Appendix

 Tattvarthadhigamasutra (T.S.) with Siddasenaganitika, Part-I and II ed: H.R.  Kapadia, pub : J.S.  Javeri, Bombay, 1926and 1930.

2.  Prasamaratiprakarana (PRP) with Haribhadra’s commentary, Pub: S.D.  Lalbhai Jaina Pustakoddhara Samstha; Surat, 1940.

3.  Nyagrodhikaprasutena viharata puravare kusumanamni.  Kaubhisanina svatitanayena vatsisutenarghyam.  T.S.  Bhasya-colophon-3.

4.  Vacanaya ca mahavacakaksamana mundapadasisyasyasisyena.  Vacakacaryamulanamnahprathitakirteh-Ibid-2.

5.  Vacakamukhyasya sivasriyah prakasayasasah prasisyena.  sisyena Ghosanandi ksamasramanasyaikadasangavidah-Ibid-1.

6.  Ibid colophon-5.

7.  ‘Tatha avocad Umasvati Vacakacaryah’ - Sarvadarsanasangraha-ed: Umasankara Sharma, Chowkhamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi 1964, P.  161.

8.  (a) Vacakohi purvavid - T.  S.  bhasyatika-Siddhsenagani-IX-6.]

(b) Vacakah Purvadharo abhidhiyate.  Sa ca srimanumasvatinama mahatarkikah prakarana                          pancasatikarta Acaryah suprasiddho abhavat’ Pancasakavrtti-p.  122.

9.  (a) Siddhasenagani - T.  S.  bhasyatika IX-6.

(b) Santisuri - Dharmaratnaprakarana vrtti.

10.  T.  S.  bhasya - Colophon-3.

11.  (a) Vatsiputrad Vatsiputrah’ - Brhadaranyaka Upanisad VI-5, 2, 3 and VI.  6-3.

12.  Vedic Index of Names and Subjects Vol.  II p.  284.

13.  Viprasri vatsagotre abhudihacchatrapure pura.  Samantanantasamanta purnatallo nrpastada-History of Mediaeval Hindu India, Vol-II, ed: C.  V.  Vaidya, p.  51, 53.

14.  T.  S.  bhasya-colophon-3.

15.  ‘Sivadau virakto jinadharmadarsanasakto abhudumasvatih dvijasunuh attavratah suripadamapa, kramat purvagatavetta vacakoabhavat-Bhaktamarastotra, verse-11, Commentary by Gunakarasuri, ed: by Muni Sri Sukhsagar.  Pub: Jinadattsuri Jnana Bhandar, Surat.

16.  History of Indian Logic-Dr.  Satiscandra Vidyabhusana, Pub: Motilal Banarasidas, Delhi, 1978, p.  168.

17.  (a) Die cresetze derweltage schichte, Dr.  H.  Piper, p.  118.

)B) A study of the T.  S.  with special reference to the authorship and date - Dr.  Suzuko Ohira.  Pub : L.D.  Institute of Indology, 1982.

18.  (a) T.  S.  I.  10, 12, 21-26, II.  15-21, 37-49, V.  22, etc.

(b) Ibid I.  33, II-52, V-z, VI-1, 5; VIII-1.  etc.

(c) Ibid I-12, VII-6, IX-42-46, etc.  in these sutras, Umasvati has distinguished, Jaina Conceptions from Nyayavaisesika, Sankhya and Abhidharmakosa of Vasubandhu, respectively.

19.  For a detailed treatment of the problem, see the following books-

(a Tattvarthasutra, Introduction Sukhalalji, p.  22-23, Pub: L.  D.  Indology, Ahmedabad.

(b) a study of the Tattvarthasutra with bhasya- Suzuko Ohira.

20.  Indian Antiquary XX-Pub: Dr.  Hoernle, p.341.

21.  ‘Tattvartha sastrakartaram grddhrapicchopalaksitam.  Vande ganindrasanjatam Umasvami Munisvaram’ - T.  s.  Introduction Sukhlalji p.17

22.  ‘Abhudumasvaminunih pavitre vamse tadiye sakalarthavedi, sutrikrtayena jinapranitam sastrathajatam munipungavena.  saprani samraksana savadhane babharayogi kila grddhrapaksan, tada prabhrtyeva budha yamahuracarya sabdottaragrddhrapiccham-Epigraphia Carnatica-VI.  258.

23.  In Nayacakara (5th Century A.  D.) certain passages are quoted from T.  S.  bhasya as a work of Umasvati.

24.  Tattvarthasutra bhasya IX-5, 6, 26.

25.  Prasamarati prakarana.  114-117, 135-145.

26.  Ibid 118-119.

27.  see A study of the T.  S.  with bhasya-Suzuko Ohira.

28.  (a) Sa ca Sriman Umasvatinama Mahatarkikah prakarana pancasatikarta acaryah suprasiddho abhavat’ - Pancasakavrtti-Abhayadevasuri p.  122. 

(b) Pancasata prabandha praneta vacakamukhyah-Prasamaratiprakaranatika-Introduction Haribhadrasuri (12th A.  D.)

(c) ‘Pancasatasamskritaprakarana prasiddhah’ Vividhatirthakalpa-part-I, Jinaprabhasuri, p.  69.

29.  (a) Vacakenapyuktam-

‘Yad regadvesavad vakyam tattvadanyatra vartate.  Savadyam vapi yatsatyam tatsarvam anrtam viduh-T.  S.  bhasyatika part-II, VII-9, Siddhasenagani.

(b) Sthananagavrti, verse 1-8 Abhayadevasuri.

(c) Uttaradhyayanavrtti X-I Bhavavijaya.

(d) Uttaradhyayanavrtti II-1-3-, III-1-7, Santyacarya-p.  95 and 180 respectively.

30.  (a) T.  S.  1-4, 5-6, 9, 11, 13, 31, 32.

(b) P.  R.  P.  230-231, 222-3, 189-224 etc.  For detail information about this subject, see chapter on comparison between T.  S.  and Prasamarati of the same introduction.

31.  Nisithacurni, part-I, gatha-20, bhasya-p.  574, ed: Acarya vijayapremasurisvara, Letho copy, L.  D.  Institute of Indology, Ahmedabad, No.  1851 p.  168.

32.  ‘Yatah prasamaratau anenaiva uktam-

(a) Paramanurapradeso varnadigunesu bhajaniyah (verse 208)-T.  S.  bhasyatika V-6.

(b) ‘Vacakenatvetadeva balasanjnaya prasamaratau upattam’ - Ibid IX-6.  This statement refers to 80th verse of Prasamarati.

33.  (a) T.  S.  bhasyatika II-1, introduction, III-1 and 6, V-20, VI-23, IX-37.

(b) P.  R.  P.  197, 160, 210-11, 52, 27 and 107.

34.  ‘Yathoktam anenaivasurina prakaranantare,’ and quotes two verses (210-211) from Prasamarati.  T.S.  Bhasyatika III-6.

35.  Sanmatitarkaprakarana vyakhya I (PRP verse 218) ed : Sukhlal Sanghavi, Pub: Gujarat Vidyapith, Ahmedabad V.  S.  1980, p.64.

36.  Purvagatavedina ca umasvati vacakena pranitapravacanonnatihetu prasamarati tattvarthadyaneka mahasastreena-Dharmaratnaprakaranavrtti-Gatha 103.  pub: Jaina Atmanandasabha, Bhavnagar, V.  S.  1970.

37.  Following verses from Prasamarati are quoted In D.  R.  P.  V.  :

42.  Paribhavya vrddhatikah - P.R.P.  Com.  Colphon-3.

43.  Ibid - Colophon-4.

44.  Iha acaryah Srimanumasvati putrah trasitakutarkajanitavitakrasamparka-prapancah, pancasata prakarna-prabandha-praneta vacakamukhyah, samastasvetambarakulatilakah prasamarati prakarana karane, pravartamanah, etc.  PRP.  - Introduction to Commentary.

45.  The un-known author added one verse (243) which is simply a repetition of 127 the verse of the same text.  Again, the un-known author omits one important verse (276) of the text but quotes and comments upon it in the commentary.  It is also found that the order of 13th and 14th verses of the text accepted by Haribhadra’s are interchanged in the text accepted by an un-known author.

 

46.  Granthagra of Haribhadrasuri’s commentary is 1800 (i.e.,  sadvrtterastadasasatani), while Granthagra of un-known author’s-Commentary is 2552 (MS-No.  23489-L.D.  Institute of Indology, Ahmedabad).

47.  ‘Sukhabodhartham samasena’ -PRP Com.  Colophan-3.

48.  Following are some of the alternative readings of the text mentioned by Haribhadra in his commentary, which are accepted by an unknown author :

(a) PRP 51 “Pustikarah” (H).  ‘Tustikarah”-(unknown author).

(b) Ibid 146.  ‘Upayoga’ (H).  Upaghata (unknown).  It is important to note that the reading ‘Upaghata’ is accepted by unknown author in his commentary.  But the text accepted by him retains the word “Upayoga.” It might be a mistake to the copy writer.

(c) P.R.P-182.  Four words of this verse are found in accusative cases (dvitiya vibhaktyanta) in the text accepted by Haribhadra whereas same words are found in nominative cases (prathama vibhaktyanta) in the text accepted by unknown author.  This is clearly mentioned “anyetvatra aryayam catvaryapi padani prathama vibhaktyantani vyakhyanti”.

(d) PRP-221-’Tapaupadhanattu’ (H).  Tapaupadhanam tu’ (un-known).

(e) Ibid-245-’Sugamamargasya’ (H).  “Sugamaparasya’ (un-known).

(f) Ibid-286-’Sarvabhavani (H).  ‘Sarvabhavini’ (un-known).

49.  ‘Dvavimsatyadhikarah mukhya iha dharmakathikayam-PRP.  Colophon-9.

50.  Incorrect reading                                                            Correct Readings

       (un-known author)                                                (Haribhadra)

        (a) PRP-61 ‘Silangasahasradharinah’                  ‘Silangasahasradharine.’

        (b) PRP-100.-’Parivadatmotkarsacca’                    ‘Parivadadatmotkarsacca’.

         (chandobangah)

        (c) Ibid-125-’Tatsarago’                                          ‘Yatsarago’

        (d) Ibid-136-’Darupamadhrtih’                              ‘Darupamadhrtina’

        (chandobhangah)

51.  The verse 243 of PRP found in the text accepted by un-known author is mere repetition of 127th verse of the same text with very little change i.e.,  instead of word ‘Dhyana’ (127), word ‘Virati’ (243) is used here.  This mistake is not found in Haribhadra’s text.  Again, the un-known author omits very important verse (276) found in the Haribhadra’s text.

52.  (A) Following is the list of published editions of Prasamarti.

(1) Prasamarati prakarana with Haribhadra’s commentary, Pub: S.  D.  Lalbhai Jaina Pustakoddhara’ Samstha-Series 88, 1940, Surat.

(2) Prasamarati prakarana with un-known author’s commentary and avacuri pub : Jaindharma Prasarakasabha, Bhavnagar, V.  S.  1966.

(3) Prasamarati prakarana with Gujarati translation and explanation by Karpura Vijaya.  pub.  Jainadharma Prasarakasabha, Bhavnagar, V.  S.  1988.

(4) Prasamarati with Hindi translation by Padmavijaya, pub.  Nirgrantha Sahitya Prakasana Sangha, Delhi 1969.

(5) Prasamarati Prakarana (original text only) ed.  by M.  K.  Premchand Ahmedabad V.  S.  1960.

(6) Prasamarati with Gujarati translation-Karupuravijaya.  Mehsana 1909.

(B) Following is the list of some of the oldest palmleaf manuscripts :

I.  Hemacandracarya Jnanamandira-patan

(1) Prasamarati with Haribhadra’s commentary No.  68.  I pages 192 Date of the manuscript-V.  S.  1298 (1242 A.D.) Size 35.5 3.7

(2) Vritti only (commentary)-Name of the commentator is not mentioned).

Sr.  NO.  68-2, more than 300 leaves.

Date of the manuscript-1487 V.  S.  (1431 A.D.)

Under the “Prakirnagrantha sangraha’

Prasamarati Mulamatra (text only)

1.  Sr.  No.  22, page 21-30

Date of the Manuscript V.  S.  1326 (1270 A.  D.)

2.  Sr.  no.  132 (3) 161 (6) page 1-141 and 61-83, respectively.  No date is mentioned.

3.  Sr.  No.  227 (9) page 180-221 date V.  S.  1303 (1247 A.D.)

II.  Shantinatha Jaina Bhandara-Khembe prasamarati (text only)

1.  Sr.  No.  92, Folios 2-27

    Total verses 313

2.  Sr.  No.  107, Folios 78-121

    Total verses 313

     These two belong to first half of the 13th Century V.  S.

3.  Sr.  No.  118, Folios 230-352

    Total verses 315

    Date: first half of the 14th Century V.  S.

4.  Sr.  No.  129, Folios 250-270

    Total verses 314

    Date : later half of the 14th Century V.  S.

iii.  Pravartaka Kanti Vijaya Sangraha Baroda.  (Sanskrit section)

Prasamarati with commentary (name of the commentator is not mentioned).

Sr.  No.  341, Folios 77

Total verses 352

Tikasloka-3500

No date.

iv.  Jesalmer Bhandar

Prasamarati with commentary (incomplete)

Sr.  No.  172.  P 201

Date 13th V.S.

v.  Agali Sheri Bhandar

Prasamarati (text only)

Sr.  No.  4 (10, P-1-41 No date).

53.  T.S.  I-1

54.  To elucidate this idea Siddhasenagane gives following beautiful analogy of curring illness of the patient.  First of all, the patient who is suffering from disease must have unflinching faith in the medicine prescribed by the physician.  Secondly, he must have clear knowledge of the medicine of that particular disease and thirdly, he must actually take the medicine and follow the restrictions in the manner of taking food etc.  as directed by the physician.  Faith in the medicine, knowledge of the medicine and taking the medicine, all these three are necessary to eradicate the disease.  Similar is the case of acquisition of spiritual health, which would be secured only by the combination of the three jewels i.e.,  Right faith, Right knowledge and Right conduct-T.S.  bhasyatika-I-1.p-28.

55.  Following are the 22 parisahas : hunger, thirst, cold, heat, insectbites, nakedness, distaste, woman, fatigue from walking, sitting on hard seat, sleeping on hard earth, abuse, beating, begging, failure to get alms etc, disease, discomfort from grass, stone, etc; dirt, respectful or disrespectful treatment, pride of intellect, ignorance, failures in religious practices-T.S.  1X-8-9.

56.  (a) Sthananga-I-5-16; IV-248.

(b) Uttaradhyayana-X-18; XVI-12, XXIII-71

57.  T.S.  bhasya-IX-2

58.  T.S.  bhasya-IX-z

59.  T.S.  bhasyatika-IX-z

60.  Tattvanucinta anupreska-Kartikeyanupreksa-1.

Ed.  A.N.  Upadhye, Pub: Rajcandra Jaina Sastramala, 1960; P-1

61.  Ibid-1, Commentary

62.  (a) T.S.  IX-29

(b) PRP-20, 246, 258, 280

63 (a) T.S-IX-37

(b) PRP-246.

64.  (a) T.S.-IX-39

(b) PRP-258, 280

65.  ‘Samyag darsnajnanacaritrani moksamargah’

T.S.-I-1.

66.  ‘Tannisargadadhigamadva’_T.S.I-3

67.  ‘Upayogo laksanam’, “Sadvividho asta caturbhedah”

T.S.  II-8-9 respectively.

68.  T.S,-I-9, 11.  12

69.  T.S.  I-13

70.  T.S.  I-10-15.

71.  T.S.  II-1-2

72.  ‘Utpadavyayadhrauvayauktam sat’-T.S.  V-29.

73.  T.S.  I-4

74.  ‘Punyapapayosca bandhe antarbhavatnabhedena upadanam-T.S.  bhasyatika-I-4.  Siddhasenagani p.42

75.  (a) T.S.  I-4; V-1, 38

(b) PRP-189, 207, 210.

76.  ‘Rupinah Acarya-T.S.  V-4

77.  T.S.-V-23.

78.  T.S.  V - 10

79.  T.S.  V-19, 20

80.  T.S.  V-17

81.  T.S.  V-5

82.  T.S.  V-6

83.  T.S.  V-7

84.  T.S.  V-9

85.  T.S.  V-18

86.  T.S.  V-22

87.  T.S.  IX-6

88.  T.S.  IX-7

89.  T.S.  VIII-4

90.  T.S.  VIII-5-6

91.  T.S.  VI-34

92.  T.S.  IX--1-2

93.  T.S.  IX-3

94.  T.S.  X-3

95.  (a) T.S.  I-1-4, 9-11, 13, 31-32.  PRP-230-1, 222, 23, 189, 224, 27

(b) T.S.  II-1-2, 8, 10, 12,-15.  PRP 196-7, 195, 190-2, 280, 281

(c) T.S.  III-1.  PRP 212

(d) T.S.  IV-1-4, 5-6, 9, 11, 17-18, 19-20, 222, 23, 24, 29, 31.  PRP 207,214, 213, 208, 215, 217, 218.  216, 204-206.

(e) T.S.  VI-2-4, 249.  PRP-157, 220, 100

(f) T.S.  VI-12, 16.  PRP-178, 303-4

(g) T.S.  VIII-1, 3, 6-7, 18-20, 37.  PRP-220, 159, 221, 167-178, 149-162, 228, 175-76, 246.

(I) T.S.  X-1, 7, PRP-221, 287, 294, 296, 301.

Numbers are arranged respectively. 

96.  T.S.  II-8

97.  T.S.  II-1

98.  T.S.  II-13

99.  T.S.  V-1

100.  Kalasca ityeke T.S.-V-38

101.  References of Agamas are based on ‘Suttagame’.  Vol.  I-II, ed; Pupphabhikku and muni Shri Phulchandji maharaj, 1953, 1954.

102.  (a) T.S..  bhasya, Colophon-3

(b) Bhakthamarastotravrtti-11, -Gunakarasuri

103.  (a) PRP-114-119.

(b) Acarangasutra-p.  1-39

104.  (a) Bhagavatisutra-II-10.

(b) Uttaradhyayana-XXVII-10.

105.  Prajnapana-XXIX-1

106.  (a) Uttaradhyayana-XXXVI-p.  1050

(b) Sthananga-II-2.

107.  (a) Uttaradhyayana-XXXVIII7-12.

(b) Sthananga-2, 4, 5

(c) Anuyogadvara-123, 124.

(d) Vyakhyaprajnapti (Bhagavati).  VIII-10, VIII-9, XIII-4.

108.  (a) Uttaradhyayana-XXVIII-1-4.

(b) Sthananga-IX-867.

(c) PRP 187.

109.  T.S.-I-4.

110.  (a) Sthananga-II-103, VI-649.

(b) Anuyogadvara-I, p.  1086.

111.  (a) Anuyogadvara-126-27.

112.  Samavayanga-p-316, 383.

(b) Bhagavati-I-4, p.  347.

(c) Prajnapana-1-2,p.486.

(d) Uttaradhyayana XXXIII-8-25 p.  1044-45

(e) PRP-33-36.

113.  (a) PRP-36-38, 8, 167, 228, 229

(b) Bhagavati-XVIII-4; XIX-1-2; XV-7

(c) Sthananga-I, VI, VIII-X

(d) Prajnapana-XIII.  XVII

(e) Uttaradhyayana-XXVIII-32, XXXIV-3

(f) Samavayanga-P.  316 383

114.  (a) PRP-149-150; 151, 162

(b) Shananga p.  224.

(c) Uttaradhyayana-X01-3; XIII-21, XVIII-11-13.

(d) Sutrakrtanga-I-1, II, 31-32

(e) Vyakhya prajnapti XXV-7-802.

115.  (a) PRP-230

(b) Uttaradhyayana XXVIII-1-36.

(c) Sthananga-III-.

116.  (a) Sthananga-VIII-652.

(b) Samavayanga-VIII-7

(c) Bhagvati-II-2-96.

(d) Prajanapana-XXXVI-36.

B) Prajnapana-XXXVI-26

117.  Raghuvamsam-I-9, ed.  Vasudev Laksamana Shastri Panshilkar, Nirnaya Sagara Press, Bombay, 1926.

118.  Raghuvamsam-I-10.

119.  Malavikagnimitram I-2, works of Kalidasa Vol.  I.  Ed : C.R.  Devdhar, Motilal Banarasidaas, Delhi 1966.

120.  ‘Dhrti ksama damo asteyam saucamindriyanigrahah.  Dhirvidya satyamakrodho dasakam dhramalaksanam.  Manusmrti VI-92, Ed.  Pt.  Haragovinda Shastri, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series, Varanasi.  1965.

121.  Mahabharata Vol.  II, santiparva, Adhhaya 278, ed : Ramacandra Shastri Kinjavadekar, pune, 1932.  p.  584-85.

122.  Ibid.  santiparva

123.  (a) Ibid Santiparva, Adhyaya 257-37-8

(b) PRP 220

124.  ‘Sarve ksayanta nicayah patanantasamucchrayah.  Samyogaviprayogantah maranantanca jivitam.’ Ramayana-Ayodhyakanda, Sarga 105, verse 16.  ed : Shivaramasharama Vasistha, Chowkhamba Vidya Bhavan, Varanasi, 1957.

125.  Mahabharata Santiparva, adhyaya 330.  verse 20.

126.  Bhagavadgita II-55-71, V-23, ed : S.  K.  Belvalkar, Pub : Hindu Visvavidyalaya Sanskrit Publication Board, Varanasi 1962.

127.  (a) Vaisesikadarsana I-I-4; III-II-14.

(b) Sankhyakarika 18.  ed: pt.  Sivanarhyana Shastri, Pub.  Nirnaya Sagara Press, Bombay 1940.

128.  (a) PRP 201, 218, 289.

(b) Sankhyakarika 22

(c) Vaisesikadarsana VIII-2

129.  Patanjala Yogadarsanam I-1 ed.  and Pub: Brahmalinamuni, Dalgiya Mohalla, Mahilakarapura, Surat, 1958.

130.  Vaisesikadarsana II-II-6.

131.  (a) Vaisesikadarsana I-I-15.

(b) PRP 204-206.

132.  Satyam, Jnanam, Anantam, Brahma.  Taittiriya Upanisad II-1, Ten Principle Upanisads, Pub : Motilal Banarasidas, Delhi, 1978 p.  280


 

   

 

Introduction

INDEX