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Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions

PRATIKRAMAN

TEXT OF PRATIKRAMAN
SIX ESSENTIALS
OBEISANCE TO FIVE SUPREMES
THE OBEISANCE TOTEACHERS
  PERMISSION TO START PRATIKRAMAN
  DESIRE FOR ATONEMENT
  GNAN (KNOWLEDGE) AND ITS LAPSES
  TRUE FAITH AND ITS LAPSES
  NON-VIOLENCE
  TRUTHFULNESS
  NON-STEALING
  SELF-CONTROL OVER SENSUALITY
  LIMITATION ON ACCUMULATIONS
  GEOGRAPHIC LIMITATIONS
  LIMITATION ON CONSUMPTION AND OCCUPATIONS
 

RESTRICTING PURPOSELESS VIOLENCE

  SELF-CONTROL FOR SHORT TIME (SAMAYIK VRAT)
  DAY TO DAY ADDITIONAL LIMITS
  PRACTICING THE LIFE OF A MONK (POSHADH VRAT)
  SHARING WITH GUESTS AND OTHERS
  SANTHARA - A RELIGIOUS FAST TO DEATH
  THE EIGHTEEN SINFUL ACTIVITIES
  25 TYPES OF WRONG BELIEFS (MITHYATVA)
  AUSPICIOUS FOURS
  OBEISANCE TO SHRI ARIHANT AND KEVALI LORDS
  OBEISANCE TO SHRI SIDDHA LORDS
  OBEISANCE TO SHRI SADHU-SADHVIJIS
  SALUTATIONS TO SHRI SHRAVAK-SHRAVIKAS
  OBEISANCE TO FIVE SUPREMES
  DESIRE FOR ATONEMENT
  UPLIFTING THE SOUL
  PRAYER TO 24TIRTHANKARS AND ALL SIDDHAS
  TASSA MICHCHHAMI DUKKADAM
  SHANTI STOTRA (Prayer for peace) (OPTIONAL)
  GLOSSARY OF NON-ENGLISH WORDS

GLOSSARY OF NON-ENGLISH WORDS

 

 

Acharyaji

A Sadhu who is learned, is master of scriptures, and is head of a Sangh.

Adhi

Two and a half.

Aghati

The four types of Karmas, whose effect on soul are much milder than the other four. These effects end at the end of a life.

Airavat

Name of a Kshetra.

Antary

A Ghati Karma that obstructs the vigor of soul.

Anuvrat

A vow that is not as strict as a Mahavrat. Anuvrats are for people living family lives. The five Vrats are: Ahimsa, Truth, Non-stealing, Self-control, and Limited-Accumulation.

Ara

One of the six divisions of time. Runs from thousands to billions of years. The 5th Ara already started some 2,500 years ago.

Arihant

Conqueror of internal enemies, such as anger, pride, deceit, greed, jealousy, hatred, intrigue, passions, etc.

Atithi

One who may come any time, unexpectedly, without invitation, and still welcome with love and respect.

Atma

Soul.

Ayushya

An Aghati Karma that determines how long one would live.

Beindriya

Lives with two senses, namely touch and taste.

Bharat

Name of a Kshetra. We live in this Bharat Kshetra, located in southern Jambu Dweep.

Charitra

Conduct, or behavior, without any hatred or attachment. A pure soul is completely free from attachments and hatreds.

Chauvisantho

A prayer to the twenty four Tirthankars of this Kaal in Bharat Kshetra. We list, bow, and praise them for their great virtues.

Choindriya

Lives with four senses, namely touch, taste, smell, and sight.

Darshan

Perception. A pure soul has infinite perception.

Darshanavaraniya

A Ghati Karma that obscures the capacity of soul of perceiving everything.

Dev

A soul in heaven, or at a high spiritual level.

Devlok

Heaven.

Dhairya

Patience. A pure soul has infinite patience.

Dhatakikhand

Name of a Dweep.

Dukkadam

Bad deed or fault/lapse.

Dweep

A large isolated area. There are two and a half Dweeps, each with three Kshetras in them.

Ganadharji

The first (principal) disciples of Tirthankars. Mahavir had eleven.

Gandhasthi

The best elephant.

Ghati

The four types of Karmas, whose effects are much stronger than the other four. These effects last for many lives.

Gnan

Knowledge. A pure soul has infinite knowledge.

Gnanavaraniya

A Ghati Karma that obscures the capacity of soul of knowing everything.

Gotra

An Aghati Karma that determines the status.

Grevayak

High heaven.

Gunavrat

Three vows that enhance the five Anuvrats.

Gupti

Self-controls over Mind, Speech, and Body.

Guru/ji/dev

A religious teacher.

Jain

A follower of Jainism. ("Jai" means Victory.)

Jainism

The religion preached by Mahavir and other Tirthankars, with high emphasis on conquering the inner enemies.

Jambu

Name of a Dweep.

Jina/Jineshwar

Another word for Tirthankars, based on "Jai."

Jiv

Soul.

Jojan

A unit of measuring very long distances.

Jyotish Chakra

Area of space in which zodiac planets, stars, etc. are located.

Kaal

Time. Runs into more than billions of years, per cycle.

Karma

A deed, good or bad. Upon maturing, it delivers its fruit. There are 4 Ghati and 4 Aghati types of Karmas. Effects of Ghati karmas are much stronger, and they last for many lives.

Kausagga

A motionless state of body, as if the soul has departed from it.

Kayotsarga

Same as Kausagga, above.

Kevaldarshan

Infinite perception. After acquiring it, the cycle of births and deaths is broken forever. Any soul can attain it, by getting rid of Karmas, attachments, and hatreds. With it come Kevalgnan, infinite Dhairya, Tapa and Veerya.

Kevaldarshi

One who has Kevaldarshan.

Kevalgnan

Infinite knowledge.

Kevali/gnani

One who has Kevalgnan.

Kshetra

An area, site, or location where human lives exist. Each Kshetra has four more similar counterparts.

Mahavideha

Name of a Kshetra. Twenty Tirthankars are there in existence, right now, so they are the most sacred Kshetras.

Mahavrat

A vow that is much stricter than an Anuvrat. Only Sadhus dare to take it. There are five Mahavrats.

Mantra

A prayer with magical powers, charms.

Michchhami

Dissolution.

Mohaniya

A Ghati Karma that deludes the capacity of soul of thinking properly.

Moksha

The state of liberation for a soul.

Muktishila

The topmost area of universe, the area of freedom. After death, a liberated soul rises to it, and never comes back from there. Every soul in there has infinite Gnan, Darshan Dhairya, Tapa, and Veerya.

Muni

One who keeps Maun (silence). He only observes, without praising or complaining.

Naam

An Aghati Karma that determines the physique.

Navkar

A prayer consisting of nine lines, the most meaningful of all the prayers.

Pachchakhan

Formality for taking a vow.

Pad

Line of a poem, or a step.

Panch

Five.

Panchendriya

Lives with five senses, namely touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing.

Poshadh

A day chosen by a householder to live like a Muni.

Pratikraman

Going back to the original virtues (of soul), which include compassion, peace, even-temperament, forgiveness, etc.

Pundarik

The best lotus.

Pushakarvar

Name of a Dweep. Only half of it is used for living.

Rajlok

The universe is divided into 14 Rajloks, consisting of hells, Dweeps, heavens, etc.

Sadhu

A man who has given up the family life, wealth, and worldly comforts for seeking liberation, and learning religious scriptures.

Sadhvi/ji

A female Sadhu.

Samayik

State of calmness and equanimity of mind and

speech.

Usually 48 minutes for householders, and a lifetime for Sadhus.

Samiti

Five areas of cautiousness: Walking, Speaking, Taking food, Handling materials, and Discarding excrete.

Sangh

Fourfold society, as founded by a Tirthankar, consisting of male and female Sadhus and householders, all following the principles of Jainism.

Santhara (o)

Peaceful, voluntary and planned religious death.

Sanvar

Prevention of influx of Karmas.

Shikshavrat

Four vows, which prepare and train a householder for the eventual Muni life.

Shravakji

Male householder, following the principles of Jainism.

Shravika

Female householder, like above.

Shri

A prefix used to indicate respect.

Siddha

One who has achieved liberation from cycles of births and deaths, and now in Muktishila.

Sootra

A scripture, written in Ardhamagdhi language.

Tapa

Penance, or austerities. Intended to destroy the Karmas. A pure soul has infinite Tapa.

Tassa

For that.

Teindriya

Lives with three senses, namely touch, taste, and smell.

Tirthankar

One who reestablishes the religion and fourfold society of Sadhus, Sadhvis, Shravaks, and Sharavikas.

Upadhyay/ji

A Sadhu who is learned, has mastered, and teaches religious scriptures.

Vandana

Act of bowing, or offering salutations.

Vedaniya

An Aghati Karma that determines the pain and/or pleasure giving situations.

Veerya

Strength or vigor. A pure soul has infinite vigor.

Vitraag

One whose attachment (for materials) is gone.

Vrat

Vow.

 Sometimes "ji" or "dev" is added as a suffix for additional respect, where indicated.