As a result of good actions of
previous births a man gets a bit of material prosperity and worldly wealth
in life. If one or two cars stand in front of his door, the man becomes so
vain and proud that he begins to think that others are no matches to him.
Regarding other persons insignificant and worthless due to this feeling of
vanity brings ruin in his life. As a result of this sin he is thrown into
the deadly hell. An easy way of escape from it is not to be proud or vain.
This virtue of compassion or humility, which annihilates vanity root and
branch, is really commendable.
What to speak of a man in the
street, when bad luck dominates, even Kings are born as germs in the
excrete, as a result of this pride and vanity. This egotism or vanity,
which causes great hurt to the soul, is a deadly enemy of man. The saintly
persons should always destroy vanity through this virtue of compassion or
humility (Mardava); or if they have to be proud, they should take
pride in their vows and holy pledges so that the enemies of religion may
be annihilated. Even the mountain of vanity crumbles by compassion. Aark
Kirti, the son of Emperor Bharat Chakarvarti, had to suffer so much
disgrace, and the God Maya Mani Ketu burnt to ashes the sixty thousand
sons of Emperor Sagar Chakarvarti in the twinkling of an eye due to this
vanity. Therefore, just as king Bharat tried to uproot vanity of the royal
prince, his brother Bahubali, likewise the saintly persons always try to
flee the ghost of vanity from the heart of would-be enlightened souls.
The holy teachers have great
affection for the persons gifted with the virtue of compassion or
tenderness (Mardav). These saintly persons take them also for
saints. Such persons attain Right Knowledge (Samayak Gyan)
by the blessings of their spiritual teachers and thereby they enjoy
pleasures of paradise.
be vain or proud is extremely harmful for a person. When Ravan disgraced
Vibhishan out of vanity, Vibhishan joined the camp of Ram accompanied with
his four battalions of cavalry (char akshohany sena) and thus got
his own brother Ravan killed. Hence, we should not nourish malice or ill
will for any one to satisfy our feeling of vanity or egotism. Despite
being an extremely mighty king, Ravan is condemned and defamed to this day
only due to his egotism. In truth, true greatness is free from pride.
Little carries pride to its extreme limits. It has been said:
barhaii na karen, barhe na bolain bole
mukh se na kahe, barha hamara mole
Two trees stood side by side in a
forest. One was Banyan tree and the other Cane tree. Due to being big
size, wide spread and strong the Banyan tree developed vanity and egotism
at heart. So it became proud. It said to the Cane tree, �What use is your
life? You can provide neither shadow nor fruits nor flowers to anybody.
Look at me. I provide shadow to so many creatures and even if somebody
cuts me down beautiful coaches can be manufactured with my wood for
sitting.� In a short while the weather took such an ugly turn that the
storm and rain both started together all of a sudden. In an instant the
Cane tree bent down and lay straight on the ground. But the storm saw that
the Banyan tree stood erect and adamant. The storm uprooted this egotist
tree and cast it away turning turtle. As a result the vanity of the tree
was shattered to pieces. Therefore, we should never be vain or proud about
our safety. Just as sometimes our own weapon becomes the cause of
self-destruction, likewise our vanity or egotism becomes the cause of our
own ruin. Nobody likes to look with reverence at a person who is
self-conceited and prides in his beauty, knowledge, strength and
affluence. All persons love gold because it is more soft and full of
luster than iron; they wear different types of ornaments molded from it
and safeguard it. But no body likes to wear ornaments of iron for they
being hard and without luster. Iron lies outside in the open bearing both
the winter and cold and summer heat and ultimately destroyed by rust.
Likewise, all people love those who are sweet tempered and they alone are
safeguarded forever; but nobody likes the hard hearted and harsh nature
persons for they are of no avail. That is why they are ridiculed and
condemned everywhere. A man should always be tender by nature, sweet in
speech and humble in conduct. Only then a man will be termed a man in
should learn politeness in words and speech also. Sometimes there lies
possibility of clash or bitterness due to words spoken abruptly without
Once an Indian gentleman went to
America. He had to address a conference there. When his turn came, he
stood up and started delivering his speech. Meanwhile, seeing the Indian
speaker, the American members of the conference started laughing. The
Indian speaker felt insulted and got a bit enraged. In anger he spoke,
�Fifty percent Americans are fools.� As soon as the American members heard
these words, a commotion prevailed in the conference hall and the
Americans got out of control. �No, No, Sorry gentlemen, pardon me. Fifty
percent Americans are wise.� On hearing these changed words, also
conveying the same sense, the American members became calm again. It
clearly proves harsh words cause clash and tender words result in peace.
Therefore, learn by heart these sane words of advice; �Treat everybody
with politeness, even those who are rude to you. For, remember that you
show courtesy to others not because they are gentlemen, but because you
are one.� Hence every person should speak beneficial, friendly,
affectionate and sweet words. The wise seers have said, �Sweet words cost
nothing, but buy everything�. Given below are some wise definitions of the
virtue of compassion or tenderness in the words of the great poet Reidhu:
Madu bhav madnru manr
nrikndnru, dya dhamhu bhool ji vimlu
Savham hiyaru gunr gunrsaru,
tishun vyun sanjam sehlu
Madu manr kashay vihamhnru
madu panchidiy manr danhnru
Madu dhamay karunra valli
pasrayi chitr mahihin nravalli
Madu jinrvar bhati pyasi madu
kumarh pasru nrinrasand
Madvenr bahu vinray pavtii
madvenr janr badru uhtayi
Madvenr parinram vishudhi,
madvenr thuliy ham siddhi
madvenr do vihu tau sohi,
madvenr nrru tijgu vimohi
jinr sasnr janrijeyi, appa par saruv bhavijyi
dos asais nrivaryi, madu jam uahin utaryi
samdansnr angu sadu parinramu ji munrhu
pariyanrivichitr madu dhamu amal dhunrhu
1. This virtue of compassion or tenderness (Mardav Dharma)
overcomes the world i.e., conquers everyone in the world. It subdues
vanity. This compassion or humility is at the root of mercy. It is the
cause of unblemished conduct and is beneficial to all. It is superb
amongst all the virtues; and vows and self-control are fulfilled and
exercised only with compassion or humility.
Compassion destroys vanity and egotism; puts a check on all the five
senses and mind. By the blessing of this virtue of humility, the creeper
of mercy expands on the ground of mind.
virtue of compassion exhibits devotion to Lord Jinendra; compassion
restraints the growth of evil thoughts. Compassion gives rise to the
feeling of humility and puts an end to the feeling of bitterness.
Compassion brings purity in outlook; it helps in the attainment of
both the worlds - the earthly and the heavenly world (ubhay lok);
it glorifies both types of penances and by it a man can charm the
creatures of all the three worlds.
virtue of compassion makes one aware of the Jain discipline and it gives
clear perception of the real shape of self and non-self (par).
Humility removes all evils and it takes us across the ocean of the world.
feeling of compassion or tenderness is a part and parcel of Right Belief.
Knowing this, pay homage to the wonderful and unblemished virtue of
compassion (mardav Dharma).
Look at a genuine nude Jain
saint, who is a living image of extreme humility treading this earth.
Indeed, humility is the strength of perfection; it will bring down all
Hence, O Mortal Man! Be
compassionate, be compassionate, and be compassionate to one and all -
men, birds and beasts.
Impartiality or equanimity
towards all living beings in the world, whether friends or foes, and life
long abstention from injury to living beings, is a vow difficult to