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Sub-Categories of Passions

Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy

PREFACE TO THE GERMAN EDITION by Dr. Helmuth von Glasenapp
The contents of first volume of the Karmagranthas.
PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH EDITION by Dr. Helmuth von Glasenapp
TRANSLATOR'S NOTE
  INTRODUCTION
  THE KARMAN IN ITSELF
  THE KARMAN IN THEIR RELATION TO THE SOUL AND TO ONE ANOTHER
  THE QUALITIES OF THE SOUL
  STATES OF EXISTENCE AND CLASSES OF BEINGS
  THE CAUSES OF THE KARMAN AND THE MEANS FOR ITS ANNIHILATION
  THE WAY OF SALVATION
  THE 14 GUNASTHANAKAS
  THE STATE OF THE RELEASED

THE 14 GUNASTHANAKAS


 

 

Sasvadana- Samyagdrsti- Gunasthana.

This gunasthana is only of very short duration ; it lasts in the minimum 1 samaya, in the maximum 6 avalikas. In it are beings who possessed aupasamika-samyaktva during the fraction of a muhurta, but who had lost it again on account of the breaking out of the life-long passions. It is therefore a state of quite short duration, which lies between a stage on which mithyatva was suppressed, and the mithyadrsti-gunasthana; after the laps of that time, the being sinks back into the 1st gunasthana.

 

cognition: mati-, sruta-ajnana, vibhanga-jnana; caksur- acaksur-darsana. activity : all except aharaka- and aharaka-misra-kaya- yoga.

lesyas : all 6.

belief : sasvadana-samyaktva.

conduct : avirati.

causes of bondage: 50, i.e. all 57 except the 5 mithyatvas and aharaka- and aharaka-misra-kaya-yoga.

bandha : 101 prakrtis, viz. the 117 of the previous gunasthana without the 16, cause of which is unbelief.

udaya and udirana: 111 prakrtis, viz. the 117 of the preceding gunasthana without the 5 mentioned at the end. Besides that, there is no udaya of the infernal anupurvi, because a sasvadana does not go to hell.

satta : 147, i.e. all except tirthakara.

 

Table of Bandha Udaya Satta of ks
1. Jnanavarana 5   5    5   
2. Darsanavarana 9   4, 5              9
3. Vedaniya 1   1   2
4. Mohaniya     21   7f, 8f, 9d   28
5. Ayus 1   1     1, 2
6. Naman 28e, 29b, 30b 30 cdefg, 31 b
21abcdf, 24a, 25f, 26def
29nop, 30abcdefgk
92, 88
7. Gotra       1   1   1
8. Antaraya     

 

Beyond this gunasthana, mixed belief has no more udaya and udirana.


Samyagmithyadrsti - Gunasthana

The prominent property of this gunasthana, which only lasts during the fraction of a muhurta is indifference. This manifests itself chiefly in the attitude towardss belief; without love and hatred towards the doctrine of th Jina, the misra embraces mixed belief by mingling true and flse. If the time of the stay on this stage is over, the jiva attains, according to circumstances, the false or true belief.

cognition: � Mati-, sruta-, avadhi-jnana; � Mati-, sruta-ajnana; vibhanga-jnana; caksur-, acaksur-darsana, � avadhi-darsasana.

activity: 4 man0-, 4 vag-, as well as audarika- and vaikriya-yoga.

leshya: akk 6.

conduct: avirati

belief: mixed belief.

cause of bondage: 43, i.e. all except mithyatvas, 4 anantanubandhins, audarik-misra-, vaikriya-misra-, aharak-, aharakmisra-, karmana-kaya-yoga.

bandh: 74 prakrits. From the 101 of the preceding gunasthana the 25 mentioned above are to be deducted. Besides that, the two still remaining ayus cannot be bound here, because the jiva cannot die on this stage, and because, also, a clear tendency of will which could be decisive for the binding of a certain ayus, is not existing.

udaya and udirana: 100 prakrits. From the 111 of the preceding gunasthana the 9 mentiones are deducted. Besides, there is no ealization of the the 3 still remaining anuourvis, because the jiva does not die here.Misra-samyaktva has udaya in this gunasthana, and must be added.

Table of Bandha Udaya Satta of ks
1. Jnanavarana 5   5    5   
2. Darsanavarana 9   4, 5              9
3. Vedaniya 1   1   2
4. Mohaniya     17 7c, 8b, 9a  28, 27, 24
5. Ayus 0 1     1
6. Naman 28a, 29c 30 cdefg, 31 b, 29nop  92, 88
7. Gotra       1   1   1
8. Antaraya     


Beyond this gunasthana, mixed belief has no more udaya and udirna.