The classification is as follows:-
If this division is accepted, there need be no contradiction Again when
size is attributed to the soul, it is possible that it refers to the
spheres or extent of the affiance that is intended. In the
pancastikayasara we read that just as a lotus hued ruby, when placed
in a cup of milk imparts its luster to the milk, the soul imparts its
luster to the milk, the soul imparts it slushier to the whole body 42.
Jiva is characterized by upward motion.
Nemicandra described the pue soul as possessing urdhavagati. In the
pancastikayasara it is said when the soul is freed from all
impurities it moves upward to the end of Loka. 48 For plato the soul was
above all the source of motion it is only the self that moves. In the
phaedrus, Socrates says in his decoded speech, �The soul in immortal for
that which is ever in motion is immortal� The self never eases to move and
it is the fountain and the beginning of motion to all that moves. The
movement of the soul in samsara is possible in pure space with is
devoid of the medium for motion. The Jaina conception of the soul as
possessing uedhavagati appears to be more an ethical expediency
that a metaphysical principle or a psychological fact.
All these attributes belong to the nature of
every soul and they are clearly seen if the Jivas are pure and free.
However most of the Jivas are not pure and reed. They are contaminated by
some foreign elements which veil their purity and perfection. The foreign
elements is Karman, very fine matter, imperceptible to the senses, and
which enters into the soul and causes great changes. The souls are then
involved in the wheel of samsara. They become samasarins.
III The samsarijias are
classified on the basis of various principles like the suites and the
number of sense organs possess ed by the they are the sthavara jivas,
immovable souls. This is the vegetable kingdom. Sri J.C. Bosehas
pointed out that the vegetable world has capacity for experience. They
are one �sense organisms. Earth water fire and plats are such jivas
they possess the sense of touch. This view is peculiar to Jainism. Itrasa
jivas (movig souls) have tow to five sees worms, oysters, conschs etc.
possess taste ad touch. Ants bugh and lice have three senses taste touch
and smell . Mosquitoes, bees and flies possess four senses taste touch,
smell and sight . and birds beasts and me have all the five senses Again
fie sensed organisms may possess mind. They are called samnaska.
They may be bereft of mind (amanaska)
Plato talked of a determined number of souls
the souls that exist must always be the same they cannot be come fewer,
not yet an they become fewer, not yet can they become more numberous.44
In the timaeus he said that the number of souls is equal to the
number the stars.45
In Gommatasara Jicakanada, we get a detailed
classification of samasarijivas. This classification is shown in
TABLE No. 1