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Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions
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INTRODUCTION
SAPTABHANGI SYSTEM
THE TATTVAS
  THE NATURE OF KARMA (Karma ka swroop)
  ASRAVA
  BANDHA
  SAMVARA
  NIRJARA
  MOKSHA
  STAGES ON THE PATH - GUNASTHANAS
  DHARMA IN PRACTICE
  COMPARATIVE ANTIQUITY OF JAINISM
  SOUL-SUBSTANCE
  Vairagya Bhavana

BANDHA


 

 

VI. The Nama karma group comprises the following ninety-three kinds of energies falling under forty-two heads, which are responsible for the formation of the different kinds of bodies and their organs:

 

(1) Gati or condition of existence which is of four kinds, namely,
 

(i) Manushya (human) (49)

(ii) Tiryanchas (lower forms of life, such as animals, vegetables and the like), (50)

(iii) Deva (life in heavens), (51) and

(iv) Nark (the condition of existence as a resident of hell) (52)
 

      

(2) Jati, that is, type of class, which comprises the following five heads:
 

(i)One-sensed beings, (53)

(ii) Two-sensed beings, (54)

(iii) Three-sensed beings, (55)

(iv) Four-sensed beings, (56)

(v) Beings with all the five senses. (57)

 

(3) Shareer, i.e., body, which is of five kinds viz.,

(i) Audarika, the outer body of gross matter, (58)

(ii) Vaikriyaka, the outer body of Devas (residents of heavens), and of      those who are the denizens of hells, (59)

(iii) Aharaka, an invisible body of small dimensions, which, issues from the forehead of advanced ascetics alone, and enables them to visit the Teacher, if there be one in a distant land, (60)

(iv)Taijasa, the body of luminous matter, (61) and

(v) Karma, the body of karmic energies. (62)

 

(4) Angopanga, that, is the principal and subsidiary limbs, which are of three kinds--

(i) Audarika., i.e., pertaining to the physical body, (63)

(ii)Vaikriyaka, pertaining to the Vaikriyaka sarira which can become big or small, and assume any form at will, and (64)

(iii) Aharaka, i.e., pertaining to the Aharaka body.(65)

 

(5) Nirmana, that is symmetry. (66)

           

(6) Bandanna, or union of articles without which it would be impossible for the body to be organized. This is five kinds corresponding to the five kinds of bodies enumerated above. (67-71)

  

(7) Sanghata, a still closer union of particles than bandana. (72-76)

    This is also different for the five different kinds of bodies, hence, of five types.

 

(8) Sansathana, or development which is of six kinds, as follows:

(i) Samachaturasra, i.e. proportionate, (77)

(ii) Nyagrodha parimandala, that is, well- developed in the upper parts and ill- formed in the lower, (78)

(iii) Svatika, or well-formed in the lower portion, but stunted in the upper, (79)

(iv) Kubjaka, that is, hunch-backed, (80)

(v) Varana, or dwarfish, (81) and

(vi) Hundaka, that is, general mal-formation. (82)

 

(9) Sanghanana, or formation of bony skeleton. This is of the following six kinds, of which only the last three are possible in the present age:

(i)  Vajra vrisabha narrate, that is, adamantine, or iron-like formation of bones, their

     wrappings and nails. (83)

(ii) Vajra Naracha, i.e. iron-like formation of bones and nails, but not of wrappings, or

     bandages, (84)

(iii) Naracha, or bones, wrappings, and nails of the ordinary type, that is to say, without

     adamantine strength, (85)

(iv) Ardha Naracha, that is, no wrappings, but only partially nailed joints, (86)

(v) Kilaka or wholly nailed joints, (87) and

(vi) Asamprapta sripatika, that is, bones strung together by nerves, but not fixed with nails. (88)

      

(10) Color (Varna) which is of five kinds, viz.

           (i) Black, (89)

           (ii) Blue, (90)

           (iii) Red, (91)

           (iv) Yellow, (92) and

           (v) White. (93)

 

(11) Smell (Gandha), which is either--

           (i) Pleasant, (94) or

           (ii) Unpleasant, (95)

 

(12) Taste (Rasa), which is of five kinds, namely

           (i) Pungent, (96)

           (ii) Bitter, (97)

           (iii) Saline, (98)

           (iv) Acid, (99) and

           (v) Sweet, (100)

     

(13) Touch (spars), which falls under eight heads as follows:

           (i) Hard, (101)

           (ii) Soft, (102)

           (iii) Light, (103)

           (iv) Heavy, (104)

           (v) Cold, (105)

           (vi) Hot, (106)

           (vii) Smooth, (107) and

           (viii) Rough, (108)