A Perspective in Jaina Philosophy and Religion
Prof. Ramjee Singh
The basic ideology of Jainism has been
close to my heart for the following reasons - firstly, I have found an
intellectual basis of the Gandhian principle of Ahimsa in the Jaina,
theory of Anekantavada (Non-absolutism); secondly, I had, therefore
started my initial research on Syavada-Anekanta-vada which was later
changed into the "Jaina Concept of Omniscience" on the advice of my
revered teacher late Dr. D.M. Datta, Thirdly, I have been greatly
benefited in my life from the association of several Jaina scholars and
saints, who have bestowed upon me their affection and kindness. Lastly, as
a student of Indology, I thought that it is better to devote my attention
to Jainology, which has been relatively a neglected discipline although it
has immense potentiality.
Jainology is an amalgam of Jaina
philosophy, Religion and Culture. The scope of the literature produced by
Jaina masters and scholars are unlimited. However, a systematic research
on Jaina philosophy, Religion and Culture has been very meager.
The present work is perhaps the first
important contribution in this comprehensive field born out of deep study
and analysis. It is undoubtedly a scholarly compendium of Jaina
Epistemology, Metaphysics, Ethics, Psychology, Religion and Culture.
However, unlike an introductory outline, it is marked by profundity and
the typical synthetic approach to all problems. The book is neither
sectarian nor unsympathetic in this treatment but fully balanced.
This book will enrich the small shelf of
books on Jainism in English of every intelligent scholar and lover of
My first work on The Jaina Concept of
Omniscience was published by L.D. Institute of Indology, Ahmedabad in
1974. In the meantime, I have prepared several research papers on Jaina
Philosophy, Religion and Culture, which were presented to various national
and international conferences. However, they have been so arranged that
the collection looks like a monograph.
My grateful thanks go to my friend and
Director, Dr. Sagarmal Jain, of Parsvanatha Sodhapitha, Varanasi, who
agreed to publish it from his Institute. Whatever deficiencies are there,
they are mine, and whatever merit is found go to Dr. Jain and the
management of his Institute without whose help this work would not have
seen the light of the day.
Ramjee Singh, Vice-chancellor,
Bhikhampur, Jaina Visvabharatim,
Bhagalpur - 812 001 (Deemed University)