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Chapter 2

 

Chapter 3

 

Chapter 4

 

Chapter 5

 

Chapter 6

 

Chapter 7

 

Chapter 8

 

Chapter 9

 

Chapter 10

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Chapter 2

SOULS

vkSi’kfed{kkf;dkS HkkokS feJ’p thoL;
Lor�o&ekSnf;d&ikfj.kkfedkS pAA
1AA

Aupashamikakshayikau bhavau mishrashcha
jivasya swatattva-maudayika-parinamikau cha

_The distinctive character-istics of the soul are the disposi-tions (thought-activities) arising from subsidence, destruction, destruc- tion-cum-subsidence of karmas, the rise of karmas and the inherent nature or capacity of the soul.  

  f} uok”Vkn’kSdfoa’kfr&f=Hksnk ;Fkk& �ee~AA 2AA

Dvi navashtadashaikavinshati-tribheda yathakramam

_These five types of disposition are of two, nine, eighteen, twenty-one and three kinds respectively.  

lE;DRo&pkfj=sAA 3AA  

Samyaktvacharitre

_The two kinds of disposition arising from subsidence are right belief and right conduct.

   

Kku&n’kZu&nku&ykHk&HkksxksiHkksx& oh;kZf.k pAA 4AA

Gyana-darshana-dana-labha-bhogopabhoga-viryani cha

_The nine kinds of disposition arising from destruction are the destruction of karmas affecting the knowledge, perception, charity, gain, enjoyment, re-enjoyment, prowess, right belief and conduct.

   

KkukKkun’kZuyC/k;’prqfL=f=iapHksnk%

lE;DRopkfj=la;ekla;ek’pAA 5AA

Gyanagyana-darshana-labdhaya-shchatustritri-panchabhedah samyaktvacharitra-sanyama-sanyamashcha

_The eighteen kinds of disposition arising from destruction-cum-subsidence are knowledge four (sensory, scriptural, clairvoyance and telepathy), three erroneous knowledge (erroneous sensory and scriptural knowledge and erroneous clairvoyance), three perception (ocular perception, non-ocular perception, clairvoyance perception and perfect perception), five attainment (gift, gain, enjoyment, re-enjoyment and energy), right faith, right conduct and mix of restraint and non-restraint.

   

xfr&d”kk;&fyax&feF;kn’kZukKkukla;rk& fl)&ys’;k’prq’prqL=~;sdSdSdSd”kM~ Hksnk%AA 6AA

Gati-kashaya-linga-mithya-darshana-gyana-

sanyata-siddha-leshyashchatuschatustrye-

kaikaikaika-shadbhedah

  _The twenty one kind of rise of karmas relate to the condition of existence, the passions, sex, erroneous belief, erroneous knowledge, non-restraint, non-attainment of salvation (imperfect disposition) and thought colouration (leshya), which are of four, four, three, one, one, one, one and six kinds respectively.

   

thoHkO;kHkO;Rokfu pAA 7AA

Jivabhavyabhavyatvani cha

_The three inherent nature of soul are the principle of life (consciousness), capacity for salvation and incapacity for salvation.

   

mi;ksxks y{k.ke~AA 8AA

Upayogo laksanam

_Consciousness is the differentia (distinctive character-istic) of the soul.

   

l f}fo/kks�”VprqHksZn%AA 9AA

Sa dvividho (a)shtachaturbhedah

_Consciousness is of two kinds i.e. knowledge and perception. And these in turn are of eight kinds the sensory, scriptural, clairvoyance, telepathy and omniscience, and erroneous sensory, scriptural and clairvoyance and four kinds (ocular, non-ocular, clairvoyance and perfect) respectively.

   

lalkfj.kks eqDrk’pAA 10AA

Sansarino muktashcha

_The souls are of two types-the transmigrating

and the emancipated souls.

   

leuLdkeuLdk%AA 11AA

Samanaskamanaskah

_The two kinds of transmigrating souls

are with and without minds.

   

lalkfj.kL=l&LFkkojk%AA 12AA

Sansarinastrasa-sthavarah

_The transmigrating souls are also divided into two kinds i.e.

 the mobile and the immobile beings.

   

i‘fFkO;Irstksok;qouLir;% LFkkojk%AA 13AA

Prthivyaptejovayuvanaspatayah sthavarah

_The immobile beings are of five kinds having earth, water, fire, air and vegetation as their body.

   

}hfUnz;kn;L=lk%AA 14AA

Dvindriyadayastrasah

 The mobile beings are from the two-sensed beings onwards.

   

iapsfUnz;kf.kAA 15AA

Panchendriyani

 The senses are five-touch, taste, smell, sight and hear.

   

f}fo/kkfuAA 16AA

Dvividhani

Each of the senses is of to two kinds i.e. material and emotional.

   

fuo‘Z��qidj.ks nzO;sfUnz;e~AA 17AA

Nirvrattyupakarane dravyendriyam

_The material sense consists of accomplishment of the organ itself and means or instruments alongwith its protecting environment.

   

yC/kqi;ksxkS HkkosfUnz;e~AA 18AA

Labdhyupayogau bhavendriyam

The emotional sense consists of attainment and consciousness.

   

Li’kZu&jlu&?kzk.k&p{kq%Jks=kf.kAA 19AA

Sparshana-rasana-ghrana-chakshuh-shrotrani

_Touch, taste, smell, sight and hearing are

 the five senses. Here the sense refers to

 the body organ e.g. eyes for the sight.

   

Li’kZ&jl&xU/k&o.kZ&’kCnkLrnFkkZ%AA 20AA

Sparsha-rasa-gandha-varna-shabdastadarthah

_Touch, taste, smell, colour and sound

are the objects of the senses.

   

JqrefufUnz;L;AA 21AA

Srutamanindriyasya

Scriptural knowledge is the province of the mind.

   

ouLiR;Urkukesde~AA 22AA

Vanaspatyantanamekam

_Up to the end of vegetation being (i.e. all immobile beings)

 possess one sense of touch.  

  d‘fe&fiihfydk&Hkzej&euq”;knhukesdSd& o‘)kfuAA 23AA

Krami-pipilika-bhramara-

manusya-dinamekaika-vraddhani

_The worm, the ant, the bee and man, etc. have each 

one more sense than the preceding one.

   

lafKu% leuLdk%AA 24AA

Sanginah samanaskah

_The five-sensed beings with mind (capability to receive and judge the good and the bad) are called sangyi

   

foxzgxrkS deZ;ksx%AA 25AA

Vigrahagatau karmayogah

_In transit from one body to another, there

is vibration of the karmic body only.

   

vuqJsf.k xfr%AA 26AA

Anushreni gatih

Transit takes place in rows (straight lines) in space.

 

  vfoxzgk thoL;AA 27AA

Avigraha jivasya

_The movement of a liberated soul is

 straight upwards without a bend.

   

foxzgorh p lalkfj.k% izkd~prqH;Z%AA 28AA

Vigrahavati cha sansarinah prakchaturbhyah

_The movement of the transmigrating souls is with bend and can take up to the four instants, which is for movement with three bends. Each bend requires one additional instant.

   

,dle;k�foxzgkAA 29AA

Ekasamaya (a)vigraha

_Movement without a bend takes one instant.

   

,d }kS =hUok�ukgkjd%AA 30AA

Ekam dvau trinva(a)naharakah

_During movement upto the last bend the soul remains 

non-assimilative for one, two or three instants.

   

lEewPNZu&xHkksZiiknk tUeAA 31AA

Sammurchchhana-garbhopapada- janma

_Birth is by spontaneous generation,

from the uterus or in the special bed.

   

Sachitta-shita-samvrtah setara

 mishrashchaika-shastadyonayah

_Living matter, cold, covered, their opposites and

 their combinations are the nuclei severally.

   

tjk;qtk.Mt&iksrkuka xHkZ%AA 33AA

Jarayujandaja-potanam garbhah

_Uterine birth is of three kinds, umbilical (with a sac covering), incubatory (from an egg) and unumbilical (without a sac covering).

   

nso&ukjdk.kkeqiikn%AA 34AA

Deva-narkanamupapada

_The birth of celestial and infernal beings,

is by instantaneous rise in special beds.

   

 ‘ks”kk.kka lEewPNZue~AA 35AA

Sheshanam sammurcchhanam

_The birth of the rest of the beings is by spontaneous generation.

   

vkSnkfjd&oSf�f;dkgkjd&rStl&dkeZ.kkfu ‘kjhjkf.kAA 36AA

Audarika-vaikriyikaharaka- taijasa-karmanani sharirani

_The ornamental or physical, the transformable,

 the projectable, the luminous (electric) and

the karmic are the five types of bodies.

   

ija ija lw{ee~AA 37AA

Param param sukshmam

_The bodies are more and more subtle successively.

   

izns’krks�la[;s;xq.ka izkDrStlkr~AA 38AA

Pradeshato(a)sankhyeyagunam praktaijasat

_Prior to the luminous body, each

has innumberable times the number of

space-points of the previous one.

   

vuUrxq.ks ijsAA 39AA

Anantagune pare

_The last two have infinite times the

space points of the previous one.

   

vizrh?kkrsAA 40AA

Apratighate

_The last two are without impediment.

   

vukfnlEcU/ks pAA 41AA

Anadisambandhe cha

The last two are of beginning-less association with the soul.

   

loZL;AA 42AA

Sarvasya

The last two are associated with all transmigratory souls.

   

rnknhfu HkkT;kfu ;qxinsd&fLeUuk& prqH;Z%AA 43AA

Tadadini bhajyani yugapadeka-sminna-chaturbhyah

_Commencing with these (luminous and karmic), up to four bodies can be had simultaneously by a single soul since a soul can have at a time either physical or transformable body.

   

fu#iHkksxeUR;e~AA 44AA

Nirupabhogamantyam

_The last (the karmic) is not the means of enjoyment.

   

xHkZ&lEewPNZutek|e~AA 45AA

Garbha-sammurchchhanaja-madyam

_The first (physical body) is of uterine

 birth or spontaneous generation.

   

vkSiikfnda oSf�f;de~AA 46AA

Aupapadikam vaikriyikam

The transformable body originates by birth in special beds.

   

yfC/kizR;;a pAA 47AA

Labdhipratyayam cha

_Attainment through special penance is also the 

cause of the origin of transformable body.

rStlefiAA 48AA

_The luminous body is also caused by attainment.

   

 ‘kqHka fo’kq)eO;k?kkfr pkgkjda ize�k& la;rL;SoAA 49AA

Shubham vishuddhamavyaghati

chaharkam pramatta-sanyatasyaiva

_The projectable body, which is auspicious and pure and without impediment, originates in the ascetic of the sixth stage only for clearing any doubts.

   

ukjd&lEewfPNZuks uiqaldkfuAA 50AA

Naraka-sammurchchhino napunsakani

_The infernal beings and the spontaneoulsy

generated are of the neuter sex.

   

u nsok%AA 51AA

Na devah

_The celestial beings are not of neuter sex.

   

 ‘ks”kkfL=osnk%AA 52AA

Sheshastrivedah

_The rest of the transmigratoy souls

 can have any of the three sexes.

   

vkSiikfnd&pjeks�kensgkla[;s;o”kkZ;q”kks�u& ioR;kZ;q”k%AA 53AA

Aupapadika-charamottamade-

hasankhyeyavarshayusho(a)na- pavartyayushah

_The lifetime of living beings born in special beds, those with absolute superior bodies and those with innumberable years, cannot be cut short.

==================summary===================

Nature Of Soul

The thought-activities of a living being are guided by the following:

Subsidence (waning) of karma

Destruction of karma

Destruction-cum-subsidence of karma

Fruition of karma

Inherent nature of the soul

The distinguishing characteristic of the soul is consciousness.

Classification of Souls

The two kinds of souls:

Worldly souls

Liberated souls

The two kinds of worldly souls:

With mind

Without mind

Another classification of worldly souls:

Mobile

Immobile

The immobile living beings are of five kinds:

Earth-bodied

Water-bodied

Fire-bodied

Air-bodied

Vegetable-bodied

The immobile living beings have the sense of touch only.

The mobile living beings have two or more senses.

Worms, ants, bees, and men each have one more sense than the preceding one.

There are five senses.

The five senses are touch, taste, smell, sight, and hearing.

Material form and instrument constitute physical senses.

Capacity of sensory cognition and consciousness constitute abstract senses.

The living beings with mind are thinkers.

In the course of transit from one body to another, a worldly soul is guided by karma.

The bodies of living beings are made up of five components:

Physical body

Fluid body

Assimilative body

Splendorous (energetic) body

Karmic body

The above components of bodies are successively more and more subtle.

Splendorous and karmic bodies are without impediment.

The association of soul with these two components of bodies is without beginning.

All worldly souls have these two components of bodies.

In addition to the splendorous and karmic bodies, a living being can have up to four components of bodies simultaneously.