Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions
Jaina Monastic Jurisprudence
The Background to Monastic Jurisprudence
The Custodians of Monastic Discipline
Laws of Jurisprudence and Their Working
Transgressions and Punishments
  Church Affairs
  Moral Discipline and Self Control
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(26) If he had swooning�cheda.

(27 If he had hysteria�mula.

(28) If he lost understanding�anavasthapya.

 (29) If he died�parancika.

�Brh. kalp. Bha. III, 2258-62.

(30) One who maintained his livelihood by practicing medicine and astronomy and became a servant of the king �mula.

                       �Angd. 7, 55, comm.

(31) One who did not follow properly the 'vratas' due to sway of passions and thus brought shame to the Samgha �mula.

                     �Anga. 7, 55 comm.

 (32) One of lax morals, lazy in study and ignorant of scriptures�mula

                       �Angd. 7, 55 comm.

(33) Violation of any of the mulavratas�sraddhana.

                        �Angd. 7, 57 comm.

(34) Condemnation of the Tirthankara, Ganadhara, ganins, the Agama, or samgha�parancika.

                         �Angd. 7. 56 comm.

(35) Enjoying a queen, behaving against a king�

                          �Angd. 7, 57 comm.

(36) Using complete, new, washed, or dyed pieces of garments for the sake of attracting women; or eating vikritis for the above purpose; making or wearing garlands of various materials for the above purpose, or using excellent blankets, skins of deer, camel etc., or garments so soft cotton or gold-embroidered clothes�c.p.a.

                             �Nis. VII, 1-12.

(37) Telling stories at odd times in the company of women�c.p.a.

                                   �Nis. VIII, 10,

(38) Indulgence in sexual intercourse by a monk or a nun with opposite counterparts

(39) Stealing something belonging to the member of one's own sect�anavasthapya.

                                    �Kalp. IV, 3.

(40) Stealing something of one belonging to other sect�anavasthappa.


(41) Striking somebody with the fist�anavasthapya.


(42) For a criminal�parancika.

(43) For a careless fellow�parancika.

 (44) For a sodomite�parancika.

                             �Kalp. IV, 2.


(1) If a monk goes to another place either for study or sleep without the permission of the superior�cheya or parihara.

(2) Staying in a residence which contains liquor or sour barley gruel, or a vessel with cold or warm water, or where a torch burns throughout the night�santara chew -or parihara.

(3) Not accommodating a co-religionist when space is sufficient�c.p.u.

(4) Accepting lodging in condemned families�c.p.u.

Nis. XVI, 29.

(5) Making a known or an unknown person stay in 'the monastery either for a full night or for half a night� p.a.

                                         �Nis. VIII, 12.

(6) Staying out for more than three days�c.p.a.

                                         �Nis. X, 13.

(7) One who was attached to a particular residence and stayed there with lax behavior�mula.

                                         �Angd. VII, 55, comm.

(8) If a bhikkhu stayed in a place full of seeds then � laghako masa tapasa kalena ca laghukah.

(9) �Vasaha�l.m., kalena gurukah.

(10) �Uvajjhaya�l.m., tapasa gurukah.