Jain World
Sub-Categories of Passions

Ten Universal Virtues

Munishri 108 Kam Kumar Nandi
Message, Foreword, Preface
Hymn To Five Divinties
  Paryushan Parva
  Supreme Forgiveness
  Supreme Tenderness or Humility
  Supreme Uprightness or Honesty
  Supreme Contentment or Purity
  Supreme Truthfulness
  Supreme Self-Restraint
  Supreme Austerities or Penance
  Supreme Renunciation
  Supreme Non-Attachment
  Supreme Chastity
  Kshamavani Parva




     While defining the supreme virtue of renunciation, the great poet Reidhu writes:

     Chau vi dhamangau tam ji amangau nristriye bhatriye janrhu

     Patham supvitham tav gunr jutham pargyi sambalu tam munrhu


     Chae avgunr ganru ji uhtyi, chae nrimal kiti pavhayi

     Chae veyrith panrmeyi paye, chae bhog bhomi suh jae


     Chae vihijeyi nrich ji binrye, suh veynryi bhasaipinru panrai

     Abhaydanru dijeyi pehilaru, jimi nrasyi parbhav dudhyaru


     Sathdanru bijyu punr kijyi, nrimal nranru jainr pavijyi

     Osahu dijyi roe vinrasanru, keh vinr paichyi bahi pyasanru


     Aharay dhanrridhi pavthyi, chaubihu chau ji aihu pavthau

     Ahva duth viapaham chae, chau ji aihu munrhu samvaen


     Duhiyeh dijyi danru kijayi manru ji gunriynraham

     Deh bhaviyi abhang dansanru chintijyi manrham


1.      Renunciation is a part and parcel of religion. As a rule the two are inseparable. A perfectly purified soul dedicated to the virtue of penance should practice with full devotion the supreme virtue of renunciation within his capacity. That paves the way to the attainment of a superior state of existence in the next birth.

2.      A horde of vices is driven away by renunciation; it spreads the shining glory and fame of a person; consequently an enemy surrenders and falls down at his feet. One gets the bliss of happy land of Eldorado through renunciation.

3.      A man devoted to renunciation should regularly give charity humbly and affectionately using auspicious words. First of all he should give 'abhay daan' i.e., save the lives of all living beings in danger; doing so vanquishes the miseries related to the other world.

4.      Besides, one should give 'Shastra Dana' as well i.e., he should distribute among the people sacred books and scriptures, which impart and spread religious knowledge. He should make free distribution of medicines also which cure living beings of all bodily diseases, and destroy all physical ailments root and branch.

5.      Giving food to the Hungary and the poor i.e., 'ahar daan' brings peace and prosperity in its return. As a rule these are four types of charities (four-fold renunciation) practiced from times immemorial. In other words putting an end to vicious thoughts practices renunciation. In short, the virtue of renunciation consists in doing all this.

6.      We should give alms to the miserable and show reverence to the talented and virtuous persons. We should cherish the sole feeling of mercy and meditate in our mind for the attainment of Perfect Faith.

     Hence, O Mortal Man! Practice renunciation, practice renunciation and practice renunciation throughout your life; for wise men say: "The more you covet, the more you lose; and the more you give up, the more you merit."

     Indeed, 'To renounce all sense of possession with regard to wealth is a very difficult vow."

     To sum up, 'Riches have wings and they flee us leaving us in the lurch.'

Therefore, it is wise to renounce riches and all other possessions voluntarily and give charities; otherwise when misfortune robs us of all our wealth and prosperity we shall be left penniless waiting and cursing our destiny.


Various clouds overcast the vast sky

But only a few rain.

Multicolor flowers bloom in a garden

But only a few have smell.

Innumerable human beings exist on earth

But only a few are humane.