rǮ® xu Yqu bw -nu D Ayyu Ss yuw NN Aqq Nkou NrTq. qu D ǮN vu AwN SsSS Bu¯uuu, l. Eyuµ㇮ (l. bw bq) Cu Pq bw u qN Ǯ AwNqSw NޛNiuۊ. bw yo, Ns, NS u Au®㇮w, bw n u  ®q SrSw ruNu q Ayo Huw A y䚯w qNiuۊ. Cu NwhNN ⇮ Ss. m D wmw rǮ¯Xu Yiu. D Ssu Nwl zu yrS A yuw NN EyNT yoﱛuu yuN uۊ. l֊u®w D Ssu EQ qu. Au Cu AwN yrS NwhNu lv, NN uu Ss®lS uq. Buۋu NwhNu D Ǯu A¯㚮 bSqTqٺu u.

4. Nqw D N (O. . 800) q

5. Euqw N (O. . 600 )

D Hl NrS bw Ns qu Ar qu q. Au CS u®y Su ¯r r T yrqTu. Cl l. Eyuµ㇮u yysT q yyoT yvi. D Ssu yuw NN S Ku uN y N Hu A uۊ. N qw KSm AwN u®yo Ǯ xyn N AwN zHX.m. yuSS ǮSw KuTu. D Hl NrS凮 l. Eyuµ㇮ uw ucw cSrw, u® u®w yrNS q Uww ylvu.

6. qsN O. . 931-32 n Xu qu Yqu D NsN 157 u¯ﱫN NsS S䜮u  NrTu. CuN  O. .100 u NgXu Yqu u®w H q AvNq BS Ss .

l. Eyuµ㇮ q yuw Nr u 122 yhS y䚯w Hu ¯r NswN qu y Cr BTu. Cu vN, u q bw Ns qu yS ﱫN SvS bw Ns qu ǮSw qTu. Au bwX q ¯ǵw qu Bu , qu Bu ۚyrwlw u rw XYTu.

Au D vU y䚯w Nwlu Bv Su®Ssu l֊u®w  A yl® y䅺u®w KSmu. y. m. H. wX㊮ l֊u®ww yysT yv yNiu q, Au qN Au®㇮wN NS AN ASw u溚S y D y䅺u®u BS u®wTq. l֊u®w SS zHX. m. l Ku uԉu D y䅺u® wwS yXuw xmu. D S Nr Nw l u溚 Ay䇮S Kulw DSS EuۋTu.

7. u®qPw O. . 800 NN S yqN xNl bwX ®u䚮u yNqu Yh l. Eyuµ㇮u qN Au®㇮wuvS yvh D Nr, ¯r qu凵 Ǯ q ylvu. INu, Cu yYw ¯r y䜮w qw yrxvÚ ys NrTu.

u NS凮, yoS凮 Nl Au®, Au UhwSw ®u䚮, y䜮w yu w cw u®q NsS Pq ST  h, u D Nr Squ YNuu, Sou ǮTu. C SsNqw qu®N u, y yy q l®wNS S Hx qq銮 ¯ Ayq㣮T Nlq.  Nr Au®㇮w q yuw, l. Eyuµ㇮ urw gzSS qٺu q qvu.

Cw l. Eyuµ㇮ ( yuNvS)  80 SsSS u Q yuOS (General Editorials), u uS h, yvh 70 SsS ﱰS q 14 SsSS u wmS, B SsNqS yuNS yNNS q AS 㚮S l dbӚSS uvySr Hvǵ԰ u Su EYq.

 

m ǮS w u®w QNT :

Nyu b Ndw yu¯yNTS l. Eyuµ㇮ D qu Yw N muۊ. mmu ǮS   185 u®w QwSw vuۊ. CS XT bwuS vÛuS. D QwS uwu, Samantabhadra an outstanding personality q®u䊮 q A ® Oq Hvu Avw H. m. b. ԰w yrN 1929 yNhTu. Nwu Prakrit Literature in South India uo ¯qu凮 yNq q Aq Cu, bw ¯r,qyb yrN 1975 yNhTu. Cu A nqي yNhwTu. S D QwS 45 ǮS Slw u® z󰇮 Aq԰ u®w yrNS yNhTu .

ww x q Ay䇮u yN l. Eyuµ㇮ D QwSw QT NTw Eu۰SxhNl u, yNi, u®w qN, q qu zSS qu Bهw h Tuۊ :

i q NSrNm yQ u®w Ǯu zه BSS NpNl YN-yh SS qq q u¯wNu y Nlmu.

ii qS vÛu qu u溚 Hru OǮ SS, NSS y lO Nlu.

iii Ku xvǮ Ǯu  Iymu S As yǮrST yNu As uëNu ㇮wu®NNl Qw u AuN q q NlSw xlu.

iv q u®w zه u溚u Bu qy qlSw YNYN QwSvS rv, u®wS, qN w㇮ uONlu.

D yru Eu۰N As BuN, Ku, Hl EuSnSwS Bu¯SwS Nh u D XX sNvqu ww ¯w :

I

l. Eyuµ㇮ NuNuX yXw H AvNq BS Ssu  u®wS qlTuS As Au q, D Nr Ey¯ǵu bw x  Ǯ N X The Prakrit Dialect of Pravacan Sara yXwu yNq Ey¯ǵ H uqo Qww u,  u㩇u u®w yrN yh

III-6 yNiu.

Cuq r yor, Xu䌵P q N Cqv SsSw yvS D r AwN QwSw u yNiuۺh.

ii

1883 Indian Antiquary yrN, y. w H yq u溚 ®Xu q Bqw Nou  ٪RqS S  Dq ®Xu? H y݇w Hr S iuۊ. D N y NT l. Eyuµ㇮ D Ǯu S BT Au®㇮w m ®l¯N yX u u® ڇ yrN (A.B.O.R. Vo1.I. XIII) 1930 Subhacandra and his Prakrit Grammer ®Xu q Bqw yNq No H Qww u, D Nr ®Xuww I cw ®Xu䋺u ym, xcu ®Xuww QYqym u溚 yS yq䊯u.

Au r yx U bw u㣵qu Ku NS̺gT Evq. Cu  AwN u溚u u® XX, FS TuS, l. Eyuµ㇮ Yapaniya Samgha A Jaina Sect bwu®u Ku ysu yx U H Qww u  u㩇u u® yrN 1933 yNiu. Au Cu Ǯu S uu q Au®㇮w-Awu¯wS Nlu AvNq SrSw D NTw Hl QwS  Ǯ N Xu .

The Meaning of Yapaniya yx u As (Nj Awuw Ss 1973) q More Light on the Yapaniya Samgha x Uu  Yw N (®lN yXu ڇ u® yrN, 1974) .

 

 

iii

 

Cw w Eu۰u EunSST NTw Hl QwSw ERu.

The Lesya Doctrine uۺq dqw o w㚮N vÛu D Qww AR ¯r yX u yǮq `lu Avw (1935) u mu. q Au yǮrw O䇮 NySS vÛu Ssu yNiiq.

S The present position of Prakrit, Jaina and Buddhist Studies yNq, bw q u Au®㇮wS Cvw r'' H u Qww Cu yǮrw u䄯u Avwu (1941) ¯T Au®ɣ wvu muw, CuN vÛu NNyS Ssu yNiTu.

iv

Cw Nw Buu Eun :

BX wXu uܺq XNr Shu  h dqq yvzN H q iNSsw Np uwu  u溚 yryvruۊ q A ruۊ. Awݩ Sx l. Eyuµ㇮ D Ǯu  Bu Au®㇮w wl, D q iN 1600 BTu wXuw u溚u iu; Au Nl Np  Nwl Xww iu H Eu߰u®u qw u¯T um S uuu qyw rvu.

S A Materials for the Interpretation of Gommata Sh yuw Y NS u®wS (¯r Cr yrN 1940) H Qw, Sh D yu ws H yuvu vu H  Cq u溚 Nw ru uu۰vu A Npu iNmq. Cs Cq AwN EunSw NluTu.

Au A D QwS AwN wwݺs  dbӚSS u®NS y䰊n xm, ASS xNhT vÛu u®wSw uNl Sq m; u®w QwSS Np®qT. C ww N Bw®Sw EQu.

l. Eyuµ㇮ Kannada words in Hemacandras Desinamamala Xu uwu u Nwl yuS (®. y. ڇ u®w yrN, 1931) H Qww Lv y䰋qwu ww D qu 5 Ǯ Bu Auµ㇮w wl, CuN vÛu Ju QwSw u, NwhN u㩇u u®w yrN 1962-67 yhS yNiuw. Au Cu Au®㇮w wou qٺu Qu Nwl ¯ǵS yNqu NlS H Ǯw yrxvÚ Some observations on the Apabhramsa Chapter of the Sabdamamanidarpana puyou Ay® yNou   XS H Qww u ¯r yXu yǮrw rxNqwu (1981) Avwu m, ¯lN yXu u®w yrN (1981) yNiuw. D Qw ¯r q u u溚u K뇮 XS ylq. S Nwl ¯ǵ Y  On the Paisaci origin of Kannada Language wS q  ¯ǵS Nagavarma and Three-and-half Languages Cqv ww  QwS l. Eyuµ㇮ S u®w QwS ww BrⰇ q Sl® Au®㇮wu y®T muST. Cs Aw® Cq  u溚S CuTu Hu ww ww.

l. Eyuµ㇮ u®w QwS STw D XX u®u, CuN vÛu q ww Aw®N u Ku Nh qw u ww wN Axxru.

l. Eyuµ㇮  45 ǮS AvÇ u, q A yNiu D QwSw q xrه wq Ku S S䜮 Ssu yu yNiNu Ku cww ONmuۊ. D NN y¯T, A NrS مuu Ku n yiԇw (Bibliography of His Works) uymu܊. Au uu vu A BNN ovu D N A凵 xqq. q yu bw r N U 1977 Bibliography of the works of Dr. A.. N. Upadhye l. Eyuµ A NrS n yi H Nw yNiq. Cu Bu¯u  A N q䊮, qS q AxS q ǮT v凮 ¯r bwzj, D Aq󰇮 Pr vSq u溚 CX߇w y Nu S䜮 Ssu Nw T lNu xu®u. D Ss A ⊮N yu Nu  AyTq.

ww ¯r bwzju u®w lu uwT N lrيS (1981-1984) l.  yN bw (Nh) lw NyN µi Nh D lu w ﱰiTw wlu XX q w v Bu¯u , ¯r bwzj D Ssu yuw Nw wwS Kzޛq.

AǮԊ l. Eyuµ㇮ Nʡ (NxN q CON CdxS Bv Ǯu AÊY), qu B  Ss ¯lw Scs u㩇N u. ww N Suq. BS ¯r bwzju BTw xuNu Xu bw Buu , Auvw B u㩇u SsN  vwS µi Nh, A凮 Ssy yg Nvu Nyvu ڡqh B q S Ss ¯lu ¯Sw NNǮT yuw. uuvu l. Eyuµ㇮ H 185 QwS A S. A q䊯u yn l. B. Hw. ulNw yOuS, Eu QwS ıN yrS ®lN ڇw u® u® yrNSu qSu NuT u wwS uµ NhԊ.

u 15 vwS ww vw uym, ¯r bwzjN uw. Au D Nq Ssu 抮yu Ṡ ww ON Ay䇮w Nymuw. Au D Ss Cq yyN ww ⊮N SsSru. Dr. AN. Upadhye and His Research Papers l. B. w Eyuµ q A u®w QwS H xu Ku S䜮-Eusu yu劮N Hu ERuw. Au A CX߇w yu A ⊮N SsTN. CuN Bu yT, As uT, y cx S嚮wy (Glasenapp Foundation) u Ludwing Alsdrof Cleine Schriften H y. Aly® nqي 1974 yNhu Ssw Cgw. Xu bw CuN q yo KzS Cu Hu wwS ru. u A xqيu  D cw NXn A凵 Eq. q ww NwhN u㩇u bw zjvu xqwT N抮N uw. Bu D N S Eu vw zS u溚S, u®NS, qu xgq H s ww wu CvS N Nru.

3. 󰇮 q Aq󰇮 hu yǮq Ⱙw SS u㊯T, Ǯ Eyw㚮 NT, Au®㣮T

l. Eyuµ㇮ pu B u®S Nmu XS D NlS mvu. Cs AwN µS ¯S ¯S wwuTq. B XSw Aw®Sw wwzS qu qlw YNl D XX AÊY yovq.

1968 d u㩇u A Uiu yys Aé ¯r yNq SՇ xuNT u  XS Cuu : yYw ¯qu Cr q r xcu q yo Yq wS uNu, q q y cqS, yNqu w㇮uu Au®㇮wSN. Au, vN q-u®-yoS-q y zhS cqS yNq Au®Sv ASSsS q AS iNqu u A¯㚮SN.

bw u㣵qu Bu q BSrي u®w Nu S q Ǯ Nw l Aq q 謹o uµ l. Eyuµ㇮Tq. 1969 NNqu cTu AR ¯r yX yǮrw 뜮u Avwu NN, A凮 yXTc XX iw凮 bw¯ ®wu, AvwN u yNq-bwu u溚  q qʊ ®uw A凮 bw c Iymq. B µ Au®㣮 wvu A u bw BS q iNqu yu y, bwu®, Cr, rS u®w Nu yQ u®w, wݩ. D SsS qN q vq yNhnS CvS wwS ®. Cm bw cu vS, q, wN q qyt D w PS u溚 bw BS iN SsSw T yNu Nw Aqq Ux r q Squ wlvu qyt xxu q. 1969 凮 l. Eyuµ㇮ D Eů CvS Aw扱qu Hu ww uµvu w.

bwu qu u®w lS l. Eyuµ㇮  SuN qSw ONiuۊ. 1974 v凮 bw ¯r B䇮u Su 5w bw u SՇ Q ArtST Pw xmuS u qS : bw u qu凮 u®N yq u溚 ǮT  cw u溚 N u¯ww T A®㛛 ww lN. DS w B u溚Tq Yw ®S uq. AS uyS mN넵N. q NNl Nu B u溚 HǵԺu NǮ ylruۊu Nww l. Eyuµ㇮ B vw NS mNhԊ.

y. ֊ A q-yNq ٪RqS Bu¯u u yYw ¯r q Xq䇮w u. y. N ¯qN u, AwN ٪Rq (qlSsSw) NO, N bwxSw Nl, Alw Xw wl, uN   yYw bwS SsSw uT yvu. y. w݊ AN qu Ewqhu Au®㇮w BSSsS iN qu ٪RqS  Aq. A u®w Aqq NǮԚu®uuTq. y. S The Doctrine of the Jainas H Nr Nl Cs NǮԚu® r凮 Ay u Nr. A Ǯ㊯u y. Aly® lv bw Ss ¯lw u Eu۰vu ¯qN u. Bu AS Nu Xu ql yYw yr Nwl zuu NluS, NyN u wwݪ (l. Eyuµ㇮) 9-10 vw Nu Nwl zw Nq, B ql yrw LvNl ruN Oه y mNl uN u.

Cu u®u l. Eyuµ㇮ ¯r u®N u溚S NN HXϋNw NhԊ. w u溚 INT uԉu N lqي. bw u®-qqSlw u q vN u®S Q AS Nww vv. ST Cs  qy u®w Nw Nʆqي. N cۄd u K N BSv. AuN vU y N; cqS ypNq A, w  u溚 y. N, y. Aly® qu mu Nu zǮ yǮo q muۺh.  As u溚 Ay䇮S Awu m q Ay䇮Sq u m, q muq Erݛuۊ.

Cǵԩ BrⰇqu vÛ, HXϋ, NwS A bw cuS Ku XXuw NhԊ; bw c NǮ uTu. Bu A凮 AwN uxSS NoNS, r o XlNu Cw vÛ. As bw u®u q S n NlS Sw NlN. EunST K뇮 xǵՉu umu yvu As u yNS yNhwST BtN , As D r N lrي  S BtN Niw xn Cqv qu ǮSq Nlu Cs uxS NqTN. D r BuǮ S NyN u ww .