Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions


I. Samayasara Samayaprabharitam
II. Soul and Non-soul (Jiva-Ajiva)
III. The Ethic of Action
IV. Demerit and Merit (Punya Papa)
  V. Inflow of Karmas
  VI. Checking of Karmas (Samvara)
  VII. The shedding of Karmas (Nirjara)
  VIII. Bondage  (Bandha)
  IX. Liberation (Moksha)
  X. Liberation Pure bsolute Knowledge
  XI. Samayasara

Chapter VII  -  The Shedding of Karmas (Nirjara)



        �֕����� ��׸������ ��פ �֤�� ����ƴ֕��׾֤� ��� �֓��� l

        ��֤�� ������ ��Ƶ�� �ֵ�� �� ��׸������ �֕�����  ll 215 ll

        �ִ� ��׸������ ��פ �֟���sƴ֕�߾֟��� ��� �֓���� l

        ��֟������ ��ô�֢�ô�֮�� ��׸������ �ִ� ll 215 ll


          215.  If possessions (external and internal) are of my nature, then I shall, indeed, acquire the nature of non-soul.  Because I am certainly the knower, therefore possessions (external and internal) are not of my nature.



          A right believer by virtue of his self-analysis, understands that if the external body and other non-soul objects or internal impure thoughts, such as anger, pride, and hatred he his nature, he himself would be turned from soul to non-soul.  He is therefore indifierent to all thought activities foreign to his own self.


        ����֤�Ƶ� ���ֳ�־�� ����ףָ� �������� ��ָ�� �־� ��ֵ֤� l

        ףָ�����״֤� ��־�� ��ֻ��s��ӟ�� ���־���� ll 216 ll

        ����֟��׮� ���ֳ���־�֮���ãָ���� ��㌟��� ������� �־� ׮ֵ֟�� l

        �ãָ�����״֤� ��־�� ��ֳֻ�ִ�֮�� þֳ�־��� ll 216 ll


          216.  Leaving all impermanent thoughts and objects, adopt this thy permanent nature realizable by itself, and certain.



          All the Karmic molecules bound as merit or demerit do not abide in a soul forever.  The have a duration, during which the gradually fall off.  This physical body is manifestly impermanent.  It is made up of matter and is ultimately dissolved and mixed with matter.  Impure thought-activities due to operation of passions or minor passions also last for a limited time.  One cannot continue in anger or in any other mood for more than an antar muhurta (the maximum being 48 minutes minus one instant).  Thus knowing all non-soul modifications as impermanent, a right believer should grasp his own pure nature, which is steady and independent of all Karmic effects.

          How nobly these worbs sum up the essential teaching of all philosophy of religion.  Dr. Caird after long researches and deep study of modern philosophy comes to the same conclusion, �It is in the renunciation of self (which is here attachment), that I realize myself.�


        ���� ��ִ� ����֕�� ������ �ָ����� �ִ�״֤� ƾ�פ ����� l

        ���ί����ִ֯������ ��׸������ ��� ��ֵ֤� ׾ֵ����ӟ��� ll 217 ll

        ���� ��ִ� ������ ����: �ָ����� �ִ��� ���Ӿ�ן� ����� l

        ����֟��ִ֮�֟�֮�: ��׸����� ��� ׮ֵ�ӟ�� ׾֕�֮֮�� ll 217 ll


          217.  What wise man, fully realising the soul itself (to be) the possession of the soul, will hold that this non-self is my-self?



          A right believer would never consider any non-self thought-activity, or any other substance besides his own-self as belonging to him.  He is perfectly content with his own pure knowledge, peace, happiness, which are the indestructible and eternal properties of his own soul.


        ה��֤� ��� ׳֕�֤� ��� ��֕�֤� ��� ����ƾ� ��֤� ׾֯�ֵֻ�� l

        ��Ƶ�� ��Ƶ�� ����׾� �� ��׸������ �֕���� ll 218 ll

        ה����� ��� ׳֪ӟ�� ��� ��ߵ֟��� ���Σ־�� ��֟�� ׾֯�λֵ�� ll

        ��ô�֢�ô�֤� �֓���� �֣��ׯ� �� ��׸������ �ִ� l 218 ll


          218.  Board or broken, taken away or destoryed, going this wa or this, the possessions (external and internal) are never mine.



          A right believer realises that even the body is not his.  He keeps up his body, only as helpful in his soul-advancement.  If it is diseased, wounded, killed or destroyed he does not feel pained.  He knows that if all the Karmas were destroyed, he would never again take a body, but remain bodyless.  It Karmas, however, exist in bondage, with the soul, at the time he leaves this body, he will immediately take another fresh body, which too would be helpful in his work.  Being a right believer he cannot have a deformed body, or of an inferior kind.  He also knows that he is not the owner of other animate or inanimate objects.  He takes the electric and karmic bodies also in the same light.  Though these leave him only, when he is finally liberated, they have been changing at every instant.  Now molecules come and old ones fall off.  The are unconscious, and material, They also from an abode, though one of a finer kind for his mundane soul.  So too all vibrations and passionate thoughts, mild and intense, are impermanent and due to material causes.  The also can never be his property.  His own property is in him and therefore his is regardless of all that is foreign to himself.  He is absorbed in himself.


        ���Ƶ� ���� ��֓��� ��ӟ����� ����� ��֓�ִ���Ƶ� l

        ����� �����  ן֢��� ���� ����פ ��ִ�� ������� ll 219 ll

        ����ô֮�� ����� ׮֟��� ��ӟ��™�� ���Ӿ� ׮֟�ִ����ô֮�� l

        ����� �־� ��鯟��� ����� ��׾�µ�ן� �־���ִ�� ����ܵ�� ll 219 ll


          219.  Have love always in this (soul�s nature); be always contended therein.  By this be satisfied.  Then will the highest bliss be (thine).


        �����״����������ߴ�����ֻ�� �� ��� ���פ �������� �֤� l

        ��������ָ�֙��� ��� ���Ƥ�� ��־���פ� ���פ ll 220 ll

�����׳�׮ֲ���׬�������־�׬ִ֮�: �ֵ�Ե���ֻ�� �� �֦�֟��������� �֤� l

�֋��� �ָ��֣��: ��� �ֲ���� ׮־���ן� ���ן� ll 220 ll


          220.  Sensitive, Scriptural, Visual, Mental and perfect (knowledge) each is only the one status. That (is) the highest thing.  Having gained that Liberation is attained.



          From the pure real standpoint there are no distinctions of knowledge.  Knowledge is all one and the supreme pure attribute of the soul.  The light of the Sun is one, but its capacity for illumination varies with the density of the clouds, or other obstructions.


        �������������� ׾������ �֤� ��� �֤� ����׾� �� ����ן� l

        ��� ��������֤���� ��פ ������ ����֯�׸������� ll 221 ll

        ��֮�������׾��߮�� ��֢�� �֤Ӳ�ƾ���s׾� �� �ֳ֮��� l

        �֤������� ���֤״֤� �֤ߓ���� ����ԯ�׸������ ll 221 ll


          221.  And being devoid of the attribute of knowledge, many souls do not attain this status (self-absorption).  Therefore, adopt this high status, if you want Liberation from Karmas.



          Special emphasis is here laid on the importance of acquiring Self-knowledge.  Even great ascetics, who follow the strict discipline and rules of conduct laid down for saints, and practise severe austerities, cannot attain self-absorption without self-knowledge.  The person, who wants to be liberated from all wordly cares and unbearable pains, and who aspires after true and independent happiness, must discard all other thought-activities and take shelter in the knowledge of his own real self with firm and unshakable conviction.  He must attain self-absorption.  It is the bright fire which burns material Karmas to ashes, which makes it shine like the purest gold free from all dirt and alloy.