Jain World

Sub-Categories of Passions - BHARATA AND BHARATA



An exactly similar mention is found in the first half (30/50-53) of Vayupurana. In Naradapurana also, Bharata is said to be the son of Rsabhadeva, after whose name this country is called �Bharatavarsa.� Here Naradapurana means �Brhadnaradiya Purana�. Though Dr. Wilson considers it to belong to the 16th century, Vallalasena (12th Century) has cited the couplets of this Purana in his work �Danasagara.� Alberuni (11th century) has also mentioned it in his �travel records�. So it is more ancient than these two. This Purana is the main work on Visnu-bhakti (Visnu-worship). The following is a citation from this Purana (Scripture) :��

����ߟ�� ���� ���׮����š: �ָ���� ��ִ� ����ן�: l

����Գ��� ��õ� ��ִ���� ��ָ��� ��ӛ��㓵֟�� ll 5 ll

�� �֕�� ���֯�ָ֕��ß�� ׯ֟�����ִ��� �δ�֟�� l

��ֵֻ�ִ���� �ִ����� ׯ֟��֦ӕֵ֮�� ��Ε��: ll 6 ll

-( ��ָ�������, �������ӛ, ����ֵ� 48)

Meaning- In the ancient days there was a king named Bharata. He was the son of Rsabhadeva, and after his name only, this country is called �Bharatavarsa�. Having attained the kingdom, that King Bharata, like his father and grandfather, nourished and nurtured his subjects righteously.

�Lingapurana� is an important work from the point of profound reflection on Sivatattva. It contains 163 chapters and 11000 couplets. It describes 38 incarnations of Lord Sankara. Saivavratas and Sivatirthas are also elaborately discussed in it. With respect to Bharata and Bharata, the following couplets are written in this Purana.

���׳�ß�ֵ֮֕֟�� ����� �ֹ��꾵��� ���ִ�ן�: l

���ֳ�� ���ף�Ծ����š� �־���֡�-�����וִ֟�� ll

���ֳ�֤� �ָ���� �֖�� ��߸: ���ֿ֟����Ε�: l

����s׳����x���֣� ���ֳ��� �ָ��� ���־֟�ֻ�: ll

��֮־���ݵִ����֟�� ו֟���׮���-�������֮�� l

�־��ԟ�֮�֟��׮� ã�֯�� �ָ��֟��ִ֮����ָ��� ll

��ݮ���֙� ׮ָ��ָ��s��߾ָ�� ���֮���֟��� �� ��: l

׮ָֿ�ß�֌����Ӥ��: ���ִ�֯� �ָ� �֤��� ll

�ƴ�֦�������� ����� �ָ��ֵ� ��־�ꤵ֟�� l

��ô�֢�� ��ָ��� ����� ��õ� ��ִ��� ׾֤���Ԭ��: ll

-(׻���֯�����, 47/19-23)

Meaning- A son named Rsabha was born to noble Nabhi from his wife Marudevi. That Rsabha was the supreme among the kings and was worshipped by all ksatriyas. Bharata who was the eldest of all his hundred brothers was born to Rsabha. An affectionate father, Rsabhadeva installed Bharata on the royal throne, and he, himself, renounced his life. He resorted to penance, having had the great knowledge of renunciation, having conquered the great serpent-like evil of the senses, established the knowledge that his own soul is the Supreme soul. He was nude as per his vows - not to own anything, even a single piece of cloth. His hair was removed by himself. He went without food into penance. He had renounced all desires. He had attained the supreme serenity having abandoned doubts. He gave the southern part of Himavan to Bharata. It is after the name of Bharata, that scholars call the country Bharatavarsa.

Skandapurana is a large-sized volume. There are 81,000 couplets in its six texts. At one place of this Purana, the temple of Jagannatha is also described. Admitting this as the basis, some western scholars take it for granted that it was composed around the 13th century. But an ancient manuscript of this Purana (1008 A.D.) is found in Kolakata. A more ancient copy of this Purana written in the 7th century exists in the State Library of Nepal. Dr. Haraprasad Shastri has mentioned this in its catalogue. Mention of the name of Bharatavarsa has been made in this book��

��ֳ��: ���ֿ�� ���ֳ�: ���ֳ�֤� �ָ����s�־֟�� l

��õ� ��ִ��� ן�֤� ������ ��ָ��� ���ן� ��ߟ��ԟ�� ll

-( �����������, �������ָ-��ӛã� �����ָ��ӛ, 37/57)

Meaning- Nabhi�s son was Rsabha and to him was born Bharata. After him is this country called �Bharata�.

Srimadbhagavata is an unending source of devotion. Sri Vallabhacaryaji calls Bhagavata as the Samadhibhasa speech based on (knowledge attained during deep meditation) of Maharsi Vyasadeva. It means Vyasaji had described the principles of Bhagavata, having experienced them in intense meditation. Srimadbhagavata had an extensive impact. The fundamental basis of devotion-spiritual endeavour of Ramanujacarya, Vallabhacarya, Madhvacarya, Nimbarkacarya, Caitanya Mahaprabhu etc. was Bhagavata only. The statement �֡� ��֮�׾ָ��ֳ�׌�����Ɵ�� ���������Դ��׾���� �ִ�� (to get into deep meditation after giving up knowledge, prayers, devotion, as well as doing any activity) amply proves valid in case of Bhagavata. The complete geneology of Bharata is given in this majestic work and the fundamental basis of the naming of this country is also narrated in it��

������� �ֻ�� ���ֵ������ �ָ���� ����š: ���š������ ����ߟ�� l

������ ����� ��ָ��״�ן� ��֯�פ��׮�� ll

-(��ߴ֤˳���־֟�, 5/4/9)

Meaning- Mahayogi (great saint) Bharata, the repository of superior qualities, was the eldest among his 100 brothers. After his name itself, this country is called �Bharatavarsa�. In this very context, it will not be out of place to quote the statement of-�Sartha Ekanathi Bhagavata��

����� ���� ׸�ֳ�֓�� ���� l �ֵ����� ���Ӿ� �ָ�� l ���֓��� ��ִ�֓�� ���ן�� ׾�ד֡� l �ָ�֯�׾֡� ����ִ�֕�� ll ���� �ָ��� ���ƻ�� ���״������ l ������׮� �ָ�־���� ���֟�� ������ l ������ �����Ըӳ�� ��׸���� ������������ l ����דֵ�� ��ִ����� ôָ������ ll - ( ��֣�� �����֣�� ����־֟�, 2/44/45 )

Meaning- Bharata, Rsabhadeva�s son, was one whose fame had surprisingly spread all over the world. Bharata is revered by all. Bharata�s name is remembered at the time of beginning a work.

Thus after the name of Bharata, this country was called �Bharatavarsa�.

Surdasa was a famous Hindi poet. He had composed �Surasagara�. All scholars have accepted �Srimadbhagavata�s impact on it, �Rsabhavatara� is described in its 5th Skandha, (chapter) which mentions about �Bharata and Bharatakhanda� :

������ ׸�ֳ� �֛� �ֲ� �ֵ��, ���׳� �֕� �� �֮� ���� �ֵ�� l

׸�ֳ�-�֕� �ָ��� ����� ��ֵ���, ���� ������� �ֲ� ���� ��� �ֵ��� ll

׸�ֳ֤�� �ֲ� �֮� ���� �ֵ��, �־����� �־���-��ޛ-���� �ֵ�� l

�ָ�� ���� �ָ��-��ޛ ���� �־�, ���� ��� �� �ִ�� ��� ���־� ll