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 ݾ֓ ־ ӛ֟߻ ( 82/6 ) ֳ ֳ ִ֤֬ ֳ֮־ԓ ׮׿֟֯ õ ֻ ֜. ֡ ݾִ֬ ָ ־֓ ꚵ ӿ֓ ָָ ֜. ӣִ֬ ָ־ӿߵӓ Ӥ ֜. ֖֯ ָ ֕ Ӳ֮֟ ָ־ӿߵӮ ֜. ӿ ֡ ֻ ָ֮ӟָ ֓֓ ־֮ ֻ ֳָ ߻ ׾֪֮ . ָ֓ ֻ֯ ָ ԓ߮ ƻ .

 

-ִ֓ ָӯָ

 

׮ָ׮ָ ӓ ן־ֹ ֻ֯ ֓ ־ ֙ ָ־ ׮׿֟֯ þָ޵֟ ֻ. , ֚ߴ ֟ ֙ ֛ ӲӬ ֟־ָ ׾ָָ֓ ֯ ֵָ -

 

(1) ֻ ׾ֵ֕ Ӿ ֕ ׾׿™ ָӯ׸ Ԯ ֲ ָ֯޵֓ ָӯָ ֻ֯ Γ׻֟ . ֟ ߓ Ԯ .

 

(2) Ӳ ߯֟߻ ߻ Ի ־ Ɵ֟ Ӥ ֜֟ ܵ֟: ן ׌־֓ ָ . ֯ ֲֻ ֻ ƻ ־ ƴ־ ( ־֟ ) ߴ֤ ן Ӿ ן ־, ԓ ֵԤ ָ ֤֮ޛ ֕֓ ƴֵֻ Ӿ ԓ ־֟ ־֓ ֯־ԟ , ֓־ֹ֓ Γ׻֟ ֻ ־. ָ ־ԟ֓ ־ ׾֡ ׾ôָߵ .

 

(3) ֵ֟֓ Ӿ ֳߓ ã֟ ֻ֙ ֻ־ָ ֮ӟָӓ ׬ִֻ֬ ֮ӓ ׾׿™ ׌ִִ֟ ִו ߾֮֟߻ ֓ ãִ֮ Ի ֮ӓ Ӿ ֓ Ԯ ֮־ ֟ ־. ִ֓ ӲӬ ƻ ֮ߓ ־֟֟. ֟ ֿ ׮׿֟ ߓ. ־ ֤-׾־ָ֟ . ָ ӲӬ ꚵ δ֟ ֲֻ ߟ.

 

 (4) ֮ӟָ׋ ָ. ֵ֓ ֙ ֻ. ׬ֻ֓ ֙ ִ߯ ֻ ֮֟ ׳ָ֕ ִו ߾ִ֮֬ ן ֻ֤ ֜. ֮ӓ ׻߻ ןִ . ֻ֟߮ ִו ߾ִ֮֬ ӓ ֵ ֯ξ֟ . ׌֟֓ ִ֟ ײ֤ ֮ ֮־ ߾֮֟ Σִ֓ ֚. Ի ׌־֓ ƻ ־ ״ֻ ֓ ׾ֳ߾ָ. ӓ־ֺ ԓ ܵ֟ ׳־ ָ.

  ׳ָֻ֕ ֡ ֮֟: ־Ɵ. ֮ ֮֟: פ ֻ ׳ָ֕֓ Ε 㜓 ֟֓. ӓ ֟߻ ׿² ֟ ׳ָ֕֓ Ε Ӯ ֳ֮ ( ֮־ ֻ ) ֻ. ־ ׬ ֬ ֻ־ָ ֓ Ի ( ֻ ) ֳ֮־ Ӗ ֯ ֻ ߑ Γ׻֟ ƻ. ׌־֓ ƻ ִ.

 (5) ֳ ֳ֮˯֬ ׳ָ֕֓ ָ֮֮֓ ֵ֓ ָӳ. ׬ֻ֟߻ ִ֕֬׸֢֓ Ɵ֓ . ֕ãꓵ ӓ Σִ ֮ Ӯߓ . פ֕ ӓ Σִ ֬. ӓ ִֻ֕֬ ׳ָ֕ ׾ִ֑֮ . ִ ֳӓ ߻ ԓ ׳־ Ӿ ֳ֮־ ־ Γ׻֟ ƻ. ָ ֳ֓ ־֮ ֤֓ ־ Ɵ֟ ֜֟. ָӟ ߻ ֳ־ ָ ֬ ״޵ ־֓ ״ֻ ָ. ִԓ ׸֟Ԯ ߣԓ ã֮֯ ޵֚ ֕֟ , š Ӹֻ ֕׳ , ־֮ ֳ֣֮ ֵֿ֚֯ ׮֬ . ӓ ƻ ן֣ . ֓ ־ ֲ֚ ָ֯ ד֟ ֮ ֙ ־ ־ӟ֮ ־ָ֛ ֙ , ֳ ־ ꚵ δ֟ Γ׻֟ ֻ .

 (6) ־֮ ֳ֤ ߣӮ ֻ֖֮֓ ֯ ֻ ֓־ ָָֻ֕ θ֓ ֯ ֻ. Ӯ ֙ޛ ֤֟ . ׬֯֟ ֻ. ߾ָ Σִ ξ֟. ֓ ָߤԟ ֕ã ָָ֟ ã֟ӟָ ֛ ֻ. ޛֻ֮ ־ ״ֻ. ֓ Բָ߻ ôָ ֮ ׳־Ի ־֮ ָ־ ׾ֻ. ֓ ֙ ô ֕ ָ֓ ־֓ ߟ ָ־ ָӴ֬ ָ ־ֻ .

 (7) ƴ־ ( ־֟ ) -> ֮ -> ׳־ ( ֳ֮־ ) -> ־֮֓ ( ֳ־ ) -> ָ־ ִ֓ ָӯָ ־Ԯ ִ֟ . ֮ ׳ָ֕ ߣ֮, ֳ ֳ֣֮ ӓ ֑ ߣ ֳ ָ ֳ֓ Σִ , Σִ ξ֟, ֳ֣֮ ߣӓ δ ֵ ו֤ ֳ֓ ֚֚ ֻ ָ ƻ άָ ֕ ԓ ִôןֻ֟ ׮֟ ־ ֟ ִ ֛׾ָ ƻ ׬֯֟. ߟ߮ ִ ָӯָ߻ ־ ߮֓ ߮ ׾ֳ ߿ Ӳ׬֟ ֻ֮ ֲӬ ֙ ֻ֮ ԓ ֬: ֻ߮ ָ־ ָ ִ׸ ָӯָ֓ ׮¯֮ ֻ ֲ Ӥ֟ߟ ֬ . ־Գ߻ ־ δ ӣִ֬ ן־ֻ ֮֟ ֳֻ . Կ㬤 ־֮ ׸™ ֻ֮ ִ֓ ָӯָ ο ֤֟ߟ !

 (8) ֳ֯ ָ֓ ֑ ָ . µ֮֯Ρ ָ ֻδ֮ ָ ӟָ. ֮֓ ߜߟ ֻ֮ ֟ ׾֟߻ ƻ ξ֟ ֻ. ָ µӟפ ִ֙ ӿ ֻ֯ ָ֯ ֓ ο֮ ߟ . ָ-ӿ ָ ֛ µ֮֯ ָ֮ӟָ֓. ӿ ֬ ֻ ָ Ծ֯ ߓ ־֟. ߯ ӿ ԟ Ӥ .

 (9) ָӟ ӟָ , ֻ֕ וָ֮֯ӯָ ֜ ןš ֯ ֻ ָ֟ ֮֙ ָ ֌߮ ֮ Ӹ ֕ߓ ֮ ֻ ָ ־. ξ֟ ( ִ֙ ) ֻ֤ ֜ , ֮ ִ ׮׾ԑ֯ ָ ֛ ֟ ָ ֕ ֻ ֓ ־ ß ֛׾޵֓ ε֟ ־. ֮Ӯ ָ ֲ֓ ֤ ֑ ֮׾ֵ ӳδ ׮ִ פ֟. ִ ׮š ֫™Ӯ ֜ ־ֻ. ֤ - ꛻ ָ ܵ֓ ־ ָ ־ Ƥ ֟߻ ָ Ɵ֟߻ ־ ׾ֵ֮֬ ׮ָ־֤ þֺߓ ֜֟. ֟ ׾֟ . ־Ծ֯ Ɵ ָӯָ֬ ԓ ִ֓ Ӥԟ ֳ֯ ָ֓ߓ֓ ָ ־ԡ . µ֯ ָ֓ ԓ ־־ָ߻ þ״֟ ֟ ӣֻ ֮ . ִ ֟ ֟ ָӯָ . ־ ֻ߮ ָ֟֓ ֟ .

 (10) Ӥԟ ד֯֬߮ ֲֻ ֻ껵 ־ Ɵ֓ ֻ֮ Ӯ Ӯ ֻ֯֯ ׮Ե ֟ ֤ . ֵþֻ, ֵ֓ ֻ֤ ֵ֬, . ֬ײָ߻ֻ ã, . . . ֵָ֓, . ֻ֤ á, . ֿӸ ξֻ, . ָ , ׯ. ָ. . ָ ֤ ־ ֮־ָ כӮ ֻ֯ ֓ ־־ָ߻ þ״֟ ֳ֯ ָ֓ߓ ׮:פݬ֯ ֮ . Ӳ֬ ݵ Ӥ ֓ ׾־֮ ֓ ß֟ פ .

 (11) ֓ ׾ֵ־ָ ӿ֮֯֬ ׯ. ָ. . ָ Ӯ The Original name of India ׾ֵ־ָ ׮ֲӬ ׻ ֮ ߻ ד֑ ׸֤ꓵ ׬־ִ֮֬ . . 1951 ֻ ֻ֓ . Ε ӟָ . ֮ 1955 ֻ ޛָ ֓׾֑ ӿ֮ פֱ֟ ׿֟ ֮ ԟ ӟ֓ 36 ޛ֟߻ ƻ-֮ ִ֬ ֮ 114 118 ָ ֯ ֬ ֻ . ִ֬߻ ֻ֯ ׮Ե ֟ ß ֮ ֻ֯ ׮Ե֟߻ 5 6 ִ֬ ֟֟-

ׯ. ָ֓ ֟

(1) .(After Rsabha) .. Bharata ruled for a very long time in an exemplary manner. This memorable event was immortalised by the country being called after Bharata. One would have expected the country to be called Rssabhavarsa, but presumably Rishabha would not consent to that. Rishabha is a great Tirthankara of the Jains and it seems beyond question that it is after a Jain prophet that India got her original name.

(2) Later on, some one, not liking the idea of a jain ruler being so exalted, hit upon another Bharata who was also a chakravartin, who had performed a number of Asvamedhahs. But the majority of the puranas have not accepted this claim of Bharata the son of Dusyanta.

(3) B. O. R. Institute Annals, volume 36 (1955) page 118 etc.

־ס ֟

  ӣ֟߻ ߻ ֟ ԓ ־֓ ꬤ֟ ָ ָӯָ߻ ֟ ֬ ָ Ɵ֟߻ ָ ֻ 㿙 ޵֚ ָ ӣ֟߻ ָ֟ ִ֓ ֤ . ׿־ֵ ־ԓ ָӯָ ָ ֻ֯ ֓ ִ֓ ן ߓ . ֓֯δ ָ޵ ӣ ׿־֯֟߻ ׾֮֬, ݮ֯ 108/11-12, ֯, ߴֻ֯, ֮ôן ָ ˸֟ ָ ԓ ִӲӬ ֓ ָӯָӲ֬ ֌֟ ֜. ־ס ֟ ׾ôֵ֮֕ ָ ֕֓ ־־ָ ֻ ָ־ ָ ֟֟ ָ֓ ߣ ֳ֣֮ӓ֓ š . ן־ִ֬ ן֡ ޵֓ ָ . ֓ ׿ ָӯָ ֮ ָ׳ָ֕ - ߣ ֳָ֕ ξ֟ ָָ֕ ߓ . ֓߮ ָߵ Ɵ֟߻ ־ ξ ׾ֿ֮֬ ƴ֟ ָ߻ ׾־֮־ָ ־ԓ ֟ Ի֓.