Jainworld
Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions
Foreword
I. JAINA TRADITION UPTO MAHAVIRA
II. PRINCE MAHAVIRA
IV. PRECEPTS OF MAHAVIRA
V. DOCTRINES OF MAHAVIRA
  VII. SIGNIFICANCE OF MAHAVIRA

Chapter - IV PRECEPTS OF MAHAVIRA

 

Dr. V.A.Sangave

Having destroyed their past Karmas by means of Selfcontrol and austerities, the sages proceed towards the goal of Mohsha, which is free from all sorrows and misery.

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By the manifestation of perfect knowledge, by the avoi-dance of ignorance and delusion, by the destruction of love and hatred, one obtains Liberation which is full of pure happiness.

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(5) The Rules of conduct:

Do not injure any living beings.

 

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All living beings love their own life, crave for pleasures, and are averse to pain; they dislike any injury to themselves; everybody is desirous of life, and to every living being, his own life is dean.

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One should treat all creatures as counterparts of one's own Self.

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This is the quintessence of the wisdom of the wise; Not to injure any living being. Non-injury to living beings should be regarded as the Samaya' i.e. the essence of the teaching of scriptures.

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Non-injury is the highest religion.

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If a man kills living beings himself, or causes others to kill them, or even if he merely consents to their killing, he increases his enmity towards living beings.

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Know and realise that all classes of living beings desire happiness. By hurting these beings, yon harm your own souls, and will again and again be born as one of thera.

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Impartiality or equanimity towards all living beings in the world, whether friends or foes, and life long abstention from injury to living beings, is a vow difficult to observe.

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The very first principle of religion is Ahiynsa, i.e., non-injury to living beings, which must be observed very scrupulously and thoroughly. One should behave towards a11 living beings with proper restraint and control.

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Knowing that all the evils and sorrows arise from injury to living beings, and knowing further that it leads to unending enmity and hatred, and is the root cause of great fear, a wise man, who has become awakened; should refrain froin ali harmful activities. .

 

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Do not kill living beings in any of the three ways (i.e in mind, word or deed) if you seek your interest being free from desires of fruit and practising full self-controh In this way many became perfect in the past, many become so at present and many others will become so:

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Anyinjury whatsoever to the material or conscious vitalities caused through passionate activity of mind, body or speech is Himsa.

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Assuredly, the non-appearance of attachment and other passions is Ahimsa, and their appearance is Himsa.

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Truth is the highest divine principle.

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o man ! Know that truth is the fundamental principle ! The wise man, who always abides by the commandment of truth, goes beyond death.

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always injurious to living beings, whether for his own sake or for the sake of others, or out of anger or fear; he should also not force others to speak a lie.

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A wise ~man- should never utfer wards sinful 'or" condoning sin, whether out of anger, greed, fear or jest.

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Himsa comes in, certainly, in falsehood also.

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The third great sin is taking what is not expressly given i.e. stealing; it causes heart-burning to others; endangers life; is sinful, alarming and scaring others, it is the cause of greed for others' property, and it is the root-cause of greed; it is a vile and ignoble act, censured by the good; it the causes disruption among friends and dear ones, and gives rise to passions and hatred.

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To abstain from taking what is not given, even so much as a tooth-pick, etc. ; and to accept only such alms as are free from all faults'; this is a difficult vow to observe.

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