Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions


The Antiquity of Jainism
Jain Heroes
Jaina Order and Literature
Fundamental Beliefs
  The Human Predicament
  The Doctrine of Karma
  The Doctrine of Man
  The Denial of God
  Jaina Ethics and Morality
  Three Spiritual Paths
  Response to Contemporary Issue
  Social Issues
  The Economic Order
  The Idea of Ahimsa and Vegetarianism

The Doctrine of Man



The discussion of Karma theory has made it plain that the human self is the center of ethical existence and that, by virtue of its knowledge and consciousness, it has infinite powers.  However, these superior qualities are concealed for the developing individual due to the overlay of Karma.  It therefore becomes the ultimate goal of the individual to achieve the pure form of the self and to attain absolute being.  Though difficult, this goal is possible because human nature is rational and voluntaristic.  Only human beings can achieve this goal, hence the importance of human birth.  The Jaina Agamas state that even deities bow down to the person whose mind has reached the highest bliss characterized by noninjury and self-restraint.  The individual is capable of reaching divine heights because the pure form of the self is itself divine and therefore the self relies on its own efforts.