Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions

The Navakar Mantra

What is the Jain Dharma or Jainism?
Who is a Jin?
Who is a Jain?
The Jain dharma
  The Arrangement Of Ara, The Phases Of Time
  Tirtha, Dharma And Tirthankar (One Who Reveals The Dharma)
  The Exposition Of The Philosophy
  Bhagwan Mahavir
  The Path Of Achievement
  Total Renunciation
  Some special rules of conduct for sadhus and sadhvis
  The Dashvirati Dharma
  The Fourteen Pledges By Househl Oders
  Avashyak (The Essentials)
  Prathana (Prayer)
  Jap And Dhyan
  The Eighteen Sources Of Sin (Papa Sthanak)..
  Before assuming Dharma
  Marganusari Gun: (35 virtues that guide us on the path of life)
  Tapasya and the codes of conduct:
  The External austerities ( six kinds )
  Abhyantar Tap (Six kinds)
  Some minor and major austerities for daily practice.
  Why is fasting essential ?
  Some Special And Important Austerities
  Why should water be boiled ?
  It is necessary to filter water:
  The Jain Dharma prohibits the eating of the following things
  Why should not people eat meat ?
  Even the egg is dangerous !
  Alcoholic drinks should be renounced
  Why should we not eat certain types of food?
  We should not take food in the night. Why?
  Why should we not eat green and raw vegetables on some special days?
  Organization of the Jain Society
  Some Important Jain Institutions
  Jain Upashray: Religious Centres
  The Jain Libraries
  The Jain Schools
  Ayambil Shala
  The Jain Panjarapol--Shelter for Cattle
  The Jain Choultries
  The Jain Pilgrim Centres
  The system of the seven institutions of the Jains.
  The Jain Festivals
  The Jain Celebrations
  The Jain Philosophy
  The Nine Doctrines
  Kashay- Passions
  The Process of Spiritual Elevation,
  Samiti and Gupti
  16 Bhavanas
  The Jain Literature
  A Representative Jain Work
  A Glossary Of Difficult Words

26. Some minor and major austerities for daily practice


Bhadrabahu Vijay

Tapascharya or austerity is the name given to those spiritual activities that help us to gain spiritual ends; and to turn away all sins by means of sacrificing bodily pleasures and comforts and by means of disciplining our passions and pleasures.

The Jain religion gives prominence to renunciation. It gives more importance to mental evelopment and spiritual development than to the comforts of the body. Of course, if we carry out austerities the body may become a little weak; it may become enfeebled and it may become withered but the mind becomes fresh and alert. The beauty of the soul becomes greater. Therefore, the Jain religion has prescribed many austerities which every individual can practise them according to his ability, health and desire.


One must take food or water only after reciting 3 Navakars, 40 minutes after the sun rise. Even thebrushing of teeth and rinsing the mouth must be done afterwards.


Taking food or water only 3 hours after the sunrise


Taking food, water etc. only 4 hours and 30 minutes after the sun rise.


Taking food and water six hours after the sunrise,


Taking food and water eight hours after the sunrise.


One must take food only twice a day while sitting in one place.


One must take food only once a day at one sitting.

(In Biyasan and Ekasan one should not eat Sachitt that is raw vegetables, raw grains etc,.)


Eating food which is devoid of any special taste and spices; which is only boiled or cooked; and eating such food only once a day at one sitting only. Milk, curds, ghee, oil and green and raw vegetables should not be used in this austerity.

Upavas (Total fasting)

One should not take any food during the day and the night. One only takes boiled water during daytime while sun is up is called Tivihar Upavas; and when even water is not taken, is called Chauvihar Upavas.