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Chapter - 8

 

 

How do you accumulate the Nama karma?

Shubh Nama Karma: If one does not deceive others; and maintains a good conduct and leads a simple life, he builds auspicious shubh nam karma.

Ashubh Nama Karma: If one acts to the contrary to these principles he builds ashubh nam karma.

 

How can you get rid of the Nama karma?

Always be kind, loving, generous and patient. Speak gently.

The worship of purity helps to get rid of ashubh nam karma.

 

What happens when you get rid of the Nama karma?

One becomes arupi.

The atma is freed from the body, and it has no form, weight, taste or smell. The atma is neither fat nor lean, neither tall nor short, neither big nor small, neither hot nor cold.

 

What are the effects of Gotra karma?

By the influence of high Gotra Karma, one is born in high society, gets good reputation, power and respect in society.  By the influence of low Gotra Karma one is born in a low society, gets blame, contempt and insult in the society.

 

How do  you accumulate the Gotra karma?

One accumulates High Hotra karma by admiring the meritoreous ones, self-critisizing self shortcomings, not feeling arrogant, being  humble attitute towards all.  One accumulates Low Gotra Karma by condemning other people, self praising, fail to appreciate good about others.

 

How can you get rid of the Gotra karma?

Do not do self praising.  Do not be proud of physical beauty, power, caste, intelligence, knowledge and wealth.  Do not despise, insult, mock or treat others with contempt.

 

What happens when you get rid of the Gotra karma?

You become Agurulaghutva (no high no law).

 

There is no difference like the big and the small. In moksha atmas are equal in power or virtues.

 

What are the effects of Antaraya karma?

No desire to go on right path.  Not being able to do auspicious actions, one  becomes sluggish and lacks the strength.

 

How do you accumulate the Antaraya karma?

By obstructing worship of the parmatma and spiritual activities. Not offering charity, and causing loss to others or preventing others to do right things. 

 

How can you get rid of the Antaraya karma?

Perform the charity.  Give food and clothes or other needs of sadhus, sadhvies, neighbours, friends or even animals. 

 

What happens when you get rid of the Antaraya karma? You become �anant shakti� meaning capable of doing anything.

 

What are the effects of Ayushya karma?

This keeps the soul wandering in the vicious circle of births and deaths.

 

How do you accumulate the Ayushya karma?

By committing sinful activities such as violence and taking someone�s life. By doing good deeds and staying away from sinful activities.

 

How can you get rid of the Ayushya karma?

Do not be violent,  or kill anybody.

 

What happens when you get rid of the Ayushya karma?

The atma gets akshay sthiti. After death, once the ayushya karma is destroyed the atma becomes immortal, and goes to salvation. The bodiless atma which has reached moksha is never reborned.

 

Who are the Sadhus?

This is a male householder who has voluntarily renounced the world and has accepted five major vows.

 

Who are the Sadhvis?

This is a female householder who has voluntarily renounced the world and has accepted five major vows.

 

How many vratas do the sadhus/sadhvis follow?

Sadhus and sadhvies follow the five major vratas (vows).

 

Can you name the vratas of sadhus/sadhvis?

Five major vratas (vows) of Sadhus and sadhvies are:

1) Pranatipatavirman Vrat

2) Mrishavadavirman Vrat

3) Adattadanvirman Vrat 

4) Maithunavirman Vrat    

5) Parigrahavirman Vrat

 

Are the vratas of sadhus/sadhvis absolute or ordinary ?

The vratas of sadhus and sadhvies are absolute.

 

Describe some of the characteristics of sadhu life?

They have given up social ties. They accept five major vows. They go for alms and only take limited food. They drink boiled water only. They do pratikraman twice a day. They walk bear feet. All nuns wear white clothes. Some monks were white clothes while some wear no clothes.

 

What is the meaning of Deshvirti?

Deshvirti means one who accepts the restrained life in a limited style. We, house-holders are deshvirti.

 

What is the meaning of Sarvavirti?

Sarvavirti means one who accepts the restrained life for whole life. Our sadhus and sadhvis are sarvavirti.

 

Can you name the three supreme gems of Jainism?

Three supreme gems of Jainism are:

1) Samyakjnan,

2) Samyakdarshan,

3) Samyakcharitra.

 

What does Samyakdarshan mean?

Samyakdarshan means right faith in the teaching of Jina.

 

What does Samyakjnan mean?

Samyakjnan means the right knowledge that the body and soul are two different things.

 

What does Samyakcharitra mean?

Samyakcharitra means the right conduct in day-to-day life. 

 

Can we attain Moksha if we follow only one supreme gem?

No, to achieve the Moksha, we have to follow all three gems namely:

1) Samyakdarshan,

2) Samyakjnan, and

3) Samyakcharitra.