In 607 B. C., in the village of Gobargaon,
a Brahmin couple called Vasubhuti and Prithvi Gautam (family name) had a son
named Indrabhuti. He was tall and handsome. He had two younger brothers
named Agnibhuti and Vayubhuti. All three were well versed in the Vedas and
other rituals at an early age. They were very popular and great scholars in
the state of Magadh. Each one of them had 500 disciples.
in the city of Apapa, a Brahmin named Somil was conducting a Yagna
(sacrificial ceremony) at his home. There were over four thousand Brahmins
present at the occasion, and there were eleven popular scholars among them.
Indrabhuti stood out as a bright star.
Somil was a staunch supporter of the Brahmin philosophy and was very happy
during the ceremony. The whole town was excited by this event in which they
were going to sacrifice the sheep and the goats. Suddenly, Somil noticed
many celestial beings coming down towards his sacrificial site. He thought
that this would make his offering ceremony the most popular in the history.
He told the people, "Look at the sky, even the angels are coming to bless
us." The whole town was eagerly looking at the sky.
To their surprise, the celestial beings
did not stop at their site, instead they went further down. Somil's ego
melted away as he learned that the celestial beings paid homage to Lord
Mahävir, who had come to near by Mahasen Forest. Indrabhuti was outraged by
this incident and his ego was bruised. He started thinking to himself, "Who
is this Mahävir who does not even use affluent Sanskrit, but speaks the
common public language of Ardha Magadhi." Everyone in the ceremony was
overpowered by the mere presence of Lord Mahävir. Indrabhuti once again
thought, "Mahävir opposes animal sacrifices, and if he succeeds then we
Brahmins will loose our livelihood. I will debate with him." He left to
welcomed Indrabhuti by calling him by his name even though they had never
met before. Indrabhuti was surprised, but then he said to himself, "Who does
not know me? I am not surprised he knew my name. I wonder if he knows what I
am thinking." Omniscient Mahävira knew what was going through Indrabhuti's
mind. Indrabhuti, even though a great scholar, had a doubt about the
existence of Atma (soul) and was thinking to himself, "Can Mahävir tell that
I doubt the existence of the soul?" The next moment Mahävir said, "Indrabhuti,
Atma (soul - consciousness) is there and you should not question it."
Indrabhuti was shocked and began to think very highly of Mahävir. Then, they
had a philosophical discussion, and Indrabhuti changed his beliefs and he
became Mahävir's first and chief disciple. Indrabhuti was fifty years old at
the time, and from then on he was called Gautamswämi, beause he came from
Meanwhile in the town, Somil and other
scholars were waiting to greet the expected winner of the debate, Indrabhuti.
They were shocked to learn that Indrabhuti had become the disciple of
Mahävir. The other ten Brahmin scholars, also went to debate with Mahavir,
also became his disciples, the same way as Indrabhuti. The people present at
the Somil’s place began to leave, and Somil canceled the ceremony and turned
all the animals loose.
One time, Gautamswämi was going back after
the gochari (getting food or alms), and he noticed many people going in
another direction. He asked them what was going on. They said, "We are going
to see Anand shravak. He has been performing austerities and has attained a
special knowledge (Avadhignan)." Anand shravak was Mahävir's follower, so
Gautamswämi decided to go and visit him. When Anand saw Gautamswämi coming
to his house, he was very happy that his guru (spiritual teacher) was
coming. However, even though he was very weak due to his austerities, he got
up and welcomed Gautamswämi. Gautamswämi inquired about his condition. Anand
replied, "With your blessings, I am fine." After some time, Anand told
Gautamswämi with respect, "Reverend teacher, I have attained Avadhijnan
because of which I can see as high as fourteenth heaven and as low as the
seventh hell." Gautamswämi thought, " A shravak can attain Avadhijnan, but
not to this extent." Aloud he told Anand, "You should do prayshchit
(atonement) for your imagination." Anand was puzzled. He knew what he could
see, but his teacher told him to atone for telling that. So, he politely
asked Gautamswämi, "Does one have to atone for telling the truth?"
Gautamswämi replied, "No," and then left the place thinking, "I will
reconfirm this with Lord Mahävir."
Gautamswämi returned to Lord Mahävir, who
was sitting with his other disciples, and asked about Anand. Mahävir said, "Gautam,
Anand was telling the truth. How could a person like you with so much
knowledge make such a mistake? You should atone for your mistake." Mahävir
believed in the truth, and he would never cover up the mistake of his
disciple just to make their group look good. Gautamswämi put his alms aside,
and immediately went to Anand's house to ask for forgiveness for his doubt.
Anand was proud of his humble teacher, who did not mind admitting his own
fault to his followers.
On another occasion, Gautamswämi went to
town for the alms. He was returning with the kheer (a sweet made from rice
and milk) in a patra (bowl) when he saw fifteen hundred hermits. Gautamswämi
felt that they were hungry and offered them the kheer. They began to wonder
how Gautamswämi would feed all of them. Gautamswämi requested all of the
hermits to sit down, and then he served everyone with the kheer with the
Labdhi (special power). While serving the kheer, he kept his thumb in the
kheer. To everyone's surprise they were all well served from the small patra
(bowl). The hermits were all so impressed by Gautamswämi, that all fifteen
hundred decided to take diksha (renunciation) from Lord Mahavir.
Many sadhus, including those hermits,
attained Kevaljnan, but Gautamswämi was still unable to achieve it. He was
worried that he would never attain Kevaljnan. One day, Gautamswämi asked
Lord Mahävir, "There were eleven of us (main desciples - Gandhars) who
accepted diksha and most of them have attained Kevaljnan. Why am I so
unlucky that I am not able to attain Kevaljnan?" Lord Mahävir replied, "Gautam,
you have too much affection for me. In order to attain Kevaljnan you must
overcome the attachment. So, until you give up your attachment towards me,
it would not be possible for you to attain Kevaljnan."
On the day when
Mahavir was to attain nirvana (liberation), Mahavira sent Gautamswämi out to
preach to a man named Devsharma. On his way back, Gautamswämi learned that
Lord Mahävir had attained nirvana and reached the moksha (salvation).
Gautamswämi went into a state of shock and sorrow, lamenting, "Lord Mahävir
knew this was going to happen. Why did he send me away." Gautamswämi could
not stop his tears and started weeping. Within a few minutes, he came back
to his senses and began thinking, "Maybe this was destined to happen this
way. No one can live forever; no relationship is permanent. Why was I so
attached to Mahävir?" He contemplated that he was wrong and gave up
attachment for Mahavir. During this deep thinking, he burned his Ghati
Karmas and attained Kevaljnan at the age of eighty.
Gautamswämi taught and spread Jain
principles for next twelve years. He attained Moksha, at the age of
ninety-two in 515 B. C.