WORD MEANING
   
Sarana: Refuge
   
Sarira Body
   
Sarva-virata: Attainment of sarva-virati; the sixth gunasthana
   
Sarva-virati: Total restraint of a mendicant
   
Sarvajna: An omniscient being; a synonym for kevalin
   
Sasana-devata: Guardian spirits
   
Sastra: Scripture
   
Sasvadana: State of "mixed taste"; the second gunasthana
   
Sat: Being
   
Sat-jiva-nikaya: The six kinds of living beings, namely, the five ekendriyas and the trasa
   
Sata-vedaniya: Pleasure-feeling; that which brings pleasure.
   
Sata-vendaniya: Pleasure-bearing feeling karmic matter
   
Sata, Satavedaniya: Experience of pleasure
   
Satpratipaksa: Inconclusive reason
   
Satrsanac: Continuous participles
   
Sattadvaita: Non-duality of the existence
   
Sattveshu: Living beings.
   
Satya: Truth
   
Satya mana: True mind
   
Satya-vachana: Truthfull speech
   
Satya-Vrata: The vow to abstain from lying
   
Savicara: Accompanied by applied thinking
   
Savipaka: The ripening of fruit by itself.
   
Savipaka-nirjara: The natural maturing of a karma and its separation from the soul.
   
Sayoga-kevalin: A kevalin still possessed of the activities of body, speech, and mind; the thirteenth gunasthana
   
Shaktitas-tapa: The practice of austerities, according to one's capacity.
   
Shaktitas-tyaga: Giving to others, gift of knowledge, food, medicine, etc., according to one's capacity.
   
Shalya: A thorn; a blemish.
   
Sharira: The body.
   
Shaucha: contentmant
   
Shiksha-vratas: Four vows relating to meditation in the morning, noon, and evening, to keeping fast on certain days, and to his duty of daily giving charity in the form of knowledge, medicine, comfort, and food.
   
Shila: Restrictions
   
Shila vrateshvanatichara: Faultless observance of the Five Vows, and faultless subdual of the passions. Shita``Cold.
   
Shoka: Sorrow
   
Shruta: Scriptures
   
Shruta-jnanavarana: Scriptural-knowledge-obscuring.
   
Shubha: Beautiful (body).
   
  Graceful.
   
Shukla: White.
   
Siddha: A liberated soul; a kevalin freed from all activities whatsoever
  Liberated soul
  Proved
  The Realised Soul.
   
Siddha sadhana: The means to prove
   
Siddha-gati: The destiny of the siddha
   
Siddha-loka: The permanent abode of the siddha; a synonym for isat-pragbhara-bhumi
   
Siddhanta: Doctrine
   
Siddhi: Yogic power
   
Siksavratas: Vows of spiritual descipline
   
Sila: Conduct
   
Silpa: Handcrafts
   
Skandha: Aggregate
   
Smarana: Recollection
   
Smrta: Remembered
   
Smrti: Memory
   
Smrti-jnanavarana: Knowledge-obscuring karman of memory
   
Snapana: The ceremony of sprinkling or bathing the Jina-image
   
Snigdha: Smooth.
   
Snigdha-ruksatva: Moisture and dryness (of atoms)
   
Soka: Sorrow
   
Sparsa: Touch
   
Sparsha: Touch
   
Sparshana-kriya: Frivolous indulgence in touching.
   
Spasta: Obvious
   
Spastata: Clarity
   
Sraddha: Faith
  Offering of food to the Manes
   
Sramana: A non-Vedic mendicant, usually a Jaina or a Buddhist
   
Sramanabhuta: A novice about to become a mendicant
   
Sramanopasaka: A disciple of the ascetics; a synonym for sravaka
   
Sravaka: A layman; a synonym for upasaka and sramanopasaka
   
Sravaka-pratima: The eleven stages of the path of the layman; a synonym for upasaka-pratima
   
Sravakacara: Book of the layman's discipline
   
Sreni Ladder:
   
Srotra: Ear
   
Sruta: Scriptural (cognition)
  The oral tradition of Jaina scripture
   
Sruta-pancami: The "scripture-fifth," a Jaina holiday
   
Srutajnana: Knowledge derived from instruction and reasoning
   
Srutanusarana: Basing on word
   
Srutanusarin: Based on word
   
Srutanusaritva: Based on word
   
Srutopayoga: Conscious activity towards verbal thinking
   
Stava: Hymn of praise
   
Steya: Theft.
   
Sthana: Situation.
   
Sthanakavasi: Dwellers in halls; name of a Jaina sect whose members do not worship in temples
   
Sthapana: Replacement
   
Sthapana: Ritual act of asking a monk to stop for alms
   
Sthapanacarya: Sacred objects used as a substitute for a teacher
   
Sthapanajina: Symbol of Jina
   
Sthapanajiva: Image symbol of soul
   
Sthapanendra: Symbol of Indra
   
Sthavara: Immobile beings, such as plants Immobile, with bodies having one sense only, i.e., the sense of touch.
   
Sthavira: Elder
  Elder (of the monastaries)
   
Sthavirakalpin: A monk who lives in an ecclesiastical community
   
Sthira: Steady (circulation of blood, bile, etc.).
   
Sthitapaksatva: Real doctrine
   
Sthiti: Duration
   
Sthiti karana: To help oneself or others to remain steady in the path of truth.
   
Sthtikarana: Acting to promote the stability of another's faith in the Jaina path
   
Stotra: A philosophical hymn
   
Stri-Katha: Women
   
Strimukti: Attainment of moksa in a female incarnation
   
Striraga-katha-shravana tyaga: Renouncing of(reading or) hearing stories exciting attachment for women
   
Striveda: Feminine inclination.
  Sexual cravings for a male
   
Stupa: Reliquary mound
   
Styanagriddhi: Somnambulism.
   
Styanarddhi-nidra: Somnambulism
   
Subhaga: Amiable; amaiable personality, even though not beautiful.
   
Suddha dravya: Pure existence of the substance
   
Suddhi: Purity
   
   
Sudra: A member of the fourth caste
   
Sugamdha: Sweet-smelling; fragrant.
   
Sukha: Bliss
   
Sukha-vedana: Feeling of happiness
   
Sukla: White
   
Sukla-lesya: Luminous white karmic stain
   
Sukshma: Fine (body) uncuttable and all-pervasive.
   
Sukshma Nigoda-Vargana: Fine-common-body-molecule
   
Suksma-samparaya: The state of having only the subtle passions; the tenth gunasthana
   
Suksmakriya-anivartin: The state of subtle movement
   
Sunyagara: Residence in a solitary place, like a mountain or cave, etc.
   
   
Susama: Happy
   
Susama-dusama: More happy than unhappy
   
Susama-susama: Extremely happy
   
Susvara: Sweet-voiced, musical.
   
Sutra Style:
  Aphoristic mode of presentation; the canonical scriptures
   
Suya-nana: Scriptural knowledge
   
Sva sharira sanskara-tyaga: Renouncing of beautifying one's own body; self-adornment.
   
Sva-dravya: Specific being, location, time, and state, respectively of oneself
   
Sva-para-vyavasayin: Definiitive cognition of the self and others
   
Sva-samviditva: Self-illuminating
   
Svabhava: Own nature
   
Svabhava-parinama: Undefiled change
   
Svabhava-sthita: Established in one's own nature
   
Svabhava-viruddha: Contradiction in nature
   
Svabhavanupalabdhi: Non-availability of the nature
   
Svadeha-parimana: The physical dimensions of the soul identical to those of its current body
   
Svadhyaya: Study--internal austerity.
  The study of the scriptures
   
Svahasta-kriya: undertaking to do by one's own hand, what should be done by others.
   
Svamitva: The knower
   
Svanuraktatvakarana: Sustaining object in its own form
   
Svapaka: The lowest class in Indian society
   
Svartha (anumana): For oneself (inference)
   
Svartha-vyavasiti: Definite cognition of the self
   
Svarupa: Form
   
Svarupa-pratiti: Indetermination of knowledge
   
Svarupa-prayuktavyabhicara: Characterised by the innate nature of the object
   
Svarupa-visesana: Indication of nature
   
Svasamaya: One's own doctrine
   
Svastika: Well-being; the stylized wheel of life
   
Svati: Tapering;
  like a snake-hole, broad in lower but short in the upper extremities, reverse of Nyag rodha parimandala.
   
Svetambara: White [cotton]-clad; name of Jaina sect whose mendicants wear white garments
   
Svetapata: A synonym for Svetambara
   
Syadvada: The doctrine of qualified assertion
   
Syat: From a particular point of view
  In some respect
   
Syatkara: Marked by syat
   
Sykladhyana: Pure concentration