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Chapter -  4

 

 

What does the Pap mean?

Whenever we do bad deeds we accumulate bad karmas, which is called pap. 

 

What does the Ashrava mean?

We get lots of thoughts for doing good or bad things and most of the time we act accordingly and accumulate good or bad karmas. The process of inflow of these karmas to the soul is known as ashravas.

 

What does the Samvar mean?

The actual stoppage of the inflow of good or bad karmas to the soul is known as samvar.

 

What does the Bandh mean?

The accumulation of karmas to the soul is known as Bandh. 

 

What does the Nirjara mean?

The process by which we shed the karmas which are attached to the Soul is known as Nirjara. 

 

How many different types of the Nirjaras are there?

There are two different types of Nirjaras:

1) Akam Nirjara and

2) Sakam Nirjara

 

What is Akam Nirjara?

The sheding of karmas by passive suffering is known as Akam Nirjara. For example: To fast when no food is available to eat. By Akam Nirjara it would take ages to get rid of karmas, which we have accumulated.

 

What is Sakam Nirjara?

The sheding of karmas by active efforts is known as Sakam nirjara. The Sakam Nirjara destroys Karmas very fast and accelerate the end of the cycle of birth and death. For example: To fast with a free will, when sufficient food is available.

 

What does the Bandh mean is meant by the Moksha?

Moksha means salvation that is when a soul has shed off all of its karmas and thereafter, that soul does not go through the cylce of birth and death ever again. 

 

What are other names by which Arihants are called?

They are also called Kevali, Jina, Tirthankar, or Vitragi.

 

Which is the higher in achievements, the Arihants or the Siddhas?

Siddhas are higher than Arihants since they have destroyed all the karmas and are liberated from this world. Why do we pay homage to Arihants first? Arihants are the living teachers who show us the path to the liberation, and therefore, we pay them the homage first.

 

What kind of body does a Siddha have?

Siddhas have no bodies since they have no karmas.

 

How many attributes do Siddhas have?

Siddhas have eight attributes.

 

Do Siddhas accumulate karmas?

No, Siddhas do not accumulate karmas.

 

Do Arihants accumulate karmas?

Yes, Arihants accumulae the karmas, but karmas do not stay for more than a fraction of a second.

 

Where are the Siddhas?

Siddhas are at Siddhashila which is at the top part of this world (Lokakash).

 

Whom do we pay homage by the Navkar Mantra?

In Navkar Mantra we pay homage to:

Arihants,

Siddhas,

Acharyas,

Upadhyayas

Sadhus and Sadhvis.

 

Who  is Siddha Bhagwant?

Siddha Bhagwants are those souls who are liberated from this world forever.

 

How many attributes do Arihants have?

Arihants have twelve attributes.

 

Do Arihants get reborn in worldly life?

No. Arihants at the time of death destroy all remaining four karmas and get liberated from this world forever.

 

Name the karmas which are already destroyed by Arihants?

Jnanavarniya Karma

Darshanavarniya Karma

Antaray Karma

Mohniya Karma

 

Name the karmas, which are not destroyed by Arihants?

Nam Karma

Gotra Karma

Vedniya Karma

Ayushya Karma

 

Name the karmas which are destroyed by Siddhas?

Jnanavarniya Karma

Darshanavarniya Karma

Antaray Karma

Mohniya Karma

Nam Karma

Gotra Karma

Vedniya Karma

Ayushya Karma

 

What kind of karmas Siddhas have?

Siddhas do not have any karmas.

 

Who can become a Siddha?

Everyone has a potential to be a Siddha.

 

Who is Acharya?

Acharya is a sadhu who is the leader of other sadhus and the sadhvis, and he leads us to the spiritual uplift of the soul, and guides us to the path of liberation.

 

How many attributes do the Acharyas have?

Thirty- Six

 

Who is Upaddhyay?

Upadhyay is a sadhu who has studied the scripture in much detail and teaches other sadhus and sadhvis.

 

How many attributes do the Upaddhyayas have?

Twenty-five

 

Who is Sadhus?

Sadhu was a male householder who voluntarily renounced the worldly life for the uplift of the soul. He has accepted to follow five major vows.

 

How many attributes do the Sadhus have?

Twenty-seven

 

Who is Sadhvi?

Sadhvi was a female householder who voluntarily renounced the worldly life for the uplift of the soul. She has accepted to follow five major vows.

 

What is the Tapasya (Austerity)?

Tapasya is called austerity which means voluntary restarin from available things and desires, or voluntary suffering to uplift the soul.