(The present portion has
been taken from the second Dhal of famous Chhahdhala.)
- Whose life has been described
in the Chhahdhala ?
- It is a life story of all living
creatures. It relates the story of the roamings of this soul in this vast
universe. This soul of ours has been wandering in all the four phases of
life but it never attained happiness. This has been shown in the
- Why is this soul
wandering in this world and why is it unhappy?
- This question has been
answered in the second Dhal. This soul, thus wandering in the world, has
been facing the miseries of births and deaths, on account of wrong faith,
wrong knowledge and wrong conduct.
- What are these wrong
faith, wrong knowledge and wrong conduct due to which this being is
- Perverted faith of the seven
elements including the soul is false belief or wrong faith. You have
studied the attributes of animate and inanimate objects and other
elements. To regard these essential elements as different from their real
nature is perverted faith.
- Since when are we in
the grips of this wrong faith ?
- This is since time eternal,
but we have been supporting this with external activities. This is of two
kinds : (i) Inherited wrong faith and (ii) Adopted wrong faith.
- Kindly explain
- The feeling of
oneness that living beings have with their bodies and attachments towards
external objects since times eternal, is inherited wrong faith, and the
perverted beliefs that we have developed, being influenced by unreal gods,
scriptures and monks is adopted wrong faith.
- There must be inherited
and adopted non-consciousness also?
- Yes, it is just like that.
Ignorance of living creatures regarding the seven elements from times
immemorial is inherited wrong knowledge and adopted wrong knowledge is to
study the false scriptures, wherein attachments and other passions have
been regarded as desirable and to regard their teachings as correct.
- Shall we understand
wrong conduct also likewise ?
- Yes, of course. Indulgence of
ignorant creatures in several activities is inherited wrong conduct, and
the external conduct which is observed for the sake of fame and good name
is adopted wrong conduct. External activities that are devoid of faith and
knowledge of the animate and inanimate beings are all of no avail. It has
been said :
"The activities of the
body including those that inflict physical pain performed with a view to
gaining fame, profit or respect and that are without the knowledge of soul
and non-soul beings-all lead to the weakening of the physical structure
- Why are all the
activities of the ignorant irreligious ? If they are good, they should be
- Pandit Daulatramji
replies thus :
To accept the psychic
violence arising out of the feelings of attachments and aversions, that
rise in the soul, and the material violence of killing or causing pain to
moving or stationary beings as religion is wrong faith. Entities having
faith in these are unhappy.
- What is the remedy of
saving oneself from these ?
- We can protect ourselves from
adopted wrong faith by understanding the real nature of the God, the
scriptures and the monks, and from inherited wrong faith by true knowledge
of the essential seven elements and thus obtaining inner experience of the
- Then please explain the nature of
- Some other time....
Dr. H.C. Bharill