Shri Amar Muni
MUNISURVRAT BHAGAVAN -
The being that was to be Bhagavan Munisuvrat purified
its soul during his birth as Surshreshta, the king of Champa city in
Mahavideh. He then reincarnated in the Pranat dimension of gods.
King Sumitra of the Harivamh clan ruled over Rajgriha
town. His wife, queen Padmavati, gave birth to a son, the being that had
descended from the Pranat dimension of gods, on the ninth day of the dark
half of the month of Jyeshta. After the traditional post birth rituals the
name giving ceremony was celebrated. The king announced that since this
being had descended into the womb of queen Padmavati, she took a variety
of good vows and lead a life as disciplined as an ascetic. As such the new
born named Munisuvrat (vow like ascetics).
In due course Munisuvrat was married and ascended the
throne. After a successful and long reign he became an ascetic on the
eighth day of the dark half of the month of Phalgun. He wandered as a
ordinary ascetic for eleven months and attained omniscience under a Champa
tree. His first discourse was on the subject of "scriptural and applied
philosophy". After a long life devoted to spread of true religion he went
to Sammetshikhar and got liberated on the ninth day of the dark half of
the month of Jyeshtha.
Bhagavan Munisuvrat�s period was an important period of
Jain pre-history. His illustrious contemporaries and followers included
stalwarts like the ninth Chakravarti-Mahapadma, the eighth Prativasudev,
Baldev, and Vasudev, Ravan, Rama and Lakshman respectively. The elder
brother of Bahagavan Munisuvrat, ascetic Vishnu Kumar, also became famous
for his pioneering effort of saving the Jain organization from the
oppressions of mister Namuchi; the Rakshabandhan festival is celebrated in
the memory of that event.