Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions


I. Samayasara Samayaprabharitam
II. Soul and Non-soul (Jiva-Ajiva)
III. The Ethic of Action
IV. Demerit and Merit (Punya Papa)
  V. Inflow of Karmas
  VI. Checking of Karmas (Samvara)
  VII. The shedding of Karmas (Nirjara)
  VIII. Bondage  (Bandha)
  IX. Liberation (Moksha)
  X. Liberation Pure bsolute Knowledge
  XI. Samayasara

Chapter VIII  - Bondage  (Bandha)



Bondage  (Bandha)


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          252-256.   When a man besmeared with oil performs exercises with weapons in a very dusty place; and when he cuts and breaks palm, Tamala, plantain, bamboo and Ashoka trees, and destroys living and non- living things. To him (thus) causing destruction by means of many kinds of in struments. Think correctly, what is the reason of thaat6 man being besmeared with dust.  Consider what reason there is for his being covered with must, when he has been making such onslaughts by various weapons.  It is the presence of oil, which makes him coated with dust.  Know, that this is certainly not caused by the (other) movements of his body.  Similarly, a wrong believer engaged in many kinds of activity, aud having attachment, etc., in his conscious attention, is smeared by the dust (of Karmas) .



Wrong belief, vowlessness, passions and vibratory activity are factors, which like oil help in the coating of the dust of karmas.  Otherwise the rising Karmas would fall like dust off a dry surface.  If a wise man us walking carefully with the intention of not hurting any living being, and if by chance a being is hurt if destroyed by his bodily movements, he will not be guilty if such harm, because if a total want of intention to cause injury.  He will rather gather virtue because of these compassionate thought- activity.


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257-261 .  On the other hand, if the same man after entirely removing the oil, performs exercise with various instruments in a very dusty place, and cuts and breaks palm, tamala, plantain, bamboo and Ashoka trees and destroys things living and non- living, consider what is the real reason for his not being coated with dust, while causing onslaughts by various kinds of instruments.  It is the presence of oil on that man, which caused the coating with dust, not the (other) movements of his body.  Know this as a certainty.  Similarly, the right believer engaged in many kinds of activity not having attachment, etc., in his conscious attention, is never bound by the dust (of Karmas) .


Commentary .

When right belief is once acquired, the possessor is sure to get Liberation.  According to Jain Philosophy, even the slightest passion which is found in a saint of the 10th spiritual stage caused bondage of Karmas.  Any impure passionate thought-activity must result in bondage of Karmas.  Whenever a soul is disposed to wards self-realistion, it has even in the lower stages, a pure thought-activity, with very mild passion-paint.  Even in the 4th stage such a soul will bind karmas, nut the duration of karmas thus bound (except that of good age Karmas) will be less, when there is strong passion paint.  If one thinks that being a right believer he is not subject to karmic bondage whether he acts rightly of wrongly his ideas and actions of his mind, body and speech.  He is full of compassion for all beings, is very considerate and calm in temper, is not attached to worldly pleasures, and is fully cognizant of the consequence of Karmas, merits and demerits.