Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions


I. Samayasara Samayaprabharitam
II. Soul and Non-soul (Jiva-Ajiva)
III. The Ethic of Action
IV. Demerit and Merit (Punya Papa)
  V. Inflow of Karmas
  VI. Checking of Karmas (Samvara)
  VII. The shedding of Karmas (Nirjara)
  VIII. Bondage  (Bandha)
  IX. Liberation (Moksha)
  X. Liberation Pure bsolute Knowledge
  XI. Samayasara

Chapter VIII  - Bondage  (Bandha)



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        300-301. As the quartz-crystal gem being pure does not modify itself into red or other colour;  but by red or other substance, etc., it looks colored.  Similarly the pure knower does not modify itself into love, etc. But by love and other defects it appears affected.




Love, hatred and other impure thought-activities are not the soul�s own natural modifications.  Just as the crystal gem is by nature pure and white, and does not ty itself modify into red, blue, black or yellow colour, but when a coloured substance is placed next to the crystal, it reflects the colour of that substance, and its pure whiteness is not apparent. A right believer thus knows that as colour can not be the nature of a crystal gem, so love, hatred, etc., can never be the natural thoughts of the soul. They are impurities of Karmic matter.


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        302. The knower never causes love, hated, delusion or passionate thoughts by himself in himself. Therefore he is not the doer of those thoughts.






        A right believer always tries to remain aloof from such auxiliary causes as my bring about the operation of passion Karmas and patiently waits the time when he may become quite peaceful and happy.


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303. One identifying himself with such thoughts as proceed from love, hated and passion producing karmas, is bound up again by Karmas, like attachment, etc.


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304. If one thinks that the thoughts which proceed from love, hatred, passion-producing karmas, �are mine,� the thinkers binds Karmas like attachment, etc.


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        305. Non-repentance (is) of 2 kinds, External, Internal. Non-renunciation also (is) External of Internal.  Such being the preaching of the scriptures, the knower is said to be not the doer.


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        306. Non-repentance (is) of 2 kinds, External, Internal. Non-renunciation also (is) External of Internal.  Such being the preaching if the scriptures, the knower is said to be not the doer.


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        307. So long as the soul does not follow external and internal non-renunciation and non-repentance, till then it is the doer.  The should be known.



External non- repentance is attachment of a soul to animate and inanimate objects.  Internal non-repentance is attachment to impure thoughts.  External non- renunciation is attachment to external objects, which he wishes to have in future.  Internal non-renunciation is attachment towards impure thoughts which he wishes to entertain and indulges in future.  External things are auxiliary causes, internal impure thoughts.  Thus, a wrong believer being attached to external objects, is the doer of impure thought-activities, and is subjected to strong bondage of Karmas.  A right believer has no attachment to any external or internal object, animate or inanimate.  He is quite contented with his own soul�s natural happiness, knowledge and power.  He thinks neither of the past nor of future enjoymesnts.  He is therefore not subject to bondage of Karmas Right believers in the 4th and 5th stages have got some regard for past and future things, but they know it as a defect due to partial vow-preventing,  or total-vow-preventing passion-Karmas and are always bent upon removing it.  The most effective remedy is concentration of mind, which they practice and which helps in the progress of right conduct.

        To summarise-Bondage is caused by attachment to non-self It is attachment which causes karmic molecules to bind the soul.  This attachment is sue to wrong belief and error-feeding passions. Desire for sensual gratification, and wordly pursuits cause this attachment. He who longs after sense-pleasures is always unsatisfied and suffers miseries of mundane lives.  After constant thinking and meditation one can attain right belief.  Whatever Karmic bondage a right believer in lower stages incure, shall certainly be removed in due time; and he will become the self-absorbed samayasara, the soul-essence.