Jain World
Sub-Categories of Antiquity of Jainism
Meaning of Jainism
Tradition of Tirthankara
Historicity of the Jaina tradition
Jaina tradition and Buddhism
  Jaina tradition and Hinduism
  Jaina tradition & archaeological evidence
  Fundamental principles of Jainism
  Philosophy of Jainism
  Tattvas of Jainism
  Doctrines of Jainism
  Three-fold path of Salvation
  Prescription of Ethical Code
  Private distinctiveness of Jaina Ethics
  Importance assigned to five vratas
  Prominence given to Ahimsa
  Easy practicability of ethical code
  Commoness of ethical code
  Rise of sections in Jainism
  The Great Schism of Jainism
  The Digambara and Svetambara sects
  The Digambara sub-sects
  The Svetambara Sub-sects
  Jainism in East India
  Jainism in Northern India
  Jainism in Western India
  Jainism In South India
  Contribution of Jainism to Indian Culture
  Jainism and other religions
  Significance of Jainism
  Glossary of Jaina terms



Glossary of Jaina terms

Samiti: carefulness

Samsara: cycle of transmigration

Samsari-jivas: mundane souls, embodied souls

Samyag-jnana: right knowledge

Samyak: right

Samyak-charitra: right conduct

Samyaktva: firm faith in Jaina religion/realities

Samyama: practice of self-control

Samvara: the stopping of asrava

Sangraha naya: the class point of view

Sankalpa: preconceived idea

Sankalpi himsa: intentional injury

Samsaya: doubt

Samnyasa-asrama: the last life stage of absolute renunciation

saptabhangi: another name of Anekantavada, the doctrine of seven-fold predication

Sat: reality

Satya: truth, abstention from false speech

Sabda naya: the verbal view point

Sanka: doubt, scepticism

Sastra: scripture

Siddha jiva: a liberated soul

Sila-vratas: supplementary vows

Sopadana: propriety of behaviour

Sravaka: male householder, a layman

Sravaka-dharma: ethical code for layman

Sravaka-gunas: qualities of an ideal householder

Sravika: female householder, a lay-woman

Sruta-jnana: scriptural knowledge

Sthanaka: a building meant for prayer and religious activities

Sthanakvasi: a major sub-sect of Svetambara sect, Stahanak-resident

Sthanaka: a building meant for prayer and religious activities

Sthanakvasi: a major sub-sect of Svetambara sect, Sthanaka-residents

Sthavara jiva: immobile soul

Sthavirakalpi Sadhus : ascetics who observe their rules of conduct in a milder form

Subha-asrava: influx of virtue or meritorious karmas

Suddha ammaya: pure and sacred tradition

Sukla dhyan: pure mediation

Suksma-sampraya: all but entire freedom form passion

Sutra: aphoristic expression

Svadhyaya: study of scriptures

Svetambara: white-clad, name of a major sect of Jainas

Swastika: the particular sign considered propitious

Syadvada: many-sided view-point, the doctrine of qualified assertion

Syat: in some respect, some how, in a way

Tapa: penance, austerity

Tapa-mada: pride of penance or religious austerities

Tarana-pantha: name of a sub-sect of Digambara sect, name of a major sub-sect of Svetambara sect

Tattva: principle, reality

Tejah-kaya jiva: a fire-bodied soul

Terapantha: name of a major sub-sect of Digambara sect, name of a major sub-sect of Svetambara sect

Tirtha: the contrivance which helps to cross the great ocean of worldly life

Tirthankara: one who makes the Tirtha, ford-maker across the stream of existence, Great Guide, promulgator

Tirthankara Kevali: the Kevali showing the path of salvation to all beings

Tiryancha-gati: sub-human form

Trasa jiva: a mobile soul

Tri-indriya jivas: souls having first-three senses of touch, taste and smell

Udyami himsa: occupational injury

Upabhoga-paribhoga-parimana-vrata: a vow to limit enjoyment of consumable and non-consumable things

Upadhyaya: the sadhu in charge of instruction

Upamana: analogy

Upasraya: a building meant for stay of Svetambara ascetics

Utpada: origination, appearance

Utsarga-samiti: regulation of movements connected with answering calls of nature

Utsarpini: ascending

Uttama-akinchanya: supreme non-attachment

Uttama-arjava: supreme simplicity

Uttama-brahamacharya: supreme chastity

Uttma-dharma: supreme virtue

Uttama-ksama: supreme forgiveness

Uttama-mardava: supreme humility or tenderness

Uttama-samyama: supreme self-restraint

Uttama-satya: supreme truthfulness

Uttama-saucha: supreme purity

Uttama-tapa: supreme austerity

Uttama-tyaga: supreme renunciation

Vachana-yoga: activity of speech

Vag-gupti: stoppage of speech

Vaiyavrttya: rendering service to saints

Vanaprastha-asrama: the third stage in life of retirement form worldly activities

Vanaspati-kaya jiva: vegetable bodied and bacteria type soul

Vapu-mada: pride of body or beautiful form or appearance

Vayu-kaya jiva: air-bodied soul

Vedaniya karma: the feeling karma

Vibhrama: vagueness, indefiniteness

Vichikitsa: disgust of anything

Vikala-charitra: partial or qualified conduct

Vimoha: attachment, delusion

Vinaya: reverent attitude, modest behaviour

Virodhi himsa: protective injury

Vivikta-sayyasana: sitting and sleeping in a secluded place

Vrata: a vow

Vrati: a person who observes vratas

Vrtti-parisamkhyana: taking a mental vow regarding acceptance of food

Vyavahara-naya: the practical point of view

vyaya: destruction, disappearance

Vyutsarga: giving up attachment to the body

Yathakhyata: ideal and passionless conduct

Yati: a male ascetic

Yoga: activity of mind, speech and body.