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Chapter - 15



Where did Mahavira obtain infinite knowledge?

At the bank of Rijubalika River near Jrimbhak Village in Bihar state.


When did Mahavira renounce the world?

In 569 B.C. at the age of 30 years.


When was Mahavira born?

599 B.C.


Who was the mother of Mahavira?

Queen Trishla


Who was the father of Mahavira?

King Sidhartha


What is the difference between Tirthankars and other Arihants?

Tirthankars reestablish the religious order, while ordinary arihants do not.


What is the name of first Tirthankaras in Mahavideha Kshetra?

Shri Simandar Swami


Where are the current living Tirthankars?

In Mahavideha Kshetra


Who was the head Sadhvi of the religious order of Mahavira?

Sadhvi Chandanbala



What are the chief disciples of Tirthankar called?



What is the fourfold religious order called?

Jain Tiratha or Jain Sangh


What does Jain Tirtha do?

Jain Tirtha helps to purifying the soul.


When did Bhagwan Mahavir re-establish the Jain Sangh?

In 557 B.C.


Why is a Samayik done for forty-eight minutes?

One cannot concentrate for more than forty-eight minutes at a time.


What is Kayotsarga?

It means to give up one�s physical comfort and body movements, thus staying steady, either in a standing or other posture, and concentrating upon the true nature of the soul



What is Prayashchit?

To atone past deeds infront of monk or nun or by oneself or in front of the person involved.


What is the benefit of observing Sanyam (restraint)?

While staying in Sanyam (restaint) one does not get new karmas.


What is the harm caused by attachment?

Attachment brings out passions like anger, ego, deception and greed and ultimately accumulation of Mohniya Karmas.


When can we meditate on Anitya Bhavana?

Anytime is a good time to meditate on Anitya Bhavana.


What is nitya in the living body?

Soul is nitya (immortal) in the body.


Why is the permanent soul in a non-permanent body?

It is due to the existing karmas, that the soul is in the body.


Who can give us protection from worldly sufferings?

Nobody but us and by following the path shown by:

1) Arihent, 

2) Siddha, 

3) Sadhus and sadhvis, and

4) the teachings of the Ominiscient ones.


When should we meditate on Sansar Bhavana?

We should meditate daily on Sansar Bhavana. It keeps us away from attachment and hatred towards friends and foes.


When should we reflect on Ashuchi Bhavana?

When we are attracted by the beauty of the body, we should reflect that this

body is full of perishable stinking things under the skin. So, why should we be attracted to it.


What causes the prey to ashrava?

False belief, lack of restraints, passions, lethargy, and yoga.


What is Samvara?

Samvara means stop.


What is the use of Samvara?

It stops new karmas coming to the soul.


What is good spiritual health?

Good spiritual health is to be away from passions.


Why is Nirjara necessary?

Nirjara is necessary to remove the accumulated karmas.


What is the difference between Samvar Bhavana and Nirjara Bhavana?

By Samvara Bhavana we stop the inflow of new karmas while by Nirjara Bhavana we wipe out the old accumulated karmas.


What is the right path in the life?

Live and let live is the right path in the life.


What is meant by Tapa?

Tapa means austerity.


What is the tenth Gunasthanak?

Suksham Sampraya Gunasthanak


What kind of care should we take in Parishtapanika Samiti?

Taking care not to cause any harm while removing or putting up any thing.


What is gained by Unodari Tapa (Austerity)?

One cultivates the control on desires.