The Anarthdandaviraman Vrat.
The vow to renounce those propensities that prompt such
actions and activities as do not matter even if they are not done and
which are unnecessary and meaningless. That means those actions that are
not profitable and are harmful to others are undesirable. The vow to
renounce those tendencies of the mind that impel us to do things that are
not profitable to us and are harmful to others; in a word, harmful
1 ) Reading such literature and seeing such sights as
disturb the mind.
2 ) making such bodily actions and gestures as
laughing; provoking laughter,
3) Engaging in meaningless talk; gossiping and making
4) Manufacturing and keeping weapons and devices to
5) Hoarding things relating to worldly and sensual
Besides these five violations, in this vow 15 (Karmadans)
must be renounced (Karn adan means those propensities that cause actions
that bind us in karma.)
Karmadan--Renouncing certain other propensities.
(1) Angar Karm: Activities relating to fire.
Engaging in those occupations that require excessive
use of fire such as putting up brick-kilns; running factories for making
soap and oil and for making match-boxes and crackers and engaging in
industries to make alkalis like washing soda and ashes.
(2) Vankarm: Activity relating to trees etc.
Engaging in business activities that necessitate
cutting of green plants and trees-such as getting a jungle cut; peeling
fruits; making gum etc., or running a paper mill- keeping a grazing ground
for cattle etc.
(3) Shakat Karm: Manufacturing and selling of bullock
carts, tongas, motor vehicles, cars, buses, taxies, riksha, etc.
(4) Bhatak Karm: Giving vehicles cattle on hire or
existing only on the hire-money obtained thus.
(5) Sphotak Karm: Engaging in activities such as
blasting the earth or breaking stones; cutting them into pieces; making a
tank by digging the earth; cutting tunnels; digging wells or digging the
land; getting tunnels made, etc.
(6) Laksha Vanijya: (business relating to wax)-
Carrying on business in lac or wax or alkalis that
necessitate killing of too many creatures; manufacturing blue; engaging in
industries for making soap and other detergents.
(7) Dant Vanijya: (Doing business in ivory ).
Carrying on business in ivory; engaging in business
activities in respect of musk, the hides of animals and the feathers of
(8) Ras Vanijya; (Business relating to rasas or tasty
Making ghee. oil, butter and honey, alcoholic drinks
and selling them.
(9) Kesh Vanijya: (Carrying on business in hair).
Carrying on business in selling the hair of human
beings or animals and dealing in cattle.
(10) Vish Vanijya: Business in poisons.
Manufacturing different kinds of poisons or poisonous
substances or destructive weapons and dealing in them.
(11) Yantrapilan Karm: Relating to machinery.
Running industries with various kinds of machines
selling them or gettinq them run for hire.
(12) Nirlanchan Karm: Relating to animals and birds.
Cutting the limbs of animals and birds. drenching them
in water or castrating them.
(13 ) Dav Danav Karm: Burning and demolition.
Setting fire to things or burning things such as
forests, houses etc., out of enmity or spite,
(14) Asatiposhan Karm:
Running a brothel for livelihood, keeping animals,
birds, etc., and showing them as an amusement for earning money. Carrying
on business in meat, eggs, etc.
THE FOUR SHIKSHA VRATAS
The Samayik vrat
The vow to be seated at a certain (asan) place for one
muhurth or 48 minutes; to renounce all sinful propensities of word,
thought and deed and to carry out spiritual studies, meditation,
recitation of hymns, etc., according to prescription.
1) Entertaining wicked thoughts and to keep thinking
of the pros and cons of
things so as to disturb the mind.
2) Uttering lies, disagreeable words and improper
3) Performing bodily actions that are inauspicious,
improper and undesirable.
4) Taking a vow for Samayik and forgetting it.
5) Taking the Samayik not according to prescription.