There is no
interval of time between any two incarnations. When a soul leaves one
body it enters another the very next moment of time. It does not remain
body-less, except when .it attains Nirvana.
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ֿ������߭�� ���ߵ�õ��פ�������� �ן� ll 920 ll
When the quiescence-period is passed, the largest number of molecules
shed off in the first Nisheka (of the first Gunahani). The subsequent
shedding upto the first Nishekas of the second Gunahani decreases by a
Gunahani is the number of terms of a series, the sum of which is the
number of molecules of a Unit of Bondage and each term in which is half
of the term immediately preceding it.
would be useful to restate and recapitulate here what has already been
laid down and explained in verses 9 14 to 920.
A soul binds Karmic partials of subtle matter as the result of
its passionate thought-activity. The quantity of the Karmic, and quasi-
Karmic particles bound up or assimilated with the soul in one moment of
time is called
Samaya Prabaddha, Instant. Bondage, (verse 924). Such bondage is
continuously going on every moment of time.
The particles bound up begin to work, to function, to have
effect after an interval. During this interval, they lie dormant, quiet,
inactive, in-operative. This interval is called
the period of quiescence (verse 913.)
The working, the functioning, the effete, of the particles
bound up continues for a definite pre-determined period of time, during
which some particles continue shedding off, while others goon operating
functioning, giving effect. The total period of shedding or dripping off
plus quiescence period is called
duration. The shedding off it is Continuous process, after it once
bundle, the group, the number of particles shedding off in one instant
is called Nibheka. The number constituting these Nishekas varies. The
largest number sheds off in the first division of the duration period.
Each of these divisions is- Galled a Guna-haani Life. rally it means
diminishing in efficiency. It is called so because the number
constituting the succeeding Nishekas or drippings goes on diminishing in
a regular arithmetical progression by a common difference. The instants
during which the particles constituting one Guneheani work, is called
Shedding or dripping of Karmas is either spontaneous. involuntary, or
forced. It is involuntary, by ascetic practices. It is involuntary,
spontaneous, natural in the case of all living beings.
Guna-haani is a group of Nishekas. The number of molecules composing
each of such Nishekas goes on decreasing by a common difference upto the
first Nishelia of the next Guna-haani,
ײ�פ���ם������ ��֝�� ���۾�ֻ�����ם֡��Ϭ��� ��� l
��כ� ��֝�� ���Ϭ�������� ����פ� ll 921 ll
���ߵ������� ����: �������֭�֬�Դ�� ��� l
���Ӑ������ִ�� ���ן� ���ָ����Ԭ�Դ�� �־�ן� ll 921 ll
In the second (and other subsequent) Nishekas of the second (Gunahani),
(the common) difference of decrease will be half of what it was in the
(first Gunahani). And so on, in each subsequent Gunahani (the common)
difference will be half of what it was in the preceding one.
�����ֻ�� ם�����ה���� l
���ϝ֝��ꝝ֝��ֻ��� �� ��֝�ꕕ��� �־��ך�פ����֝�� ll 922 ll
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����ׯ� �� ��֟־��� �־���ã�ןָ��֭�ֵ�ִ�� ll 922 ll
In calculating the duration of all Karmas, (six parti�culars) should be
kept in view, (1) Dravya, the number of the Karmic molecules, bound in
One instant (2) Sthiti i. e., the number of instants of duration, (3)
Gunahani Ayam, the number of instant in the Gunahani, (4) Dal-Shalaka,
or Nana-Gunahani the number of Gunahani. for each duration. (5) Do
Gunahani or Nishekachheda. double of each Gunahani-.Ayam (6) Ayam�
nyabhyasta-Raashi (the multiple of 2 as many times as there are Nana
�� �ֵ�և� ӡ��ϛ���ֻ�� ���Ͻ� ����� ������ֵ�� l
�� ֕�֝�� ����֤�ߝ�� �� ���פ���� ll 923 ll
�֟��� ������֟����ӿ֤�� �֙����� ������֍���� l
�֟��:�����׆� �� ֕�֭����� �����֤�߭��� �� ��ӥ���: ll 923 ll
Let us take sixty-three.-hundred. forty-eight. eight. Six, sixteen and
sixty-four to be (respectively) the Dravya and the others (six
particulars mentioned just above).
have taken as an illustration, the case of a soul which binds �6900
molecules of a particular Karma in each instant, during a period of 48
Here we have
omitted to consider the period of quiescence.
Looking to conditions in the 48th instant, the number of molecules bound
in the 47th, the 48th instant, will all be existence while of those
bound in the 47th,(viz., the instant before the last), only 6788 will be
in existence 512 of them would have been shed off. And of those bound in
the first instant, only 9 would remain, 6291 would have been shed off.
This is shown on page 150 in the commentary to� Verse 260 of Karma Kanda
Part I, Vol. VI of the Sacred Books of the Diana�s Series. on Page 150,
and is shown in full detail in the annexure A.
�ֲִֵ֯֬�� ��ִ֯�֝� ��� ����פ� ������� l
��߾�������֝֍�ֻ�� ך�פ����Ϭ��� �֏ֻ֯��״֤�� ll 924 ll
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���� ã�֭֍�ֻ�� �ã֟�֬��� ��ӏֵֻ֯��״֟��: ll 924 ll
The number of (Karmic) molecules (bound in an instant is called) one
Bamayaprabaddlta, she quantity of -�which his been stated before (in the
chapter on bondage) the time of their co-existence with the 80ni is the
period of duration which is equal to numerable Palyas.
����ֻ�ֵ֯�����ؤ� �ֻ����� �֜��ִ����ע� l
������� ��ۓ��פ���Ӎ�֤�� �ֈ����� �� ll 925 ll
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�����ן�: �ָ���: ��ۓ��ן���Ӎ�֟�� �֟���п�� ll 925 ll
With reference to Wrong-Belief Karma, the last (viz, Annyonyabhast rashi)
is the product of (the number of Varga�Shalaka, its square, and the
first square-root of Palya; and the fourth (viz. Nana Gunahant) is the
sum of the Ardha-chhedas (the indices of the ultimate integral
square-root) of the above (3 figures).
Palya be represented by 65536, which is called Pannaththi elsewhere. The
square-root of this is 256; the square-root of 256 is 16, the
square-root of 16 is 4, and the square-root of � is 2. There is no
further square-root of 2 in integral value. Each Process of extracting a
square root is called a Varga-Shalaka.
figure 65536 has 4 Varga Shalakas, because the process of extracting a
square root can be carried on in integral numbers, for four steps only.
I n this case, Annyonyabhysta-rashi (���ϭ���ꭵ�ֳ��ß�
will be the product-(Varga Shalaka) x (Varga Shalaka)2 X /
65536 or 4X 42 x 256 = 4 X 42 X44 = 47
= 214 = 16384: Pannaththi = 65536= 216
Annyonyabhyasta Rashi is therefore 1/4 P (Pannaththi) = 16384.
Ardna-Chhedas of the threefigures.4, 16,256 are the indicter of their
ultimate integral square root: The figures 4, 16, 2266 and equal to 2
2,24, 28. The Ardha Chhedas are 2, 4
sum of these Ardha Chhedas 2+4+8= 14 is called Nana�-Gunahani.
����ֻ�ֵ��־�������ֻ��� ���ϝ���ꝝ��ם֤������� ��� l
��ֻ��ֻ֓����� ���� �ֻ��ה���� ll 926 ll
��Կֻ֓��������ֻ֯��ה�ן�: ll 926 ll
Verily. the Annaonyabhyasta-rashi is Palya, divided by the Varga.
Shalaka of Palya; and Nana-Gunahani (is equal to) the difference between
the Ardha-chhedas of a Palaya and those of its Va1�ga-Shalaka.
Annyonyabhyasta rashi is also equal to Palya + Varga
Shalaka of Palya,
- 65586 = 16884
is the difference between the Ardha Chhedas of Palya, 218 and those of
its Varga-Shalaka 21, viz. 16-2=14.
the methods of calculation give the same result,
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ם������ �ֻ��פ���� ����פ� ������֝�� ll 927 ll
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If Nana-Gunahani (or all Gunahanis) have (all) the Nishekas of a. Karmic
Prakriti; how (many Nishekas) will one (Gunahani) contain? (Aggregate)
Nishekas being divided by Nana-Gunahani will be (the Nishekas of) one
Nana. Gunahani are 6. and Nishekas are 48 according to instants of Karma
duration; the Nishekas of one Gunahani will he 48+6=8. 8 will be the
number of Nishekas in 8 instants in one Gunahani.
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Nishekaham is equal to double of Gunahani-Ayama (i. e., number of
instants of one Gunahani). Dividing the desired first Nisneka by that (Nishekaham),
we get the common difference.
the example given above, if 11 are instants of one Gunahani, then 16
will be the Nishekahara. If 512 be the molecules of the first Nisheka of
the first Gunahani, then 512 + 16=32 will be the common difference,
during 8 instants.
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�֟��� ����֍���ִ��פ����� ���֦��ֵ�״�ן� ll 929 ll
The total number of molecules being divided by Annyony bhasta-rashi
minus one, is the number of molecules in the last (6th) Gunahani (the
number in the other Gunahanis will be double of those next to it (till
we reach) the molecules constituting the first Gunahani.
Annyonyabhyasta Rashi is 2 multiplied as many times as there are
Gunahanis. In the example given above there are 6 Nana-Gun�ahanis (Verse
928); Annyonyabhyasta Rashi=2x2x2x2X2X2 =64.
number of molecules of the 6th or last Gunahani � 6300 / (64- 1) = 100.
The molecules in each Gunahani will be double of those in the adjacent
one reckoning from the last. Thus we have 6 Gunahanis of 6300 molecules
+ Third + Fourth + Fifth +
Sixth =6300 in all
1600 800 400 200 100
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To find the common difference, divide the respective molecules (of each
Gunaha1li) by the product (of instants of the Gunahani, and Nishekahara
minus half of the instants (of Gunahanis) minus one.
find out the common difference for 8200. the molecules of the first
Nishekahara- 2 Gunahani instants = 3X2 = 16
-:- 8 x l6-l/2 of (8-1) = 3200-:8 x (16-7/2) =
3200-:-8 x 25/2�
common difference for 1600 will be 1600 :- 8 x 16-1/2 (8- 1)
1600-:-8 (16-7/2) = 1600-:-8x 25/2 = 1600-:- 100 = 16.
common difference of each Gunahani also, is thus halt of that of the
Gunahani preceding it.
rule is limited in application to the particular figures in the
illustration. It is not a rule of general application. For finding out
the common difference, the divisor of the sums, in the present case, is
a constant quantity viz. 100. If the first term of a series in
Arithmetical progression is not given, the common difference would vary
indefinitely with the first term. The Algebraically formula of general
application has already been stated to be
S =n/2 (a+1)
=n/2 (2 an-1 d).
find out d. the common difference it is necessary that the first term be
given. The sum and the number of term 5 are not sufficient data for
finding out the difference.
�� ��Ӎ��֝�� ���������ם֤���ִ֘����۴�� l
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Subtract the sum of the difference (between the first and the succeeding
terms (Pmchayadhana) from the respec�tive matter or a (Prachayadhana)
from the respective matter of a Gunahani, divide the result by (instants
of) the Gunahani, (and you get) the number of the last (Nisheka of that
Prachayadhana or Uttardhana of a Gunahani is obtained by
multiplying the instants of the Gunahani by the common difference, and
by 1/2 of
the instants of the Gunahani mines one. The sum of the difference
between the first and the succeeding terms, Prachaya�-Ahaha, for the
first Gunahani of 3200 is
3 x 32 x1/2 of
(8-1) =8 x 32 x7/3 =8 x 112 = 895.
last Nisheka of the Gunahani of 3200 molecules will recording to verse
931 will be (3200-896): 8 2304/8=288. The other Nishekas can be had by
adding 52 to each successive Nisheka. For the other 5 Gunahanis. the
Prachaya. dhana as well as the Chaya or common difference for each
Gunahani will also be hall of its former.
number of molecules in el1ch of the 8 instants of each of the 6
Gunahanis. which are shed off in 48 instants are shown in tabular form
annexure A. This is an expanded statement of the Chart given under Verse
260. p. 150, Karma Karma. Vol. VI. S.B.J. Series.
above example illustrates the manner in which the molecules bound at an
instant are distributed in all the instants of duration which is almost
negligible, less the quiescent period, with reference to the seven
Karmas. It shows that in the first instant, the largest number of
molecules will be shed and at the last instant the least in number. In
the above example. 5th will be shed in the first instant and 9 in the
last instant. The decrease is gradual as shown in the chart.
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�־֟�: ��֭�������ֻֿ�� �ֵ֖��״� ll 932 ll
Nishekahara and the (period of) Gunahani of all the root Karmas are
equal I shall describe Nana-Gunahani (i. e., the numbers of Gnunahana)
(for each Karma) (These are not equal; they very according to the
duration of Karmas.
�� ���� ��ָ�ߤ��� ן��� ן�ם֝� ���״�֤�� l
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�֯֟���� ד֟�� ןָ����� ll 933 ll
With regard to Wrong-Belief Karma (which has It maximum duration of 70
crore x crore sagars) (Nana-Ganahani) has been stated (in verse 925).
The total of the 3, Ardha-chhedas (of the square roots and squares taken
serially in order of Sequence) will be gradually decreasing by an eighth
part. This (?)onld be calculated for the seven (Karma) serially.
the Ardha-chhedas of the 1st. the 2nd and 3rd. 4th, 5th. 6th, 7th,
8th, and 9th square roots of a Palya to the Ardhhachhedas of the 8th.
7th, 6th. 5th. 4th, 3rd. 2nd and first squares of Varga Shalaka and
Varga Shalaka of a Palya itself. Let us take a Palya to be
equal to 65586=
216. Its Ardhhchhedas are 16.
1st square root of 65536 is 256 = 28
2nd square root of 65536 is 16= 24
3rd square root of 65536 is 4=22
Ardhaohheda respectively are 8, 4.2. Their sum is 14.
4th square root of 65536 is =21
5th square root of 65536 is =21/3.
6th square root of 65536 is �21/4
sum of their Ardha-chhedas will be 1 + 1/2 + 1/4 = 7/1=184
or 1/8th of .14, as said in the above verse.
7th square root of 65536 is 21/8
8th square root of 21/16
9th square roost of 65536 is 2 1/32
addition of their Ardha-chhedas will be
1/8 +1/16 1/32 =
1/8 (1 � + �) = 1/8 (3/2 + �) = 1/8 (6/4 + �) = 1/8 of 7/4
The totals of 3
Ardhachhedas Thus gradual1y degrease by an eighth part.
Verga shalaka of �a Palya (taking it to
be 65536) are 4 = 2
of the 8th, 7th, and 6th Squares of 4 are, 256 x 2,
128 x 2, and 64
x 2. Adding these we have ... ... 418 x 2.
Chhedas of 5th, 4th and 3rd squares of 4 are
32 x 2. 16x 2, 8
x 2. Adding these we have 56 x 2.
Ardha-Chhedas of the 2nd, and 1st , squares of 4, and of 4, the
Shalaka itself, are 4 x 2, 2x 2, 1x 2.
these we have 4 x 2 + 2 x 2 + 1 x 2 = 7 x 2. Each of the set of three
calculations is t of the one preceding it.
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���֍����ߍ���י����ןֲ֬��� ll 934 ll
The number of the first term (of nana-Gunahani; with reference to ten
crore x crore (sagars) is an eighth part of the last Ardha-chhedas (i.
e., those of a Palya) and of Ardha�chhedas of Varga Shalakas (of a Palya),
(which were for 70 crore and crore sagars).
Gunahani for the maximum duration of 70 Crore and crore sagars of Wrong
Belief Karma is 14.
for 10 crore x crore Sagars will be 14X 10+70=2, which is 1/8 of 16,
the ardhachheda of 65536. It is also the Ardhachheda of the Varga
shalaka of Palya, assuming it to be 65536.
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�� ��ӟ����� ��֭�������֯��ןֲ֬��� : ll 935 ll
Nana Gunahani for the desired other series are obtained by respective
multiplication�s of (the result obtained above).
Gunahanis for 10 crore x crore Sagars is 2 x 1=2
� 20 � � 2x2=4
� 30 � � 2x3=6
� 40 � � 2x4=8
� 50 � � 2x5=10
� 60 � � 2x6=12
� 70 � � 2x7=14
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ה�פ�ם־�����ע� ם����םֵ� ������ �� �� ���֤�� ���� ll 936 ll
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ה�ן�־��� �ן� ֬��Ե�� ������ �� �� ���֟�� ��� ll 936 ll
Having found the sum (of Ardha-chhedas of squares and square roots) upto
the last place, and having added them together, (we get) the desired
����ֻ�ִֵ֯�֝� �������Ӿ�� ����� ��� ������ l
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By multiplying the quantity 2 as many times as there are Nana-Gunahanis
in the desired Karmic matter, the number of Annonya-bhysta-rashi is
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Annonnyabhyasta-rashi for (each of the) (Knowledge and Conation)
Obscuring, Feeling and Obstructive Karmas (having maximum duration of 30
crore x crore sagars) is (the product of the) second square root of a
Palya, and innumerable times the third square root (of It Palya); while
(that) of Body�making and Family Karmas (each having maximum duration of
20 crore x crore will be) innumerable times the second (square root of a
Calculated on the assumption that a Palya-65536, the result according to
this rule is the same as has been shown in Verses 937, and 938.
for 80 Sagars is 6. Annyonyabhyasta-rashi for 30
Sagars is 26
=2x2X2x2x2x2=64 (Verse 937).
or as per verse
938, it is
(65536) 1/4x (65586)1/8
X 256)1/4 x (16 x 16 x 16 x 16)1/8
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(Nana-Gunahanis) of age Karma are reckonable proportionately. Similarly,
a learned person may calculate (Nana Gunahani) of the desired duration,
having known the desired data.
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In case of bondage of maximum duration, with the maximum quiescence, the
maximum (distribution and shedding of molecules) is calculated from the
very (first) moment. They go on decreasing in subsequent instants of
duration of bondage.
molecules bound at a particular instant, are distributed in all the
instants of its duration minus the quiescence, according to the
proportion �laid� down in Verse 931. The first Nisheka or shedding group
will have the maximum number of molecules, and the last one the minimum.
The maximum quiescence of the last Nisheka will be the total duration
minus one instant. VI h file that of others will be successively
decreasing by one instant. The lest Nisheka really has maximum duration
and. maximum quiescence.
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ײ�פ����� ��פ����� �������� ��״��� ם���ꡯ���� ��� ll 941 ll
���Ͼ֬�֭��� ���ߵ�: ����ߵ�: ����ֿ��� ��� �ָ����ִֵ�ß�� l
���ߵ�: ����ߵ�: ����ֿ�: �ִ��� ����ß�� ll 941 ll
Instants of quiescence will be gradually second, third etc., upto the
last instant. The first, second, third, etc., Nishekas gradually (fall
oft) till the last one.
first Nisheka shedding in the first instant will have the least
quiescence. Each successive Nisheka will have a quiescence. gradually
increasing by one instant, till the last Nisheka sheds off. The duration
of the first Nisheka will be the least, while that of the others will be
gradually increasing by one instant. The last Nisheka will have the
�ֲִֵ֯֬���ִ�֝�� ����פ� ן�������� �ּ���֝�۴�� l
������������ ������ �ִֵ֯�ֲ֬���� ��� ll 942 ll
�ִֵ֯�ϲ֬����ϴ�֝�� �־�ן� ןָ����� �֟�Դ�֭�� l
�֭������� ���: �ִֵ֯�ϲ֬��ß�� ll 942 ll
During the direct (distribution of Nisheka, as regards duration), (Nishekas
equal to) one Samaya Prabaddha fall off at every instant. Really one
Samaya Prabaddha is bound and comes into operation at each instant.
The Chart, annexure A, has been prepared on the assumption
that 6300 Karmic molecules are assimilated by a Soul in each instant,
and that the total duration of each unit of assimilation
is 48 instants. At each instant, a quantity of molecules continues
shedding off automatically according to a fixed proportion. The 48
instants are divisible in 6-groups called Gunahanis each consisting of 8
instants. The greatest number of moiecu1es falls off in the first
instant, and the
shedding in each subsequent instant of the first group decreases by a
constant figure, called the common difference till the first instant of
the next group. The common difference in the second group is half of
what it was in the first group; and the common difference continues to
be halved till the last 6th group of 8 instants, when it is reduced to
one. This has been worked out in detail in the Chart annexture A. It
will appear therefrom that in the last, the 48th instant the balance of
9 molecules will fall off to complete the. 6800; 10 will shed off in the
47th,11 in the 46th, and so on as shown in the Chart, until we find 512
falling off in the first instant or the 6300 assimilated in the and
instant, 0 will shed off in the 5th instant, 11 in the 47th and so on,
and so on. The molecules which remain in existence in the 48th instant
are the 6300 which were bound in that instant, 5788 out of those bound
in the 47th instant, and so on and on till we come to 9 of those bound
in the first instant. Their total will come to 71,304.
be noted that one Samaya Prabaddha has molecules varying, in maximum to
an infinite fraction of the total number of liberated souls, (which is
infinite), and in minimum to infinite times the number of all (Abhavya)
�ֲִֵ֯֬��� פ��֜����������ם֟��כ���� ����� l
ןֵ֍�����ֹ������������ ״�֤�� ����� םִֵ�� ll 943 ll
�ִֵ֯�ϲ֬��� ���֬�Ԑ������֟��כ��ִ��ִ�� l
ס֍������þֹ����ã֦֟����� ״�֟�� �־��ִֵ�֟�� ll 943 ll
All (.the Karmic molecules) in existence at any ins�tant, will be
lecithin 1.5 of the instants of Gnnahani, multiplied by one Samaya
Prbaddha. It will be the sum of the existing molecules of all duration�s
as shown in the triangular chart. (Annexure A).
The triangular chart will show that in the 48th instant, the molecule
bound at bat very instant are 6300 in existence; and �Of the molecules
bound m the 4 7th instant, 5788 are in existence, 512 �having shed Off,
of those bound is the 46th instant there are 5308, of them 512 and 480
have shed off; 9 molecules only are remaining out of the 6300 bound in
the 1st instant. Their total will be 71304. It is less than 11/2
of the 3 instants of Gunahani x 6300. Here the instants of each
Gunahani are 8.
x 3/2 x 6300 = 75600.
is less than 75600 by 4296.
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�ֲִֵ֯֬��� ���֍��������� ן����� ll 944 ll
�ִֵ֯�ϲ֬��������� �ã֟�� ןָ����� ll 944 ll
In (Annexure A) the total of the subsequent Guna�hani is equal to the
balance of its total deducted from the preceding one. The total of the
first line (vertical or horizontal) is one Samaya Prabadhha. It goes on
gradually decreasing (in other lines.)
total of each Gunahani is half of the one preceding it, which is
tantamount to the statement that it is equal to the balance after
deducting it from the preceding one. The rest is obvious at a glance.
proportionate distribution of 6800 molecules in the 6 Guna�hanis, is as
1600, 800, 400, 200, 100.
Therefore the statement in the above Verse that the total mole� cules
in a Gunahani are half of those in the one immediately preceding, is
correct. So is the statement that they are equal to the balance between
the molecules in the two �Guhahanis� in juxta-position.
����ӟ�������֍���כ��פ�ע� �־��� ָ��ָ���֝�� l
������ֽ�֝�֤��� ��ם֝���� �� ����ן� םִֵ��� ll 945 ll
�־���ם� ָ���ָ�ã֭��� l
���זֿ֭�� �־�ۭ�� ִֵ��� ll 945 ll
In the case of rationales, (who have senses and mind), excepting
(age-Karma), all (Karmas) are as a rule being conti�nuously bound, with
a duration (decreasing) from the maximum (by -one instant) to the
minimum, which is within crore x crore Sagars, (a reckon able measure of
����߹���۴�� ���ӟָ�� ����ן� l
���֡��Ͼָ���ע� ����� �������֤����� �����֝�� ll 946 ll
��ӏ��������á�ֵ֝�ׯ� ����߹���� ��ָ֭֟�� �־�ۭ�� l
þ֍�þ֍�־ָ� �ן� �־���������֢�� �����֝�ִ�� ll 946 ll
Santara (Bondage of places of equal duration after intervals) after
numerable, (many) thousands in (Souls acquiring Right Belief,
Partial-vows, Total-vows, and) ascending (the Subsidential or
Destructive) ladders; (but) in other (Souls), the places of duration are
from their respective least (duration), to
the maximum (of
each of them).
of equal duration after intervals� are places where Karmas with equal
duration continue to be bound for some time, and not continuously. This
happens in the case of such wrong-believers as are on the point of
acquiring Right Belief, or among Right Believers attaining the
Partial-vow or � Total vow spiritual stage, or ascending the
subsidential or destructive ladder. There ere a few thousand such
places. To take an Example: A Saint in Lower� thought-activity in the
7th Spiritual stage may bind Knowledge-obscur�ing and other I-Armas of
equal duration, within crore x crore sagars during an Anter-Muhurta.
Thereafter, the duration is decreased by an innumerable part of a Palya,
and he will bind Karmas of such reduced equal duration for another
Antar-Muhurta. This procedure of gradual decrease in bondage of equal
duration, happens several thousand times in the case of a saint in the
7th Spiritual stage.
8th, 9th and 10th stages, a similar process of bondage will occur�
At a later
period, in the 10th Stage, however, a saint will bind Feeling-Karma for
12 Muhurtas, Body-making and Family determin�ing Karmas for 8 Muhurtas,
and other Karmas for one Antar�-Muhurta.
souls-cannot have such gradual reductions, and bondage of equal
duration, during an Antar-Muhurta. They will have all sorts of duration
places, one instant less the maximum to the minimum duration,
����ֈ�פ���Ӭ֕���־���ֽ֝�֝�� ������ӏֻ���״֤�� l
������ ����־ָ��֤�� ��פ������ �� ll 947 ll
�֥��ִ�־ָ������� ����ߵ�֭��� �� ll 947 ll
947. The places (groupings) for passionate thought activities
binding duration (Sthiti-bandha-adhyavasaya-sthan
�ã�ןֲ�Ӭ� ���Ϭ�־���ֵ� ã�֭�)
for Age Karma are (the least, but still they are) innumerable times the
universe (Space-units, viz., innumerable). Those for the
Body-making, and Family� Karma are equal, (and are obtained by those of
Age-Karma being multiplied by innumerable part of a Palya). Those for
the two (Knowledge and Conation) obscuring (Karmas), and for the third
(Feeling), and for the Obstructive� (Karmas) are also equal, (and are
obtained by similarly multiplying those of Family-determining Karma).
�־����� �������ߵ�� ������ӏ��ם֤������� ��� ����ָ��� l
�ֵ�כ��ִ����ָ������ꕕ� ll 948 ll
�־����� ��������ߵ�� ������ӏ�� ���ם֟֍�����ם� ��� ���֍�ָ�: l
��ύ��ן��ִ����ָ������֪ ll 948 ll
(A Palya is such an inconceivably large quantity that its innumerable
part is also a very large quantity). (The number of such places is) the
highest of all in the Deluding Karma. (The number is however obtained)
by multiplying the places already obtained for the third time by)
innumerable part of a Palya as in the (preceding) groups of Karma
Deluding Karma has the largest number of places for duration� bondage.
The number is obtained by multiplying the places for obstructive Karma
duration-bondage by the innumerable part of a Palya. The process of
multiplication is thus repeated three times, once for body and family
Karmas, again for the 2 obscuring, feeling. and obstructive Karma8, and
the third time for Deluding Karma.
���������פ������ִ���ע� םִֵ֝� ll 949 ll
���Ͼָ��ã�ןֲ֭��֬�־���ֵ�ã�֭��� ������ӏ�ֻ�֍�״֟��� l
�������ã�ן֯����ִ� �ן� ִֵ��� ll 949 ll
Places for (passiolli1te-thougbt-activities) for bondage of the least
duration are innumerable times the universe (space-units). As a rule,
(they are) gradually increasing (by a common difference for each place)
occasioning (demotions gradually increasing by one instant, till the
passionate-though activity place, causing) maximum damnation (is
������֝�� ����פ� �����ָ��� ��� l
�������� �֜����� �������� ��כ� ������ ����� ll 950 ll
��������: �־�ן� �����ָ��֟�� l
������ ���۬�� �������ح� ��֭� ������� �־���� ll 950 ll
950- To find out
the common difference, (the last Nisheka of) the desired Gunahani should
be divided (by twice the instants of Gunahani), or (the first Nisheka be
divided by Gunahani instants pans one). This will gradually be doubly
increased at each Gunahani.
take the last Nisheka of the last Gunahani to be 16 and Gunahani
instants to be 8.
16-:- 8X2 = 1, the common differences.
if the first Nisheka of the same Gunahani is 9,
9-:-(8+1) 1, which is the common difference.
the other Guoahahis following, the common difference will be 2, 4. 8 and
���ϕ���� ��֝�۴�� ����פ� ������֝�� l
�־�ξֳ���� ך�פ���� ����� ll 951 ll
����ϯִ�ִ֝֬�־�Ð�ӭ�� �־�ן� ��������: l
������ӏ�ֳ��: �ã֟���ԓ���� ll 951 ll
The instants of Gunahani in thought-activities occasioning
duration-bondage are (equal to those of ) the Gunahani of the duration
(as said before); but their Nana-Guna�hani are the innumerable part of
(those of) duration.
number of instants in the duration of a Karma vary from the minimum to
the maximum. These constitute the various degrees of duration. Dividing
them by Nana-Gunahani we get the number of instants in one Gunahaani.
The same rule applies to the number of thought-activities causing
Gunahanis of Deluding Karma are equal to the Ardha�-chhedas of a Palya,
minus the Ardhachhedas of Varga Shalaka of a Palya. The same being
divided by innumerable will be the Nana�guna-hani in those thought
activities. The first Nisheka comprises all those thought-activities,
which .cause bondage of the least .duration. Then adding the common
difference (Chaya) we get the second Nisheka which causes bondage of a
duration longer by one instant, than that of the former. The common
difference is obtained by dividing, the first Nisheka plus one, by the
instants of a Gunahani. This will be added at each step gradually till
the last Nisheka, which brings about the maximum duration.
�����֝� ۙ����۴�� ��۴�� ����֝�� l
����֝��� ��� ��� ����ן� �֢֝���� ll 952 ll
�֑֭�־�鬤��� ���ô֭�� ֙�ã�֭��� l
�־�ۭ�� �֯��֭�ִ�� ll 952 ll
For thought-activities occasioning duration bondage - in the seven
Karmas (all except Age-Karma) the least increase (or the-common
difference for the first Gunahani is) innumerable, times �the Universe
into the six fold incre3ase.
six fold increase is with reference to the power causing effect or
potency in the thought activities. Six fold increases are :. (1)
Infinite-part increase, (2) Innumerable-part increase, (8)
numerable-part increase, (4) numerable-fold increase, (5)
Innumerable-fold increase, and (6) infinite-fold increase. This has been
explained in the Know. ledge Quest. Vide Gommatsara Jiva Kanda p. 188.
Verse 826. Vol. V. S. B. �. Series.
�����֝��פ���Ӭ֝֕��ꐐ�� ������ӏֻ����״֤�� l
����־�֡�����ӏֳ�����ֹ���ظ� ����ן� ���ם֤������ ll 953 ll
�֑֭����ã�ןֲ֭�ֵ֭��ꐵ��� ������ӏ�ֻ����ۑ�֟��� l
�ֻ����ӏ�� ������ֵ��ԯ� �־�֟� ���ם֟֍����ם� ll 953 ll
Thought-activities occasioning bondage of the least duration in
Age-Karma (are) innumerable (times the spatial units of) the Universe.
For each duration (increasing by one instant), the former should be
multiplied by the innumerable part of an Avali (till we reach the
form a concrete idea of the statement made above, let us assume the
various kinds of duration from minimum to maximum to be only 8, and the
passionate thought activities binding an Age-karma of minimum duration
to be 22, and the innumerable part of an Avali to be 4. The
thought-activities in the limited 8 kinds of duration will have risen to
22; 88; 852; 1408; 5682; 22528; 90112; 8604413.
���ϵ�֝��������� ��עֵ��ם� ��ӛ��ם�.
ן������ ������ ��ӈ� �� ���������� ��� ll 954 ll
�֟������: ��־�ۭ�� �֛֝��� l
ןָ�ۿ�� �ָ���� þ֛֝�� �� ����֍�� ��� ll 954 ll
(In duration-bondage of Age Karma.) there are divisions of an
over-lapping character (Anukrishti) equal to an innumerable part of a
Palya. Each is gradually� increasing proportionately till the last
division (which is) the highest
divisions, assuming them to be 4, in the S kinds of duration sectioned
by thoughts as assumed in the commentary to the above verse will be as
1 22 4 5
2. 88 5 6
3. 352 6 7
4. 1408 7 70
5. 5632 70 269
6. 22528 269 1052
7. 90112 1052 4241
8. 360148 4241 16966
regards duration bondage of Age-Karma, similar thought activities
o:lc8sion different durations in different souls.
��������ִ֯�֝�� �����ן� �֢���� l
���ۓ�ֵ� �� ��� ���ϝ����۴�� ������֝�� ll 955 ll
�֍���ϴ�֝��� �־�ۭ�� ��ϟ������� l
��־֟�� �� ��� ���ϭ������� ��������: ll 955 ll
The common difference for each (Gnnahani) is ( double of that in the
former, and is) innumerable. times the universe (space-units). Being
added together they are the same (i. e. innumerable times the universe
space-units, though they have difference in values inter se). There are
no Guna�hanis in this series.
Referring to verse 907, to the commentary there to, and to the chart
given th6reunde:- we find that in the lower-thought-activity stage a
person starting late on the path of purity in thought-activities may
overtake one who has had an earlier start. In the 88me way, different
persons with similar passionate thoughts may bind different durations of
age-karma, and different persons with dissimilar passionate
vibrations-passions and thought-paints-may bind age-karma of the same
duration. This probability 01 overlapping or overtaking is illustrated
in a tabular form by figures and is termed Anukrishti. This has also
been explained in some detail in the commentary to years 953 and
graphically illustrated in the chart thereunder.
��ӛ�� ���ϝ���ꝝ�� ���ی�ֈ�� �������� l
�����������֤���s��ӟ���֤��ָ��֕������� ll 956 ll
��ϣ�� �֝���֭��֭��� ����ֵ� ��֥��ִ�� l
ll 956 ll
The first division in each (series) is unequal to that seen in the
other. (As regards potency to cause effect) the lowest figure of a
subsequent division is infinite times more potent than the highest of
the precei1ing one.
ײ�פ���� ��ӛ�� ���ϝ���ꝝ�� ���ی�։��� �������� l
�����������֤�֝�ӟ���֤������֕������� ll 957 ll
���ߵ� �֝���֭����ֵ�� ����ֵ� ��֥��ִ�� l
ll 957 ll
(Similarly) the second division in each (series) is unequal to that in
the others. The lowest ( figure) of the subse�quent division is infinite
times ( more) potent than the biggest of the preceding one.
������ ���ӛ�� ���ϝ���ꝝ�� ���ی�։��� �������� l
�����������֤����ӟ���֤������֕������ ll 958 ll
�ָ���� �֝���֭���ꭵ�� ���ꖵ� ��֥��ִ�� l
ll 958 ll
(Similarly) the last revision ( ill each series) is un�equal to that in
the others. The lowest ( figure) of the subse�quent division is infinite
times (more potent ) than the highest of the preceding one.
�����֏�ӛ��������� ����Ӎ�� ����פ� �����֕������� l
���Ͻ����� ����פ� �֤����ӟ���� �����֕������� ll 959 ll
�־�ן� �����֑֭֕�ִ�� l
�־�ן� �֟���s�֭֟��ִ�����֑֭֕�ִ�� ll 959 ll
The highest (figure) in a division is Urvdnk. ( i. e. infinite-part-fold
more potent than its preceding figure); the lowest ( figure) of the next
( division) is Ashtank (i. e. infinite fold ffi�1re potent than the
highest figure of the preceding one). Therefore, the lowest of the
subsequent ( is ) infinite fold or the (highest of the preceding).
fold increase may best be explained by an illustrative statement��
infinite be represented by 3.
� innumerable,.. 3.
� numerable 2.
and let the
first figure, subject to increase be 48
Infinite part increase .. 48+48/8:=48+6=54.
(2) Innumerable � � =54+5 4/3 =54+18=72.
Numerable.. � � =72+7 2/2=7233 108.
Numerable fold � = 108+108x2 = 108 216 324.
Innumerable fold.. =324+324x3=3 4+972 1296.
Infinite fold = 1296+1296x8= 1296+10368= 11664.
if all the 6 kinds of increase take effect once on 48, it would amount
verse 326, page 188, Jivakanda Vol., V., S. B. J. Series
exposition (in brief) the names of the 6 (stages of) increase
respectively are the figure U (Uru much large, anka-figure),
4 (Urvaanka) ... fu.
� 5 (Chaturaanka) ...
� 6 (Panchaaka)
� 7 (Shataanka)
� 8 (Saptaanka)
Verse 326, Jiva Kanda Vol V, of the Sacred Books of the Jainas Series.
���Ͼֹ�������ך���ߝ�� ������ִ�㌍���ֵ�� �� ם־���� l
�־��� ��ӈ� ������ �ֻ�� ����ן� ��������� ll 960 ll
���Ͼָ������ã֟�߭��� �֑֭�ִ�㟍������ �� ־�Ԑ�Դ�� l
�־�� �֝���: �֥����: �ֻ�� �־�ۭ�� ��鬤����� ll 960 ll
The lowest (division, shown as 39 in the Chart under Verse 907), which
is the cause of bondage) of minimum duration. and the highest (division.
shown as 57 in the said chart, which is Cause of bondage of) maximum
(duration) are unequal (to any other division). All the remaining
divisions have their equals (as shown in the Chart) in subsequent
���Ͻ�����ׯ� �� ���� ����ֈ��������פ���� �ָ���ӛ�� l
��־ֵ� ��ӛ�� ���ϝ�����֤�� ������������ ll 961 ll
�����֏�ӛ�� ���ֈ��������ע� �����֝�� l
ן����� ll 962 ll ��㴴�� l�
�� ��ִ�ֵ���ԑ֭����ã֟��: �ָ��֝����� l
��־֟�� �֝��� ���ϭ�������֤�� ֿ�����֍��: ll 961 ll
�־֍�þ֍������� �ן� �����֝�ִ�� l
������ӏ�����֍�����: ןָ�ۿ�� ll 962 ll ��㐴ִ�� l
961-962. The eight Karmas have (thought activities binding durations as
said above). The Age-Karma has, however, (variations) in an (Anukrishti)
series, which increase onwards by the common difference till (the last)
division of the minimum duration. (Each of the) divisions thereafter in
each line upto the maximum in (the last line) goes on increasing
gradual1y innu�merable-fold (of its preceding one).
���ֲ�Ӭ֕���־���ֽ֝�֝��ם� ������ӏ��ֻ���ִ����ם� l
���Ͼָ��פ���� ���Ͼָ��פ������ִ�۴�� ������ם� ll 963 ll
���ֲ֭��֬�־���ֵ�ã�֭��� ������ӏֻ������֡��ם� l
���Ͼָ��ã֟����ָ��ã�ן֯����ִ�� ß������ ll 963 ll
Passionate thought-activity-places bringing about (degree 00 fruition in
Karmas (Anubhag-bandha-Adhyavasaya Sthan) are innumerable times the
Universe (space-units). They are the least in thought-activities which
cause bondage of mini�mum duration (Yet their number is so very large as
would be obtained by multiplying thought causing bondage of minimum
duration with innumerable times the universe space units).
����פ� ��כ������ �� ������ӏֻ����� |
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�֬������ ���ןֳ���� �� ����ӏ�ֻ������� l
���ϟ־ָ��ã֟��: ������ã�ןָ֯�ם�ִ� �ן� ִֵ��� ll 964 ll
Thereafter, the number gradually increases by a com�mon difference.
(This common difference would be represented by) the quotient (of the
total fruition matter) being divided by innumerable times the
space-units of the universe. This increase goes all) till the maximum
(division) of be lowest (guna-hani). (For other guna-hanis, the common
difference will be double of that in the former ones). This is the rule,
(till the maximum gunahani).
���괴֙�������� ���괴֙�� ������ l
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֕�Ը�֣�� �֟��֣��Ծ֬�ָ���֣�� �� ll 965 ll
This Gommatsara, the collection of aphorisms based au authoritative
knowledge, and various aspects, has been ex�plained by Gommat-Jeva, (Vardhaman
Tirthamkar) for ascertain�ment of the realities and for the shedding of
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Victory to that Raja (Chamundrai), whose preceptor (is) Ajitsen, the
chief of saints, and in whom reside the attributes of Ganadharas, and of
others, who have acquired miraculous powers.
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May the currents of intelligence (in Raja Chamundrai) (who is like an)
ocean containing gems of virtues, raised high by the spotless (moon)
Nemi-chandra (Acharya), rising from the top of the mountain of (Jaina)
Siddhant, fill the whole universe.
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May this Gommutsara, collection of Sutras attain Vic�tory. May Gommata
Jina on the top of Gommata (hill in Shra�vana. Belgola) be triumphant.
May the (image named) Dakshina Kukkuta-Jina constructed by Gammatrai (Chamundrai)
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Hail Gommata (Rai, Chamundrai), who established an image (of Shri
Bahubali, 56 feet high at Shravana. Belgola); whose face has been seen
by celestials of Sarvartha Siddhi, (the highest of the heavens) and by
saints possessed of high and full visnal knowledge.
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Hail that Raja, who constructed a Jain temple, unequall�ed in the three
worlds, which has foundations bard like diamond and which has golden
domes and which is like Ishat-prag-bhara (the eighth earth which
comprises Siddha Shila).
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Victory to that Raja Gommata who established a pillar with the image of
a Yaksha on its top, such that the rays emanat�ing from the points of
its coronet washed like water the pure feet of the Siddhas.
is in poetic language a reference to a high column on the larger hill at
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May (Raja Chamundrai) named Vir Martanda (or) Gommatrai be the ever
victorious, who prepared the vernacular (commentary in Canarese), while
Gommatsara was being written.
Gommattsara was edited and collected by Shri Nemichandra Chakravarti at
the request of Raja Chaml1ndrai, whose qualifications have been declared
in such -high language by the author in the above Verse. It appears that
when the saint was editing the book in Prakrit, its explanation was
being written in Canarese by the Raja himself at the feet of the saint.
The verses themselves cannot be fully understood without the aid of the
Commentary. Later on, Brahmachari Keshava translated the Canarese
commentary into Sanskrit. A Hindi version was afterwards prepared by
Pandit Todarmal of Jaipur. The English translation is based on the
Sanskrit and Hindi Commentaries.