׾ֳ 1

ִ, ִ֕ ־־

 

1)                 ӓ ן ן֓ ׿™

2)                 ִԓ ָ

3)                 ִԓ ֓߮֟

4)                 ִ ֟֟

5)                 ִ

6)                 ָߵ ִ֕

7)                 ׳֮־ ׾֫ --- ֓֡

8)                 ִ֕ : ƻ ӟָ™ߵ ֓֡

9)                 ִ֕ : þ֡ ֵ֮ ׾ֵ

10)            ׫ߵ ׿ֻ : ֮ßӳ

11)            ׿ֻ ־

 

 

1

ӓ ן ן֓ δ ׿™

 

־ ֟֓ ָӳ֯ ָߵ ߓ ׾׾֬ ӓ áߵ ޵֓ Σ ׿ִ֟ ׾֮֫ ӿӮ ֻ֯ ׾ָ ׸ִӮ ֛. ֓׾֪׾ָֿӓ Ɵ֯ ӿ֮Ӯ ָߵ ߓ ִ鬤ָ ׾׾ָ֬֟ ָ֓ ֿ ֛ ; ־ ӿ֮ӟ ָ ֟ ָß־ ָ ߓ . ָߵ ߴ֬ ߻ ֮֓ ã֮ ߙ ִ֕־ ֻ׿־ֵ ָߵ ߓ Ӯ ™ ֟ ֻ֯ ӿ֮֓ ߓ ׾ֻ ƕ. ֵ՟ ߓ ׳ִ֮Ӯ ֻ֯ ָ֤֮ ߓ Ɵ Ӯ ִ֕־ ޵֓ ε֟ ־ֵ֓ ƾ ֓ ™߮ ֓ ן֓ δ ׿™ ֟ , ޵֓ ß ֟ וֻ .

 

֓߮֟

֓߮֟ ӓ ן ן֓ ƻ ׿™ . ֯ ֻ ֲ֧ ־Փ ֟ . ӓ ֟ ӓ פֻ֯ Γ׻֟ , ָ ߕ ӓ ׾־ ߣ ־֮ Ԯ֣ ӓ ֕ ־ ֮֯ ֚ ֟֯ ֻ, ֮֟֟. ֻ껵 ן ӿ֮־ֹ ֬ ֻ , ߓ ֟ ־ ֮֯ ֚ ֟֯ ֻ ֮ . ֻ ß֟֟ . Ӭ ֤ߓ 귵֟ Ƹ ӕָ֤ ־ ꤯ֻ߮ ֿ ֛֯ , Ӿֹ ־ßá֖Ӯ ֮ ֜ , ־ ֮֯ 3000 ӓ Σִ ߣ ־֮ ֳ֤ ӓ ߟ ֻ ƕ ֮ þָ޵ ַ֓ ףֵֿ֟ ӿӓ ξ פ . ֓ , ֕ ָ 5000 ׬ ֻ. ֮ ָ ־Դ֮ ֻ ֻ ָ ֜ ׮ֵֿ֯ ֟ Ի , ֻ ֓߮ .

 

כ ָӯָ

ִ֬ ָ ִ֕ ׿ֻ ֓ ֮֟ ֤߻ ֵ֕֟֟ ׾ֿ Γ׻֟ . ו֯, ׸, ײֻ׮ֵ, ׸, ׻, ߙ, , ֟߻ ӟ ֮֟ ߓ --- Ӥã֮ ߮ ߕ --- Τ ֻ ֟֟; ָӟ Τӟ߻ ִ֕ӓ ֻ֮֟߮ ֬ Γ׻֟ ֻ껵 ӟ ֻ ־ ִ פ֟ ; ִ֕֓ ׸ã֟ ֿ . כ ָӯָ ӓ ן ן֓ ָ δ ִֻ֕ ƕ. ߮ ƕָ կԓ ƻߓ ߟ ֳ פ . ӓ ӓ ֕ ߣָӓ ߓ ܵ ִֵ ӓ ֓ ׌ֳ־֮ ֬߮ ޵֟ . ..ԓ ֕֓ ן ן֡ ֤ ֻ , ׮־ . ׾Ʈә ô֣ ӓָܵ ִ֮ܵ֟ ןָ֮ ֻ֯ Ӥã֮֓ ֻ֓ ן ӣ֟ פ .

 

Ӵ֬ ֓߮ ޵֟ ָ Ο, , ֆ ״ ׮ִֵ ֕ ꓵ ֟. ӓ ß ֣Ԯ ֲ֓ ֤ ֓ þֹ֟ ƙ ֟֟. ӓ ־ ״ ־ ֓ ׾׾֬ ӟ ԓ֓ ָ֬߮ ִָӳ֯ ָ֕ ֟֟. ӓ ֵ֓ ו ִԿá֯ߟ ָ֯֓ ֓߮ ֻ פ껵 ׮ִֵӮָ ֕ ߟ . ӓ ߾ִ֡־ָ ־Փ ׮־ָ ޵֓ ξ ֻ . ִԟ֢Ӿָ߻ ӓ ֬ ׯ . ִԮ ן֤֯ 껵 Փ ӑ֮ ޵֓ ε֟ ֤֕߻ ӓ ֟֟. ӓ ״ ߾֮֟ ԟ 긲֤ ֻ . ִԓ ִ֟־ָ߻ ֓þ ֻ֤֟߻ ׬֟ . ֓ Ӯ ӓ ֓߮ ߲֧ ָ ֟ߵ֟ ֙ ֟. ֻ֯֓ ־֮ ߓ ָӯָ כ֯ ֵ֕֟֟ ֻ֟ ֻ ֮֟֟ ֿߓ ֺ ߻, ֟ ן֡ Ӥ ޵֓ ָ פ֟ .

 

ִ鬤

 

֛ ֟ ߓ ֟֟ ן֓֟ ׻ ֻߕ י . ֪ ֓߮ ߓ ֟֟ ׬֟ ޵֚ ןִ֓֬ ׾ֿ ָ ׻ ־ ֟֟ ׻ ߓ ִ鬤ָ ֻӲ ֟֟. ֓߮ ߓ ָӯָ כ Ɵ֯ ֻ ޵ֻ ߓ ִ鬤֓ ӿ֮ ָ߳ ֻ ; ִ鬤 ӓ ן֓ ןָ δ ׿™ ֻ ƕ. ־ ™Ӯ ִ鬤 . ֓ ף ֟ ޵֚ Ӯ ָ ꚵ δ־ָ ֳָ֟ ־ֻ . ָ֯׾ֵ ӟ ԯ ֑֛߾ָ ӓ ׾ָ ׸ִ֮ ֓ ӯע ã֟ ָ޵ ָߓ ֤ ֻ ֕ . ֟ ֻ ƕ Ӵ֬ Ӧ㯟 ָ֕ þָ֕ã֯ ׮ֻ֑. ָ, ָ֮֕, ָֻ ־ ָ ִ֮ ֕ ׮ִ ֻ. ִָӬָ ߸֟ޛ ִӛֵ, ֯Γӛ ӛֵ ָ֕ ָ ֵ֮ ־ ָ ׌־, ׾ֵ־ ֤ ӓָܵ á --- ֯֟ ֮ ֻ. ִֿ, ßֻ ֻ֯ ӓָ ֕ ׮֯, Ծָ֟֟ ׾ ִ֕ӡ ; ־ ָ ֵ֓ծ㬤 ָ֕֟ ֻ ֕ߵ ã ׮ִ ޵֓ ֙ ε֟ . ԙ֓ ן֟ ־ ֮֓ ַ ֟֟߻ ָ֕֓ ã֮֯ 11 ֟֟߻ ֻ֓ ã֮֯ δ ƮӤ 㤢 ֵ֓ԓ 渤ԯ֓ ׸ִӓ δ 鿵ֱ .

 

ִԓ ֢֖֮֓ ֲ֟ߟ ֓ ã֮ Οߓ . ִߟ߻ ֵ ִ ִ ֻ ֟. ӟ־֤ ָ õ־֤ ָ֓ ־ ָ ֓ ֻ֢֖֮ Ӯ פ . ֻ֓ ׾׾֬ ӓ ֜ ޵ִ֬ ֛ ߟ. ӓ ߣ ָ֟߻ ִ ã֮ , ׳ֵ֯ ֿ֟ ׾֮֫Ӯ פ . ֵֻ ׾ֿ֟: ŵ ֛־ָ߻ ߻ ִָָ וִ֮Ӥ߸ ֻ֓ ןִ ִ , ݵָ֮ܵ ׾ֵ־ָ߻ ֮֕ ㌟Ӛ֮ ß . ׿ֻֿá֟ ָ ߻ ־ ִ Ӥ ֮ßӳ Ӯ ֟ . ֛:ֵ֓ ӟ֟ Ӯ ֻ֯ ־ ִָָ֕ ֻ . , ׸, , βӬ, ׮ֲӬ, ־, ־, ֪־, ֙ ־ ֛:ֵָ֯ӟ ׮ֹ ӓָ Γӛ ӣ׮״ԟ . Կá, ־ֿá, Ӥá, ֿá, ֲá, ֿá, ֿá, ֻֿá, ֿ֟á, á, Կá, ֿ֕á, ןֿá áߵ ׾ֵӾָ ־ ӟ ׻ ӣָ֮ ֮־鬤 ׸״֟ ֤ . ֵ֓ծ ãӮ ָ֮֯ ֬ ׿֓ ֮֬ ִ֕֟߻ ׾׿™ ִ֟׸ ֟ ִ֕֟߻ ־ ָӓ Ӯ ֲֻ פ. ׿֓ ־կֵ՟ ׳֛޵֓ ׾֡ ֵ Ӯߓ , ׾ָ ִ ֵ. ֕ߵ, ף, , ״, , ן, ֛:ֵ߮, ֻ׾ֵ ӟ Ӯ ֻ֯ ܵꓵ ֮֮ ߟָ ֙Ӯ ֟ ӓ ־ ָ ־ ָߵӓ ߾֮ ִ鬤 ֻ .

 

֢ꓵ ֓ ־

 

ִ֕ ܵ ֮ ֻ ָ ֓ ׾ßָ֓ ׻ ֵԤ ָ ꚵ . ӿӓ ֟, ִԓ ָ Ӥãֲ֮ ׾ֿ֟: δƤ, ֻ ã֮ ӟ ֻ . ָ ֕ ־Դ֮ ֻ ָ ֜ ֡ ƕ , áֿ֟֓ ԯ ִ֕ ƴֻ֓ ָ . ֤֕߻ ֿ߸ ֵָ߯՟ - ֛֚ ֵ֯՟ ß֟: ׾㸻 . 㚳ָ ִ֕ ֳָ ֻ֮ ־ Ӭ֮ӟ ֻ ִֵ֓ ֛ ֌ֵ֯ ֻ; ִ ִ֕ӟԟ ֢ ߓ ֻ . ֢ꓵ ֓ ־ ӓ ן ן֓ ֻ֮ ƕ. ִ֕ ֓ ַ֮ӟ ԯ ָ ֻ֮ ײי ֻ֯ ֻ֕֔ ָ ֻ ־ ֚ þ֟ӡ ֕֯ο֮ ã֮֯ ־ ׾ָ֓ ε֟ Ӯ ߓ ߻ ӓ ߻ ן־ֹ ӳ־֮ߵ ֙ . ֓ , ִִ֕֬ ӳ־֮ߵ ֙ . ֓ , ִִ֕֬ ֕ߵ ֢ ך צ ֻ ־Ɵ. ™ ֕ߵ ֢, ߓ ™ ״ ֢. ֯δ ֓ ֓ ֢ ֟߻ ־ ׻ ο֮Ӿָ Ɵ֯ ֻ֟, ֯δ ־ ִ֬ԵӾָ ִ ֓þ פ . ־ ָ ֓ ״ ӑ֙ , ֻ ӑ֙ ִ ִ֕֟ ֜ .

 

־ Ӯ ״ ֲ֟ߟ ס֟ ָ ֟ ֵֵ֮ ԯ ִֻ ӟ ״ ӣ֯ӣӓ ֓ ֻ . Ο ӣ֯ӣ֮ ֻ֯ ־֟ ׮ִ 껵ִ ו Ӥ ִ֕֓ ™߮ ״ ֢ ך ߟ ֻ ֻ ־ֻ . ״ ֢ꓵ ׾֓ ָ־ ִו ֟ ֻ . Τָ֯ ִԯӣָ֯ ӓ ִָ֮֕ ֛. ִ֕ Ӭ Ɵ ֓ ֤ ״ ׾ֳ ֻ ӓִ֬߻ ִו ӲӬ 㙻֮ ִ֕֓ ֮ ֮ ֛. ֮׮š ןãӓ ָ ֟ ֛֮ ֟ӓ ֕֟ӓ ܵ ָ ֜ 껵֮ ֬ߓ ֛ ִ֕֓ ֮ ֮ ֻ. ֻ֯ ֟ߟ߻ ָ ֕֟ߟ߻ Ӿָ ׮ֲլ ִו ׮ֵӡ ׾޵֓ ε֟ ןã ֳ ֻ֮ ӓ ָ֚ ֜껵 ֟ӟ ֕֟ӟ ִו ֢ ꚵ δ־ָ ׾ֳ ֻ ֻ ־ֻ . , Ӵ֬ ֕ߵ, ״ ָ ִו ֢ ך ߟ ֻ ־ֵ ֛֯ . ֙ ׾֓ ™ ִ ׾֟ Ի.

 

ן --- ӑ ן --- ִ ޵ ξ

 

ܵ ִ֕ ֟Ӯ֟ ֓ ׾׾֬ ӟ ִֵ֓ ֟ ƻ ֻ֮ ֟߻ ָ ܵ ִ֕ӿ ӓ ׮š ӲӬ ֻ. ӲӬ֓ ӟָ ӑԟ ָ ִֵ֮֟ ׸ֵ ; ָ Ӿ ־ ִ֕ ֟ , ӓ ׳֮ ӓ ӑ ָ ָ ӓ ִֵ֮ ֻ ָ פ . ӓ ֲ֟ߟ ֡ ָ ָ ֛. Ӯ ן --- ӑ ן --- ִ ޵ ξ ׾ֻ ӓ ן ן֓ ֓־ ׿™ ִֻ֕ ƕ. ӟ֟ ã׮ ֻ, ӟ֓ Ӯ ֟֟ . ִ , , ֳ, ֳ, ֤֮֮, ֛֢, ָ֟߻ ִ֮֮, ޵ׯ޵֓ ֤֣, ߓ ß, ֮ӕ֮֓ ֲ, ֻ֓ ָ, ֿ, ִԳ ִ֕ ֮, ִו ֻ߸ߟ, ׳־֤֓ ָ ֲ֟ӟ ָӟ ֤ ״ .

 

ӓ ִ־ ߴ ־ ӓ ו֮ ƻ . ָ™ ԙ֟ ׾־ƯΣ ֻ ָ ָ ӟ֟ Ӯ ֌ Ӥ ޵֟ ֻ. ݮ֓ ֻ ߟӟ ӟӟߓ Ӵ֬ ָ ִ ׿ֻ ƻ. ™ ׾־ָӓ ߓ ™ ֮, ֵ֮֮, ӟ ָ׾ֵߓ. ֲָֻ ӟӟ߻ ӟ ֢֟ Ӳ֯֬ 霴 ֻ ָ ָ ӟӟ߻ ӟ ׯ֢֟ Ӳ֯֬ Γ׻֟ ƻ. ߟ߮ Ӯ ӟ׾׿™ ߿ ޵֓ ε֟ ; ־ ָ ִ鬤 ־ ִ ߾֛֯ Ʈ֟ ֻ. ֓ ™ Ƹ ӟߵ ֿ ־ ™Ӯ ִ鬤 ޵֓ ε֟֟ ֮ ״׾ֻ껵 ֿ ׾֟ Ի. Ӥ, ָ֟, ֛֮, ִ ֤׿ ӓ ֕֓ þֹ ֛:ֵ ֵ֓Փ ןӓ ׾ָ ׸ִ־ָ ׬š ֻ . ֻ֯֯ ן ߾ֿ֮ ִָ ֻ ־ָ ӟָ֮ꓵ ߟ ֻ֯֯ ӟ֓ ֕ Ƹ߸߮ .

 

׾׳֮֟߻

 

ָ Ի ן --- ӑ ן --- ִ ޵֓ ξߴ ߟ ׾׳֮֟ ׮ִ ֻ ֛ ; ָӟ ׾׳֮֟ ӓ ׾ֵߓ ֟ߵ֟ ־ֻ ִ֕ ߓ Ի. ִԸ ־ Ӭ־ ׮כ ֻ ִֻ ִ ָ ִ ־ԣ ׳֮ þ֟ӡ ִֻ ו ־ Ӵ֬ ׾׾֬֟ ֻ ָ ׾׾֬֟ꓵ ֻ ֻ֯֓ ־֮ ֻ פ . ׾׳֮֟֬ פ ָ ӓ ן ן֓ ־ . ִ --- ֢Ӿָ߻ ׮֟ӟ ֬ ָ֤ ָ֓ . ־ --- --- ֟: ״ ξߓ ֟ ߟ ™ ֻ֮ ָ ֟. ֓ ָӟ ׳ֻ֮ ֟; ִ ֳ ֮֯ ָ ָ ߓ; ߯ ։ ֡ ֮֟, ׯ֮֟ ָ ֲ ִ֡Ӯ ߛ ֮ פָ . Ӯ ֻ׾ֻ껵 ֟׾Ԭ ֻֿ֮ ӓ ߓ . ָꓵ ֵ֓ծ ָ כӮ ֮ ״ ꓵ ֵ֓Փ כӓ ָ ֮ ֻ ֟. ߻ ߣã֮ ã֮ ־ Ӯ ָߓ ֮ߵ ֙֟. ֛֮ߟ߻ Ӥߟ߻ ִӣ ן֟֌֓ ã ӛ ֻ֓ ֟֟. δ ״ ־ֻ ӟӓߓ ƕָ Ɵ֟. ߸ --- ׮־ ָ ״ ꚵ ֮ ޵֟ ֟. ӓ ֓߮ ֛:ֵ Դ֬ ִֻ ֧ ִӣӲ֧ ־ծ֓ ָ ֤ ֙. ך ӣߵӓߓ פ , ן֣ ָףֵ ֻ ִ֮ ֟֟ Ӥ߸ӓ ֻ֯ ׾֡ Ծ ִ֕֟֟. ӓ ֻ ן֓ ָ ־Փߓ ָֻ֮ Ӯ ֟֓ ָ ־Փߓ ָֻ֮ Ӯ ֟֟֓ ָ֓ ׳ִ֮ ו ; ִ ָָ פַ ׾׳֮֟ꓵ ֟ דָãֵ þֹ֓ ֢ õ ֻ , פ Ի.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

ִԓ ָ

 

ß׾

 

ִ ֟ӯ ָ֓ ־ ӟ ָ ִ֕ ܵ ֻ ָ ܵ ӓ ִו ߾ֿ֮ ֻ . ֕ߵ, ף, , ִו, , ִ֕֕߾֮֓ ׾׾֬ ӟ Ӯ ֻ֯ ־֟ ׮ִ . ֓ ֙ ־ ִ֕֓, ־ ӓ ߾֮ ִ鬤 ־ ֚ Ӯ ִ֮֮֮֮֬ ֻ֯ ܵꓵ ֮֮ ߟָ ֙ ß ִָ . , ו֣ Ӯ ֤֯ ™ ֵ ׾ֻ . ׾׾֬ ָ ׾֯ ֛:ֵ ־ ӟ Ӯ ִ֕ ߻ ׮ִ Ӯ ֛:ֵ֓ ӓ . ֔, ִԿ, ֮, ӕָ ָܵ ã ֜ ִӡӓ ޵ ֤ . ֓ ַ֮ӟ ֚ ֻ־ Ӯ ֤֮֮ ޵֓ Ɵֵ . ֕ߵ ף ã ޵և Ӯ ֵ֓Ԯ ߻ ׾ָ ׸ִ . פ, ï, ßӳ ִ ךך ׮ִ Ӯ ָ֓ ֻ׾ֵ ־ ֜׾ֻ. ו־ֿ֮ ִָ ֻ ָ ִ׾ֵ ָ ׾ß Ɵ ָӮ ִ֕־ ֻ . Ӳ ִ׾ֵ ӓ ֵ׾ֵ ӓ ã ִ֕߻ ӿ ֓ ָ߳ ; ָ Ӯ ֟ ִԓ ִ Ɵ Ӯ ޵֓ פ .

 

ִ ֕ ֵ?

 

ִԓ ָ ׾ָ֓ ֮ Σִ ִ ֕ ֵ ƻ ƕ. ו֮ Ӯ ן֯פ ִ ִ. ו֮ ֮ ֻ֟ ֢ ֟ ף֟ ִ. ו֮ ߟ ִ㓓ֵ ֕ ָ ִ, ו ו֮ ο ˳־֟. ו֮ ָ ןִ֮ ֌ ־, Ӿ ־Կ׌ִ֮ ֓ ָ֟ ־, ™ ֟ ֻ ƕ; ָ ָ ִմ֬ ׾ֵ Ӿ ִã֯׾ֵ ָ ֮ ֟. ִԴ֬ ִԯξ֟ ו֮ ֌߲֧ ׾׿™ ָ þֹ֓ ֮ ֜ , ו֮ ֲ֓ ׾֕, וָ ; ֮ þ֟: ׾ָ ֮֮ ֲֻ֮֮ ִ֤ ֡Ӯ ו, ֻ ו֮ ֟֟.

 

־ ֮µ֯޵Ӵ֬ ו֮ ޵֓ ֡֟ ֌֟ . ו֮ ֻ֟֟ ֮־ Ӯ þ֯ε֮֟ ־ ָ ӯ ־š ֮ ״ ã֮ ֯ ֻ . ֟߻ ֮־֯ þֺ֟ ֻ껵 ו֮ Ӯ ן֯פ ִ ִ ־, ֛ . ֪ ןִ֮ ֌߮ ן֤֯ 껵 ָ Ӯ ׻ƻ껵, ԟ þֺ֓ ֻ׮ ӣ־ָ ָ֬껵 ִԻ ִ ֟֟. ִ ֻ׮ ӣ֬׸ ִ ֮ ֋ ׬ָ ֮־ ֌߮ þ֟: 㬤 þֺ֓ ־־ֺ ӓ ֚ ֻ֟ ִ . , ַꓵ ו֮ ֻ֤ ֻ껵 ֌Ӯ 껵 ֤֓ ָ ֟ , ִ .

 

ִԓ ֳ ֮֬

 

֓ ԓ þ֮־־ֺ ׮ֺ ַ ו֮ ֌ӓ ֤ӓ ֕ ִԓ ݵ ֮ ־ֵ֓ ָ ִԓ ֳ ֬ӟ ֟ , ƻ ƕ.

 

1 ) ִԓ ƻ ֳ ֮֬ ֮µ֓ ׌֟ ֟ . ֕ ן ן þֺ֓ . Ο ָ ֟ פֻ֯ Ժ ֛ ß擵 ָӮ ㌟ . ֯δ ߴ֬ ״ ã ֕ ֟ߓ :Ӯ ㌟ ã֟ߟ ֛֯, ֯δ ָ ֟ ԲӬ֮Ӯ ֛ , ִԓ ֮֟ . ֓ , ָ ֟֓ 㬤 ßã֟ Ƣ֓ ™߾ָ ִԓ ׾ָָ֓ӯָ ָ֬ .

 

2 ) ֮µ ׸ , ִԓ ָ ֳ ֮֬ ƻ ֮֬־ָ ָ֬ . ֮µ֓ ִ֟֬ ԯָ ״ ; ֮µ ׸ פ֟. ָ ƻ ֟ ֮µ֓ ֻ֟ ׸ԟ ã ֯ ֌ . ׸ ã ֟֓ ӟ Ԯ, ӟ ֮, ӟ ߵ ӟ ָ ׿™ ׿™Ӯ ㌟ ׸ ã֟ ߓ ֟֓ ָ ֿ֟ ã , ֟ ֻ ƕ. ־ֺ ֮µ֓ ֬֓ ׸ԟ ֓ ֟֓ 㬤 ֮ ֻ , ֛ .

 

3 ) ֮µ ׸ ָֻ֟ ߻ ִ֬ԓ ןַ ֳ ָ֮֮֬ ֻ ֻ֯ ֟ ׌ִִ֢֬߻ ן þֺ־ָ ן þֺ֓ ִ֣Ԯ ֲ ״ ֵ ã ֯ ֌ ֮ ƕ. צ֤֮֮ ԲӬ֮ӓ ֿ ֵ ֿ֟ ״׾޵֓ ִԮ ־ ֮µ֯޵֚ ֻ .

 

4 ) ֟֓ ׸ ֟ ã ֟֯ ԯָӓ : 껵֮ ֯ , ™ ֮ 껵֮ӟָ ԯָӓ ׳֮֓ ε ׌ ׸֮ ֌ , ַ֓ ֤߮ ־, ִԓ ֙ ֳ ֬ӟ . ֓ , ֮µ ֓ þ֟: ַ־ևԙ ֮µӓ ָֻ֓ ־֟ ; ֓ þ֟: ֻ- ևԙ ӓ ޵֯ . ִԯδ ֟ ֓ ֲֲָ֤ ־þ ׌ ֟ ָ ֻ ָ ևԙ . ִ ִ֮֬ ִ ο֮, ִֻ֮ Ӥ ִ ע - ™˵ . ָ ӓ ֟ ֻ ֮־ ߾֮֟ ֤ ֛ ֌ , ָ ִՓ ֮ , ִԻ ײֻ ֮ . ִԮ ֻ֟֓ ֓ ־ Ӳ֧ ֲֲָ֤ ָ .

ִ ß

 

ִԯδ , ; ׾֟ ֻ֯ Ο ߾֟֟֓ ׌ֺ֮ ׾֪֮ . Ӳ Ο ߾֟֓ Ӗ ֯ . פָ ™ ֮ ޵ֿ ָ ֟߻ Γ׻֟ ִ֛ӿ ֓ ן֡ ӲӬ , ִԓ ֮֟ . ֑޵֓ ׾׿™ ™ִ ִ ß ֻ֓ ֓־ָ ޵֟ ; ָӟ ָ Ɵ ״֣ ׮ָָ֬ ; ָ ™ ־ ™׮ֵӟ ָ , ֮֓ ִ֮ δ֟ ֻ֮ þָ ; ֓ ָ ֟ ™ԟ־ָ ָ֬ ֟֓ ׸㬤 ׮֤ ãָ ׸ ֮־ָ ָ֬ . ־š ߟָ֟ ־Ԗ֟ ֓ ß׾ þֺ ָ־ã ֟ ֯ ߻, ָ ִ ֮֟. ã ֟ ֟Ӯ ֯ ֯ ֻ ߟ Ɵ߻. ָ ָ֟ ޵֓ ׬ָ Ο ; ֡ ַ֓ ָ - ևԙ . Ο ߾ ֻ֯ ޵- ֺ֯ Ԯָ ָ֟߻ - : ߟ ֟. ־֟ ַ ־֟ δ ߟ Ɵ ߟָ ֮ Դ㌟ , ֓ ָ֟ ԟ ׸ӟ δ֮ ֬ ֮֟, ִԓ þ֟ӡ þ־ֻӲ֮֟ ׾ ָ֮ ״ ; ִ ß ִ֕ ־ԣ . ֙ ־ ߾Ӯ ִ֮ ָ ֟׾֓ þֵӳ þ֟ӡ ָ ִ ֻ֮ ָ ß ִ , ׾ָ֓ӟ ㌟ ֮֮ ֮ ߟ .

 

֢֖֮

 

פֻ֯ ֿ֟ ָӯָ ֬ ֻ Ӭ þ֯ε֮֟ ӯԟֵ ן ӓ ׾ ֬ ԟ ֬־ã ֯ Ο ׾ ֬ ԟ ֬־ã ֯ Ο ֮־֓ Ծ , ָ߻ ׾־֮־ֺ פ Ի. ֟׾֓ ε Ԯ ֕ ֢֖֮ . ㌟־ã ןִ ֬ ֻ ָ ן֣־ָ ޵֓ ֟, ֲָָ ִ֕ ֻ ƕ. ִ֕޵֚ ׾ֿ֟߻ ֳ ֟ ӓ ꮵ ε - ןε ֛, ֺ .

 

׾ִֿ֬ ֳ ֮ ֮ þֺ֓ . Ӯ֓ ߾ ߾ ־ . ֮ - Ԯ - ֤ Ӯ ㌟ ָ ֮ ־ ߾ ָ ֮ ԟ ߾ . ߾ ֟ 鿵 鿵 ïֿ - - Ӭ - ԟ ֻ ߾ - ֻ֓ ִ֮- ִֻ֮ ָ߳ ָ ִ , ӓ ã֟߻ ָ߳ ֻ ִ , ־ Ӯ ֿ ָ ֿ ־ ӓ ׸֟Ԯֻ ָ߳ ָ ֻ ־Փ ִ־ . ֻ֯ ָ߸, ֻ ָ ָ ֛ , ֿ, Ӭָ, ֲ, ׮ֻƸ ֤ ־ ֻ ֟ ִ׾™ ֟. ָӿ, ֟߻ ֟ ß ܵ֟: ֮ ֮ ֙ӟ ꛟ ֙ӟ߻ ӓ þֺ ӓ ָïָӲӬ ӓ ׾ß ׾־֮ ֕ ֢֖֮ .

 

֢֖֮ ֮ ־ֵ֓ ֻ ߻֯δ ֟ Ի:

߾ ߾ ( ܵ֟: ֛ ) ӓ פӲӬ֟ ׾ ׮ִ . ԟ ֤֫ ׾ָ־, ֵ ־߮ ԲӬ, ֟ ־֮־߮ ָ߸צפӓ ֢ ֻ֮ӟָ ׾ֿ֮ ֕ ֮ - ָ - 韵 ™ ֛ Ɵ֟. ׾ָ־ӓ ֢ Ӳֻ 㜓 ָӯָ Ӳ֟ ߾ δ֮ ֻ֯ ׾ֿ㬤ߓ ֻ־ָ ߾֓ ֛ԓ Ӭ֮֟ ㌟ . ֓ ַ ߟ߮ ߻ ֟ ׾֮֬ӟ ӛ Ի:

 

1) ׾ֿ֟ ֮ ֢ .

2 ) ֲָָ ֮ - ֛ ָ ֢ .

3 ) ֢ ָ֮ ָïָ ӯԟ ֟.

4 ) ֟ ׾ ֌ ׮ִ .

5 ) ӯԓ ε ݵ ֵ֮ Ӳ׾֟ .

6 ) ε ד֟ ׾ ֌ߓ ִ߻ ָӓ .

7 ) ֟: ֮ ֢ ֛֓ ӯԟ ԟ: ㌟ .

 

ָ߻ ֟ ׾֮֬ ִԟ߻ ܵ ֟ ֢ ֻ֮ ֮ ߾, ߾, ־, Ӭ, Ӿָ, ׮֕Ը ־ ޵֟ ֻ . ӟ߻ ƻ ֢ ™ߟ߻ ֿ֟ δ ߓ ֓ ֢ ӓ ӵ ׾ֵ־ָ ָ֬ . ֟֓ ָ ӓ þֺ ׾ֿ֤ ; ֢֯֟Ӯ ִԟ ןֵֿ Ƣ֓ ã֮ ޵֟ ֻ . ֻ ߾֮֟ ָ ӟ ֿ֟ ƾ , Ο֮ ֟ ֢ӓ ֣֣ þֺ ִ֕ ֟֓ .

 

1 ) ߾

 

֮ ԟ ֮ - Ԯ ߾ . ׾֟ ߾ӓ ܵ ֟- ӟ . ׮ צӯ ӓצӵӯֵ՟ ֟ ָ֮Ɵ ֮Ɵ ӟ֮ӟ ߾ ׾֟ ӓָ ߟ ֟֟. Ο֟ þ֟ӡ þֺ ֢֟֟ ׮֟ ֵֺ . ֿ ־ָ ֮ ֕ ֤֮Ԯ ֌ ֢֓ ãֵ߳־. ֻ֢֟֟֓ ߾ Ӗ ޵֓ ֮ ֮֬ .

 

߾ ֟: ֮ - Ԯ - - ߵԤ ӟ Ӯ ׸ ־Կ׌ִ֮ ; ָӟ ֛ Ӭӓ ӵִ ֓ þֳ־ ԟ: . ֓פ ֿ֟ ԓ Դֻ ևԯֵ՟ ֟ ; ִ ߾ ֢֓ ܵ֟: ָ ߾ ֬ ߾ ָ ֻ֟ . Ե㌟ ߾ ָ Դ㌟ ֬ ֻ֮ ֟. ׸ӟ ֬֯ԓ ã. ԓ ן ן ܵ ֙ . ӟ߻ ֟Ӯ Ο ־ ׾ ָ ֮־ָ, Ԯ־ָ, Ʈߵ ӟֵָ ן - Ο ֟ Ӯ ֳֵ ָ ꤮ߵ, ֵ, ִ ן - . ӯ ן ߿ ֻ ߾֓ ׸ӟ ӟָ ן ֓ ֬ ֮֟. ߾֓ ׸ӟ ֬ ãӮ֓ ָ֟, ָӕ, γ, ָ, ו֮ ֤ Ӗ . ׸ӟ ָ ֵµ ָ߸Ɵ , ָ ָ֟ ( = ָ߸ ) ֮ Ɵ ֓ ׮־ ָ֟ ԟ ㌟֟ ƙ ֟֟. ָ ԲӬִ ֮µ, ןֵՓ, ָ ֟ןֺ ָ֟ ׸δ ָ ָ .

 

֤֟™߮ ߾֓ ָ

 

ֿ֟á֟ ߾֓ Ƹ֟, ӟָ֟ ָ֟ ߮ ָ . ߾ ָ ֜ ԟ ֮ ״ִ֣֟ ֻ֓ ֟ ִ֕֟, ֻ֯ : þֳ־ֻ þ֟ӡֻ ֟ , ֤֣ :ֵ֤ ִ֕ ֟֓ ™׮™ 㬤 ֟, ָ Ƹ֟ . ֓ ֮ ״֣֟ ֻ, ֟þֳ־֓ ֣֣ ֮ ֻ, ָ֟߻ ™׮™ 㬤 ֮ ֬ ߿ ֻ ӟָ֟ ֮֟ ֮ӟָ δ֮ ֮֟֬ 㬤 ߟ ִ֤ ӟָ ׾ָ־ָ ׾ֵ֕ ״֟, ִָ . ߾֓ ֟׾֓ δ . Ƹ֟ ֵ՟ ֮ ״֣֟ ƙ ֟. ӟָ֤֟ ֓ ֮, ִ֌, ִݤ™ ִֻ֕ ֟. ָ֤֟ ޵֓ ִ֌ ߓ ; ֓ ִԟ ִݤԮֻ ִפ֓ ƻ ֵָ Ӳ ןֵֿ Ƣ ޵֟ ֻ .

 

2 ) ߾

 

֮ ԟ ֤֮ԮָƟ , ߾ . ֓ ָ . ֻ, ִßֵ, ִßֵ, ֿ ֻ ֓ ֮ ֻ֮ ֮ ߾ Ӗ . ֟߻ ֻ ïֿ - - Ӭ - Ӯ ㌟ ֻ֮ ־ ן ֻ֮ . ߓӟ ֻ֮ Ӯ ן ֟֟. ߾ ™߮ ֙֟֓ ꛟ. ָ߸, פ ֻ . Փ ӯԴ ָ ߾ ד֟˺ ֻ֮ ֟; þֳ־֤™߮ ߓ . ߾ ֓ ָ ߾ ״ ׾֟߻ ֙ ֟. Ӯ֓ ִԟ ֙˦ ֟֟. ׾ Ӯߓ ֻ֮ ; ֓ פ׮֮֬ . ֓ - Ɵ .

 

ӯ ֻ ߓ ֓ Τ Ӯ ßֵ Ӗ . ֻ Τ ֻ֮ ßֺ , ֵֺ . Ӵ֬ ןִ֮ ߾ ֻ ֓; ߓ ãָ . ןִ֮ ִßֵ ִßֵ . . ־ծ ֿ ָ ֿ֦. ֓ . ֿ֓ ֟ ֓ ִ׾™ , ֿ ߻ ӟ ֿ ֿ Ӗ . ß׾ ӛ. ֻ ־Փ ןִֵ ׸ִ֮ ֛޵ ׮״ֳ֢ ֟. ߟ߮ ֙ˤ֟ ׾ ׮ԟ: ֻ֯ ֢֮ פֻ֯ ׾֪֮ . ֻ ֮ . ֤֣Փ 鿵ִ֮ ֤ ׾ֿ֮ ֕ ã֟ӟָ ־ ãֻӟָ . ӓ ß֢ פ - ӟ .

 

3 ) ־

 

ָ߻ ֓ ߾ ֢ӟ߻ ֛ ִֻ֬ ןֵֿ ־ԡ ֯ ָ Ӭ , ӓ ֿ֢֟֟ ӯ , ֟֯Τ֟ ӓ ӟ:ξ ־ ֢ ֟֟. Ӭ ן ֻ֮ ֻ֯ ִԓ פ֟ ֻ ָ ֓ ֵԾֺ ֓ ß֢ ֟ . ߾֓ ׾֬ ֟, ӓ ֮ - , - ָ߸, ָ - ָ, - :֮, ׾ָ - ִ ֤ ™ ׾֟ פ ֟, ־Փ ׮״ָ֢ Ӭ . ֟֓ ֤֫ ׾ֳ־ ׸֟ߴ ֮ - ֮֓ - ֵ ӓ ֻӲ֮֮ ֟֯Τִ֬ ӯ֮ ֓ Ӭ֓ ֿ֟ ӯ . ֟֯Τӓ ӯֻ֮ ׸ ֟֟ ־֓ ָ . ָ ֟; ִ ־֓ ־ ־ ָ ӳ־֟֟. ޵ ַ ֯ Ӗ פ . ޵ֺ ־ֻ ֺ֯ ־ֻ ָ . ֟֓ ׾ֳ ׸ִӮ ޵ ֺ֯ ־ , ֮ ־־ Ӭӓ ִ֮ ־ ֟֟.

 

4 ) Ӭ

 

ָ߻ Ӭӓ ֟֯Τӿ - ޵֯δ ־ƺ ӲӬ Ӭ֢֟ . ָָ ֲӬ ־ֲӬ ֲӬ . ߾֓ ״֣֢, ׾ָ ( ӵִ ), δ֤, ֵ ֺ ־ ԲӬ֓ ָ ֻ֮ ֮֓ ־ֲӬ ֟֟ ֿ֟ ַ ԓ ӲӬ ֲӬ ־ . Ӭִ֮ ֟ ֛ ӓ þֳ־ִ֬ԓ ֿ ; ӓ֟ ׾ ׮ִ , ָ׸δ֓ ֟֓ ӟ : ֮ ־֟֟. ָ֟ ֻ ֯ ִ֕֟, :֮־֟߻ ִָ֟֓ ֟. ꌵ־ָ߻ Ӫ־ָ ֻ֯δ :ֻ֓ ӟ߮ ־ ֜. ֤֟™߮ ׾ָ֓ , ֳ , ָ ־.

 

5 ) Ӿָ

 

֟ ׮֟ ַ ӬӮ Ӿָ . ֟þֳ־֓ Οߟ, ֮ ӟֻԮֺ֟ ׸ Ӵ ־߮ ԲӬ Ӳ֟. ִפ֓ פ ֟֓ ֻ֙ . ־ֻ껵 צ ֮Ӥ֓ ֓ þ֤ ֟ ֕ þ֤ ׬ , ֟ ׾ֵ֯ ָ־ . ޵ꤵ֮ ֯ ־֤߻ 㓔 ߮ ֙ ֟. ֟֓ ׾ֿ㬤 ׸ִӮ ֛ ־Ӿָ Ο ־ ֻ Ӿָ .

 

6 ) ׮֕Ը

 

Բ֬ ֟֯Τ֯ ׿ףֻ δ֮ ׮֕Ը . ֟֓ ׮ִԻ ߟָ ׸֟ߓ ӛ ֟ ֻ֬ ֟. ֻ֓ ־׮֕Ը ֟֟ ׾ֿ ׮֕Ը . ߮ 㯟, ֓ ״֟, ִ ִ֤ ׾֬ ִ, ָ , ־ ָ ָƕֵ, ֓ ָ ׸ ӟָ ֯ ( þֵ֬, ִԿ㌻ ֮פ ) Ӵ ӟ ԓ ׮֕Ը ֟ ָ֟ ֮޵ ֡ ׮ ִ֣ .

 

7 )

 

ԲӬ֮֟ ֟֓ ӯ ㌟ ֓ . ㌟ ֻ ߾ ָ֟ . ָ֟ ֲ㬤߮ ֓ ֚ : ָ֟ ֮ ִ ֋ ״֣ ֻ֮ ִ ֮ . ֟֓ 㬤 þֳ־ ԟֵ ֻ־ָ ԲӬ֓ ӳ־֟ ; ָ߸ ָ ? ׸ִӮ ֟ 㬤־ã ־ִ ԲӬ ԟֵ ׾ֵֻ ־ ִ .

 

֬ӟ

 

ָ߻ ׾־֮־ֺ ֤Ԯ֟߻ ֬ӟ֓ ã ֮ . ִԟ Ի ֛ ֻ ֻ֮ . ׾֟߻ ӟ ֻ Ӭִ֬ ִ ִ ֟ߓ Ӭ . ִ ֟ߓ Ӭ ߾֓ ֤֫ ׾ֳ־ ־ִ ֿ֟ ֬ ֟, Ӯ Ӗ ֯ . Ի֓ ִ ָ߸ ֟֟. ִ Ӭӓ ӲӬ֟ ߾֓ ֮׾֬ ָ߸, צ, ꓔ˾, , ֮ ֤ ֵָ ֟. ִ Ӭӓ ӲӬ ߾ֿ Բ֬ Ԯָ ; Ի ԓ ָ ֻ֮ ֟; ִ Ԯ֟ Ի ָָֿ߸ Ӿ ׻ָֿ߸ ƙ . ߾ ֻ֯ ֿ ־ָ֮ ޵ֺ֯֯ ԲӬ ֓ ָ - ևԙ ־ ָ ֯ . ־ֺ ֻ֯ ָ֟߻ - :ֻ ֲֲָ֤ ߾ þ֟: ; ָ ß פ Ի. Կָ ֯ ֤: ֮ ָ֢֮ ״֣ ִ֮ . Οֻ ֻ֯ ԓ ֻ - ևԙ þ֟: ־ ֟֟; ֓ ֵ֓ծ ƙ -

 

þֵ ֤֮֟ , ֤ߵ ֳ֟ ִֿ

ָ פ ֳ֟ ñ, þֵ ׮ָ ֤

 

֮֟ þ֟: , ֓ ֿ ( ֟Դ֮ ) ֟. ַ פ ֟ ֻ֮ ָ þ֟: ׮ָ . ָӿ, ֻ֯ ԓ , ֓ ֓ ꌟ ԯ ꌟ ( ָ ) ֓ , ֟ ָ 긱 , Ԯ֟߻ ӟ Ƣ֓ ֮֬ . ֟֓ ׸ ֤:֓ ֳ ֵָ - ӲӬ֓ ֣֣ ; ׾־֮ Կ㬤 áߵ þֺ֓ ( Rational and Scientific ) ֙.

 

־ֺ ֻ֯ ֓ ׸ִ֯ ֻ֯ ־ ָ꿾ָ ֮֓ ޵֓ ε֮ . ֿ ֮֓ ׸ִ֟ ֬ã ִ ֤ ֮ ֮֯֓ ֋ ־ԣ ״֣ ׮ ִ פ Ի. ֯ ߾֮֟ ֻ - ևԙ ׾ָ֓ - ָ ָ֓ ֓ ԲӬָ֮ ԟ ֟߻ ֜ - ָָ֮ ֯ ׮ԟ: ״ ֟, ֯ ӟ֯ ֻ ƕ. ֻ֯ ׾־ ßþֳ־֓ ׸֮ ޵֓ ε֟ ƕ ִ ֟. ִ ֿ ։ ֟׾ֵ֕ ׮ ׾ֲֲ֟ ׾ֿ֟ ׮ִ . ֻ֯ ݵ ݵ ַ֓ ߮ ־þ þ֬߮ , ߾ ֮ ֵ ֮µ þ־ֻӲ ֮֟. ֬ӟ֟߻ õ ֟ , Կָֻ֤ Ӿ Կָ֓ ™ԟ ֮ ִԟ ã֮ , ֮֟ ֵ ߾֮֟߻ - ӟ֚ ָ־ֻӲ֮֓ ״ ։ þ־ֻӲ֮֓ ״ ֵָ . ִ ֟߻ ׮֮֕ ־ Ο ־ԓ ָ֓á ׮ ֙ ֻ֮ ֓ ָ . ֬ӟӲӬߓ ן׾ß ן ֓ ֜ ִԿáӟ ֜, ֜ ֟ ִԟ ֜ .

 

ִ

 

֟ ִԓ ןִ ֬ ㌟ ԟ ָ:֟ ֟. ֻ֓ , ׮־, ֬, ׮ָӕ֮־ã, ֟ ֤ ־ . ֮־֓ 긓 ׯ֟ ; ֟ Ԯ ֵ֮ ֯ Ի, ӲӬ Ο ִԴ֬ ֻ֯֯ ע ״ָ ׾ָ֓ ֜. ִԮָ ֓ þֺ ָ ֻ֟ . ֛ ԲӬ֟ ֻ֢֟֟ ֓ ־ þֳ־ӓ ׳־֌ ֓ Ӿ ׮־ . ֟֓ 㬤, ֬ ֟ ֟֓ , ִ ֮֟. ֬־ã ֟ ׮ - ׮ָָ ֮֟ ִ ֟֟; ִԮָ ָƟ . ӟ߻ ԕ֮ ׾ ־ԣ þֳ־֟ ׳־֌ ߓ ㌟ ִ ֟. ㌟ ߾ӓ ָ ӓ ֙ ָ߸δ ד֟ ֟. ־߮ ָ߸֓ ֢ ִֻ ֯ ןִ ָ ֤޵֓ ָ .

 

ןִ ֬֓ þֺ ־ָ ֮֬֓ ׾ָ֓ ֮ . ֲ֟ߟ ִԮ ׮׿֟ ԤԮ ִ Ԯ, ִ ֮ ִ ׸ ן֮ӓ ԟ ִ ֮ . ִˤԮ - ֮ - ׸ ִ: ֵ֓ þִӮ ֿá - ֢֣ ֓ Σִָӳ ֻ֟ . ֻ֓ ӣӟ ֵ֡ Ӳ׬ֻ ֟. ߮ ׳֮ ׳֮ ִ ӓ ֟֟ ԟ ֓ ִ . ִ՟߻ ӯΤֵ ( ־֤֟ ) Ԯ ԟ ֬ - ֌߻ Ƣ ֜ ֮߻ ״ ֮֟֟ ָ ӯΦֵ ( ֮ ֤ ) ֮֮ Ӿ ߴ֤ ӯΤֵ ׸֮ - εִӛ֮ ֯֯ ֮֟֟. ߕ ߮֯ Ӯ ( ֌ ֮, ֌ ε, Ӿ ֮ ε ֮֜ ) ״ ֮֟֟. ֮֟ ָָ ֻ֮ ִ ֟. ֓ ӓ ֻ ֓ ֮֬ ןӓ ִ ԟ ֓ ֮֬ . ֯δ ֵ֓ ָ ֬֓ ֵ߯־ָ ׾ Ӿ ֓ ֮ ֟ , ָ ׾־ ֓ ֮ ƕ; ֫ ㌟֚ - ߻ ֢֟֓ ִߓ߮ ֬, ֓ ֣֣ ֮ ֓ þָֿ ִָ֟, ֟ ӟֻԮ֟ ן֮ ™ӓ ֹ .

 

ֵֺ֡ ִԓ ƴ ׿֛ ֮ ֟. ׿֛ߓ ֕ӓ ֚ ֕ ִˤԮ ִ˖֮ ׿֛ߓ ֵַ ֕ δδ֮ ִ ׸֓ 鬤 . ׿֛ߓ ֵ֮ פ֟ ֵ֓ ָ ֓ ֕ ֵַ ֲ֕ ӿ Ӳ֬ ƕ, ִפ ޵֚ ָ߻ ֵ֡֓ ֟ ֺ֟ ָ֮֬ ƾ. כ ָ֮֬ ֵ֓ .

 

1 ) ִˤԮ

 

, Ӿ ֤֫ ׾ָ ׳֮ 㬤 ֢֟֟֓ Οߟ - ֬ ִˤԮ . ָ ֻ֟껵 7 ֢ӓ ֻ׿־ֵ ִˤԮ ; ֓ ֢֣֮֬ ִݤԮִ ֵ֓ þִ ֟֟. ߟָ , ׮Ԯ ֿ֮֬á Ӿָ ׮:֤ ֚ Ӯ Ɵ ֤ ֚ , ֚ ֤, ߮ 期 ֵ֮֟ ӓ־ Ӯ Ɵ ֬ ִˤԮ֓ . ִߓ߮ ֢֣ - ֮֬֟֓ ֬ ֮ . ӲӬߓ ׾ß Ɵ á֟ ״.

 

ִˤԮ ִפ֓ ƻ ֵָ ֻ֟ . ׿־ֵ ֮ ׸ ִ ֓ ֯ . ӓ 鬤 㬤 渓. ֻ֕ ߾ֻ֮ ִ֬ ƾ. ׿־ֵ ߾֮֮ ™ã . ן֮ ֻӟ ן֮ ӟ ִ˟ָ ״֡ Ӭ ״ָ֣֟ ֡ ; ָ ״ִ֣֟ ԟ ֲ֟㬤 ׾ֵ - ֵӲӬ ߟ ִ ߾ ֮ Ӵ֬ ֮ ֙ Ɵ. ִ˟֓ - 㬤 ֢֟֟֓ - , ֓ δ Ӳ ֓ ֮ ֟ . ֮µֵ֯Ե, ꮦ- ֤, ξןԟ Ӿ ߾ָ 㤵֓ ־š ߣ ֤ ־ ׾ֿ㬤 ִˤԮ֓ . 㤵ִ֬߻ ã֮ ִˤ™ ֟ ״ ; ֓ ִˤԮ֓ ִԟ ןֵֿ Ƣ ׵ֻ . ֟׾֓ ִӡ .

 

2 ) ִ˖֮

 

ָ߻ ִˤԮ֓ ־ֻ ֿ֟ 㬤 ֢֟֓ ֲָָ ֢֟֟֓ ִߓ߮ ֮ ִ˖֮ . ֬δ ֮ ß׾ ֟֓֓ ; ָӟ ֻ֓ ֟ ִ֕ ָ֤֣ԟ ™׮™ 㬤ߓ ִ ( δ ) ָ , ָ ֬ ֮ ״֣ ƙ ֟ ֢׮Ե֟ δ ֓ ֬ ֮ ִߓ߮ ֟. ִ֮ ֟ ֟ ӟ߻ þֳ־ֳ ï™ ֟ ֮ӟָ ֟ ֢ӲӬߓ, ׾ֿ֟: ӓצӓ ׾ֵӲӬߓ - ߟ ։ þֳ־֬ ֟ӲӬߓ ֜. ӓ δ֮ ׾ . ߟ߮ ß֢֓ ֣֣ ֓ ־ ֻ 㟣ֻ֮ ָ߳ .

ִ˖֮֓ ן, , ׬, ֟: ֵԵ ֻ ֓ . ֓ צ ֮ ӓ ֵ֮ ֮ ן. ן֖֮֮ ֻ껵 ֤֣Փ Ӿ ֟ӲӬ ֤֣Փ ׾ֿ ֮ , - - ֻ - ־ ӓ ֵԤ ֤֣ ן ֌߮ ׬, ֓ ֵԤ ַ֓ ֮֟߻ ׾ָ֓Ӯ ׾ֳֵ ֤֣ծ ן ֌߮ ֮: ֵԵ - ֟߻ ־ Ӯ ֓ סֻ ã ֯֟ ֻ֖֮ . ֟߻ ƻ ֮ צ ֮֓ ֵ֮ ֟; ָ ߓ ߮ ִ֣֟Ԯ ֟ Ο ƙ ֟֟. ׬ ֮:ֵԵ ֮ ֵפ ֟֟; ׾ Ο ֻ֖֮ ӯ ׮ִԻ ֻ֮ Ο . ӓ ׾ß Ԯ áӟ .

 

ӿֵ, ׾ָ֯ߟ֯ ֬־ֵ ( ׮׿֟ ) ߮ ֮ӟ߻ ֻ֮ ֟֟. Ӯ Ɵ ִ˖֮ ֟֓ ַ ֓ ָ . ֮ ߾ ꙶ֬ ֮ ֯ ׮֕Ը , ֮ ֟ , ֮֓ ƴ . ֮, ָ ָ פֻ߮ Ӯ ׮־ָ ޵֓ ָ ִ֣ ִ˖֮֟֓ ֻ֮ ֵ֓ծ ֻ ƻߓ ִָ ƙ . ֬ Ɯָֻ . ִָ֟֕ ֟֟:

 

ִ֮֮ ֮ ִ֟ ָ

ִָ ֮- ָ - ן - ׮־ָ

 

3 ) ִ˓׸

 

֤ ֯ε ֤֫ ӟָ ׾ָ ӓ ׾ָ֟ ָ ֟֓ ׾ֿֿ㬤 ִ˓׸ . ִˤԮ ִ˖֮֟֓ ׸ ׾ ־֟; ׸ֻ ӓ ׮֟ӟ ־ֿ . ־ ֻ ָ֓ ֛ ֻ ָ ֟֬ ֖֮֟֓ ֿ ִ ֻ֮ ״֣ ׸ ֻ ֟. ִߓ߮ ֢֬ ֮֯ ָ ׸֓ ӟ ԓ ׮֕Ը דֻ֢ ָ ӟ ֮Ӥ .

 

ִ˓׸֓ ߾֓ ӟ׸ ָ֡֟ ׿ , ԟ ׾ . ־ӓ ׿ ( ã ) ֤ ΟӮ Ο Ӿ ׾ ׸ ֟֟ ׮ӣ ӵִ ӓ ֤ ΟӮ ־Ο Ӿ ׸ Ӗ . Ο ߓ, ֻ֮ ޵֓ ֟ ֙긯֟ ӟ׸ ׾ֿ㬤ߓ ָ ָ֟ ֟. ־ֻ Ưίӓ֓ ֲֲָ֤ ӳ Οֻ֮֯ ־ֵ֓ ֟; ֓ ׾ֿ㬤߻ ֻ ֵԤ ֛. ֵԤ Ӯß ׮֕߾֮֟ ֟ ; ִ ޵ ִ֣ ֟. Οӵִ Ӿ ׸֓ ָ . , ֟, ß ( Ե ), ʓֵ ׸. ֓ þֺ֓ ׸֓ ã, á, ֻ֯ ֌߯δ ã ԟ ӿֺ֮ ָ ԟ ֮ , ־ ׮פ ( ã ) ߾ӓ ן ֯ ߟ ; ֡ ֟߻ ָӳֺ ε, Ӿ ָֿ ׾ָ, ֵ֓ ןָ ֤ ֮ ַ ֻ ֟; ָ ™ ֮ ֻ ־ ֟֟. Ӯ ֡ ־ԓ ָ ( , ָӳ, ׾ָ ) ֟. ־ ִ֡ӿ ִ ֳִ־֮ ֟֟. Ɵ - ״֟ - ׯε ֟֟. ֟ ß ߟ, ־ áߕ֟ Ӯ ֟ - ֮ - ִ֮ ֟. ׸֓ ־ ֟ ߟ.