- 2

֖֮֟֓ ײӤ : ߾֟֟

׾ ߾, ֟, ֮ ߻ ֮ . ™ߓ פ֯ ֮־֮ ֻ ׾޵֓ Ӥ ֻ . ִ ֖֮֟ Ӯ ֵֻ֛ ֤ . ָӟ ֮־֕֟ ׯ ֮-׾֓ ׸ӟ ֻ ־Ɵ ן֮ Ӭֻ ֕ ߓ . ֤ ƕָ ԯԓ ֮־ ֻ ָ ֻ ߾ ָ߸ ӓ ֓ Οֵ ֻ פ֟. וִ֯֬߻ 껵 ӓ ִ ƕָ ֮֟ ߟ. ִ֟ ֓ . á֖ ֟֟ , ֮֟ ַ ֮־֮ þ֯ ׮֦ ӓ ֮ ֟֓ ׮ִ ֻ .

 

ֿ֟ӓ ֮

Ӿ֓ ֿ׮ ֻ֯ ˒ ӣ֟ ֟ , ָ߸֓ ׻ ֢֟ . י֮ ߻ ֢֟ ֮֟ פ . ֟- ֕־ ӟ ֓ ™ ֟ ָ פ ֟ .

Of all things that man has, next to God, his soul is the most divine and most truly his own, The soul is immortal, because its very ideas and essenceis the self-moved and self-moving, that which is the fountain and the beginning of motion to all that moves besides

Dialogeus of Plato vol, v.P, 120.

 

־ֹ פ , י, ӓ ֟֟֟ӓ ׾ָ֓ ݵ Ԯ ֻ . ֿ֟ ֿ׮ӯ Ӯ ֟֓ þ֟ӡ ֢ ֮ ָ߸֓ ֲָָֿ ֮ ֿ ֻ֮ . ָ ָӟ -ֿ, ㌟, ִֵ֮, ָ ֟֟֟ ֤™߮ ׿ִ֟ ֿ׮ ָ֙ .

 

ֿ֮á֖ ֟

׾ֲֵָָ֖֮ ֮ á֓ ֻ֙ ֻ. ֻ á֓ ׿ָ, ֵ. ֮ӟָ ֻ껵 ֮-á֖Ӯ ֮-áֻ ־ָ֟ ޵֓ ε֟ . ָӟ ܵ ֮ ֕ ֵ ֓ Ӯ 㙻 . ֻ֯ ߻ ֮ ֮µ ָ Ӭ ֵ: ֻ֟ . ߻ ֮ 㾾ִ ִ ָ߸֓ ։ ֮֓ ׾ֿ ֟. ™߮ ֮֓ ׾ֳ . ֮. ֮ ׻ ֮Ӯ (ָӮ) ֻ֮ ֟. ֮֓ ָ ™ ֻ ֟. ָ ־-֮ ֕ -֮֓ ֤֮ (δ) ָ ֟. ֮֓ ֵ ־-֮֓ ׮׿֟ ߟ ֟. ֮֓ ֮ -֮ ӓצӵ ߾ӓ ך ֟.

ן֤ ֿ֮á֖ӓ ׾ ָ׸ εӓ-ןεӓ ָ֮֬ . ָӟ ׾֓ ֳ ֳ ֮־ָ ָ֬ . ֮֓ þִ ߾ ֮֓ ׻ ޵֓ ֌ ߾֟֓ . ֮ ֌ ϟֵ ß׾ ֿ֟֌ߓ֓ ϟֵ ֟. ָ ׾ָ ָ ִ ֲֻ .

 

߾ : ֮

֯ ߾ ֓ ׾ָ֓ ֤Ԯֻ ׬ ׯε . ֣֟ ֟ - ֟ ֓ ָ Ԯ֓ ָ֬ . ֟ ֟ӓ (߾, ߾, ־, Ӭ, Ӿָ, ׮֕Ը ) ֮ þִ ֮֓ ֟. Ԯֻ ֟֟֟֓ ׬ . ָ Ԯ֓ ߾-֟֓ . ֮֓ Ԯֻ Ԯ ֟ .

߾ þ֟ӡ ֢֟ . ƙ־ָ ֵԵ Ӯ ㌟ . ֵԵ ֢, ã֟ ׾ֵֻ ֵ֟ . ֓ ߾֓ ֢ߟ, ֟ԟ δ֟ ㌟ߟ þ֟: ָ . ָ, ׮ֵן, ֤铔, ֻ . ָӓ ׸ָ ִ . Ο ֮ þֵӳ ן֓ þ֟ӡ ָӡ ן֓ þֳ־ ׾ֳ־ ֌߾ָ ֻӲ .

 

1߾ ?

߾ ֆִֆ ע ֤ ׸

ָ ֨ ׾˜ և - 2

 

߾ (֟) Ԯֵ ֵ֮ Ӯ Ɵ .

1 ߾֕߾־ Ӭ Ӿָ ׮֕Ը ßִ֟ -֣֟.

ïֿ, Ӭ Ӯ Ɵ ן . ߾֓ ָ ֓ ߟ߻ ֯δ . ㌟ ֻ־ָ ֙ ָ߸֯ ד֟ , , ָ߸ָ . Ӭ֟ ԓ (-֟) ֟, ꌟ . ׯ ֬ ֻ֮ ֟ԟߟ δ ָ ָ . ֬ ޵֓ ӟ׸ ֌ ֬ Ӿ ԲӬ֮ Ɵ ֻ֯ ִֵ֮ ָ þֹ֟ ִ ֬ . Ԯ ֵֵ֓ ״֓ӦӮ . ָ֣֟ þִ ߾֓ þֹ 'ֵ ִ' . Ԯ ֮ ֌ ߾ . ֵ֓š ֬֟-ԓ ־š ξָ֮֓ Ӥ֮ 㬤 ֟֓ Ԯ ֻ߻֯δ .

1 פ ֬ ˚ ֵ ֵ֤

׾ִӕ 㬤 ֵ ׾֕ ִֵָ -֣ 14

֟ ֬ , ï׿ԟ . ֮ . ׮ֵ֟ , ׾ֿ , ӵ㌟ , ֟ 㬤 ֵ . 㬤 ֵ֓ פ ֕ ֵ֟֓ . ָӟ ߾֓ ֤ ֻ߮ ׸ ԲӬ֓ ã ֟ ߴ ӓ ָ פ .

 

(1)  פ֯ Թ דֻ֟ ֟ ִֻ -ï׿ԟ- פ֟.

(2)  Փ ׮״֢֮ ߾ ֮µ, ֿ, , ָ ֤ ֟ߟ ܵ ߟ ӛִ ֟ פ֟.

(3)  ߾֟֓ ך ֻ껵 ӟ ֮, Ԯ, ߵ

 

1 ߾ ֢ ꌟ ֻ ־ֻ . . 118 ֮.

֤ ӓ ӵ֮ - γ־ פ֟. ִ ָ ߾ ׮ֵ֟ . .

(4)  ߾֟ ֮-֮- ֟Ӯ ӟ ֹ ׾ֿ֟ פ֟.

(5)  ԓ ׮״֢֮ ָ ־ -:- ׸ִӮ ㌟ פ֟.

 

֓ 㬤 ֟þֹ֟ ֟ . ָ '' ֓ דָӟָ, פþֹ . ־ԣ ӟ־֤ ׾ָָ֓ߓ Ӿ 㬤 - ӵ֮ ֯ ַ 㬤 ã ׾ָ֓ . ֟֓ ֑֮֮ 㬤 þֹ־ã ֵ֓ծ ִӓ ֮, ㌟ߓ ֻӲ֮֮, ָָ֟, ־ -ӓ ֤Ӯ ָ֙, þ-Ӿ֤ ֻ . þ-Ӿ꤮ - Ο ֻ ֲ֟ߟ . ӓ ֮֓ ӿ֟ ߟ߮ ßã֟ߓ ˑ֙ ָ .

 

ֵ ֕ ֵ ?

ָ "ֵ ִ" ߾֓ פ ׾ßָ֮ ֻ ƕ. ֵ֓ 1) Ԯֵ֯ 2) ֵ֮.

Ԯֵ1 -

֮ ָ֮ Ɵ Ԯ ֮ ֟.

 


(1)  ָ ֮꟯ע׮״֢ ֤ ε֟ ֤ ֟ þõ֮֟: ׸꤮ ֻ ֤ Ԯ ޵֟ . . ֣. 43

׾ֵ׾ֵ׮֯֟ ן Ԯ ־ן - ־ԣ 115

־ ִ׾ֵ ִֹ

߾ פ ָ֙ - 482

 

ָ, Ԯֵ֯ ß擵 ִ֮ þֹֻ . ֕֓ ׾֖֮֓ Ӥԟ ô ֮֮ ֕ Ԯֵ. ־ ׾֓ ִֹ֮ ߾ (֮ ־) ֕ Ԯ . ֓ ָ .

 

(1)  㤿Ԯ (֮ ָ ִ֮ Ԯ)

(2)  㤿Ԯ- (׿־ֵ ָ צӮ ָ ִ֮ Ԯ)

(3)  ׬֤Ԯ- (׬֖֮֯ ָ Ԯ)

(4)  ֻ֤Ԯ- (ֻ֖֮ Ӯ ָ Ԯ)

ֻ ޵֯ ֕ ˴ã (ָ) ã ꤸ Ԯ ֮ . ֻ߮ Ԯ ֮ ֯֟, ֓־ . ֓ ֻδ . ִֵ֟ ִ ׾֓ ׻ þֹ ֟-֟֟ ןײײ֟ . ß ޵֓ ׾ ֻ֟ ֟

 

ֵ֮

֮֮֓ ֟ ß ߟ. ִ Ԯ-֮ ׸ ֕ ֮ ֟֓ . ֵ֮֓ ֚ ָ ֻ֟ . 1) ן 2) ן 3) ֖֮ 4)֖ 5) ׬֖֮ 6) -׬֖֮ 7) ֮: ֵԵ֖֮ 8) ֻ֖֮.

֮ ֮ ֵ ֕ þ ׿־ֵ ָ ֤֣Ի . ֕ ֮ þ-ָ ֿ . Ԯ ֻ־ָ ֕ ß ִ֖֮֮ ֻ־ָ ß ׾ֿ ֮ '֮֮֓' . ן, ׬ ӓ '' (״֣) ׾ֿӮ ߮ ׬ ׾ֻ . ֚ , ִ֟ ï™ ׳ֵ֯ ֮ ִ֮ Ɵ ִ֮ ֮ ״֣֮֟ ֟ ״֣֖֮ . ֕ ״֣֤Ԯ ֓ ־ָ ֟, δ, ֮ ״֣ . ָ ֟֯Οߟ- . ָ֟ ֙޵ ָ߳ ָ ֮ ִ֟ ״֣ ƙ .

ָӟ ־ ֿ׮ ֵ׾ֵ ߟ߮ ֮֓ ׾ָ֓-ָ֓ , ׾֪֮Ӥ, ֌֮Ӥ ֤Ӯ ָ߻ ״ ׾ָ֓֯ ֵ֟ ׾ָֻ֓ Ӯ ֮֬ פ. ֵ-á֟ ֮֓ ִ޵׾ֵ ׾־֮ ָ ןֳ֟ ׾ֵ֓ ׳ָ֓߯־ָ ֻӲ .1

 

֮ ָ Ԯ : 1/2/3

(1)  ן֖֮

צ ֮ Ӯ ָ ֮ ן֖֮ . צӮ ֓ צ֓ ִ֮֬ . ֻ֮ ָ ƙ . צӓ ֌ߓ ߮׬, Ի ָ ֮ δֳ , ־ . ָף ™߮ צ-֮ ָ֯ ָ.3 ֵֿá֟ צ-֮֮ Ο ƙ . ך ֕ צ ֮ ־. Ӯ ƙ , -׾Ӿ֤ -׳ָ֓ ֮ δ ֮־. ָ, ֵ δ ֵ δ ֓ ã֟ ֚ . ׮ δ Ӿ δ ֟, ֟ӿ δ-δ ־.

֬׮ ָ߸-׾֖֮֓ ™߮ ֬ ֻ , צ þ֟: ß ֮ . צӓ ך ֻ ֕ӟ֟ Ӿ꤮ Ӥֵԟ ׾֟֟. Ӿ꤮ ӟָ ֬ Ӥ

1 ֣ ׾Ӿ֤ : ֣ ֡ δ֟ ׬׾׮ֵֿ- 1/120

2 ן־׬ִ֮: ֵԵ ֻ׮ ִ֮ 1/9 ֣֟

3 ֟ δ ִָ֪ Οִ֮֟ ֣֟- 110-11-12

 

: ֮ . וֳ ־ , ־ ֟ , ֟ , ׮Ե Ӥ .

ן֖֮֓ (ßִ֡ ֮), (֮ ֻ ׬ ޵֓ ), ֵֵ ( ޵֓ ׾ֻ֯δ ß ï™ ֮), ָ (ֵ ֻ ô߹֮ ָ ) ָ ִ֮ܵ . ָ ָ ֖֮-ε ߓ ־ֹ ï™ . פ ֮֓ - ֮ ε ׬ ï™ . ן֖֮֓ ô, Ο׳֖֮, , ֮ ָ . ֵ δ ן֖֮ ֌ ֌ ֤֣Ԯ ֟. ™߮ ֌ ֌֓ 12 ָ Ԯ . 1.׾֬-׾֬ 3.֯-֯ 4. ׮:-׮: 5. -㌟ 6. -.

ӿֵ, ֬־ֵ ִ ן֖֮֟ ׮ִ ֟.

 

֖֮

ן֖֮֯ ֓ ֮ ֖֮ . ָף ™߮ ֟֓ 㬤 ߹ ֻ֖֮ ־֖֮ ֟֟. ״֣֟ ߾֓ ֻ֖֮ - ֮ ֟֟.

 

׬֖֮

,, ֻ ־ ӓ ׾¿™ ֵԤ ֤֣Ԯ ֟ ׬֖֮ . ׬֖֮ ֟֯ ֟. -ָ-߾Ӯ ֮ ֮֟: ֟. ֻ֮ ߻ -ß֯ ֟׾ֿ㬤 δ ֜. ֮֮ ߾ֻ þ֟: Ӿ ߾֓ ԕ֮ ߻ ֮֓ ֮ . ֮ ߵԮֵָ ԓ ִֵֿ֮ . ֓ ־֬, ָ־֬ ־Ծ׬ ã . ״֣֟ ߾֓ ׬ֻ֖֮ -׬֖֮ ֟֟.

 

֮:ֵԵ֖֮

֮:ֵԵ֖֮ ֟֯ . -֓ ֮ӟ߻ Ӿ י ׾ָ֓Ӯ ֟ ֓ 1.֟ 2.׾ִ֯֟ . ֟ ָ ׾ָ֓Ӯ ֟. ָ ׾ִ֯֟ ָ Ӿ י ׾ֵָ֮֓ ֟. ן ִ֣Ԯ . ֮ ™ ׸־֮ ֬ ֯ .

 

ֻ֖֮

֮־ָߵ ԓ ӯ ֿ֮ ֟֕ ֙ ֻ֖֮ ֟. ֮ ׮ָ־ָ ֮ . ֟ ֟֟ ׳֮֟֓ Ɵ. ֮֓ ׾ֵ ֕ ׾֟߻ ־ ֤֣ ֓ ֟Դ֮- ׾µֻ߮ ־ ã . ֻ , ־ָ, ןֲӬ ֻ֮ ִ֮ ֟ 㬤 ִֵ֮ ӟ . ֌ ™ ߓ . ݮߴ֬ ֛ Ӭ֮ ןָ ָ ָ ֟, ֮ ־ þ-ָֿ ߟ߮ . ֵ֓ ״֓Ӧ ֻ ֮֓ Ԯ ֮ ֟֟-

ӯ ִ ֻ ־֢ ־ֳ־ֵ

ֻ ׾ן״ָ ֻ ꤾ 괴ָ֙-459

ֻ֖֮ ӯ, , ן֯-Ɵ, ־ ֤֣֟ ֻӟ߻ Ӭָֻ ָ .

ֵ֓ ӓ ֮֟ ֟ ׮ָӟָ ִֵ֮֓ . ֻ֓ פ ӟָ֟ ֤ þ-־֮ ֟֓ ֟. ֮ ֟ ™ ߟ. ֓ þӵ ֮ ׿֟ ֙ . ֿߓ ε ֻ ƕ.

 

ָ ߾

߾֓ 1.ָ 2. ㌟ ָ þִӮ ֻ֯ ֣֟-֟ (2/10) ֻ֟ . ָ ־ԓ ָ Ӿ ㌟ ֻ ֟. εֳ֮ ִ-ן֤֯֓ ֱ ֻ ֟. ָ ߾Ӯ ֓֟߻ פ ֿ֟֌ߓ Οֵ֚ ־֚ ㌟ δ וִ֮֬ԓ ֮ .

ָ ߾֓ ׾ָ֓ ֚ ָ ã δ֟ . ßף֟ . ָ֓ ֟ ֛֯껵 ߾ֻ ־ӟ֓ ִԓ ׮֟ ˲֮ ߟ ֻ . ӓ ֟ ָ ״֣, ֵ, δ Ӿ þ֯ . ֓ ޵֟߻ ֣ ֛ ־ ֵ֓Ԯ ï™ "׸ ㌟:" ֯ ֻ֟ . ָ ã֟ ߾ֻ ֓֓ δ֤֮, ֵ֮, Ο֮ ֮-֮֓-ָ߸- ӓֻ֟ ֤ ԟ - -ָ擵 Ӭ֮ ֯ ֻ . ָ-ã֟ ֤ ֯ ֻ֟ ֻ ֻ ָ ã֟ߓ ֌ . ֿ׮ ֕Ԯ ֮ߟ ߟ. ӓ ֮ ֕ ߾֟֓ ִ֮ . ֕Ԯ ֻ֮֮ ֻ ִ-ן֤֯֓, ן-׮ִֵ ޵֓, ӵִ ןֻ֮֯֓ . ָ ãӓ ׮ֹ ߑԯ ־ָ ָ ߾ֻ ˲֮ ־ֿ .

 

ָ ߾֓ -γ-

ָ ߾ӓ ïֿ, ֮, , צӓ ã־ָ . ïֿ - ߾Ӯ ã־ָ ߾ ֟֟. 飾, ݮ, ֵ, ֻ ֮ï֟ ֓ ߵ ߾ . 飾 ӓ ָ߸ 飾׵ ߾, ݮ ӓ ָ߸ ݮ׵ ߾, ָ (ֵ) ӓ ָ߸ ֵ׵ ߾, ֻ () ӓ ָ߸ ֻ׵ ߾ ֮ï֟ ӓ ָ߸ ֵ֮ïן׵ ߾ . ֮ï֟ߴ֬ ָ֬ ֮ïן -ꓵ ֟֟ ָ߸ ܵ ߾֓ ָ߸ ֟. ָ߸ ™ ֓ ܵ ߾ ָ֟. ܵ ߾ӓ ß֟ ֟.

 

:

, ߮, ָ, ӓ צ -Ӯ ߾ ֟֟. ֯ ֓ Ӧߵ -֯ 1. -֮ -֮ : , ֮ ָ ֮ ָ ߾, .

 

צ :

֯ צ ֯ . ִԓ ֮ ֯ ֟. צ֓ ֵ֮ ߾ ָ֟߻ ֤֣ԓ ֮ . Ӯ ֮צ ֟֟. צӓ 1.־צ 2.צ ָ . ־צ צӓ ׮ִֵ צ פ֟ . צ 鿵ֹӟ פ֟. ָӟ צӮ ֮ . צӵӓ ׮־ . צӓ ֵ֮ ־צ ֮ . ֲ ֵ ־Ӧߵ֓ .1

 

1 ׮־韵 צִ ֲֵ ־ֵצִ ֣֟ . 2/16.2/16.17 ן֖֮־ָ- ԓ ִֵֿ֮ - ׾ֿ㬤߮ ֵ֟ ֮