Jiva's State Due to Rise of Mohaniya-Karma
Due to rise of Mohaniya-Karma the
perverse-belief (mithyatv) and passionate dispositions (Kashaya
Bhavas) are caused to this Jiva.
Jiva's Condition Due to the Rise of
Darshan- Moha (Faith-deluding) Karma
Owing to the rise of Darshan-Moha the
disposition of perverse-belief (Mithyatva-Bhava) is caused, due to
which this Jiva believes the Tattvas (substance) contrary to
their nature in the form of erroneous ascertainment. He does not believe
as they are but believes as they are not.
"A mass of immaterial Pradeshas (spatial
units), possessor of the celebrated knowledge, etc., attributes and an
eternal substance is the self (soul); and the mass of material-matter
substances, devoid of celebrated knowledge, etc., attributes, which are
newly associated-such bodies, etc., Pudgala are the non-self
(non-soul)". And in their association the Jiva assumes various
types of bodily modifications like that of human beings, animals etc. In
those bodily modifications the Jiva holds the feelings of I-ness
(or oneness), can not discriminate between the self and non-self. Whatever
(bodily form of) modification he obtains, the same modification he treats
as to be the self.
Further, in that modification the knowledge, etc., are
his own attributes and the attachments, etc., are the impure (alien)
dispositions produced due to the instrumentality of Karmas and
complexion, etc., are the attributes of the bodies, etc., Pudgalas
and the various changes that take place of atomic particles and
complexion, etc., in the body, etc., are the modifications of matter (Pudgalas);
he identifies all these modifications as to be his own nature; the
discrimination between the nature of the self and non-self can not be
And in the human, etc., embodied modifications, the
association of family, wealth, etc., is met with; these are clearly
different from the self and they do not act or modify under one's control;
even then he feels mineness in them that these are mine. They in no way
become his own. He himself considers them as his own by his own belief.
Further, on acquiring human, etc., embodied modifications, he sometimes
believes the self-imagined false nature of the deity, etc., or of the
Tattvas (substances), etc., but does not believe in their true nature
as they really are.
Thus, owing to the rise of Darshan Moha (faith-
deluding Karma) the disposition of perverse belief in the form of
non- substantial faith is caused in this Jiva. Where its rise is
found intense, a more perverse faith contrary to true faith is caused,
when its rise is feeble then less perverse faith contrary to true faith is
Jiva's Condition Due to the Rise of
When Jiva indulges in passions due to the rise
of Charitra- Moha (conduct-deluding Karma), then even
knowingly and seemingly involves himself in anger, etc., believing
the other objects beneficial and harmful.
Due to the rise of anger passion, believing other
objects to be harmful, the Jiva wishes ill (evil) of them. When
some temple, etc., inanimate objects appear to be disagreeable then he
wants to damage them by way of breaking and destroying, etc., and when the
foes etc., animate objects appear to be bad then he wishes evil of them by
inflicting pain through killing, chaining or beating, etc. And if he
himself or the other living and non-living objects get modified in some
form which he does not like then he wishes ill of that modification by
turning it into other form.
Thus the desire of wishing ill of others is caused due
to (the rise of) anger-passion but its harm depends on destiny.
And on rise of pride-passion, believing other object
to be harmful, he desires to undermine it and desires to extol himself.
Due to the feeling of dislike and disrespect in excreta-dust, etc.,
inanimate objects, he desires these to remain inferior and self to remain
superior. And by bending and keeping under his control, he wishes other
people, etc., animate substances, to remain inferior and self to remain
superior. And for establishing one's own superiority in the world by
decorating the body and spending money and other such acts, he desires
others to remain inferior and himself to become superior. And if someone
performs more commendable act in comparison to his own act then he tries
to prove it inferior through some means and wants to show his inferior act
Thus owing to pride-passion, the desire to establish
one's own superiority arises, but achieving superiority depends on
And on rise of deceit-passion, believing other object
to be beneficial, he desires to achieve it through various fraudulent
ways. He indulges in various types of frauds for obtaining jewels, gold,
etc., inanimate things and for acquiring women, male-female servants,
etc., animate objects. For the purpose of cheating, he assumes different
poses and changes the conditions of other animate and inanimate objects.
Through such forms of deception he wants to accomplish his goal.
Thus owing to the deceit-passion, one commits fraud for
the accomplishment of one's goal but accomplishment of cherished goal
depends on destiny.
And on rise of greed-passion, believing other objects
to be beneficial, he desires to obtain them. The avarice of cloths,
ornaments, wealth & grains, etc., inanimate objects, is induced and
avarice of wife, sons, etc. animate objects is induced. Further,
believing some particular modification to be beneficial to self or to
other animate-inanimate objects, he wants to change them into that form or
Thus owing to greed-passion, the desire of obtaining
beneficial objects is induced but obtaining beneficial objects depends on
Thus due to rise of anger, etc., passions, the soul
undergoes (alien) modifications.
These passions (Kasha's) are of four kinds:
1. Anantanubandhi- (Intense type of anger,
pride, deceit & greed-passions).
2. Apratyakhyanavarana-(Intense type of
3. Pratyakhyanavarana- (intense type of
4. Samjwalana- (mild-gleaming passion).
The passions on rise of which Samyaktva (right belief)
and Swaroopacharana Charitra (self-absorption conduct) can
not be evolved in the soul, are called Anantanubandhi Kasha's.
Those passions, on rise of which the partial right conduct (Desha-Charitra)
is not evolved, and even partial abstinence can not be observed, are
called Apratyakhyanavarana Kasha's. And those passions on
rise of which complete right conduct (sakal-charitra) is not
evolved and complete abstinence can not be observed, are called
Pratyakhyanavarana Kasha's. And those passions on rise of which
transgressions continue evolving in Sakal-charitra and hence
perfect conduct (Yathakhyata-charitra) can not be evolved,
are called Samjwalana Kashas.
In beginningless mundane existence (of Jivas),
continuous rise of all these four passions is found. There, when the
passion is intense in the form of Krishna-Leshya (black
thought-coloration) and when the passion is feeble in the form of
Shukla-Leshya (white thought-coloration) an incessant rise of
all those four passions is found existing in both the conditions. Because
the divisions of Anantanubandhi, etc. passions are not from the
viewpoint of their being intense or feeble but are from the viewpoint of
obliterating Samyaktva (right belief), etc. On intense rise of
fruition of those Karmic species, intense anger, etc (alien
dispositions) are caused and on feeble rise of fruition (of these species
of Karmas) feeble anger etc. are caused.
Further, on attaining the right path of liberation, the
rise of last three, two and one species out of these four kinds (of
conduct-deluding Karma) is found and afterwards all the four get
destroyed in the end.
Further, out of anger, etc., four passions, the rise of
only one passion is found in one unit of time. Also these passions have
mutual cause and effect relationship. Anger turns into pride, etc., pride
turns into anger, etc; that is why sometimes the difference is recognized
and sometimes it is not recognized. This is to be known as the passionate
form of modification.
Further, owing to the rise of Charitra-Moha
only the quasi- passions (No-kasha's) are caused; there, due to
rise of laughter (Hasya) passion, believing some object beneficial,
one becomes cheerful and feels happy. And due to rise of `Liking' (Rati)
passion, believing something good, one makes love with it & gets attached
therein. And due to rise of `disliking' (Arati) passion, believing
something harmful, one feels aversion & becomes desperate. And due to rise
of `sorrow' (shoka) passion, believing something harmful, one feels
dejected, feels sorry. And due to rise of fear (Bhaya) passion,
believing some object harmful, one feels afraid of it & does not like its
association. And due to rise of `disgust' (Jugupsa) passion,
believing some object harmful, one hates it & wants to get rid of it.
Thus, one should know these laughter (Hasya),
etc., six quasi- passions. And due to rise of sex-passions, the feeling or
desire of co-habitation is caused. There, due to rise of `female'
sex-passion, the desire of cohabiting with man is caused and due to rise
of `male sex' passion, the desire of cohabiting with woman is caused, and
due to rise of neuter sex-passion the desire of cohabiting with both man
and woman is caused.
Thus, these are the nine types of NoKashayas
(quasi- passions). These are not so strong as anger, etc; that is why
these are termed as Ishat (quasi). Here the word 'No' is to be
known synonym of Ishat. The rise of these quasi- passions is found
along with the anger, etc. passions as per their rise.
In this way, due to rise of Moha (deluding karma)
perverse belief and passions (alien dispositions) are caused and these
(alien-dispositions) alone are the root cause of Samsara
(transmigration). Because of these passions only the Jiva is
unhappy at present and these only are the causes of future Karmic
bondage also. The name of these very passions is also Raga
(attachment)- Dwesha (aversion), Moha delusion).
There, the name of mithyatv (perverse belief) is
Moha because there is absence of adversity (about the self-soul).
Further the name of deceit, greed passions and laughter, liking and three
kinds of sex-passions is Raga (attachment), because love
(affinity) is found there with agreeable feeling And the name of anger,
pride passions and disliking, sorrow, fear, disgust is `oweIsha'
(aversion), because hatred (ill- will) is found there with disagreeable
feeling. And in general the name of all kinds of passions and
quasi-passions is Moha (delusion), because in all these passions
inadvertence is found all everywhere.