Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions
About This Book (Translator's Prelude)
Peculiarity of Jainism
Nature of Mundane Existence
  Miseries of Mundane Existence and Bliss of Liberation 
  Exposition of False Belief Knowledge and Conduct
  Analytical study of different religions
  Refutation of False Deity-Preceptor-Religion
  X-ray of Jaina-misbelievers
  Nature of Sermons
  Nature of Liberation Path
  Nature of Noble Peaceful Death
  Rahasyapoorna Chitthi (Spiritual Letter)






Labdhi (Attainment, psychic sense)


Lakshana (Differentia)


Laukantika Devas (Celestial saints, gods of 5th heaven)


Labhantaraya (Obstructive karma of gain, i.e., hindrance to the attainment of something)


Leshya (Thought complexion, degrees of passions & purity)


Linga (Sex, sign)


Lobha (Greed)


Loka (Universe)


Loka-akash (The universe-space)


Loka-mudhata (False beliefs regarding religious practices)



Madhu (Honey)

Madhyaloka (Middle of terrestrial world)

Madya (Alcohol)

Madhyastha (Indifference)

Mahavrata (The five great vows of a monk)

Manahparyaya jnana (Telepathy, direct knowledge of thought  forms of others without the aid of mind or senses)

Mantra (Incantation, holy litany)

Manushya (Human being)

Manushya-Gati (Human state of existence)

Mati jnana (Sensory knowledge)

Marga (Path)

Maya (Deceitfulness)

Meru (Mount, sudarshan meru)

Mishra-bhava (Mixed state or disposition)

Mishra-Gunasthana (Mixed spiritual stage of right and wrong belief, 3rd Gunasthana)

Mithyadarshana (Wrong belief, misbelief, wrongfaith, synonym for Mithyatva)

Mithya-charitra (Wrong conduct)


Mithyajnana (Wrong knowledge)

Mithyatva (Misbelief)

Mithyatva Gunasthana (The 1st spiritual stage of misbelief)

Moha (Delusion, infatuation)

Mohaniya karma (Deluding karma)

Moksha (Liberation, emancipation, salvation)

Moksha Marga (The path of liberation)

Muhurta (48 minutes' period)

Mukta (Liberated soul)

Mulguna (The eight basic restraints of a Jaina layman)

Muni (A monk)

Murta (Material, of matter form)




Naraka (Infernal abode, hell)


Naya (Standpoint)


Nama-karma (Physique-making karma)


Namaskar-mantra [ Salutation to(five) holy beings (souls) ]


Nama Nikshepa (Installation by name)


Narakas (Infernal beings)


Nidana (Diagnosis, seeking temporal gain from austerities, etc. good deeds)


Nidana-salya (The sting of desire for enjoyment)


Nigoda (The lowest form of life i.e, undeveloped one-sensed beings, e.g.  moss, fungus,roots, etc.)


Nihkankshita (Freedom from anticipation)


Nihshankita (Freedom from doubt about 7 tattuas, true God, preceptor, scriptures, etc.)


Nimitta-karana (Instrumental cause, external agent)


Nimitta-naimittika (Cause and effect relationship)


Nikshepa (Installation)


Nirdesha (Description)


Nirgrantha (A monk without material possessions, unattached)

Nirjara (Dissociation of karmas)

Nirvana (Salvation, complete release from bondage)

Nirvichikitsa (Freedom from disgust)

Nishchaya Naya (The real point of view, realistic standpoint)

Nitya (Eternal)

Nokashayas (Quasi-passions)




'Om' (A synonym for five holy souls, sacred sound formed by combining the first syllable of each word in the namaskar- mantra)




Padartha (Substances, category, elements)


Palya, Palyopama (Many many years period, innumerable years, a measure of max. Iifetime)


Papa (Vice, sin, inauspicious act, demerit)


Papa-bhava (Inauspicious dispositions)


Paramanu (An indivisible particle of matter, matter substance)


Para-dravya-kshetra-kala-bhava~ (The being or substance-location or space-time or state, quality of disposition respectively of other objects or substances)


Paramatma (The omniscient, the liberated soul)


Parameshthi (The five supreme souls--Arhant, Siddha, Acharya, Upad hyaya &Sad hu)


Parigraha (Possession)


Pariksha (Examination)


Parinama (Thought activity, disposition, change or modification)


Parivartana (Cycle of wanderings)


Parishaha (A~lictions)