The means whereby an embodied soul can become a pure or
The underlying principles upon which these theories are
based are : (1)the fact of the existence of soul, whose characteristic is
knowledge (jiva); (2) the fact of the existence of matter of any
other real thing which has no consciousness (ajiva); (3) impure
souls draw matter towards themselves (asarva), and (4) incorporate
it with their own being (bandha); thus has the embodied state of
the soul been perpetuated, death being followed by birth elsewhere in a
material body. Now if this state of affairs is ever to cease, (5) the
influx of matter must be stopped (samvara) and (6) the matter
already in combination with the soul must be removed (nirjara).
Then (7) when this is accomplished the soul will live in everlasting
enjoyment of all its own natural qualities (moksa).