Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions
Jaina Monastic Jurisprudence
The Background to Monastic Jurisprudence
The Custodians of Monastic Discipline
Laws of Jurisprudence and Their Working
Transgressions and Punishments
  Church Affairs
  Moral Discipline and Self Control
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(1) Omitting some words while reading�masala- ghu.


(2) Transgressing the sequence of the Tirthankara �caturguru.


(3) Mixing or adding words�masalaghu.


(4) Having wrong faith�caturlaghu.


(5) Transgressing the order of the guru�caturguru. �Brh. kelp. Bha. I, 288-99.


(6) Asking more than three questions regarding the kalikasruta and more than seven questions regarding the Ditthivaya�c.p.u.

                       �Nis. XIX, 8-12.


(7) Not studying at four times; studying at an improper time; reading only the lower portions; reading in an indistinct tone; not reading the text in due sequence or reading only one out of two identical passages�c.p.u.

                                   �Nis. XIX, 13-23.





(1) Using complete and intact pieces of skins or clothes�masiyam pariharatthanam ugghaiyam.

�Nis. II, 22-24.



(2) Obtaining the returnable payapunchana on the condition of returning it the same night, but returning it the next day; or returning it the same night when promised to return it the next day�m.p.u.

                       �Nis. V, 15-16.



(3) Taking out the returnable bedding or that owned by the householder without his consent; or not searching the lost bedding, or not scanning the requisites�m.p.u.

                       �Nis. II, 50-59.



(4) Making, using or enjoying raw, colored or variously colored wooden, bamboo or cane sticks �m.p.u

           �Nis. V, 25-33.


(5) Using a broom which is bigger in measurements; or having fine thread-ends for it; giving one tie to the broom; giving more than three ties to the broom; binding it in a kadusaga way, holding it loosely; keeping it as a pillow; breaking it �m.p.u.

                 �Nis. V, 67-77.



(6) Expanding the mouth of the pot; binding it improperly; using a pot with many ties for more than one and a half months�m.p.a.

                         �Nis. I, 41-45.


(7) Exchanging the alms-bowl without the consent of the ganin; not giving it to him who is unable to procure one�c.p.u.

                        �Nis. XIV, 1-48.


(8) Discoloring colored pots and vice versa;

Polishing it with oil, ghee or butter; coating it with powder or paint, washing it with water so as to give it a new appearance�c.p.u.



(9) Frequently demanding a bowl in the congregation by getting up�c.p.u.

                          �I bid.


(10) For him who sent a person who had not studied the rules about the begging of the alms-bowl, to bring the coating for a pot�calvaro gurakah.


(11) -Do- who had studied it but did not remember the details about it�catvaro laghukah.


 (12) For coating the pot without the permission of the acarya�masalaghu.


(13) For not taking the permission of the cart-owner for oil�masalaghu.


(14) For taking oil at night and using it at night� calvaro laghukah.


(15) For taking oil at dew- fall or when bulls or calves are tied to the cart�catvaro laghukah.


(16) For taking oil when a dog is sitting below the cart

                       �Ealvaro gurakah.


(17) For coating the pot for decoration�catvaro



(18) Accepting a mediocre pot when decided to accept the best�masika.


 (19) Determining to accept the inferior one but accepting the mediocre�masika.


(20) For accepting an inferior pot when decided to accept the best�pancaka.


(21) For determining to accept a mediocre pot but accepting an inferior one�pancaka.


(22) For determining to accept a mediocre one, but accepting the best�caturlaghu.


(23) For determining to accept the inferior one but accepting the best pot�caturlaghu.

                       - Brh. kalp. Bha. I, 471-529.



(24) Carrying the seat of the householder�c.p.u.

                                   - Nis. XII, 10-13.



(1) For transforming the best piece of cloth into a medium type�masalaghu.


(2) -Do- into an inferior one�pancaratrindiva.


(3) -Do- a mediocre one into the best type� caturlaghu.


(4) -Do- into jaghanya�pancaratrindiva.


(5) -Do- an inferior one into the best�caturlalaghu.


(6) -Do- into medium type�masika.


(7) For accepting a piece of cloth worth Pataliputra rupees 18�catvaro laghavah, or laghumasa, or caturguru.


(8) Do �rupees 20 catvaro laghva


(9)�Do�rupees 49�sadlaghavah


(10) �Do�rupees 50�sadguru


(11) �Do�rupees 100�cheda


(12)� Do�rupees 250�sadlaghavah


(13) �Do�rupees 500�sadguruvah


14) -Do�rupees 999�cheda


(15) �Do�rupees 1000�cheda or mula.