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right-believing soul should be known to be free from disgust, who has not
disgust, in the nature of all (objects).
A right believer
correctly knows all the six substances of which this universe is
composed. Rise and decya, birth and death, rise and fall, purity and
impurity, are all different conditions of substances, which have a
permanent nature, and therefore a right-believer has no disgust at the
change in condition. When he finds himself surrounded by troubles,
poverty, disease, ill repute, dishonor and and unjust treatment by other,
he does not feel disgusted. He takes them to be the fruition of his own
Karmas already bound by him owing to his own impure thought-actions, and
he remains economies in mind without having disgust or disturbance of any
kind. Similarly when he sees other in poverty, disease, dismour and
distress he feels no disgust for them; but has compassion for them: and
with a mild heart, so far as it lies in his power, tries to remove the
pain and trouble of another. Although in practice, laymen are obliged to
remain awe from dirt, filth, and causes of infections diseases, etc., yet
the do not feel any disgust. Principles of bygone, and considerations of
morality may keep him aloof from such objects as are likely to cause him
harm, but he has no disgust towards any one.
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247. The soul which
is not ignorant of all the modifications of Karmas, that right believer
should certainly be known (to be) ungulible.
superstition is a great danger. Under false beliefs people perform people
perform many unjust and irreligious deeds and suffer bad consequences here
and hereafter. A right believer has gone beyond this state.
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248. He, who is
imbued with devotion to Siddhas or perfect souls, and preserves himself
against all impure thought natures, that right believer should be known
(to be) the self-preserver.
The fifth quality of
a right believer is self-reservance. He is devoted to the pure attributes
of the perfect soul, and realises his soul just like the Siddhas. His
remaining firm in his right belief is a real preservation of his soul from
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249. He who fixes
his own soul when deviating in the wrong path in the path of Liberation
that right believer should be known (to be) with the power of
A right believer must
have the quality of steadfastness. He keeps his soul away from all
perverse belief. His strong conviction appears wonderful to wrong
believers. If adversaries try to offend him or to make his deviate from
his path or if strong bad Karmas being operative bring poverty, disease,
separation from family members etc., he remains firm in his conviction.
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250. He who has love
for these three belief, knowledge, and conduct right causes of the path of
Liberation, that right believer should be known (to be) with feelings of
The seventh quality
of Love is also found in a right believer. He has formed his goal of
attaining Liberation and therefore he deeply loves the three-fold path of
Liberation, which is right belief, right knowledge, and right conduct. In
one word, it is Self-absorption.
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The soul who mounted on the chariot of knows ledge destroys the manosuvres
of the chariot like mind. That right believer should be known to (be) the
propagator of the knowledge of the conquerors.
Liberation, self-knowledge, self-absorption. The mind of a right believer
is under control, and his soul subjugates the non-self thought
activities. Thus he is a real propagator of Truth.
In the Jain
Scriptures, eight qualities of a right believer are described in detail
both from practical and real point of view. If we consider them from the
former view we can think of them as follows: -
1. A right
believer must not have any doubt in the seven principles of Jainism, nor
have seven kinds of fear.
2. He must
follow the path of Liberation not with a desire for sense objects here or
3. He must not
hate poor, ill or distressed persons and animals, nor have disgust for
dirt and filthy objects. He must be aware of the nature of all things as
they are, and be calm. He must not be proud of himself.
4. He must not
be persuaded by the wrong beliefs and superstitions of others. He must
not follow any rites and customs perverse to right belief.
5. He must
love his brother pilgrims on the path of Liberation. If a brother has
been guilty of sinful or wrong actions, he must not publish it. But he
should try to correct his erring brother. He should also remove his own
6. He must
keep himself firm in the performance of piety, and also try to keep others
firm in that path by religious discourse, and such assistance as he can
7. He should
help all his brother pilgrims on the path of Liberation even by
sacrifycing his own comforts to relieve their distress.
8. He should propagate Jainism
by delivering lectures, writing books, converting others to the true
faith, spreading the glory of Jainism by acts of charity, worship,
austerities, etc., removing the ignorance of the people, and helping them
in following Truth.
From the real point of of
view, the author has explained these eight qualities in the above Gathas.
When a right believers is fearless, and convinced of his own undisturbable
pure nature, free from desire, and disgust, fully a ware of his own self,
bent upon self preservation, steadfast in true belief and knowledge of the
self, a deep lover of self- absorption and Liberation, and a propagator of
his own self by deep self-concentration results in shedding by thought (bhava
Nir-jara) from which results Karmic shedding (Dravya Nir- jara.)