Jainworld
Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions

Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy

PREFACE TO THE GERMAN EDITION by Dr. Helmuth von Glasenapp
The contents of first volume of the Karmagranthas.
PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH EDITION by Dr. Helmuth von Glasenapp
TRANSLATOR'S NOTE
  INTRODUCTION
  THE KARMAN IN ITSELF
  THE KARMAN IN THEIR RELATION TO THE SOUL AND TO ONE ANOTHER
  THE QUALITIES OF THE SOUL
  STATES OF EXISTENCE AND CLASSES OF BEINGS
  THE CAUSES OF THE KARMAN AND THE MEANS FOR ITS ANNIHILATION
  THE WAY OF SALVATION
  THE 14 GUNASTHANAKAS
  THE STATE OF THE RELEASED

THE 14 GUNASTHANAKAS


 

 

Avirata - Samyagdrsti - Gunasthana.

To this gunasthana belong beings who possess the true belief and who therefore know what is good and evil and who believe renunciation worthy of being striven after, but who, on account of the realization of the apratyakhyanavarana-kasayas, are not capable of practicing self-control. They are either without sreni (sreni-rahita), or they ascend here the upasama- or ksapaka-sreni. The duration of this gunasthana, lasts in the minimum the fraction of a muhurta; in the maximum, 33 sagaropamas, or even more.

 

cognition: mati-, sruta-, avadhi-jnana; caksur-, acaksur-, avadhi-darsana.

activity : all except aharaka- and aharaka-misra-kaya-yoga.

lesyas : all 6.

belief : ksayopasamika, aupasamika, or ksayika-samyaktva.

conduct : avirati.

cause of bondage: 46. To the 43 of the preceding gunasthana are to be added audarika-misra, vaikriya-misra, and karmana -kayayoga; because an avirata can die, and is active with his karman body on the way to his new birth.

bandha : 77 prakrtis. To the 74 of the preceding gunasthana are to be added tirthakara as well as human and celestial anupurvi, the former, because samyaktva, the cause of it, is existing; the latter, because death is possible here, and a sufficiently marked tendency of will is existing.

udaya and udirana: 104 prakrtis. From the 100 of the preceding gunasthana, mixed belief is to be deducted; the lower samyaktva and the 4 anupurvi however are to be added.

satta: in general 148. When the 4 anantanubandhins and the 3 darsana-mohaniyas are annihilated, 141.

Table of Bandha Udaya Satta of ks
1. Jnanavarana 5   5    5   
2. Darsanavarana 6 4, 5              9
3. Vedaniya 1   1   2
4. Mohaniya     17 6c, 7d, 8c, 9b 28, 24, 21, 23, 22,
5. Ayus 1   1     1, 2
6. Naman 28a, 29c,
29d, 30c                  
21cd, 25cd, 26ef, 27bc, 
28bcdef, 29cdefghi
30cdefg, 31b    
21fg, 25fg, 27fg, 28klm
29 nop, 30k         
21d,  25 d, 26f, 27c, 28de
29ghi, 30 fg
21f, 25f, 27f, 28kl, 29no
30k
21g, 25g, 27g, 28m, 29p         
92, 88, 93, 89
7. Gotra       1   1   1, 2
8. Antaraya     

 

Beyond this gunasthana the following prakrtis have no more bandha, or udaya and udirana.

 

bandha: 4 apratyakhyanavarana-kasayas; human state, anupurvi, ayus; 1st firmness of the joints, physical body and limbs.

 

udaya and udirana: 4 apratyakhyanavarana-kasayas, celestial and infernal state, anupurvi ayus; animal and human anupurvi; transformation-body and limbs, unsympathetic, unsuggestive, shame.

 

 

Desavirata - Samyagdrsti - Gunasthana.

In this gunasthana partial self-control exist. The stay in it lasts in the minimum the fraction of a muhurta; in the maximum somewhat less than a purvakoti. The beings in this stage are either without sreni, or ascend the upasama- or ksapaka-sreni, or are on them.

 

cognition: mati-, sruta-, avadhi-jnana; caksur-, acaksur-, avadhi-darsana.

activity: 11 yogas i.e. all except aharaka-, aharaka- misra, audarika-misra- and karmana-kaya-yoga.

lesyas : all 6.

belief : ksayopasamika, aupasamika or ksayika samyaktva.

conduct : partial self-control.

causes of bondage: 39, i.e. the 46 of the preceding gunasthana without the 4 apratyakhyanavarana-kasayas, audarika-misra- and karmana-kaya-yoga, as well as without the avirati, which refers to the injury done to beings with movable bodies.

bandha : 67, i.e. the 77 of the preceding gunasthana without those separated at the termination of it.

udaya and udirana: 87, i.e. the 104 of the preceding gunasthana without those separated at the termination of it.

satta : in general 148. When the 4 anantanubandhins and the 3 darsana-mohaniyas are annihilated, 141.

 

 

Table of Bandha Udaya Satta of ks
1. Jnanavarana 5   5    5   
2. Darsanavarana 6 4, 5              9
3. Vedaniya 1   1   2
4. Mohaniya     13 5b, 6b, 7b, 8a                          28, 24, 23, 22, 21
5. Ayus 1   1     1, 2
6. Naman 28a, 29d          25cd, 27bc, 28cef, 29efhi
30cdefg, 31b
25d, 27c, 28ef, 29hi, 30fg
92, 88, 89
7. Gotra       1   1   1, 2
8. Antaraya     

 

Beyond this gunasthana the following prakrtis have no more bandha and udaya or udirana.

 

bandha: the 4 pratyakhyanavarana-kasayas.

 

udaya and udirana: the 4 pratyakhyanavarana-kasayas, animal state and ayus; cold splendor, low family surroundings.