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Kundakunda Pushpanjali




I.  Niyamasara ( Soul-Jiva )


II.  Non-Soul (Ajva)

  III.  Pure Thought-Activity, Shuddha Bhava

IV.  Practical Right Conduct, (Vyavahaar Charitra)

  V.  Repentance, (Pratikramana)
  VI.  Renunciation, (pratyakhyana)
  VII.  Confession, (Alochana)
  VIII.  Expiation, (Prayaschitta)
  IX.  Supreme Equanimity, (Parama Samadhi)
  X.  Supreme Devotion, (Parama Bhakti)
  XI.  Real Independence, (Nishchaya Avashaya)
  XII.  Pure Consciousness, (Shuddha Upayoga)

XIII.  Table

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Chapter  XII - Pure Consciousness, (Shuddha Upayoga)





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          159. It is, from the practical point of view only, that the Omniscient Lord, perceives and knows all; from the real stand-point, the Omniscient perceives and knows his own soul only.



          In the Commentary under Chapter V, it has been explained that there are six essential daily duties, prescribed for a saint. They are called the �Shadavashyaka Karma�  of a saint. In this treatise the Learned Author, has mainly dealt with these duties from the real point of view.


          Vide Ch. V for Pratikramana.

          �  Ch. VI for Pratyakhyana.

          �  Ch. IX for Samayika.

          �  Ch. VIII for Kayotsarga.


          The word Avashyaka, which included the six essential duties, detailed in Chapters V, VI, VII, IX, X has in this Chapter been used in its etymological sense. The word Avashyaka has been derived from Avasha which means independent, thus the action of an independent saint is called an Avashyaka karma, or independent action.

          A really true and independent saint must refrain from all good and bad thought-activities. At the time it is necessary for him not to engage himself in the flickering thought-activities concerning various attributes and modifications of all the six substances ( Dravyas ). He should devote his whole attention to the realisation of the pure nature of his Own Self. It is only in this condition of self-absorption, that a saint is said to perform Avashyaka Karma ( Independent Action ).

          If a  saint  or  a  layman  merely observes his respective  duties  and  vows, without having self-absorption as his real aim, he falls far short of the standard  and cannot be called the real follower of the path of the Conquerors,  He is known as a Bahir-Atma or External Soul, while ^ saint  or a layman who  believes  in this  Avashyaka  Karma  of self-absorption tries  to work up to that, and does not restrict himself merely to the observance of external formalities, is called an Antar-Atma, Internal Soul.

          The  seeker  after truth  should  first scrutinise minutely and carefully the principles laid down in the Scriptures by the Conquerors, and being convinced

of their truth, he should follow  them calmly  and peacefully, and should avoid all verbal wrangles or controversies with his own co-religionists as well as with  those  professing other faiths.  Seekers  after liberation should thus follow in the footsteps of their ancient  great  spiritual Leaders, who by practising Avashyaka or independence have attained Nirvana.


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          160. Just as light and heat exist simultaneously in the sun, so it should be known that conation ( Darshana ) and Knowledge ( Jnana ) exist simultaneously in an Omniscient soul.


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          161. If any one argues that really knowledge illuminates other objects only, conation illuminates soul only, and the soul illuminates itself and other objects; ( continued ).


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          162. If knowledge illuminates others only, then it means that conation ( which is said to know soul only ) is different from knowledge; thus it is said that conation has no concern with other objects.


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          163. ( If ) soul illuminates other (objects only), then conation would be separate from soul, because, it has been said, that conation has no concern with other objects.


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          164. From the practical point of view, (just as) knowledge illuminates other ( objects ), so does conation. From practical standpoint ( just as ) soul illuminates other objects, so does conation ( also ).


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          165. From the real point of view, ( just as ) knowledge illuminates the self ( only ), so does conation. From the real standpoint ( just as ) soul illuminates the self ( only ), so does conation ( also ).


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          166. (From the real point of view), omniscient Lord realises the nature of the self only, but not the universe and the Non-universe. If one argues like that, what blame can be laid upon him ?