- 4

׾֟ ׾ָ֓ : ֟ ֟

(1) ߾ (2) ߾ (3) ־ (4) Ӭ (5) Ӿָ (6) ׮֕Ը (7) ֟ ֟ . ߾ ߾ ӓ ָïָ ӵ ׾ֵ ִ ָ־ã פ . ָֻ :ָ ƙ ֓ ָ -ֻӓ ֿ֟ ֻ ӲӬ. ߾ִ֬ ׾ ֌ -ָӓ ־ֻ Ӭֻ ָ . ־ Ӭ :ֻ ִӡ ֟ פ ֯ ִֵ֮ ߾ֻ ָ֟ ֙׾֟֟. ߾ ֻӓ ӵ ֓ ָ . :֓ ׻ ӵ ӲӬ֟֓ ׮ִ .

 

߾ :

֟֓ Ԯ ֯ ƻ . ־ ִ-׾־֮֓ ָ֬ ߾֟֟ . ߾-֟֓ ׻ þֹӓ ֮ . ߾ֻ-׿־þֵֹ֯՟ ֟ , ֓ ߾ Ԯ֮ ӟ ï™ ֮ פ . ֕ ָ ߾ֻ ׸ ã֟ ֓ ״֣-֮, ֮, δ֢֟, ֤׾ָ ִ ֻ ֻ ָ ㌟ߴԓ ξ ֓ ߾֟ . ֣ԓ ־ָ ֟֓ ׾ֿ֮, ӟ-ִֵ, ד֤֮Ӥֵ ã֟ ֯ ָ .

 

֟ӓ :

־, Ӭ, Ӿָ, ׮֕Ը, ֟ӓ ׾־֮ ־ӟӮ ֹ ־ֹ ָ . ׾־֮ áֿ פ . ֟֓ ך ־-֌ ן֓ ׾ָ֓ . ־ֿ֌ߓ ׮״֢ ׻ -ָ ֟֕־ ֟, Ӭ ־֟֟ Ӿ ֟֟, ֓ ׾ָ֓ ֹ֮ . ִ ִ ִֵֻ֕ ֤ ֻ . ־ Ʈ- ֟ӓ ï™ ֿ׮ ׾ָ֓ ִԓ Ƣ֓ ׿™ .

 

־ -֟ :

ԯָ ֟ ֕ ־ . ֟֟ ־׾ֳ־ӓ ֮, ֮֓, ָ߸֓ - ׾ӓִ -ָӓ ߑ ֟ ֻ ֟. ֟֓ ־֮Ӯ ԯָ ֟ ֟ ־־ . ַ ָӮ ־ ֟֟. ֻӓ ך þ֟:֓ ֌ߴ Թ ޵֓ ֡֟ ֟. ӓ Թ ޵ֻ ߻ ־ ƙ . ־ִ ָ . ־֓ ޵־ ֯־ ָ . ޵־֮ ֻ ֟, ֻ , ֻ ָ߸, -ӯ֤, ֮-ֲָ֟, ֵ ֯ ֟. ֓ ֙ ֯־֮ ָ ֟, ןֵՓ ֟, ֟, ׸, ֮֮, ֵֿ . ֯ ֟.

 

״֣֟ - ָ1

־֓ δ ״֣֟ . ָ߸ֻ ֟ ִ֕, ִԾָ ֨ , , á Ӯ δ ֮, ß ӟ ֟ þֹ ֟ - ֟ ֮, , , ֟ , ָá֮ ׸ ֓ ִ֯֬ ֤ ξ , ߾ӓ ӲӬ֮ δ֤ , ָ߸, ֮, 敵֟, , ֟, , , ֯ ָ߸ ӓ ֣ ־ , ָ׮Ӥ ֟֯ο , ߕ֮ӓ ֤, ׮Ӥ , ־֮֬߮ , ־ ™ߴ ־ . ß- þֹӲӬ ï™ ߾ ״ִ֣֟ ֌ . ־ ֮֟֓ ״֣ ֟. ָ ß ޵֓ ™ þ-ָ ֟ ֟. þ þ ִ֕ ִ ״֣֟ .

 

׾ָ : ָ ָ

ָ֤֓ ξ ׾ָ . ֻ ™ , ֓ Ӿ ֯δ ָ֓ ׾ָ . ֮־ֻ ƟƟ . ָӟ , ֮, ֵ, ָ ֵӓ Ӿ õ, , ן, , ֵ, , á- -֯ ӓ ߾ ֟. ִ Ο ޵, ӵִ ߾֮ ֻ׾޵ ξ֓ . ׸ ξ ַ ֵӓ ֻ߻֯δ .

 

 

(1) ӟ֮Ӭ ֵ :

ӟ ָ֟ ֙־ֵ ־ָ ֟þֹ֓ ֮֓ ӟ ξ ָ ֵӓ ָ ֕ ӟ֮Ӭ , ֮, ֵ, . ֛־ָ߻ δ ֵ ֟֟.

 

 

1 Ԯ (. Ӧָ) . 226

 

(2) - Ο֮ܵ־ָ ֵ :

־֓ פ ߾ֻ֮ ֟ ֮׾޵ ֤ ָ ֵ . , ֟, ß, ׸, ɓֵ ֓ Οӓ ָ ֤ ׾֑ ָ Ο֮ܵ־ָ ֵ . Οֻ֮֯֓ ֣ ӓ ׿š . ֟߾ָ߻ δ ֓ ߾Ο ֟.

 

(3) Ο֮ܵ־ָ ֵ :

ӓ ֓׸ ָ ֵ . ֻ ݵ ӵִ ִ . ֬߾ָ ꜻ껵 δ ֵӓ Ӥ ֟.

 

(4) ӕֻ֮ ֵ :

Ӥ ׸ ִ ׸֓ ֮֬ ד֟ ִ . ޵־ָ߻ δ ִ֡ ׮ִ . ׸֓ ָײӤ ֻ ֣ܵ֟ ִ .

 

ןָ ָ - δ֤ :

ԓ ־֓ ןָ ӟ Ɵ֓ ָ δ֤ . δ֤ ֕, -־֮֬֟. δ֤ ֕ ֮, ֮֓, ָ߸֓ 擔 ! ӓצӵִ ֯ ַ ־ ֳӟ Ӛ ֕ δ֤. ֵ֓ þִ ָ δֻ֤֓ ֟֟. ֟ ֟֟. δ ֟֟. δ֤ ߾֮ ָߵӓ ߾֮֯δ ֟-ߓ ֤ ֛ ߻ ӟֵָ֟֯՟ . ־֮ ־߸ ִ ָ֬Ӯ ֟֟- ִ ! ֳָ ߻ δ֤ ֮ . ֻ֯ ָ֓-׾ָ֓ δ֤㌟ ֟. ׾־֓ Ӥ ֟֟. ִ ߾֮֟߻ ־ -׾ ߻ δ֤ ֮֟֟. δ֤, , , ֟, ߻ ׸ ӓ . δִ֤ ־ӟ֓ ԸӬ֟ ׿ָ . ׿ָ ָ ֟ ־ ֜ ӛ ֟. ִ֓ ָ, ׾ָ֓, ִ֓ ָ דӟ֮ ֻ ִֻ ֟ ֙.

ִ ׾ָ , ֟ ִ֓ ׾ָֿ֓ ָ . ִֻ ֿ֟ ֻ ƕ. ֚ ־֮ ־߸ӓ ֤ ֟ ִָ֕ . . ־߸ ֟֟ δ֢ ߻ ֟֯Ο ևԻ. ־֮ӓ ׾ָ֓ ִָ-δ֤ ָ Ƣ֓ . ָ ޵֮ ߻ ㌟ߓ ï™ פֵֻ . ֟ Ǥ֟ ָ ֵָ Ի. ԓ ֮ ֛ ߻ Ӭ֓ ֿ . δ֢ ߾֮֓ : : ָ Ԯִ֬ . δ֢ ã ߯δ . ֹ ֻ ֮ Ƹ ֟. ֯δ δ֤ þ ֟ . ָ þ ִ֕֟. ֱ֟ ָ ֟ . ׾ָ֓ Ɵ֓ . ֻ ƕ. . ־߸, δ֢ ֯ ׾֯ ֟ ƕ. δ֤ Ӯ ָ껵 ׾֟ ֟֟ ֹ Ƶֻ ׿ γӓ ߾֮֓ Ƣ֓ .

 

ֵ-

ֵ ־֓ ָ . ֟: ֟ , ӟ, ׮׾ָ . ָӟ , ֮ (ָ), ֵ (֙) ָ ֵ ֳ֟֟ ֟֟ ׻ ׾ߟ ֟֟. ֟֓ Ɵ֓ ֡ . ֻ֮, ָ߸ֻ, צӮ ƾ ״ֻ ָ ִֻ . , ״ֻ ָ . ֹ . ֓ ֵ ָ . ָ, ־ ӟ ָ ֮ Ի ָ ֹ Ի. ָ ֵ ִ ֮ Ի ָ ֹ . ָ ִ (ן) ׮ִ Ի ָ ֵ ֹ ߻. ָ ֵ - ׮ִ ֟. ִˤԮ ֻ־ָ - Ɵ֟. ֫֓ ֓ ֬֓ ָ . , ֮, ֵ, ֟֓ ӓ ׾ָ . ׾ָ-ã ֻ֟ þ֟: , ׾ֿ֮ ӟ ִֵ֮ ã ãָ ֓ Ԯ֓ .1

 

ֵ-2

õ, ן (־֛), ן (־֛), , ֵ, () á , ־, ֯, ։ ֵӓ ֻ֟ . ֵ ֕ ד֟ ֵ ӓ ߾Ο ֵ֯δ ֟ Ӯ ֵ ƙ . ։ ֵӮ Ɵִ֬ Ӗ פ . á-, -, ֵ ֕ ַ ׾ . ָ ָ֓ Ӭ֮ ֵֻ ֟ . ֟ ֵӓ ֵӓ Ɵ. ִ ֮ ӟ֮ ™ Ի ӓ ־, ֮, ֮֮, ôָ ӓ ֻ֟ . ָ ָ߻ ӓ ־ . ֵ ֯-Ӭ֓ ָ . ֵ .3

 

1 ִ-֮ 52.163., 166,168

2 ִ 53.163

3 ָ֙- (.) ֣- 281,282

 

-

־֓ Ɵ֓ ָ ֕ . ֕ ֮, ֮֓, ָ߸֓ ïӤ, ӓֻ֟.1 ֖֮֟ӟ ֻ ԓ ־֓ δ ָ ֻ֮ . Փ , (Nature) Τ (ԓ Τֻ Ӭ߻ ) ™ ֓ -׬ ߾Οָ Ӿ Ӥָ ֻӲ . Փ ã֟ () ֵӓ ߾-Ӥָ ֻӲ . ֵ ߾ ֻ ָ ָ ֮, ֮֓, ָ߸ӓ ӓֻ ָ ־֟ ֛. ꤸ -ӓ Ӥ Ɵ֓ ֻ֮ . ֓ Ӥ ֮ӟָ ֻ֮ .

ӓֻ ֻ֮ ãָ ֕ ß þֹֻ ֟ þֹ֟ . ָ Ɵ, ֮֓ ֟ ßþֹ֓ ׮Ե ֻ ƕ. ָӟ ִ ֮׮֓, ֮֓׮֓ ָ߸ ׮ִ֓ ֟. ׮ ֮-ֵ ֻ֮ ־ Ɵ. .־߸ӓ ׾ָ֓ Ɵ֓ . ӓ ֟֓ ִ֌֮֨ ֻ ֮ þִֵ ãָ Ի. Ի.

 

1 ֵ֓ ӟ֮Ӭ, Ο֮ܵ, Ο֮ܵ ӕֻ֮ ָ δ . ֕ פ ָ ֵӓ ״ ֟.

2 Ɵ֓ ™߮ ™ Ɵ֟ ָ֟ïֿ ֛ ־ֿ . -ִָև -. 1.3.

3 ֲֵ ։ ֵ֓֓ ֵ֟ - . () 216

4 ֟֓ ӟ ֌߯ ֌ . ֌ ֮-׾ָ֓-ָ߸ ֮׾ַ ִ ӓ ֤߮ ָ߸ ֮׾ַ ִ ӓ ֤߮ ָ߸ ֮־ . ן ֌ ֿ֌ . -.. 21-216 ֮֓ ִ֮֟, ֟ ֮, ֵ (֟֟) ֮ ֵ ֮ ָ . ָ ֮֓ ֓ ־. ֵ֓ ״֓Ӧ 괴ָ֙ӟ ָ ֟ ֟֟- 1) ֤֮֯֟ 2) ִן֟ 3) ã֮֯ ֟ 4) ִ֟ 5) ֟ 6) Οߟ ֟ 7) ־ָ֟ 8) ӳ־֮ ֟ (ֵ֯) 9) ־֟ 10) ִ֟

 

ָ߸֓ ӓֻ֟ Ӳ. ױָ Ӥ ֵ֓ ָ ֓ ֟ ֹ ֵֻ . ׾֕ ξ Ӥ ֵֻ ƾ. ִ ߕ ξ ֻ ֟ ֟Ӯ Ӥ ד. ׾־֓ .

þ֟: ֟֟ãָ . ֓ צ ֮ ־֟ ߟ. ־ ӟִ ֟. ִ ֌ߓ ־ ξ . ִ ֟ ִ֣-ӯ֮ 긛֓ Ɵ. ֮-֮֓-ָ߸֓ ε֯Ӯ ׾ӟ ״֓ ӟ׸ ֌ߓ ָ ֛֟. ָ֟ ן֣ ֟. ִ֓ ָ߸,֮ ֟ ֟. ӟ ޵֓ ־ֵ֓ ִ . ׮֟ ־֓ ֯ξӟ ִ ֙ ֟ . . ־߸ ֟֟-

ָ ָ־ 㕗ִ

ִ ߾ և˚ֵ, և ִִָ

֮-ָ֓ ןִ֮ ξ֟ ֟ ַ ߾Ӯ ִ ߯ . ן֣ ֓ ןš , ߓ ִ ֟ , ָ ֵֻ ݵ .

ִ ֻ ߾֮ ִ֕ ֻֻ , ֻ ־֮ ־߸ ֮-ָ֓ ξ ֟ ־֮ ξ֓ Ԯ ξ֟ ֟ ַ֮ ָ. ִ ßӓ ֵԵӮ, ãӮ ß ִ֕֟. ָӟ ־֮ ֵԵ֟ פָ ׮֟֟, ֟. ܵ ֙ ֕ ִ ־. ӟ ãӟָ ֕ ß ־. ߾֮ ֕ ֮-ָ . ָ ֮-ָ ™ ָ߸ֻ . ֻ֟ ߟ. ָ ֟ ֮֟ Ӿ ָ .

־߸ӓ -߯֓ . ־ֻ ִӡ . ֚ ׮ . ֻ ֻ ָ ֟. ־ ֟. ־֓ ӟָ ԲӬ֟ .

 

ӯָ׵ ־-

־ Ӥ, Ӥָ Ӥִ ֤ ֵӮ ־ ָ ӯָ׵ ־ . ֵ֓ Ӯ ֻ֯ ξִָ֮֓֬ 1) ׾ָ֓ ָ֓ (2) , , ӯ, (3) -á, ӓ ֌ (4) , ֻ֮, ָ߲ Ӯ ָ, , á ӓ ֮ . ־ -þֹ֓ ֻ֟ . ־֮ ԲӬ . :ֵ֤ . ӯָ׵ ־ Ӿ֓ ָ . ֟ ָ, ׮֦, ֵ , , δ֤, ֲ, ֮ ׾ָӓ ߾Ο, צ ӟ ޵֓ ξ, ַӓ ޵֓ ֮ , יֻ, , ׮Ӥ, ָ߸֮ 껵 ׾ ֻֻ֓, ֟ ֮, ֮֓ ֵ ֟ ֚ ָ ן ״׾޵֚ , ׾֬ ֮֓, ֮֓֓ ָ߸֓ ã ֻֻ֓Ӯ ӯθ׵ ־ ֟. ָ֣֟Ӯ ־֓ 39 ָӓ ã Ӥ (ֵ-6.5) .

 

޵־ ֯־-

ֵӓ Ӥ ֤ , ָ֤֓ ָ֟֓ ִ ־ . ־֓ ޵ֹ . ־ָ֓ ޵ֹ εӮ ִ ֻ֮ . ֮µ֯ ִו ֻ֮ ޵־֓ ֵ ָ ִ֕ ֓ ׬ ֻ֮ ƕ. ֮֓ ֛-֛ ֚ . ־߸ӓ ָ֓ ִ ӟ ֵ . ֮ӟ߻ ׾ָӓ Ӥξ, ִָ֤֕, ׳ֹ, ֟ , ָָ߾, ֮-ִ, ֵ֮, ֮֯, ֟־֤ߟ, ֟ ָ֓-׾ָ֓ ִ ֤ ִ֕ ֵָ . ָïָӟ , ֵ ֤ ׮ִ ֵֻ ָ֓ ִ ֚ ־ֿ .

ִ֬ԓ γ־ ִ֮ӓ ߾֮־ָ ֻ פ , ֓ ָ . ־߸Ӯ ָ֤֓-ִԾָ פ ָ. š ߾֮ ֟ߟ ޵֓ ִ֮֮ӟ ֵָ ӟ ֑֛ ִ . ֟׮š, ΟӲӬ ֤, -á ָ߻ ֨, Ӭ֨ . ™ ޵ָ . ޵֓ ־ָ ֟, ξןԟ, ߣ ֯ . ָӟ . ߮ ֟֟-

־և ו։ ־֋ ޸-׮־

כ׾ և ֳև ־-

޵֮ þ, ֮֯ ָ ӓ 껵֮ - ֯ .

ִֵָӟ ֵ֓ ֟֟-

޵ ׯ ֵֻ Ӭפ ֵֻ ׯ ׸

Ӭפ ߾ ƴ ִֵָ-֣ 146

ԓ ֻ ֵ Ӿ ӛ֓ ֻ ֵ ֯δ ߾ֻ Ӭ֟, δ ֯-޵ ߾ֻ ָ֟ Ӭ ֟.

֟ ԟ ޵ ֯ ִֻ֕ . ֵ՟ ִו ™֓ , Ӿ þָ ֵ՟ ޵ִ ݵ . ָ֣ԟ ָ ֻ ƙ ֻ ָ ޵ִԓ ß ־ծߓ . ָ ִ֕֓ ֮֓ ׬ ׾֟ ֮ ޵֓ ֌֟ ֟. ֡ ޵ִ ִ ֮ ׮צß Ի ָ ޵ ֻ֯ ֮ ָ . ޵֮ ָ֮߻ ֮ ֙ þ֓ ֻ ƕ.1

ָ, ־ ֻ ָ Ӭ . ־ ߾֮֓ ߟ . ־߸Ӯ ֻ֟ . -Ӭ֓ Ӭ ֟. ֪ ָ֤ ֪ ߻ ֚ ָ. ָӟ ꜟ ߓ ־ ֚ ׾ֻ߮ ֟. ־ ߾ӓ ֟. ӟָ ֕- ָָ֓ ߾֮ ׾ֻ . ־ ֵ֕ԟ ֵ֮֯ ָ ׻֯ ֟. ֯δ. . ־߸Ӯ ߻ ֓ ִ ־ ߾֚ ָ֯ . ֓־ֹ ֪ ߾ֻ ־-㌟ ֮ ݵ ־. ӟ ׾ָ ֿ֯ ֹ ֤ ֵӓ ӯԟ ־ ޵֓ ֻ ֮-֌߮ ֯ . ֿ֮֌ ֟֟ ֤ ׾֪֮ ֟. ָӟ ־ִ ֳ֟֟ ԓ ֙ ֓֟, Ըӓ ֟, ִ ָ, ִֵ֮, ֨ ֟֓ Ԯ .

 

Ӭ-֟

־֮ ֟ ֻ ԯָ ֟֯Τֻ ֓פ ֟. ִ ֟ ӓ Ӭ . ָ֯ ָ Ӭ . Ƹ֣- ֵ֓ -׬ ߾Ο Ӭ ׬ ߾ ֟. 㮵 Ӭִ ־ ־ ־ ־֓ :Ӭ, ָ֓ ׸֙ ֻ ֟. Ӭֻ ׾׿š ִֵֻԤ ֟֟. ™ ֟. ™߮ -֮ - ֮ ֮ Ԯ ִ . ԓ ֻ ֮ ־֮ ֟-þֹ֟ ãָ ƻ ָ ־ Ӭ . ָ֟ ׮ֻԯ ޵֓ ֕ ӓ ֻ֟ δ֤ ֳ֮־֮ . Փ ֯ ֟ ִ -׾֤֟ ִ . ֮ ֵ Ӿ ָ ֵ, ֵ ֵ Ӿ ׸ ֵ Փߓ , ֯ ׮ֻԯ Ɵ ־ ԲӬ ߟ .

Ӭ ֟֓ (1) ־ֲӬ (2) ֲӬ ֟֓ ׸ִӮ Ӭֻ ֟֟ ׸ִ ־ֲӬ, Ӭֻ ֟ ֲӬ ֟֟. ִԟ߻ ָ ׾־ ֮ ָ . ־ ָ ֓ . Ӭ ֵ Ӿ ־ ֵ ֟֓ ֮֟ ַ ׾ֳ־ ׸֟ߴ ֛ ֟. ֟֟ ׾ ׸ִ֮ ֛ ޵֓ ֌ ִ ָ֓ Ӭ֮ . ָ þִֵ ߮ . ָӟ ֟֟֟֟߻ ׾ ֌߮ Ԯ ִӡ פ ֟. ֿ֟֟֟ Ӳ֨ ָ֤ ֟ߟ ׸δ ־ֵ ־֟֟. ִԓ ߙ ߯ ַ֮ ־ Ӭ ӓ ߙ ƕ. ־֮ ־߸ ߟ ֯-֟ Ԯӟ ֟ , ֓ Γן ޵֚ ֿ׮ ԓ ֵ , ָ ״ (־֟) ָ ֵ . ֿ׮ Ԯ ӟ ֜. ָӟ ־֮֕ ֮ ֓ οß . ־߸ӓ Οֻ þ֮־֚ . ִ, , ֮ ֿ׮ ԓ ֻӲ ־ֿ ߓ . ִԯӣ, ֟߳, ӓ ֮֟ Ӭ֮ ־ ԟ ߓ ߟ. ִֵָ֓ ־֮ ֵ֓ ï™ ֟֟ , ִֵָ šָ . ָ ֟֓ ֿ׮ ߓ֓ . ִפ ֣ Τ ߯ . ߯֓ ֵ ޵֚ ־ֵ֓ . ֻ߯ ӣ ։ ֟. ߯ ӣ߮ ֟. ߯ ™ӟֻ֓ ֵ . ӓ ™ Ӥ ָ Ӿ Ӭ Ӯ ߯֓ ε֮֓ . Ӭ֟֟ ֻ׿־ֵ ֟ã֟ ֟ . ִ ֨ ֓ ™ ֻ . ָ ִõ . ָӡ֓ ߾ ֕ þ֟ӡ ִ֮ . ֮ ִ Բ֬ , ִֻ ֻ . ֕ ִ֓ ֮ ן ã֟ ֨ ã߻ . פ ֯ ԲӬ֓ ־ֵ ֻ껵 ִ֓ ֮֓ ִ֮ ֟֓ ֙ . ֻ֓ ֟ ִ֕޵ӟ ִ֓ ֨ ִ ֻ . ִ ԓ Ӯ ֤: ֮֟ ֻ . ֟֓ Ԯ ֌ ֹ ֻ . ״ֻ֣֟ ֤֮֙ ־ԡ ֙ ƻ . ִ ֮ ԓ ӟָ֟֟ ξ֟ ߟ. ׯӕַ֟ ƻ껵 ָֻ֮֕ ׯӕָ ָ֓ ־ ֓ ã֮ ֙ ֟. פ ֟߻ ԲӬ֮Ӯ ִ ִ֓ þ-֢ ׾ֹ ֻ .֮־ ֮ ״ ߻ ִ֓ ָ ָ ָ ׸δ֓ . ָ ֓ ߻ ׾ָ֓ Ǥӟ . ֓ ָ ӟִ ֤֟Ԯ ޵֓ ִ֓ ֵָ . ֤ ԲӬ֓ ֮ ִ .

־֮ ־߸Ӯ ԲӬ֓ (1) ״֣֤Ԯ (2) -׾ָ (3) δ֤ (4) ֵ (5) ֻ֟ . ־֓ ֓ԟ ֓ Ԯ ֯ ƻ . : .

 

Ӿָ-֟-1

־-Ӭ ָ ֓ ןִ֮ . ןִ֮ ֓ ׾֬ Ӿָ ֮֟ . Ӿָ ֕ ָ־ָ ֻ ׮ָ. Ӿָ ֕ ןִ֮ ξֻ Ӭֻ Ӭ. Ӿָ ֕ ã֮ ָ פ . Ӿָ֓ ֓ ִ֬ԓ οß . ߾֮-ָ֓ ָ þֹ ֻ ֻ, -:֓ ֕ Ӭ֮֓ ֻ ֻ ־֓ Ӿָ Ԯ ֟. Ӿָ֓ ־֮ ׮֟ δ֢ ָ֟ ֟ߴ֮ . פ ־ ֵӓ Ӯ Ӿָ. פ ָ ֵ, δ֤ ֮-֮֓-ָ߸֓ -ξ Ӿָ .

Ӿָ ֯ Ի, ο ־ӟ֮ ׾ָ֓־ָ ־ӟ֮ ֚ ֻ֟ . ֻ ֮, ֮֓ ָ߸ ӓ εӓ ִ ָ ׮ָ ָ Ӿָ Ի ֻ Ӯ 㯟 ƚ . 㯟 ߮ . ֮㯟 (֮֓ Ӿָ,) ֮֓㯟-ֲ֓ ִ ָ ׮ָ ֵ㯟-ָ׸ εӓ ֯ ׮ָ. δ֢֯ ޵֚ ӓ ״֟ ֻ֟ . (1) Ե ״֟- (ֻ֟Ӯ δ֤߯ ֻ, ָ ֻ) (2) ״֟-(Ɵ, ״֟, ׯε ߓ ) (3) ״֟ (ָפӓ ־ֵ֓ ӵִ) (4) ֤֮-׮-(ß Ӯ-֮֟ ־֮֬֟ ) (5) ״֟ (ֻ- ׾֕Ԯ ֮ ߾-ӟ ֟߻ þ֓ ߾ָ ޵֓ ־֮֬֟)

ָӟ ֮ צ ֟ ξ ֻ , - ֕ ִ֕

 

1 ֣֟ - 8. 1, 8.2.

1 ־ ׮ָ : Ӿָ : ֣֟ 9-1

ӯ ߻ צ ֮ ƕ. ָ ָ Ӿָ . ֵ֓ ֮ ִִֵָ֬ ξߓ ׮ ߻ ֓ Ԯ . . ־߸ӓ ξߓ ֡-ִԵ . ׮ָ, ןָ ޵֓ ™߮ ִ֬ԟ ׮ִֵӓ ֮ ޵֟ ֻ . ־֮ ־߸ӓ ֖ ֕ ֮־ ֮֓ ָӟ ַ ܵ ָ֓ ׾ֹ ָ . ָ ֕ ߾֮ ӟ ִ֓ ֮ӟ ִ ָ ֻ . δ֢ , ־֮֬, ߾֯ ֮֓ ָ߸֓ ߓ ε ޵֓ ָ־ ֕ Ӿָ. ־֓ ׮ָ ֕ εޛ . Ӿָ Ƥӛ֮, ֮׮֮ ָ֛ ֻ֟ ֤ ֻ޵֮ ָ֛ . ָ߸ ֻ֮ ׾ֹ ։ דӟ ֿ֟֌ߓ Γߟߓ ֛ ָ Ǥӟ ֻֿ ָ Ӿָ ֛ ֟. 㯟 ε ָ֟ ֙. ָӟ . ֟צ ֻ 㯟 ֛ ֟. ״֟ߴ֬ ε֟ פ֟. ״֟ ִ ־ ֟ . ߴ֡ӲӬߓ פ , ֹ޵, ֬ã־ ֟ ӓ״֟ߓ ָ֓ ֛. ֹ޵֓ ֟ ׾ֻ껵 ־ֻӓ ֙֟֓ Ӿָ֓ ָ֮֬ ߟ ֟. 㯟 ״֟Ӯ ״ ֟ ξִ֓֟ ƙ . ξ֮֓ ֕ ־ӟ֓ ָ׾Ӥ֟ á־ֻ ִԴ. Ԯ ַӓ (֬ӓ) ֟韾֓ ֻ֮֟ Ӹ ַ ֟ ֟ ֤ ָ֟ ֟֟.1

״֟ ֟֟- ֻ. ׮֕՟ . . ޵֓ . (׾ָ֮ ֻ-ױ ), ֵֻ֓, ׿ . ԯֿ ָ ֻ. ޵ӓ ߾Ӯ Ի ֻֻ֓ .

֓ ָ -״֟ ֬ Ɵ-״֟-ׯε ֵֻ ֻ֟ . ֱֵ ֛֛, ֟ , ׮Ӥ- ӓ ׮ . ֟ ֟Ӯ õ֟ (׾ֹ ׾ָ֓ ָ ) ׾ָ ֛ . ׾ָ֓ ӛ . ֟֓ ӟ֟ ן ׾ָ֓ ӛ޵֓ . ״֟ ִ֕֓ ӟָ ֮־ ִ֕֟ ָ ? ֮־ ֻ֮ ֟ ֟ 滵 ֻ ןִ֮ ޵֓ ֵ Ӿָ֓ . ֿ֟֌ߓ ָ ξ Ӥ ־ ֿ֟֌ӓ þ-ã֮ߓ Ӿָ֓ Ɵ֓ ֵ . צӮ ֻ֮ ֤ ޵֯ ָ־ 껵׿־ֵ .ָ ֚ צӓ ӓֻ ֮֓ ֵ֓ . ָ ֮־ָ֯δ ֻ֓ ߻. ӟִ ֻ ָ ׮ פ . ׮ Ԯߵ þֹ . ӟִ֟, ֟ꮴ֟ Ӿָ֓ ָ þֹ .

ִ֕, ֤ Ӭ , ֻ ֿ ֕ ֵ ֵ֓ ָ ֚ ֮ ֵ ־ ? ӣ ֓ ֻ ֿ פָ ? ֤֮ ֿ פָ ? ֿ ӲӬ ƕָ ξ֮֓ ֿӲӬ֮ Ӭָӟ֓ ߻, ֻ֟ ֟ , ֟ , ֟ ֕ ֟Ӭ , ֻ , á, ֵ ָ ֵ ָ֛ ? ֓ Ӭ֟, ֻ׾ ֓ ֵ . ָ Ӿָ ֕ צ ׮ ־, ֮׮ ־ ָ ֟֓ ֕ Ӿָ. ֟ ֻ֙ ֕ Ӿָ ! צ-׮֓ ־ֿ ? צӮ ֙ ߟ߮ ֵ֓ ? ־ָ ֵ֓Ԯ ָ פ ''׮ ָӮ פ֟. Ƶ-þֹ . ӟָ֟ ֤֟Ԯ֓ ε ֛ ֓ þֹ ֕ ׮.'' ׮ ֛־; ־ ֵ. ָ ֮ צ : ӛ ֟֟. ֮֓ ꌵ֓ . ָ ֟֓ ֮ ߻ ֓ ֯ ߻. צӓ צӮ ֯ ߻.

 

Ԭִ :1/2

Ӿָ֓ ןָ ֵ ִ֬ԓ ֻ֮. ִ ִ, ֤Ծ, ֕Ծ, ד֟, ӵִ, ֯, , ӓ֮ δƓֵ ִ Ӿָ֓ ֚֮ ֻ֟ . ִ ֕ ß þֳ־. ך ֟֓ ӓ ֮ ֕ Ӿָ֓ ֯, ֻ֟ . ֯ ֻ֟ ֕ ִ ִ. ֕ ֟֓ . ֕ ֟֓ ָ ӟ þֳ־֓ ֡, ֕ ־ ֟־ָ ֛ ݮ. ֕ ß㓵 þֳ־ӲӬ ֮. ֵ ֟™֟ ֻ ևԙ ƙ . ִ ֤Ծ-֕ ָ֓ . ָ ֕ ߻ ß þֹ֓ ֮֓ ־. ֤Ծ ֕ ִΟ ָ߸֮ ߓ . . ־߸ӓ ֮֬ ֻ֟ ӓָ ָ ָ׸ ֻ. ִ֓ ™߮ , ߛ . γӓ ™߮ ָ߸֓ . ֛ . ִ ֕Ծ- ֕ ֮, ֮֓ ָ߸֓ ӟ ָ ξע ֙֓ ־. ֙-ָã֮ӟ ֮֓ ֵ ֟. ׾ָӓ ֵ ֟. ָӟ ֟ ֕ ָ߸ ־ Ӿ ֮ ־. ֕ , ֮ ־. ֟ ֕ ֲ֮ ־. ֻ֟ Ɵ ִ ֕Ծ ִԻ ֯ .

 

ִ- (ד֟) : ד֟ ֕ ׮ֻԳ֟.

׮ֻԳ ָ . ִ ֤֟Ԯ . ־ԟ ֕ . ִ֓ ߾ֻ֮ ߛ ֻ ָ-׸δ֓ δ ָ . Ӭִ֟ ƻ δ ֕ þ֟: ֻ֓. δִ ִ פ ֯ ׸δ ߟ . ָ Ӭ֟֓ ߾֓ . ß ָ þֹ ޵֓ ֓ . 'Ӭ֟' ִ֟׸ . Ԯ Ʈߵ ԓ ׮֟-Ӭ ִ . ߓ ӟ ֮ ֿ ֯ ֟ Ɵ. ƻ ֟ ֮ ֕ ֗ ָ߸. ָ ӟ ֮ ֕ 'ָ֓' ԟ þָ ֓ ׮צß ֮, ֮ ߓ ׸ ֤:֓ þ֟: ִ֕֟. ָ ƻ ָ , ֮, ֙ . ׾ָ ֓ ߟ. , , ָ, ִ֟, . ׾ָ֓ ֟֓ ߟ. ֟߮ ִ ׾֓ ԟ þֹ ֻ֟ . ִ֓ ֮-ָ־ָ ָ ִ֓ ֢ ? ִֻ ˯ ָ ־ָ ߻ ִ֓ ׮ֵӡ ? . ꓔ ִ . ߻ ִ֓ ֲ֟ . ֚ ֯ ֻ ƕ, ֻ ƕ , ֌߻ ꙵ δ֟ ֯ ㌟ ƕ. ϴ֟ ㌟ ֕ ד֟ .

 

ִ ӵִ-

ӵִ֓ ã֯ ӵִ צ ӵִ . , ֟, , ߻ ׸ ӓ ֯֟ ִ ִ ֟. ״֣֮֟ Ӭ ִֻ ' ֻ֯ ' ߻ ִ ֻ֯ ִ֕֟. ֓ ԟ ִ֓ ִ֓ ԟ ִ ִ֕֟. צ֯ ֯ ָ ֟ ֓ ־. ֳ . ֹ ֕׾޵֮ ֯ ׸ִ :֟ ׸֟Ԯ ָ . ֓ δ֟ ֮ ֻ׿־ֵ ָ ӵִ ֛ . ֙ צ ֮ Ԯ ־߮ δ ׮ִ ֟. ӵִ֓ ָ ׮ִ . ־ӟ֮ ֤ δ֢, ֤ ֹ, ֤ ֻ Ƶֻ ֻ֟ . ָ֓ ֮ ӣ֟ ӓ ӵִ ε ֓ ׾ßָ Ԯ . ׮ӣ פִָ ֬ ӵִ֓ Ο. ӵִ֓ ֵ֓ ֟֕ߟ ָ ֻ , ׾ֵ-֮ ָ צ ӟִ ֟. ֮֓ ӓֻ֟ ™ . ִ ֯-֯֓ ӟָ Ƹ ܵ֟ ֻ֟ . ӟָ ֯֟ (1) ֵ׿֟ (2) ׾ֵ֮ (3) ־韵 (4) þֵ֬ (5) (6) ֮ . Ƹ ֯֓-(1) ֿ֮ (2) ִꤵ- .

(3) ע ׸֮ܵ- ָֻ ޵֚ ꤸ ָ ӛֵ֓ ׾ (4) ֯׸- , , , ָ ߚ ֤֣ԯ ߓ Ӿ ־ԓ ׾׿™ ִֵֻԤֵԟ . (5) ׾׾֌-ֵ֮-׮֦, ֮ ֲ֟ߟ ֻ֮ ֵ㌟ ׮־֛. áֵ, , ֿ ֙ , ξ ָ ׮־ . ֲӬ ӵ֮-֮֓ ӲӬ ׮ִ ֓ ֯֟ ӟֳԟ .

(6) ֵ 1/2- ־ ʟ֯ . ָ߸ֻ ߛ ޵֚ ֯ , δִ ִ֕ -֓ . ֯þ֓ ָ߸־ָ߻ ֻ֮ ֓ ָ߸ӲӬ ׾ָ֓ ֮֟

 


(1)              ׮ָß֯: . . 9/19

(2)              þֹ ׾֮׮ßָ ֮ Ο֮֯֟ ֯:

ξ֮֓ ָ ֣-14

 

ֻ ֟. ֟֓ ֮֬ ֜ ָꓓ ֬ ָ߸ ֮ ӓ ε- ֯ ֤ ֟ã֟ ޵֟֓ . ֟ ָ߸֓ Ӭ֮ӟ ꛾ ޵֓ ε֟ , δ ָ߸ֻ . ָ߸, צ ֮ Ӯ ֵֻ֟ פ ӟ ֻ֟ פ ӟ ߛ פ . פ ֯ Ӯ ֟֓ , Ƶ֤™ -Ӯ פ֟ . ֵ֌ Ԯ ָ߸֓ Ӭ֮֟ þ֟: ㌟ ޵֓ ™ ֯ . ֻ֟ ֮ - Ԯ ӟָ Ƶ ֯֓ . ֻ֯ ӲӸ֟ ֻ֟ ׮֕Ը ֻ֟ . ֯֓ ֡ ׮׿֟ , צ, ֮, ־ ׸ ׾֯ ׾ֿ ֟֟ ׾ֻ߮ . ֯֓ ԟ ׾֑ ֿ֟. Σִ ׾ָ ֵ֟֯ԟ ֳֻ껵 ִֵ ߾֮. ֳ֓ Ӿֵ ֻ껵 צ, -׾֓ ֟ ׾- ד֢. ָ, ֿ֌ Ӭ֮֟ ㌟ ӟ ֌ߓ Γӛ ξ . פֹӮ ֌ ޵֓ ε֟ ֟. ֫ ֟ ֟֟. ־ ׾ִƟ ֮ : ׸ Ӿ ֯ד֚ ӓ ֵ ޵֓ ׾ ׮ִ . ֮֟֓ ֵָ ֟. ־ ־ ֌Ӯ ֤֮™߮ ־ֿ . ֌ӓ ֵ ־ֵ ֵ֓ .

 

 

ӟָ ֯ :

ӟָ ֯ ׮֕Ը ָ . ׾ֿ֮֓ ָ . ֯ ӟ׸ ׫֓ ε . (1) ֵ׿֟: ƻ ӟ׸ ֯ . ֯ ד֟ - צӮ ֻ֮ : ֚ߓ ֤ ޵ ξ ; ߲֤˻ Ӿ δֲ֤֤ ֿ ֹ ֕ ֵ׿֟ ֵֻ ӿ֮ ָ֟֯ ƾ ֟. ָ þ֟: ־ ָ ֮֟. ־ פ ָ ׬֟ . ׸֓, ֟׮׸֓ þ֟: ޵֓ 㸓 ! ӓ ׮ָ 㫟֚ ֵ׿֟ ֯.

 

׾ֵ֮ :

׾ֵ֮ ֕ ָ ׾ָ. ֻ֟ Դֻ֯ Ɵ ֻ '׾ֵ֮' ֯֓ ׬ָ ֯ . ֻ ִ ־ ֟ . ִΓ ֟. ֻ֯֯ ӓ ׾ֵ֮, ֮ӲӬ ֮ ־ ֟. '' ׾ָ׿־ֵ Ӿ '' ֯ ꌵև ֻ׿־ֵ ׾ֵ֮ ֯֓ .

 

 

־韵 :

־ ֕ ׾ֵ֮֓ ߻ ֵָ . ׾ִֵ֮֬ ֮֟߻ ֵָֻ ׿׾ֻ. ָ ־韟֯֟ ׾ֵ֮ ָ߸֮, ֮֮ ָ֓ ֵ֓ . ӕֻ, ӕֻ ӓ ֮ ־韵 ־ֵ֓ . ִ ֮ ִָ . ִ '֙' . ָ߸֮ ָ֕֕Ը ӓ ָ֌֯ ָ ֯ . ޵֚ ֓ ֖ . ֵ֚֮֓֓ ֙ ֵ֓ . ־韵 - ֌ ӑ ӓ ™߮ ֳӟָ ֯ . ָ ֮ ָ ™ ֻ ƕ. , ֻ ƕ. ߟָ ֓ ָ .

 

þֵ֬-֯ :

'þ' ֵ '. ֵ֮֓, þֵ֬֓ δ . ӣ ֚֮, ִӓ ֮ ָ þֵ֬ ֯ ָ . ֵ֮ ֵ֟֯ԟ ־߻ ָ ֵ֮ þֵ֬ . כ þֵ֬֓ . þֵ֬֓ ™ ֬ ֮.

 

-֯ :

ָ֓֟ (. 406) ƙ , ӟ׸ ־ ָ ׸ӓ ֮, ֮֓ ָ߸֓ ™߮ ־ԣ ֕ . ӟ׸ ֮֬ ָ֛ ™ . ׸ ֵ ӓ ׸ָ Ի ֤֟™ ֳ ָ Ɵ֓ . ־ԣ׫ָӮ (9.26) ƙ - ׸, ׾ָ ޵֚, ߾ꓵ Ɵ (޵֓ Ӿ ָ֓) ޵֚ ԟ֯ . ָ֓ ֟߻ ֙ ֓֯ ֿ ׾ֳ֌ ߾ ָ߸֓ ֓֟ ֻ ƕ. ָ߸֓ ָ ָֻֿ߸ ֟ ӓ ï™ Ԯ ֵֻ ƾ.

 

֮-֯ :1

֮ ־ š ֯ . ֮֬߻ ֙ ֵָ ֕ ֮. ޵֓ ֚ ֯δ ֚ ֯δ ֚ ָ֯ , ֓ ׯ޵֓ ָ֚ ָ֯ . ׯ, ״֟ . ™ӓ ֵ ֮-֯֓ Գ֚ . ֟֓ ֙ þָֹ֓ ־֓ ׸ ֓ ֯ ֮׿־ֵ . ֵ֓ ״֓ӦӮ ָ Ӯ 'ִ ֲִ'-߮, ־ ™-׮™ ֤֣ԯ ׾ָ ֮֓ ,'' þ֮ߓ ֻ פ . ָ ֮֯ ֟ ƻ ֮ ָ ֌ ߾ ֤ ߟ ֟֟. ָӟ ָ ֮ ֬ . ֟߻ ִ-֮ ֕ ִˤԮ֯ ӵִָ֓ ֙ ㌻ ֮ , ִ֬ ֟ ־ ָ -ֻ֯

__________________________________________________________________

(1)              ֮֓ ֟, , ִ ㌻ ָ

(2)              ֕־ן 9-26/27

 

㌟ ָ֟ ֮֟. ֮ ӟָԯֵӟ֓ . ֮Ծ ӣ֟ ֮֓ ׾ß Ԯ . ֟ (1) ׯӛã (2) ֤ã (3) ã (4) ֟߻ פ֟֟. ֤ (..6 ֟) ֵ֓Ԯ ㌻-֮֓

(1) ֌-׾֟-ߓָ (2) -׾֟ ߓָ (3) ε֯ן֯֟ (4) ָ ε ׮־֟ ָ á֟ ֮ ֻ ֕Ͼֳָ֮֓ Ʈ֮ ָ߸ -Ӯ , ƙ . ӟ߻ ֮ 12 ãֵ֮֯ӟ ֟, ֙ ԟ (ֻ) ֻ֤ ֯ ֟. ֮ ã ֲ֟߻ . ֓ Ԯ ָ . ן֮ ֮Ծ ӣ֟ ֓ ׾ßָ Ԯ ֓־.

 

ִ -

þߓ ־֮ , ӳ־֟. Σִ֟: ִֻ ״֣ ֮ӓ, ӓ ƕ. ״ִ֣֟ ָ . ״ִ֣֟ ֤֟Ԯ . ֮-ָ֓ ָӯָ ״ִ֣֟ ֤ ֻ ֟. ֟ ޵ֵݵ ƻ ™ ֕ ״֣֟ . ִ֌־ ֯߮ӟָ צӮ ֻ֮ ָ֟ ㌟ ޵֚ ֓ ޵֚ ָßӓ ֻ֟ . ָӟ ָß߻ ִ֟ ֻ׿־ֵ ָßӓ þֹ ֻ־ֵ ӓ ׮± ε .

ִ ӓ֮ :

þ ׸ ֕ ӓ֮, ָßӓ Ԯ ֻ֮ ֛ , ־ ß ֳꌟ , . ָ֓ ԟ Ӿ ݟ韾 þָ ֮ . ֟ ßӓ 'ֳ' ֯ . ִ ִ֓֓ ֳ-֮Ӯ ֫ . ߴӟ ׸, - δ . ֟֓ ֮, Ԯ ߵ ֮ ׾ֳ . ָßӓ ֲӬ ֮ ֮ . ֢ ã֟ ֿ ߮ ã֟ ß ֟. ֓ ָ ß . ָß׾ֵ ӓ ֕ ָ ӓ֮ .

 

ִ Ƶֵ֓ :

'' ֕ ֟. Ƹ֟ ӟֵָ֟ - Ƶֵ֓Ի ֟ . á-׾ֵ ָïָ 'ִ' . . ס þֹ֓ . פ ֯ 'ִ' ֻ֟ ָ 껵ִ ֟ ֕ ־ ָ ֻ . ָӟ ֻ֬ ִ-֟֟߻ ֣ ־֟. ִ֟֟׾ֹ ɓֵ Ο . 'ִ' ֟֓ ֤֢ ֕ ɓֵ . 'ɓֵ' ֻ֟ þֳ־ . ׾ֳ־ ִ֟֟. ׾ֳ־֟ ֓ ӟ ִ֣ԓ ƻ Ԯ ֕ Ƶֵ֓Ի ֟ . ֟֓ ӟ ִ֣Ԯ Ԯ ֛ , ֓ ɓֵԓ ָ . ־׸ Ԯ þ-á ӟֻ ɓֵΟ ƙ . Ӿ ִ֯ξӓ ֕ ɓֵΟ ƙ . ߮ ָ ɓֵ ־Ο֓ ׮֤ ֻ֮ ־ֵ֓ ֟. Ʈߵ ԓ֯ ׸ Ʈߵ ԓ ֮ ִ֯ξ ־֟ ֟֟. ִ׾ָӓ ֵ ֕ δƓֵ .

 

ָ -

ִ Ӿָ֓ ֮֬ . Ӯ ߻Ӿָ֓ ָ֮֬ ã֮ פ . ֕ דӟ֮. ֟֓ דӟ֮. דӟ֮֮ ִָ ־ ֻ ƕ.

1) ׮֟- : ָ֟߻ ־ ß 'þ' ִԮ ֮ ֟. ׾ֿ֮ ־֟֟ ָ ã֟ ִԮֵӓ ֯ ִֵ Ɵ. ß׾ֵ ֻ֯ ֟, Ӿ ֟ ßӓ ֿ ֮֟ פ ׾ָ ֮ ֟. ָ Ɵ, ß ׮֟ ֓ ֵԵ (ã) ׮֟ , ß () ׮֟ . ß ׮֟-׮֟ þֹ ׮֮֟ .

2) ָ : ֟ ׾ֿ֮ ׮֟, ӛ . ֓ ׾ֿ֮ ӳ־֟ , ָ , ֮֟ . ֵ, , î, . ָӮ ָ ֕ ֮ . Ο ׸ӟפ ֯ ֻ ֵ . ָ ׮ֳԵ֟ ֟֓ . , ָ? ֮ݮߓ Ε־ֻ֮֮ ־ ֵӓ ֿ ֟ ׮ֳԵ . ָ֟֓ ־Ԯ ָ . ָ ֻ ß ָ ޵ֵݵ .

3) ָ : ״֣֟, ֮, ֤, ֵ ִ ߾ ָ ֟ߟ ֤ ֙ . ָӟ ֟֓ ָ֟ ֮֟. ָ ԓ ֵ֮ . ָ : ֓ . ָ֟ ֓ ֳ ֵֻ ״. ׸, ׵ Ӿ ֮ ߻ ׸ִ :ֵ֤ ֟. ֵ֓ ִӟֳ֦ þִ ӛ ־ָ֓֟ Ӳ֬ ֟֟-

ԯָֿ֮ :ӟ׸ꤵ

ֲ֯ߕ ã, ֮֫ ô

- ߻ ԤӮ ֯ ֻ ֻ֮ 'ָֿ' .

______________________________________________________________________

(1)              ן֮ דӟ֟ ִ-

ו֮ ֻ֮ ־֮ Ɯֻ.

(2)              דӟ, ־֮ ߮ ָ֯ . ֙ӛִ- 13 ֮ 64

 

þ߬߮ ߟ. ӓ ֟ ӟ . ֮֟ ֟֓ þֹ֓ ƻ֮ ƻֵ֮ ֓ ֙ :֟ . ֹ 㤸, ֙ ֻ ָ ֯ӓ ߕ , ֓ ֹ ֵ.

4) : ֯ ֤ ֤ԟ Ɵ ֤ԟ֓ ֜, ִ ֟֓ פ . - ԓ ֻ֯ ֯֓ ־ ֟֟. δִ ִ '' ׾ֹ ֟ . ֡ ׫ߵ ָ֟þֹ ֟֓ ôָ ֟֓ ' ֌ߓ ֮ ߻ ־ ־֮ ֯ Ի.'

5) ֟ ־֮ : ֟֓ ֓ þֳ־ ֓ ־ ֤֣ԯ ׳֮ , . ֟ ֌ ߻ דӟ֮ߵ . ִ ֵӮ ִֻ ֟֟߻ ֟ Ӿ ֮֟ ֌߻ ֟ . ִ ָ֓ ׸֙ פ֯ ӛ ֻ .

6) דֳ־֮ : ָ߸֟߻ , . ־ ֤֣, ָ߸ֻ ָ ӓ ׾ָ֮֓ ָ߸-֕ ֟ ־ ׾ָ֓ ֻ ƕ. ָ߸ӲӬ ׮ִ ־֮ ֵ , ָ߸ ד ־ ܵ . ֵ֓Ӯ ׸, ׵, ָ, ִ ӓ ָ߸ ֻ֮ . ־ԓ ָ߸ ֛ . ֟߻ ִ ָ߸ . ָ ִ ָ߸֟ ξ ԯ˻ִ. דָ ֤֣ ֕ . דָ ״֣֟. ״֣֟֓ ׿־ֵ 㫟 ֻ֙ ֌ . פ֟֓ Γߟ ֵֻ ד ֚ ױ׾ ־ֿ .

7) ־-־֮ : ߾ֻ ָ ã ׮֟ ־ . ֓ ֤ ֮ ֻ , ִ ֻ֙ ߻. ָӟ ߟ ״֣֟ ߟ ״֣֟ ִ ԓ ־ ִ֓ ֟ . ָָ׾־ ߻ Ʋ㬤߯㸟֓ ֟. ־-֟֓ דӟ֮֮ דֿ֢㬤ߓ ־ ָ δ֤ ã ׮ִ . ־ Ӿ ֟ - ԓ ߾ ֟ Ӭ֯ .

8) Ӿָ-־֮ : Ӿָ ֮֬ . ִ֟֬ . ߮ ׾߸ ꤻ ֻ , ߓ ִ ֻ. Ӿָ ׮֕Ը ֟֓ . ֟֓ ָֿ ã ֻ֙ ֮ Ӿָ֓ þָ ִֵ֮ ־֮ ־ֿ . ָ ֮֯ Ο, ״֟, 㯟 . ֓ ָ ָ֓ ָ ֟. ָ ִֵ֮ Ӿָ Ӿָ֓ ֳ ™ ֻ ƕ.

9) ׮֕Ը-־֮ : ԕ֮ Ӭֻ ׯ ֿ֟ ׮֛ߟ ֟֟. ֻ֣ ߻ ™ ߻. ָӟ Ӯ ֯ӓ ָ ꤸ ӓ ׮ָ֓ ۵ . ԓ ִֵ֟ ԓ ֮ ֕ ֳ, ֵ, ֢ . ֯ ֮ ߻ ԓ ӓ ֮֯ ָ ׮֕Ը . ֟ (:ָ) ԓ ֮ - -, , ֯, ΤӮ, ֿ֟֯ . ™ߤ߻ ԓ ׸ ־. ִ ֟֟֟֓ ֲ֬ ֻ ֬ , ִ˖֮ ֤ ׮֕Ը ־֮ . ׮֕Ը ֟ ߻ ԓ ֻ֟ ִֻ ֟ ԟ ֕ ָ֟֓ ֟ ֟, ׮ֿ֟֓ ־ ׮֕Ը ԓ . ֟ ָ ֤ ֬ ï׿ԟ . ֵԟ ֟֓ '֬' ֲ֧ ֮֟ ׮ֵֿ ֵԟ ׮֕Ը- ߻ ֻӓ ׮֕Ը ԓ . ָ ִ ִ . ָ ׮֕Ը ֮֯ ֯ ևԻ ֮ ִԟ߻ ֙ á ֕ ׮֕Ը .

10) -־֮ : ֿ֓ þ, ֻ֬ ָ ߮ ׾ֳ . ־ԓ ֮ Ӯ ֻ֮޵ Ӭִ ֻ껵 . ߾֮ ׾ָ֓ ־ , þ, ָ Ӿ ֬ ֟ ֗ ֮ ֻ ָ ֗ ֮ ־. ֓ ֮ . ֿ֓ þֹ ֮ γ ֵֻ ֟ ־ ֟߻ ־ ׾ֳ š . þ ״ֻ ָ ֮Ӥ ־. ָ ״ֻ ָ : ־. ָ ֮֮ ׮־ã֮ ֕ þ֟: .

11) ׬-Գֳ־֮ : 껵 ֮֟, ߾֮ Οֻ֮֯ . ӵִ-ָ֓ ε֟ . ָӟ ֻ֓ ֯ ֻ . ֓ 껵 ֮֟߻ ִ֓ ֮֬ ߓ Ԯ ֻ. ֮־֮֕֟ ָ ִ ֹ ֵ? 껵 ֮֟ ֻ껵 :֯ Գ ֻ֓ ίߓ ԓ ֻӲ ? ִֵֻ ִ ִ֓ ֜ ׮֦ . ֕ ן ֙, ߻ ֓ . ֚ ߮ ֻ֟ .

(1) ֮־ ߾֮֟֓ ߓ ֻ ƕ. ֮־ ߾֮ ֮֟ . ײ֤ .

(2) ߾֮֟ ׾ָ֓ ׮ִ Ի ןָ ־. ״֣֟֟ ִ֌ ָ ־. ׮: ־. ֟ ־. ֙ã ־.

(3) ׮֟ ־.߾ֲֲ֮֟ ִ ֤ ֻ . ߾֮֓ ׾ָ֓ ִ ֟ ֻֻ .ӟ ָ ִ ֟ . ֛ ߾ֻ֮ ޵֓ Ӵ֟ ִ . ִ֓ ߾֮֟ ޵֓ ֵ֮ (Security) ׮ִ . ֵ ֟ ƻ ? ֮ ָ ߓ ֟ . ָ ֓ ֿ֓ ӳ־֟ . ָ ָ ßӓ ֵԵߓ 韵֓ ִ ֟ ֟. ֵԵߓ ֿ . ֻ ™ ֻ, ֹ޵ ™ . ׾ֿ֮֯ ִ ׻֯ . ־֮ ֕ ־ ֵ ? ָ ָ ֟֓ ߵ . ָ ֓ ך ׾ָ ־޵֓ ׌ . ׾ָ ־޵֓ ׌֓ ֵ֯ ֵֻ֟֓ ֓־־ֵ֓ . ֚ ׮֟ ־ֿ . ߓ ֻ֓ ֙ ߻.

12 ִ-־֮ : ִԓ þֹ Ɵ֓ . ָ 12 ־֮֮ ßþֹ֓ ׮Ե ־ֵ֓ . ׮Ե֟֓ ֓ ך . ִ ֵֻ ִ ֟ ӣߵ, áߵ ׳ִ֮, ָ ? ӣ ֤ Ӭ ֟. ֤ Ӭ֮֓ ֟. ו֮ ֮֮ ִ ֕ ֟֓ ָ֟þֹ , ֻ֟ . ָֻ֟ ï ߻ ׾ָ֓ ִ . þ- ָ ߻ ִ ܵ . ׾ֿ֮ ָꓓ ֯Ο Ի ֻ þִ ִӟֳ֦ ִ ֟֟. ִ ֕ ֟֓ ӟ ֮, , ߵԓ , ӓ ֟ ֕ ִ.

֮, ָָ, , ִָ, ֳ֟, . ™Ӯ ־ָ֮ ִ ƙ . ָ ߾Ӯ ִו ߾֮֟ ֵ֟ ־ֿ ֮ ׮ָ 㬤߮ ־ߟ. ִו ִԓ . ָӟ ֟ ֓ ֮ οß . ֮-ִ, -Ο, , ӓ ־Οӓ ׮ָןָ֓ (׮֤) ֻ֮ , ָ ָӟ ־߸ߟ ִ þָ . ־߸ӓ ִ ֟֓ , -ָ, ֛ ƕ. Ƶָ֓ ֕ ִ ֮ ִԳ . ֟֓ ִ֮֬ ֮ ָ ָ . š ߾ֻ֮ ָ ֬ן ֡֟ ִדӟ֮֮ ׮ִ ־ ֚ߓ Ӿָ ֻ֟ . 1/2

 

׸-ֵ :

Ӿָ֓ ֕. ןָ ֵ! 'ԟ ־֮ ׮֕Ը֣ ׸Ꜿ:' ־ӟ֓ ֟, ֟-֮֓ ֿ֟ ։ ׮֑޵֚ ε֟ ߟ ֟, ן, ׬ֳן . ָ ׾֬ ֟. ׾֬ , ׾֬ӓ ָ ֻ ֟ ׾ֵ֕֓ Ծָ ãָ Ɵ ־ ׸-ֵ֓ ֻ֟ . ָ߸ צ ӓֿ ܵ ꛻, ֮֓ ׾׾֬ ӓֻ ξߓ ֤ ꛻ ֟-Ծָ ֹ ֻ ָ ֢֯ ָ. ܵ֟ Ӯ ֻ֮, ӓ ߾֮֓ ֟ ֻ֮, Ӯ֓ ָ ׸ ָ ׾֑ ָ. 22 ָ ׸ӓ ӳ־֟. Ӯ ו ׸ -ֵ .

 

(1)  -׸- ָ ߛ Ʈ .

__________________________________________________________________

(1)              ֕ דӟ֮ ֣֟ 9-7

֕ ָ߸, , ָ ӓ ֣ԟ ׾ָ֓- ־ԣ֫ 9-2

޵֚ ֟דӟ֮ ֕ ˸ ן֮˸ 97

2 ֣֟ 9-9

 

(2)  ׯ֯-׸- ֮ ָ Ʈ .

(3)  ߟ-׸- ӛ, ӛָ . ָ ֮֟ ӟ ד֢֮ .

(4)  - ָ , ֿ ֓ ֙ ֤ ꤮ Ʈ .

(5)  ӿִֿ: , ׯ־, ׾ӓ, ֯ . ־- ޵֯ ߙ֯ - ߛ ӟ ֮֮ Ʈ .

(6)  ˮ: פִָ ָ 껵ִ ָ , áֵ ӓ֯ - ߛ Ʈ .

(7)  ן: ֬ ߾֮ ֟ߟ ߟ ֟ ߾֮ӲӬ ֟ ׿־/֯ ֵֻ ״ֻ, ָ ־ ֮ ӟ .

(8)  á: ߻ Ӿ ֪ ֬߻ á߯ Ӿ ֯ ־ ֟, ӟ ד֢֮ Ʈ .

(9)  ֵ: ֻ֟ ֿ֮֟ ә, ™ , . Ʈ .

(10)         ׮֪: ־֟ ֬ ֟֟ ߻ ֮֟ , Ʈ .

(11)         ֵ: ޵֓ ָ Ʈ .

(12)         : ꚵӤ ָ ָ-긛 Ӿ ָ ִ ד֢־ӓ ֟דӟ֮֟ ãָ .

(13)         ֬: 韵ӛ֓ : ִ֟ ־֮ Ʈ .

(14)         ֮֓: ߮ ָ߸ ָ֚ ׳־ þָ־ ֟. ־ ָ ֮֮, ֲֿ ׮Ӥ . ӟ ד֢֮ Ʈ .

(15)         -ֳ- ָֻ ։ ָ ״ֻ ָ ֮֓ ӟ .

(16)         : ӓ ֮ ֯ ָ ߛ ӟ ד֢֮ Ʈ .

(17)         ïֿ: ֻ֮֟ , ә, ָ ָ ֛ Ӿ ֤֣ ִ ָ Ʈ .

(18)         ֻ: ֻ- ָ߸֓ ִ . ָ ߛ Ʈ .

(19)         ָ֟: ָ: ׯε֮֕Ӯ Ӿ ִԲӬ־Ӯ ָ֟ ֌ֳ־֮ þָ Ӿ ֻ֯ ָָ߻ ֪ ֬ ָ֟ ֟Ӯ ֮֟ ָ֟ ֮ .

(20)         Ζ: ֯ ָ ֬ӓ 'Ζ' ֮֟ þ֟:ӲӬ Ӿ ֓ӲӬ ֮ .

(21)         ֮: ֵֿ֯ Ӿ ߾֮ ֻ־ ֮־ָߵ ӓ ߾ Ӭִ ֮ . ־ ֮֟ ֙ , ִ ԟ ãָ .

(22)         -Ԯ: ε֟ ֻ-ֲ (ݵ-) ֻ֮, Ԯ־ָߵ Փ ߾ ֻ֮ ִԮ ֻ , ֮֟ ׾֤֓ ־֮ ֜ .

22 ׸- ֟ ߛָ Ο֚ ӟ֯ Ʈ ־ֿ . 'ו֮' ֻ־ָ 11 ׸Ӯ Ʈ ޵֓ ׸֓ ֬ ָ֟ ֻ ֻ ָ ׸ ʓ ֟. . ־߸ӓ פ ֻ֮ ֮־ ֮֓, ָ߸֓ ־ ָ֯ ֻ ֚ ן ֮ ִ 껵 ־ֺ ޵ָ . ־ӟ֓ ԟ ï™, -׾Ӿפ ׮Ե֟ ߮ Ƣ֓ . ߟ߮ 3 㯟, 5 ״֟, 10 ִ, 12 , 22 ׸ - ֵ ֮֬Ӯ Ӿָ֓ οß . Ӿָ֓ ֮ ֿ֟֌ߓ Οֵ . ֌ߓ ߾ ֻ ׮֕Ը - ֚ ֬ ε֟ .

 

׮֕Ը - ֟ :

ֵ֓ þִӮ ׮֕Ը ֯ ׮֕Ը֓ ֻ֟ . ֮֯ Բ֬ ԓ ׮ָ֓ . ׮֕Ը ߻ ׮֕Ը ־׮֕Ը ָ . ׮֕Ը - ԓ ל ֛ ֟֯Τ֯ ׾ֻ ׮֕Ը . ֟֓ 㬤׾ֿ㬤 ־ִ֮ ԓ ׮֕Ը ןֻ ־-׮֕Ը ֟֟. ׮֕Ը ִ ׮֕Ը ִ - ׮֕Ը Ԯ . ԓ Ӭ-ã֟ߓ ӯֻ֮ӟָ Ը þִֵ֓ ֟. ֟ ֣֟֯ ֟. ֿ-Ӯ, ִӮ, Ӯ ӓ ׮ָ (֯) ֛ ִ -׮֕Ը , ִ ׮֕Ը .

֬, ֯þ, Ο - ־, ־ Բ֬ ԓ ֵ֚ ־פ ֯, þֵ֬, ֮ . ӟ׸ ֯ ֟, Ӯ -ִ ׮֕Ը ֛. ׮֕Ը ߟָ֟ ߓ ָ ׮֕Ը . ָ-Ӭֻ ָ߳ ָ ׮֕Ը -׮֕Ը . ֵ֓ š - ֟֟ - ( ִֵָ ֮ 250-114,195 ) ֵֿԓ , ִ™ ߾ ֮֓ ִ֣Ԯ ԓ ֮֟ ߻ ԲӬֻ ֯ . ֯δ ֟ þ֟: ׾ӓ ֮ ֟ ׾֮ ָ޵֋֕ ߾ֻ֮ ֯ ֟. ִԮ Ӭֻ ָ߳ , ֮֓ ִ֣ . 㬤 ֤֣ԓ ֮֮ ݮ ֯δ 㬤 Ɵ ֯δ Փ ֟Ӯ ֮ - (׾ָ) Ӭ֯ -׻֯ Ɵ.

 

 

- ׮֕Ը

֮֯ , ־ӟ֓ ֮֓ . ׮ִֵ . ֮ ֓ - ׮֕Ը ֮ ֯þ֓ -׮֕Ը š . ָ ָӟ ֯֓ š ָ . ֯֓ 12 ָ ֡ ֻ֟ ֻ֮ ӓ ׾ßָ ߟ . ׮֕Ը ֮ Ԯ ߻ ֛. ֮֟ ָš ԟ֤ ֯ . ׮֕Ը ֟֓ ֮ ֮ ֮ ֟Ӯ 껵 ־ ֓ ֿ ֵֻ ߸ ֟ . ָָܵ ξ֟ծ, Ӿ ֮ ֮Ӯ Ӯ ֓ ֻ ֯ ֻ . ֓ ԓ ׾ֿ֮ ޵֓ á ִ֣ Ӯ ꤸ ֟ ֻ . ִ֣ ֮ ֌ߓ .

׮֕Ը ֟ ֣ԓ ֢ . ԓ ׾ֿ֮ ֯֯ Ի, ַ֮Ӯ ㌟ ״ָ . ֿ֟ ֤ ֮֟ ֟ ַ ԓ ֿ ֻ֟ . . ֮֯ ־ ד֢֓, ָ׸ εӓ ׮ָ ֮֕ ֙ . ε ָ ָ ֲֻ . ֯ ε ָ ָ ֲֻ . ֯ ε ָ ֮ ֲֻ. ֮- ֵ ֕ ׮֕Ը .

 

:

־ î ׾֯δ : þִӮ ֻ֟ . ־ ֻӮ Ɵ ֟֓ ㌟-֟ . ㌟ߓ Ӿָ ׮֕Ը ֮֬Ӯ οß . ֬ ߾ӓ ־־ã . ֬ӓ Ԯ ״֓Ӧ ֵ֓ ֟ -

 

֬ ֬ և ֻӓ ׵ֵ

ִִָ֢ ֕֌ ֈ 괴. 730

֬ ֻ֮ӟָ ߾ ֬ ֟ߟ ֟. ֻ ֻ֖֮, ׵ Ԯ, ׵ ִ֌, ָ ֵ֓ -δ֮ ( ֕ ֯֟ ֓ ִֵ֟ ) ֟ .

㌟ ֟֓ . ֟ ㌟ ־ ߟ. ֮, ӵִ ִ ֟֯ ֙. ԲӬ֓ Ӥԟ ㌟ߓ ׾ָ֓ ׬ ֻ ߟ߮ . ֓ ԲӬ֟ ㌟ ㌟ߓ . ָ Ӭ֓ þֺ , ߾֟֟֓ þֺ . ֛ ֤֣ ָ ֟ ִֵ֮-֮֯ ß ! Ӯ Ζֺ ה߮ ߓ ㌟ . ֟ Ζ֓ ֮ Ӭָ ֺ ߾֓ ָ֟ þֺ ֛ . Ӭ-׾֓֓ ָ ֕ ׾ֻ֮ߵ ֟ Ζ֓ . ㌟ ֻ֮ӟָ ߾ ֿ֓ γ ãָ . ֬ ׿ֻӟָ -ֿ ֻ֮ ֓ ֟ . ׮־ֻ ֬-׿ֻ ֟֟, ֬ ߾ : ָ֟ ߟ. 㬤 ִֵ֮ þֺ֟ ӟ ֵ՟ Ɵ֟. Ӯ ֤, ֵ ֟ ֻ֟ . ָ ߾ . ָ߻ ߮ Ӯ Ɵ ֟֟֓, ׮ִֵ .

ߟ߮ ߾פ ֟ ֟ӓ ִ, ׮ֺ ֯ ƻ. ߾פ ֟ ֟ ָ ־ ֻ ָ ֵ֓ծ ׳֯ Ʈߵ ֟ ֕ ߾ . ߾֓ ㌟ߓ ίӓ֚ ֟ ֟ӓ ߑ ξ֮֓ Ӯ . 1/2

 


1. ִֵָ ֣-296, 297, 298.

: ׮ֵ֟ ˖ׯ 韵֟: ֓Ӥ-ִֵ- 240

2. ִֵָ - 294.