Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions


The Antiquity of Jainism
Jain Heroes
Jaina Order and Literature
Fundamental Beliefs
  The Human Predicament
  The Doctrine of Karma
  The Doctrine of Man
  The Denial of God
  Jaina Ethics and Morality
  Three Spiritual Paths
  Response to Contemporary Issue
  Social Issues
  The Economic Order
  The Idea of Ahimsa and Vegetarianism

The Human Predicament



Man�s life in this world comprises many stages that he must pass through because of his bondage to Karma.  Salvation is achieved when he becomes enlightened sufficiently and is able to shed the weight of Karma.  The elements involved in the process are:

Soul (Jiva), Matter (Ajiva), the inflow of fresh Karmic matter (Asrava), Karmic bondage (Bandha), the checking of Karmic matter (Samvara), the shedding of Karmic matter (Nirjara), and Liberation (Moksha) In addition to the seven elements listed, there are two more elements that are fundamental to the Jain view of worldly existence:  sin and virtue or Papa and Punya, The proper content of Jaina ethics centers upon the two elements of checking and shedding Karmic matter.  It covets the conduct both of the monk and the layman.  The whole purpose of ethics and religious exercises is the attainment of salvation.  This summum bonum is captured in the following adage:  �Asrava (inflow of Karmic matter causing misery) is the cause of mundane existence and Samvara (stoppage of that inflow) is the cause of liberation.  This is the Jain view; everything else is only its amplification.�