Jainworld
Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions
Foreword
I. JAINA TRADITION UPTO MAHAVIRA
II. PRINCE MAHAVIRA
IV. PRECEPTS OF MAHAVIRA
V. DOCTRINES OF MAHAVIRA
  VII. SIGNIFICANCE OF MAHAVIRA

Chapter - IV PRECEPTS OF MAHAVIRA

 

Dr. V.A.Sangave

The taking of objects, which have not been given, is to be deemed theft, and that is I-limsa because it is the cause of injury.

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Celibacy is the best among all the vows in the world.

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Celibacy is the root cause of excellent austerities, vows, knowledge, faith, conduct, righteousness and discipline.

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Among all the austerities, celibacy is the highest.

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Non-celibacy is the root of all sins, and a multitude of all great faults.

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A celibate monk should avoid a women, even though her hands and feet are cut off, her ears and nose are lopped off, and though she be a hundred years old.

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Sexual indulgence has root in desire and hence it is Himsa.

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To renounce all sense of possession with regard to wealth, corn and servants, to abstain from all harmful undertakings, and not to entertain any feeling of possession or attachment : this is a very difficult vow.

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He, who owns even a small property in living and nonliving things, or consents to others possessilig it, will never be delivered from misery.

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Immovable and movable property, wealth,, corn and other perquisites-none of these is capable of freeing a man, from misery, who is suffering from the ripening of his actions.

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Every man should think that he has to depart certainly one day, leaving behind land, house, gold, sons, wife and relations -in fact leaving even his body.

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If somebody were to give the whole earth to one man, even then the man will not be satisfied; a greedy person is extremely difficult to be satisfied.

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Reading that wealth merely increases your sorrows and, worries, and the bonds of attachment or possession bring in their wake great dangers, you should bear the excellent yoke of religion, which will give you real pleasure, and will also bring you the great happiness of Moksha.

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Renunciation of all possessions is Ahimsa; and the appropriation of all possessions is Himsa.

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Misery is gone in the case of a man who has no delusion, while delusion is gone in the case of him who has no desire; desire is gone in the

 

case of him who has no greed, while greed is gone in the case of him who possesses nothing.

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(6) The duties of Ascetics:

A monk who follows the order and commandments, who' gives proper respect to elders, and who acts according to his teachers' desires is a disciplined monk.

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When reprimanded, the wise monk should : not get angry;but he should have forebearance. - He should avoid company,, jokes and play with mean persons. ,

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Others may abuse a monk; but the monk should not be angry with them in return; because in that case the monk becomes like a child, the monk should not get angry.

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Self-restrained monk should withdraw with effort his mind directed to any desire or thought of injury, or any sinful act.

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In thought, words or deeds a monk should not undertake harmful activity to living beings, who live in this world, whether they are mobile or immobile.

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Well-dressed food quickly arouses passions; a monk, who is ntent on practising celibacy, should always avoid such food.

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A monk, intent on practising the vow of celibacy, should abstain from ornaments, and should not do anything whatsoever to adorn or decorate his body in any manner.

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A monk should always abstain from the five-fold pleasant things (i.e. objects giving pleasures) viz. sounds, colours, smells, tastes, and touch. ,

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