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Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy

PREFACE TO THE GERMAN EDITION by Dr. Helmuth von Glasenapp
The contents of first volume of the Karmagranthas.
PREFACE TO THE ENGLISH EDITION by Dr. Helmuth von Glasenapp
TRANSLATOR'S NOTE
  INTRODUCTION
  THE KARMAN IN ITSELF
  THE KARMAN IN THEIR RELATION TO THE SOUL AND TO ONE ANOTHER
  THE QUALITIES OF THE SOUL
  STATES OF EXISTENCE AND CLASSES OF BEINGS
  THE CAUSES OF THE KARMAN AND THE MEANS FOR ITS ANNIHILATION
  THE WAY OF SALVATION
  THE 14 GUNASTHANAKAS
  THE STATE OF THE RELEASED

THE 14 GUNASTHANAKAS


 

 

Upasanta - Kasaya - Vitaraga - Chadmastha - Gunasthana.

This gunasthana is the highest stage which can be reached on the upasama-sreni. It lasts in the minimum 1 samaya, in the maximum antarmuhurta. When it ends, the jiva falls down from the upasam-sreni and comes into one of the lower gunasthanas.

 

cognition : mati-, sruta-, avadhi-, manahparyaya-jnana; caksur-, acaksur-, avadhi-darsana.

activity : 9 yogas, viz. 4 mano-, 4 vag- and audarika-kaya-yoga.

lesya : white.

belief : aupasamika samyaktva.

conduct : yathakhyata.

cause of bondage : 9 yogas.

bandha : 1 prakrti, sata-vedaniya, as all the others are extinguished.

udaya : 59 prakrtis, i.e. the 60 of the preceding gunasthana without flaming-up greed.

udirana : 56 prakrtis, i.e. the 57 of the preceding gunasthana without flaming-up greed.

satta : 148 prakrtis.

 

 

Table of Bandha Udaya Satta of ks
1. Jnanavarana 0 5    5   
2. Darsanavarana 0 4, 5              9
3. Vedaniya 1   1   2
4. Mohaniya     0 0 28, 24, 21
5. Ayus 0 1 1
6. Naman 0 30f 93, 92, 89, 88
7. Gotra       0 1   1, 2
8. Antaraya      0

 

Ksina - Kasaya - Vitaraga - Chadmastha - Gunasthana.

When in the last samaya of the suksmasamparaya-gunasthana the last particle of greed has been annihilated, the jiva who is on the ksapaka-sreni has become a ksina-kasaya. On this stage he remains antarmuhurta, and then becomes omniscient.

 

cognition : mati-, sruta-, avadhi-, manahparyaya-jnana; caksur-, acaksur-, avadhi-darsana.

activity : 9 yogas, viz. 4 mano-, 4 vag- and audarika-kaya-yoga.

lesya : white.

belief : ksayika samyaktva.

conduct : yathakhyata.

cause of bondage: 9 yogas.

bandha : 1 prakrti, viz. sata-vedaniya.

udaya : Here in the beginning are 57 prakrtis in udaya, i.e. the 60 of the suksmasamparaya without flaming-up greed and the 2nd and 3rd firmness of the joints. In the penultimate samaya ends the udaya of the two first kinds of sleep, so that then only 55 prakrtis are realized.

udirana : 54, or 52 prakrtis.

satta : at first 101 prakrtis, i.e. the 102 of the suksmasamparaya without flaming-up greed. In the penultimate samaya the two first kinds of sleep are eliminated, so that only 99 prakrtis are in existence.

 

Table of Bandha Udaya Satta of ks
1. Jnanavarana 0 5    5   
2. Darsanavarana 0 4 6, 4
3. Vedaniya 1   1   2
4. Mohaniya     0 0 0
5. Ayus 0 1 1
6. Naman 0 30f 80c, 79, 76, 75
7. Gotra       0 1   1, 2
8. Antaraya      0

In the last samaya of this gunasthana, udaya and satta of the 5 veilings of knowledge, of the 4 veilings of undifferentiated cognition and of the 5 hindrances disappear.

 

 

Sayogi - Kevali - Gunasthana.

When the karman restricting the knowledge, the undifferentiated cognition and the power of the jiva has disappeared, man becomes a sayogi-kevalin. He knows everything, and he can do everything. He still possesses a body and certain activity conditional upon matter, the formerly-bound karmans are still realizing themselves, but as soon as his ayus is exhausted he annihilates these also in order to be released. The sayogi-state lasts in the minimum antarmuhurta, in the maximum somewhat less than a purvakoti.

 

cognition: kevala-jnana, kevala-darsana.

activity: 7 yogas: audarika-, audarika-misra, karmana-kaya-yoga; satya and asatyamrsa mano- and vag-yoga.

lesya : white.

belief : ksayika samyaktva.

conduct : yathakhyata.

causes of bondage: 7 yogas.

bandha : 1 prakrti (sata-vedaniya).

udaya : 41 prakrtis, i.e. the 55 of the preceding gunasthana without the 14 separated in the last samaya. If the rare case occurs that somebody has bound in his former existences the tirthakara-nama-karman, this latter here comes to realization. In that case 42 prakrtis have here udaya.

 

 

Table of Bandha Udaya Satta of ks
1. Jnanavarana 0 0 0
2. Darsanavarana 0 0 0
3. Vedaniya 1   1   2
4. Mohaniya     0 0 0
5. Ayus 0 1 1
6. Naman 0 20, 26g, 28I, 29m, 30I,
21e, 27e, 31c  
80c, 79, 76, 75
7. Gotra       0 1   1, 2
8. Antaraya      0 0 0